The Archaeologist's Laboratory

The Analysis of Archaeological Data

Author: E.B. Banning

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306476541

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 1579

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This text reviews the theory, concepts, and basic methods involved in archaeological analysis with the aim of familiarizing both students and professionals with its underlying principles. Topics covered include the nature and presentation of data; database and research design; sampling and quantification; analyzing lithics, pottery, faunal, and botanical remains; interpreting dates; and archaeological illustration. A glossary of key terms completes the book.

Statistics for Archaeologists

A Common Sense Approach

Author: Robert D. Drennan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441904133

Category: Social Science

Page: 333

View: 5510

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In the decade since its publication, the first edition of Statistics for Archaeologists has become a staple in the classroom. Taking a jargon-free approach, this teaching tool introduces the basic principles of statistics to archaeologists. The author covers the necessary techniques for analyzing data collected in the field and laboratory as well as for evaluating the significance of the relationships between variables. In addition, chapters discuss the special concerns of working with samples. This well-illustrated guide features several practice problems making it an ideal text for students in archaeology and anthropology. Using feedback from students and teachers who have been using the first edition, as well as another ten years of personal experience with the text, the author has provided an updated and revised second edition with a number of important changes. New topics covered include: -Proportions and Densities -Error Ranges for Medians -Resampling Approaches -Residuals from Regression -Point Sampling -Multivariate Analysis -Similarity Measures -Multidimensional Scaling -Principal Components Analysis -Cluster Analysis Those already familiar with the clear and useful format of Statistics for Archaeologists will find this new edition a welcome update, and the new sections will make this seminal textbook an indispensible resource for a whole new group of students, professors, and practitioners.

World Prehistory and Archaeology

Pathways Through Time

Author: Michael Chazan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351802887

Category: Social Science

Page: 460

View: 6834

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An Integrated Picture of Prehistory as an Active Process of Discovery World Prehistory and Archaeology: Pathways through Time, fourth edition, provides an integrated discussion of world prehistory and archaeological methods. This text emphasizes the relevance of how we know and what we know about our human prehistory. A cornerstone of World Prehistory and Archaeology is the discussion of prehistory as an active process of discovery. Methodological issues are addressed throughout the text to engage readers. Archaeological methods are introduced in the first two chapters. Succeeding chapters then address the question of how we know the past to provide an integrated presentation of prehistory. The fourth edition involves readers in the current state of archaeological research, revealing how archaeologists work and interpret what they find. Through the coverage of various new research, author Michael Chazan shows how archaeology is truly a global discipline. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers will be able to: * Gain new perspectives and insights into who we are and how our world came into being. * Think about humanity from the perspective of archaeology. * Appreciate the importance of the archaeological record for contemporary society.

Empire and Domestic Economy

Author: Terence N. D'Altroy,Christine A. Hastorf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 030646408X

Category: History

Page: 375

View: 8511

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The Upper Mantaro Archaeological Research Project, a multiyear program undertaken from the late 1970s through the mid-1980s, is a benchmark for a new level of quality in Andean archaeological research and has brought the theory and substance of research in the region to the attention of the larger archaeological community. This volume continues the UMARP tradition of developing innovative approaches to understanding prehistoric Andean economy and polity.

Jew's harps in European archaeology

Author: Gjermund Kolltveit

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 5935

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The subject of this monograph is the archaeology of the jew's harp in Europe. It is based on archaeological finds collected from various sources and com-piled into a database. This compilation - which is appended to the thesis as the Catalogue - is itself a major part of the work, connected as it is to the main aim of documenting the finds and thus contributing to an understanding of the early period of the jew's harp in Europe. The first chapter consists of an introduction to the jew's harp and to music archaeology as a field of research. It also has a description of how information on the various finds in the database was collected. The second chapter is about technology. Knowledge of the way the instruments were made and the materials used to make them allows one to dig beneath the surface, to understand the makers' intentions and capabilities. Simply observing without asking why the objects look like they do cannot really lead us a deeper understanding of the instrument. Chapter three, which considers the typology of the harps, builds on the approach developed in the preceding chapter. The chapter starts with a general discussion of typology and classification because these concepts provide the basis of the work. Chapter four, on distribution, discusses the distribution of the finds in Europe, and how the production and trade of the items were organized. Chapter five discusses the contexts of the finds - i.e., their archaeological setting and, in a wider perspective, their social and cultural significance. The Catalogue concludes the work.

