The Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls

Author: Jodi Magness

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802826879

Category: Religion

Page: 238

View: 2102

The Dead Sea Scrolls are among the most interesting and important archaeological discoveries ever made, and the excavation of the Qumran community itself has provided invaluable information about Judaism and the Jewish world in the last centuries B.C.E. Like the Dead Sea Scrolls, however, the Qumran site continues to be the object of intense scholarly debate. In a book meant to introduce general readers to this fascinating area of study, veteran archaeologist Jodi Magness here provides an overview of the archaeology of Qumran and presents an exciting new interpretation of this ancient community based on information found in the Dead Sea Scrolls and other contemporary documents. Magness's work offers a number of fresh conclusions concerning life at Qumran. She agrees that Qumran was a sectarian settlement but rejects other unconventional views, including the view that Qumran was a villa rustica or manor house. By carefully analyzing the published information on Qumran, she refines the site's chronology, reinterprets the purpose of some of its rooms, and reexamines the archaeological evidence for the presence of women and children in the settlement. Numerous photos and diagrams give readers a firsthand look at the site. Written with an expert's insight yet with a journalist's spunk, this engaging book is sure to reinvigorate discussion of this monumental archaeological find.

The Orion Center Bibliography of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature


Author: Ruth Anne Clements,Nadav Sharon

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004164375

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 5469

This book presents the authoritative print bibliography of current scholarship on the Dead Sea Scrolls, Qumran, and related fields (including New Testament studies); source, subject, and language indices facilitate its use by scholars and students within and outside the field.

A Guide to the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature

Author: Joseph A. Fitzmyer

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802862411

Category: Religion

Page: 302

View: 9641

This aid to navigating the Dead Sea Scrolls lists specifically where readers can find each of the scrolls and fragmentary texts from the eleven caves of Qumran and all the related sites. The book includes a fully searchable CD-ROM.

The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea

Author: Joan E. Taylor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019955448X

Category: History

Page: 418

View: 9300

The mystery surrounding the Dead Sea Scrolls remains, over 60 years after their rediscovery. Who hid them and why? This groundbreaking book reinvigorates the contested hypothesis that the Essenes were responsible. Rather than being a marginal esoteric sect, Taylor shows that this group acted as one of the leading legal schools of Judaism.

Eschatology, Messianism, and the Dead Sea Scrolls

Author: Craig A. Evans,Peter W. Flint

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802842305

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 563

The eight essays in this book on the subjects of eschatology and messianism evidenced in the Dead Sea Scrolls were originally delivered at a conference for a lay audience, and are therefore accessible to the interested reading public.

The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Author: Timothy H. Lim,John J. Collins

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191502626

Category: Bibles

Page: 808

View: 8425

In 1946 the first of the Dead Sea Scroll discoveries was made near the site of Qumran, at the northern end of the Dead Sea. Despite the much publicized delays in the publication and editing of the Scrolls, practically all of them had been made public by the time of the fiftieth anniversary of the first discovery. That occasion was marked by a spate of major publications that attempted to sum up the state of scholarship at the end of the twentieth century, including The Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls (OUP 2000). These publications produced an authoritative synthesis to which the majority of scholars in the field subscribed, granted disagreements in detail. A decade or so later, The Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls has a different objective and character. It seeks to probe the main disputed issues in the study of the Scrolls. Lively debate continues over the archaeology and history of the site, the nature and identity of the sect, and its relation to the broader world of Second Temple Judaism and to later Jewish and Christian tradition. It is the Handbook's intention here to reflect on diverse opinions and viewpoints, highlight the points of disagreement, and point to promising directions for future research.

‘Go Out and Study the Land’ (Judges 18:2)

Archaeological, Historical and Textual Studies in Honor of Hanan Eshel

Author: Aren M. Maeir,Jodi Magness,Lawrence Schiffman

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004214135

Category: Religion

Page: 496

View: 9573

The volume contains the 22 papers presented to Hanan Eshel before his death, covering topics in archaeology, history, and textual studies, with a particular emphasis on aspects relating to the Dead Sea Scrolls, spanning the late Iron Age through late Antiquity.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Books of the Bible

Author: Michael D. Coogan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195377370

Category: Bibles

Page: 1056

View: 5060

The two-volume Oxford Encyclopedia of the Books of the Bible is a scholarly reference work with articles on each of the canonical books of the Bible, major apocryphal books of the New and Old Testaments, important non-canonical texts, and thematic essays on topics such as canonicity, textual criticism, and translation. The first in a series of in-depth biblical reference works, Books of the Bible will be available on DRS and in Oxford Biblical Studies Online.

