Politics of Social Research

Author: Ralph Leon Beals

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202367989

Category: Education

Page: 228

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Politics of Social Research addresses itself to the question of the behavior appropriate for social scientists conducting research sponsored by or otherwise involving government agencies--our own and those of other countries. The simple patriotism that suggests that social scientists, like other citizens, should not hesitate to put their skills at the service of their government is questioned here and by practitioners. This is partly because of outright disagreement with government policies and partly because of the threat to independence posed by massive government funding. As this book plainly shows, the problems are especially acute for social scientists working abroad, where they are viewed as de facto representatives of American policy while at the same time they must accommodate to the policies of foreign governments. Beals begins by describing specific and precipitating problems--Project Camelot and other research undertakings that met with difficulties--and a general review of the kinds of problems people engaged in social research encounter (concealment and misrepresentation, nationalism and colonialism, protection of subjects, etc.) These problems are then placed in historical and ideological perspective. This reveals differing views of the relationship between social scientists and government and the meanings and uses of various kinds of research. The book also contains a survey of the particular problems encountered by research social scientists in each of the major areas outside the United States. First published in 1969, and here reissued with a new introduction, this volume remains essential reading for all who are concerned with improving the responsible use of social research by governments, while safeguarding the freedom and integrity of the research and the researcher. Ralph L. Beals was chairman of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Alan Woolfolk is director, core curriculum at Oglethorpe University, Atlanta.

Annual Report

Author: Twentieth Century Fund

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economic policy

Page: N.A

View: 9962

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American Foundations and the Coproduction of World Order in the Twentieth Century

Author: John Krige,Helke Rausch

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647310433

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 7060

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Wenn das 20. Jahrhundert in vielerlei Hinsicht als »American Century« gelten darf, dann haben die großen US-amerikanischen Stiftungen wie Carnegie, Rockefeller und Ford einen erheblichen Anteil daran. Deren globale Netzwerke wurden zu begehrten Instrumenten, um amerikanische Ideen und Werte nach außen zu tragen. Handelte es sich bei den Stiftungen also nur um Handlanger des US-amerikanischen Vorherrschaftsanspruchs? Ihre selbst gewählte Mission und die kritischen Erwartungen ihrer Förderkandidaten und Partner vor Ort stellten ungleich subtilere Ansprüche an das philanthropische Geschäft. Dieser zweisprachige Band zeigt, wie die US-Philanthropie vor allem im Zwischen- und Nachkriegseuropa zu einem politischen Schauplatz ständig ausgehandelter Wissens- und Ordnungsvorstellungen wurde.

The New Presidential Elite

Men and Women in National Politics

Author: Jeane J. Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610446577

Category: Political Science

Page: 628

View: 1033

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Explores the idea that a "new breed" of men and women are actively involved in the majority American political party, and that their motives, goals, ideals, and patterns of organizational behavior are different from those of the people who have dominated U.S. politics in the past. This book is based on interviews with 1,300 delegates to the 1972 Democratic and Republican National Conventions, and mail questionnaires completed by some 55 percent of the delegates. The author identifies women as one part of the new "presidential elite," and analyzes their social, cultural, psychological, and political characteristics. This study was funded jointly by Russell Sage Foundation and The Twentieth Century Fund.

Philanthropic Foundations in the Twentieth Century

Author: Joseph Charles Kiger

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313312236

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 2316

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Presents a readable, coherent, and succinct account of the changes in U.S. foundations in the 20th century and describes our foundations as they exist today.

Philanthropic Foundations

New Scholarship, New Possibilities

Author: Ellen Condliffe Lagemann

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253112941

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 922

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"Foundations are socially and politically significant, but this simple fact... has mostly been ignored by students of American history.... This collection represents an important contribution to an emerging field." -- Kenneth Prewitt, Social Science Research Council

1-800-PRESIDENT

the report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on Television and the Campaign of 1992

Author: Twentieth Century Fund. Task Force on Television and the Campaign of 1992,Kathleen Hall Jamieson,Ken Auletta,Thomas E. Patterson

Publisher: Brookings Inst Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 119

View: 6861

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In 1-800-PRESIDENT, a fresh look of the television news industry is brought to light on why negative reporting is not a healthy contributor to American Politics.

Foundations for Social Change

Critical Perspectives on Philanthropy and Popular Movements

Author: Daniel Faber,Deborah McCarthy

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742549883

Category: Social Science

Page: 307

View: 8789

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This multi-disciplinary collection blends broad overviews and case studies as well as different theoretical perspectives in a critique of the relationship between United States philanthropic foundations and movements for social change. Scholars and practitioners examine how these foundations support and/or thwart popular social movements and address how philanthropic institutions can be more accountable and democratic in a sophisticated, provocative, and accessible manner. Foundations for Social Change brings together the leading voices on philanthropy and social movements into a single collection and its interdisciplinary approach will appeal to scholars, students, foundation officials, non-profit advocates, and social movement activists.