Archaeology, History and Science

Integrating Approaches to Ancient Materials

Author: Marcos Martinón-Torres

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598743503

Category: History

Page: 218

View: 4420

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Using a combination of historical, archaeological, and scientific techniques is not an uncommon practice in archaeological interpretation. Rarely found, however, are more overt critical considerations of how these data relate to each other, or explicit attempts at demonstrating successful strategies for these kinds of interdisciplinary research. The authors in this volume provide such a critical consideration, examining a wide range of cultures, time periods, and materials to demonstrate the diversity of approaches to these types of analyses. Case studies include such examples as the ideology of flint knives in ancient Egypt, meaning of Cuneiform glass texts, and urban archaeology in Sheffield. This volume is particularly noteworthy because it offers individual contributions to specific areas of study, as well as reflects on the problems and potentials of the interdisciplinary study of the human past.

Wood Coffin Burial of Kinabatangan, Sabah (Penerbit USM)

Author: Stephen Chia

Publisher: Penerbit USM

ISBN: 9838617261

Category: SOCIAL SCIENCE

Page: 105

View: 8064

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This book discusses the wood coffin burial tradition in Kinabatangan Valley, Sabah. Archaeological evidence from past and recent studies has shown that Kinabatangan Valley was the centre of the wood coffin burial tradition in Sabah. Until now, many limestone caves and rockshelters containing hundreds of wood coffins have been found along the Kinabatangan River. Archaeological research and radiocarbon dating of the wood coffins suggested that the tradition of wood coffin burial in Kinabatangan Valley commenced as early as 1,000 years ago and is still being practised by the communities of Sungai and Murut living in the vicinity of the Kinabatangan Valley. Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 9978

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Mapping the Archaeological Continuum

Filling 'Empty' Mediterranean Landscapes

Author: Stefano R.L. Campana

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319895729

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 118

View: 3888

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This book addresses the true 'landscape' perspective approach that archaeologists in Italy, and in many parts of the Mediterranean, use to study the archaeology of landscapes, marking a departure from the traditional site-based approach. The aim of the book is to promote the broader application of new paradigms for landscape analysis, combining traditional approaches with multidisciplinary studies as well as comparatively new techniques such as large-scale geophysical surveying, airborne laser scanning and geo-environmental studies. This approach has yielded tangible and striking results in central Italy, clearly demonstrating that identifying the 'archaeological continuum' is a realistic aim, even under the specific environmental and archaeological conditions of the Mediterranean world.

Geologists and Ideas

A History of North American Geology

Author: Geological Society of America

Publisher: Boulder, Colo. : Geological Society of America

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 525

View: 3241

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Beamers, Bobwhites, and Blue-points

Tributes to the Career of Paul W. Parmalee

Author: Walter E. Klippel,Bonnie Whatley Styles

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Animal remains (Archaeology)

Page: 436

View: 7445

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Heritage and Archaeology in the Digital Age

Acquisition, Curation, and Dissemination of Spatial Cultural Heritage Data

Author: Matthew L. Vincent,Víctor Manuel López-Menchero Bendicho,Marinos Ioannides,Thomas E. Levy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319653709

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 1456

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This book examines how computer-based programs can be used to acquire ‘big’ digital cultural heritage data, curate, and disseminate it over the Internet and in 3D visualization platforms with the ultimate goal of creating long-lasting “digital heritage repositories.’ The organization of the book reflects the essence of new technologies applied to cultural heritage and archaeology. Each of these stages bring their own challenges and considerations that need to be dealt with. The authors in each section present case studies and overviews of how each of these aspects might be dealt with. While technology is rapidly changing, the principles laid out in these chapters should serve as a guide for many years to come. The influence of the digital world on archaeology and cultural heritage will continue to shape these disciplines as advances in these technologies facilitate new lines of research. serif">The book is divided into three sections covering acquisition, curation, and dissemination (the major life cycles of cultural heritage data). Acquisition is one of the fundamental challenges for practitioners in heritage and archaeology, and the chapters in this section provide a template that highlights the principles for present and future work that will provide sustainable models for digital documentation. Following acquisition, the next section highlights how equally important curation is as the future of digital documentation depends on it. Preservation of digital data requires preservation that can guarantee a future for generations to come. The final section focuses on dissemination as it is what pushes the data beyond the shelves of storage and allows the public to experience the past through these new technologies, but also opens new lines of investigation by giving access to these data to researchers around the globe. Digital technology promises significant changes in how we approach social sciences, cultural heritage, and archaeology. However, researchers must consider not only the acquisition and curation, but also the dissemination of these data to their colleagues and the public. Throughout the book, many of the authors have highlighted the usefulness of Structure from Motion (SfM) work for cultural heritage documentation; others the utility and excitement of crowdsourcing as a ‘citizen scientist’ tool to engage not only trained students and researchers, but also the public in the cyber-archaeology endeavor. Both innovative tools facilitate the curation of digital cultural heritage and its dissemination. Together with all the chapters in this volume, the authors will help archaeologists, researchers interested in the digital humanities and scholars who focus on digital cultural heritage to assess where the field is and where it is going.