The Dead Sea Scrolls

Author: Peter W. Flint

Publisher: Abingdon Press

ISBN: 142677107X

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 2822

In 1947, a Bedouin shepherd literally stumbled upon a cave near the Dead Sea, a settlement now called Qumran, to the east of Jerusalem. This cave, along with the others located nearby, contained jars holding hundreds of scrolls and fragments of scrolls of texts both biblical and nonbiblical—in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. The biblical scrolls would be the earliest evidence of the Hebrew Scriptures, or Old Testament, by hundreds of years; and the nonbiblical texts would shed dramatic light on one of the least-known periods of Jewish history—the Second Temple period. This find is, quite simply, the most important archaeological event in two thousand years of biblical studies. The scrolls provide information on nearly every aspect of biblical studies, including the Old Testament, text criticism, Second Temple Judaism, the New Testament, and Christian origins. It took more than fifty years for the scrolls to be completely and officially published, and there is no comparable brief, introductory resource. Core Biblical Studies fulfill the need for brief, substantive, yet highly accessible introductions to key subjects and themes in biblical studies. In the shifting tides of biblical interpretation, these books are designed to help students locate relevant meanings in conversation with the text. As a first step toward substantive and subsequent learning, the series draws on the best scholarship in order to provide foundational concepts and contextualized information on a broad scope of issues, methods, perspectives, and trends.

The War Scroll, Violence, War and Peace in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature

Essays in Honour of Martin G. Abegg on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday

Author: Kipp Davis,Kyung S. Baek,Peter W. Flint,Dorothy Peters

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004301631

Category: Religion

Page: 508

View: 6268

This volume of collected essays reflects on various aspects of language, text, and interpretations of war and peace in the Dead Sea Scrolls and other Second Temple Jewish literature, with special close attention set on the Qumran War Scroll.

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Hasmonean State

Author: Hanan Eshel

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802862853

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 5403

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Hasmonean State is the first book dedicated solely to the question of how we can learn political history from the Qumran scrolls. This English edition of Hanan Eshel's 2004 Hebrew publication updates that earlier work with more recent scholarship, now also including English-language resources.

The Book of Exodus

Composition, Reception, and Interpretation

Author: Thomas Dozeman,Craig A. Evans,Joel N. Lohr

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004282661

Category: Religion

Page: 692

View: 3285

Drawing on the latest in Exodus scholarship, this volume offers twenty-four essays on a wide range of topics related to Exodus, written by leading experts in the field. Topics include its formation, reception, textual history and translation, themes, theologies, and place within Judaism and Christianity.

The Land to the Elect and Justice for All

Reading Psalms in the Dead Sea Scrolls in Light of 4Q381

Author: Mika S. Pajunen

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647550604

Category: Religion

Page: 420

View: 352

Mika S. Pajunen contributes both to the understanding of manuscript 4Q381 from the Dead Sea Scrolls and to broader issues related to the reconstruction of damaged scrolls and to the reading of psalms in late Second Temple Judaism. The author focuses especially on the collection of “apocryphal” psalms in 4Q381 and other similar psalm collections, but it is also of interest to the ongoing search for the functions of psalmody in this period. A material reconstruction of manuscript 4Q381 has been made to determine the original placement of all the substantial fragments within the scroll. The reconstruction shows there to be eight psalms in the preserved scroll. A thorough analysis of all of them is incorporated in this study, including a critical Hebrew text and the first English translation of the psalms, a basic outline of the psalms’ content with comments on their details, and a presentation of their overall message. All the psalms in 4Q381 discuss specific periods of time. The first three psalms cover a period from the Creation to the expected future of a group identified as God’s chosen ones. These are followed by five pseudepigraphic psalms that are named in this study as Praise of the Man of God (David), Praise of Hezekiah, Penitential Prayer of Manasseh, Lament of Josiah, and Penitential Prayer of Jehoiachin. The psalms in 4Q381 make up a consistent whole that is shown to function as a unified lesson on the justice of God toward his elect. In this investigation 4Q381 is placed into its proper place inside some of the larger developments and ideologies perceivable within late Second Temple Judaism. For instance, 4Q381 is part of the general trends discernible in psalmody of this period, namely, a general increase in reflection upon the past and the use of wisdom motifs. But in addition, 4Q381 also gives evidence of a perception of psalms as sources of history that is in the end found to be a much broader phenomenon.

