The Bilingual Edge

The Ultimate Guide to Why, When, and How

Author: Kendall King, PhD,Alison Mackey, PhD

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061870862

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 1434

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It's no secret that parents want their children to have the lifelong cultural and intellectual advantages that come from being bilingual. Parents spend millions of dollars every year on classes, computer programs, and toys, all of which promise to help children learn a second language. But many of their best efforts (and investments) end in disappointment. In The Bilingual Edge, professors and parents King and Mackey wade through the hype and provide clear insights into what actually works. No matter what your language background is—whether you never passed Spanish in high school or you speak Mandarin fluently—King and Mackey will help you: select the language that will give your child the most benefits find materials and programs that will assist your child in achieving fluency identify and use your family's unique traits to maximize learning Fancy private schools and expensive materials aren't needed. Instead, The Bilingual Edge translates the latest research into interactive strategies and quick tips that even the busiest parents can use.

The Bilingual Advantage

Promoting Academic Development, Biliteracy, and Native Language in the Classroom

Author: Diane Rodriguez

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 0807755109

Category: Education

Page: 161

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This comprehensive account of bilingualism examines the importance of using students' native languages as a tool for supporting higher levels of learning. The authors highlight the social, linguistic, neuro-cognitive, and academic advantages of bilingualism, as well as the challenges faced by English language learners and their teachers in schools across the United States. They describe effective strategies for using native languages, even when the teacher lacks proficiency in that language. This resource addresses both the latest research and theory on native language instruction, along with its practical application (the what, the why, and how) in K-8 classrooms.

The Bilingual Advantage

Language, Literacy and the US Labor Market

Author: Rebecca M. Callahan,Patricia C. Gándara

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1783092424

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 3278

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Using novel methodological approaches and new data, The Bilingual Advantage draws together researchers from education, economics, sociology, anthropology and linguistics to examine the economic and employment benefits of bilingualism in the US labor market, countering past research that shows no such benefits exist.

The Bilingual Brain

Author: Arturo E. Hernandez

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199828113

Category: Psychology

Page: 193

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Arturo Hernandez presents the results of 25 years of research into the factors that might help us to understand how two (or more) languages are stored in one brain. It is clear that the brain is not egalitarian—some languages are privileged and others are not, but why?

Bilingual Siblings

Language Use in Families

Author: Suzanne Barron-Hauwaert

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1847693261

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 9382

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How do bilingual brothers and sisters talk to each other? Sibling language use is an uncharted area in studies of bilingualism. From a perspective of independent researcher and parent of three bilingual children Suzanne Barron-Hauwaert discusses the issues of a growing bilingual or multilingual family. What happens when there are two or more children at different stages of language development? Do all the siblings speak the same languages? Which language(s) do the siblings prefer to speak together? Could one child refuse to speak one language while another child is fluently bilingual? How do the factors of birth order, personality or family size interact in language production? With data from over 100 international families this book investigates the reality of family life with two or more children and languages. -- Back cover.

Early Years Second Language Education

International perspectives on theory and practice

Author: Sandie Mourão,Mónica Lourenço

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134507801

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 6360

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The age for early language learning has dropped dramatically in the past decade to include children under 6 years old, yet very little published research exists to support the implementation of such programmes. Drawing on a synthesis of theory, research and practice, this edited volume makes an innovative contribution to literature concerning language education for very young children. It explores language learning in a wide range of geographical contexts with reference to second and foreign language learning, bilingualism and plurilingualism with children under the age of 6 years old. Chapters present discussion around teacher education, policy-making, international case studies, school and home-based projects, code switching and language use, and methodologies and approaches. Early Years Second Language Education: International perspectives on theory and practice will be essential reading for researchers, academics, teacher trainers, and post-graduate students in the fields of early years education, foreign and second language education, language didactics and teacher education.

Advances in Computer Science, Environment, Ecoinformatics, and Education, Part IV

International Conference, CSEE 2011, Wuhan, China, August 21-22, 2011. Proceedings

Author: Sally Lin,Xiong Huang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642233384

Category: Computers

Page: 620

View: 667

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This 5-volume set (CCIS 214-CCIS 218) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Science, Environment, Ecoinformatics, and Education, CSEE 2011, held in Wuhan, China, in July 2011. The 525 revised full papers presented in the five volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on information security, intelligent information, neural networks, digital library, algorithms, automation, artificial intelligence, bioinformatics, computer networks, computational system, computer vision, computer modelling and simulation, control, databases, data mining, e-learning, e-commerce, e-business, image processing, information systems, knowledge management and knowledge discovering, mulitimedia and its apllication, management and information system, moblie computing, natural computing and computational intelligence, open and innovative education, pattern recognition, parallel and computing, robotics, wireless network, web application, other topics connecting with computer, environment and ecoinformatics, modeling and simulation, environment restoration, environment and energy, information and its influence on environment, computer and ecoinformatics, biotechnology and biofuel, as well as biosensors and bioreactor.