Unlikely Partners

Philanthropic Foundations and the Labor Movement

Author: Richard Magat

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801435522

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 4637

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"For too long, the labor movement and philanthropic foundations have had little contact, even when their guiding principles are the same. The time is ripe for a new national conversation on where and how they can effectively work together. Richard Magat's new book focuses on the relationship between unions and foundations--its history, its dynamics, and its potential. This is a relationship that can and should be enormously valuable for both sides."--John J. Sweeney, President, AFL-CIO An investigation into the little-known history of relations between organized labor and philanthropic foundations in America, this book reveals curious connections linking these important institutions throughout the twentieth century. Richard Magat examines these relations--whether indirect or direct, confrontational, supportive, or collaborative--in a wide variety of areas: research, the condition and status of black and female workers, the struggle of farmworkers, workplace health and safety, the union democracy movement, and the stake of union members in the global marketplace. Unlikely Partners begins with the industrial and social ferment in which the great modern foundations arose in the early twentieth century. It covers such topics as the Russell Sage Foundation (the first to address labor conditions), the National Civic Federation, and manifestations of "enlightened" business practice, including welfare capitalism. The book lays out areas of future community, fiscal, and policy collaboration between unions and foundations.

Grants

how to find out about them and what to do next

Author: Virginia P. White

Publisher: Plenum Publishing Corporation

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 354

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Provides a detailed guide to government, foundation, and corporate sources of funds and explains the procedures of applying for grants and fellowships. Bibliogs

The Arts at a New Frontier

The National Endowment for the Arts

Author: Fannie Taylor,Anthony L. Barresi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461327318

Category: Political Science

Page: 271

View: 7499

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Profound changes were taking place in American society during the period of the 1960s and 1970s when legislation for the National Foundation for the Arts and the Humanities was enacted and the agencies went into operation. It was a period of soul-searching by the American public when the cherished prejudices and civil inequities of the past decades were wiped out and old wounds began to heal; at the same time, however, the Vietnam War was creating new fissures and antagonisms. Into this newly healing, newly questioning society, congressional action thrust the National Council on the Arts in 1964, and the National Endowment for the Arts in 1965. Their mission was to encourage and support the arts, and the men and women charged with this responsibility went about their work with the zeal and enthusiasm of religious converts. The idea of even a minute amount of federal financial assistance to the country's chronically beleaguered and often impoverished artists and arts organi zations seemed strange to a segment of the population that had existed in forgot ten independence from government intervention. Many of the nation's artists and arts leaders were wary, partly because of the uncertainties and constraints of previous patterns of governmental support.

Inequality and Instability

A Study of the World Economy Just Before the Great Crisis

Author: James K. Galbraith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199930864

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 5701

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As Wall Street rose to dominate the U.S. economy, income and pay inequalities in America came to dance to the tune of the credit cycle. As the reach of financial markets extended across the globe, interest rates, debt, and debt crises became the dominant forces driving the rise of economic inequality almost everywhere. Thus the "super-bubble" that investor George Soros identified in rich countries for the two decades after 1980 was a super-crisis for the 99 percent-not just in the U.S. but the entire world. Inequality and Instability demonstrates that finance is the driveshaft that links inequality to economic instability. The book challenges those, mainly on the right, who see mysterious forces of technology behind rising inequality. And it also challenges those, mainly on the left, who have placed the blame narrowly on trade and outsourcing. Inequality and Instability presents straightforward evidence that the rise of inequality mirrors the stock market in the U.S. and the rise of finance and of free-market policies elsewhere. Starting from the premise that fresh argument requires fresh evidence, James K. Galbraith brings new data to bear as never before, presenting information built up over fifteen years in easily understood charts and tables. By measuring inequality at the right geographic scale, Galbraith shows that more equal societies systematically enjoy lower unemployment. He shows how this plays out inside Europe, between Europe and the United States, and in modern China. He explains that the dramatic rise of inequality in the U.S. in the 1990s reflected a finance-driven technology boom that concentrated incomes in just five counties, very remote from the experience of most Americans-which helps explain why the political reaction was so slow to come. That the reaction is occurring now, however, is beyond doubt. In the aftermath of the Great Financial Crisis, inequality has become, in America and the world over, the central issue. A landmark work of research and original insight, Inequality and Instability will change forever the way we understand this pivotal topic.

To Assure Pride and Confidence in the Electoral Process

Report of the National Commission on Federal Election Reform

Author: Jimmy Carter,Gerald R. Ford,Lloyd N. Cutler,Robert H. Michel,Philip D. Zelikow

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815798637

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

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In 2000 the American electoral system was tested by a political ordeal unlike any in living memory. Not since 1876-77 has the outcome of a national election remained so unsettled for so long. The past election¡¯s recount conundrum shook the nation¡¯s faith in the mechanisms that support the democratic process. Led by former Presidents Ford and Carter, the National Commission on Federal Election Reform undertook a study of the American electoral system. The resulting report describes where and what went wrong during the 2000 election, and makes clear and specific recommendations for reform, directed at state government, Congress, news organizations, and others. This volume also includes the full text of the Task Force Reports from the Commission.

Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

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Crosstalk

Citizens, Candidates, and the Media in a Presidential Campaign

Author: Marion R. Just

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226420202

Category: Political Science

Page: 307

View: 967

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The most comprehensive portrait of a presidential campaign in more than a decade, Crosstalk focuses on the 1992 U.S. presidential race and looks at how citizens use information in the media to make their voting decisions and how politicians and the media interact to shape that information. Examining political advertisements, news coverage, ad watches, and talk shows in Los Angeles, Boston, Winston-Salem, and Fargo/Moorhead, the authors chart the impact of different information environments on citizens and show how people developed images of candidates over the course of the campaign. Crosstalk presents persuasive evidence that campaigns do matter, that citizens are active participants in the campaign process, and their perceptions of a candidate's character is the central factor in the voting process. This innovative study contributes significantly to our understanding of the 1992 presidential campaign and of campaigns in general, and shows how election campaigns can play an important role in the long-term vitality of democracy.