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Rule of the community and related documents

Author: James H. Charlesworth

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press

ISBN: 9783161461996

Category: Religion

Page: 500

View: 2227

This groundbreaking book accurately presents the texts on the leather papyrus of the Dead Sea Scrolls in a state-of-the-art manner. Here initial, medial, or final forms in anomalous positions are reproduced precisely as seen, with the original text and the translation on facing pages. Photographs.

Biblical Interpretation at Qumran

Author: Matthias Henze

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802839374

Category: Religion

Page: 214

View: 5371

The Dead Sea Scrolls are an invaluable source of information about Jewish biblical interpretation in antiquity. This volume by preeminent scholars in the field examines central aspects of scriptural interpretation as it was practiced at Qumran and discusses their implications for understanding the biblical tradition. While many of the forms of biblical interpretation found in the Scrolls have parallels elsewhere in Jewish literature, other kinds are original to the Scrolls and were unknown prior to the discovery of the caves. These chapters explore examples of biblical interpretation unique to Qumran, including legal exegesis and the Pesher. Readers will also find discussion of such fascinating subjects as the "rewritten Bible," views on the creation of humanity, the "Pseudo-Ezekiel" texts, the pesharim, and the prophet David. Contributors: Moshe J. Bernstein Shani Berrin Monica Brady George J. Brooke John J. Collins Peter W. Flint Matthias Henze Shlomo A. Koyfman Michael Segal James C. VanderKam

Ancient Texts for New Testament Studies

A Guide to the Background Literature

Author: Craig A. Evans

Publisher: Hendrickson Publishers


Category: Religion

Page: 539

View: 2750

One of the daunting challenges facing the New Testament interpreter is achieving familiarity with the immense corpus of Greco-Roman, Jewish, and pagan primary source materials. From the Paraphrase of Shem to Pesiqta Rabbati, scholars and students alike must have a fundamental understanding of these documents' content, provenance, and place in NT interpretation. But achieving even an elementary facility with this literature often requires years of experience, or a photographic memory. Evans's dexterous survey-a thoroughly revised and significantly expanded edition of his Noncanonical Writings and New Testament Interpretation - amasses the requisite details of date, language, text, translation, and general bibliography. Evans also evaluates the materials' relevance for interpreting the NT. The vast range of literature examined includes the Old Testament apocrypha, the Old Testament pseudepigrapha, the Dead Sea Scrolls, assorted ancient translations of the Old Testament and the Targum paraphrases, Philo and Josephus, the New Testament pseudepigrapha, the early church fathers, various gnostic writings, and more. the NT, and a comparison of Jesus' parables with those of the rabbis will further save the interpreter precious time.

The Purity Texts

Author: Hannah Harrington

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0567468771

Category: Religion

Page: 162

View: 5660

Purity Texts is a handbook that gathers the data of the Dead Sea Scrolls on ritual purity and analyzes it systematically as part of a coherent ideology. After a general introduction and an examination of individual texts for the contribution of each to the subject of purity, the book devotes a chapter to each of the impurities discussed in the Scrolls: death, leprosy, bodily discharges and outsiders. In each of these chapters, emphasis is placed on the large amount of congruence of the Qumran texts with each other on the subject of purity and the similarities and differences between the Qumran texts and other sources of ancient Judaism. The contributors to the Companion to the Qumran Scrolls series take account of all relevant and recently published texts and provide extensive bibliographies. The books in the series are authoritatively written in accessible language and are ideal for students and non-specialist scholars. Companion to the Qumran Scrolls, volume 5

New Perspectives on Old Texts

Proceedings of the Tenth International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 9-11January, 2005

Author: Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature. International Symposium

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004183078

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 257

View: 8268

This volume presents new perspectives on the ancient texts discovered at Qumran. The essays offer fresh insights into particular texts and genres, by applying methods and constructs drawn from other disciplines to the study of the Dead Sea Scrolls, and by exploring new as well as long-standing issues raised by these works. The topics and approaches engaged include group identity, memory, ritual theory, sectarian sociology, philosophy of education, liturgical anthropology, Jewish law, history of religion, and mysticism. The articles in this volume were originally presented at the Tenth Annual International Orion Symposium sponsored in 2005 by the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Historical Perspectives

From the Hasmoneans to Bar Kokhba in the Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls : Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, 27-31 Januaruy, 1999

Author: Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature. International Symposium

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004120075

Category: Religion

Page: 201

View: 810

These symposium papers focus on various aspects of Jewish history in light of the Dead Sea Scrolls, including specific topics of Jewish history and the concepts of community and covenant. A section on natural sciences and the Scrolls completes the volume.