Contending with Globalization in World Englishes

Author: Mukul Saxena,Tope Omoniyi

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 233

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This book engages with English in globalization, re-examining and re-interpreting the contemporary contexts of its acquisition and use. The chapters contained in this book weave together four inter-related themes that define the role of English in the global context: the `centrality of structure', `relationships of interdependence', `social constructions of difference' and `reproduction of inequality'. These themes enable the authors to draw attention to the dynamics of the contemporary realities of the `English-speaking' and `English-using' nations, especially as they compete for cultural, social, economic and symbolic capital in global networks. In engaging World Englishes with the sociolinguistics of globalization, the authors raise some fundamental questions about the status, structure, and functions of World Englishes. "What roles are English and World Englishes playing in globalization? What effect is globalization having on English and World Englishes? What effect is globalization having on other languages? Anyone interested in exploring these crucial questions will find this book a most helpful and stimulating companion. The editors have assembled an appropriately diverse all-star cast of contributors, each of whom approaches the topic from a refreshingly innovative standpoint To paraphrase OmoniyVspoem which opens the book, readers will learn to `waltz, salsa and lion-dance' (and hip-hop) their way through the complex cultural and linguistic steps of globalization."Andy Kirkpatrick, Hong Kong Institute of Education

Bilingualism and Cognitive Control

Author: Ramesh Kumar Mishra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331992513X

Category: Psychology

Page: 185

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This thought-provoking monograph makes a multidisciplinary case for bilingualism as a possible enhancer of executive function, particularly cognitive control. Its central focus is the cognitive operations of the bilingual brain in processing two languages and whether they afford the brain a greater edge on neuroplasticity—in short, a cognitive advantage. Major issues and controversies in the debate are analyzed from cognitive neuroscience, psycholinguistic, and integrative perspectives, with attention paid to commonly and rarely studied domains at work in bilingual processing. The author also pinpoints future areas for improved research such as recognizing the diversity of bilingualism, not simply in languages spoken but also in social context, as seen among immigrants and refugees. Included in the coverage: The evolution of bilingualism. What goes on in a bilingual mind? The core cognitive mechanisms. Cognitive advantage of bilingualism and its criticisms. Neuroscience of bilingualism. Bilingualism, context, and control. Attention, vision, and control in bilinguals. With its cogent takes on ongoing questions and emerging issues, Bilingualism and Cognitive Control is of immediate interest to bilingual researchers and practitioners interested in understanding the behavioral aspects and neurobiology of bilingualism and the dynamic character of the bilingual/multilingual/second language learner’s mind, as well as the growing number of advanced undergraduate and graduate students interested in the psychology/psycholinguistics of bilingualism, bilingual cognitive psychology, cognitive science, and cognitive neuroscience.

The Bilingual Lexicon

Author: Robert Schreuder,Bert Weltens

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027241082

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 307

View: 6629

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In the study of bilingualism, the lexical level of language is of prime importance because, in practical terms, vocabulary acquisition is an essential prerequisite for the development of skill in language use; from a theoretical point of view, the mental lexicon, as a bridge between form and meaning, plays a crucial role in any model of language processing. A central issue in this volume is at which level of the bilingual speaker's lexicon languages share representations and how language-specific representations may be linked. The contributors favor a dynamic, developmental perspective on bilingualism, which takes account of the change of the mental lexicon over time and pays considerable attention to the acquisition phase. Several papers deal with the level of proficiency and its consequences for bilingual lexical processing, as well as the effects of practice. This discussion raises numerous questions about the notion of (lexical) proficiency and how this can be established by objective standards, an area of study that invites collaboration between researchers working from a theoretical and from a practical background.

The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism

Author: John W. Schwieter

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1119387701

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 850

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The definitive guide to 21st century investigations of multilingual neuroscience The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism provides a comprehensive survey of neurocognitive investigations of multiple-language speakers. Prominent scholar John W. Schwieter offers a unique collection of works from globally recognized researchers in neuroscience, psycholinguistics, neurobiology, psychology, neuroimaging, and others, to provide a multidisciplinary overview of relevant topics. Authoritative coverage of state-of-the-art research provides readers with fundamental knowledge of significant theories and methods, language impairments and disorders, and neural representations, functions, and processes of the multilingual brain. Focusing on up-to-date theoretical and experimental research, this timely handbook explores new directions of study and examines significant findings in the rapidly evolving field of multilingual neuroscience. Discussions on the bilingual advantage debate, recovery and rehabilitation patterns in multilingual aphasia, and the neurocognitive effects of multilingualism throughout the lifespan allow informed investigation of contemporary issues. Presents the first handbook-length examination of the neuroscience and neurolinguistics of multilingualism Demonstrates how neuroscience and multilingualism intersect several areas of research, such as neurobiology and experimental psychology Includes works from prominent international scholars and researchers to provide global perspective Reflects cutting-edge research and promising areas of future study in the dynamic field of multilingual neuroscience The Handbook of the Neuroscience of Multilingualism is an invaluable resource for researchers and scholars in areas including multilingualism, psycholinguistics, second language acquisition, and cognitive science. This versatile work is also an indispensable addition to the classroom, providing advanced undergraduate and graduate students a thorough overview of the field.

Lineare und Netzwerk-Optimierung / Linear and Network-Optimization

Ein bilinguales Lehrbuch. A bilingual textbook

Author: Kathrin Klamroth

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322915794

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 6954

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Durch den bilingualen Aufbau, der Texte jeweils in Deutsch und in Englisch nebeneinander stellt und mathematische Formeln gemeinsam benutzt, ist der Text sowohl für deutsche Studierende, die die englische Fachsprache lernen wollen als auch für ausländische, englischsprachige Studierende, die sich mit der deutschen Fachsprache vertraut machen wollen, geeignet.

The Bilingual Mental Lexicon

Interdisciplinary Approaches

Author: Aneta Pavlenko

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1847691242

Category: Education

Page: 250

View: 887

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How are words organized in the bilingual mind? How are they linked to concepts? How do bi- and multilinguals process words in their multiple languages? Contributions to this volume offer up-to-date answers to these questions and provide a detailed introduction to interdisciplinary approaches used to investigate the bilingual lexicon.

The Bilingual Family

A Handbook for Parents

Author: Edith Harding-Esch,Philip Riley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521004640

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 190

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This is the second edition of the best-selling book that has provided practical advice to thousands of parents who want their children to grow up bilingual. It still gives parents up-to-date information and advice they need to make informed decisions about what language policy to adopt with their children. This new edition also looks at cases of single-parent families with bilingual children, as well as schooling and bi-literacy issues. The authors help parents identify the factors that will influence their decision to bring up their children as bilinguals. The second part consists of case studies of bilingual families, which illustrate a wide range of different solutions . The third part is an alphabetical reference guide providing answers to the most frequently asked questions about bilingualism. Bringing up bilingual children is a challenge and this book helps parents meet that challenge.

Writing on the Edge

A Borderlands Reader

Author: Tom Miller

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816522415

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 356

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Gathers essays, poems, song lyrics, and short stories about the U.S.-Mexico borderland, with contributions by many famous literary figures.

Breathturn into Timestead

The Collected Later Poetry: A Bilingual Edition

Author: Paul Celan

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 0374714215

Category: Poetry

Page: 736

View: 7158

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Paul Celan, one of the greatest German-language poets of the twentieth century, created an oeuvre that stands as testimony to the horrors of his times and as an attempt to chart a topography for a new, uncontaminated language and world. Breathturn into Timestead: The Collected Later Poetry gathers the five final volumes of his life's work in a bilingual edition, translated and with commentary by the award-winning poet and translator Pierre Joris. This collection displays a mature writer at the height of his talents, following what Celan himself called the "turn" (Wende) of his work away from the lush, surreal metaphors of his earlier verse. Given "the sinister events in its memory," Celan believed that the language of poetry had to become "more sober, more factual . . . ‘grayer.'" Abandoning the more sumptuous music of the first books, he pared down his compositions to increase the accuracy of the language that now "does not transfigure or render ‘poetical'; it names, it posits, it tries to measure the area of the given and the possible." In his need for an inhabitable post-Holocaust world, Celan saw that "reality is not simply there; it must be searched for and won." Breathturn into Timestead reveals a poet undergoing a profound artistic reinvention. The work is that of a witness and a visionary.

Phonology in the Bilingual and Bidialectal Lexicon

Author: Isabelle Darcy,Annie Tremblay,Miquel Simonet

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889452107

Category:

Page: N.A

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A conversation between two people can only take place if the words intended by each speaker are successfully recognized. Spoken word recognition is at the heart of language comprehension. This automatic and smooth process remains a challenge for models of spoken word recognition. Both the process of mapping the speech signal onto stored representations for words, and the format of the representation themselves are subject to debate. So far, existing research on the nature of spoken word representations has focused mainly on native speakers. The picture becomes even more complex when looking at spoken word recognition in a second language. Given that most of the world’s speakers know and use more than one language, it is crucial to reach a more precise understanding of how bilingual and multilingual individuals encode spoken words in the mental lexicon, and why spoken word recognition is more difficult in a second language than in the native language. Current models of native spoken word recognition operate under two assumptions: (i) that listeners’ perception of the incoming speech signal is optimal; and (ii) that listeners’ lexical representations are accurate. As a result, lexical representations are easily activated, and intended words are successfully recognized. However, these assumptions are compromised when applied to a later-learned second language. For a variety of reasons (e.g., phonetic/phonological, orthographic), second language users may not perceive the speech signal optimally, and they may still be refining the motor routines needed for articulation. Accordingly, their lexical representations may differ from those of native speakers, which may in turn inhibit their selection of the intended word forms. Second language users also have to solve a larger selection challenge—having words in more than one language to choose from. Thus, for second language users, the links between perception, lexical representations, orthography, and production are all but clear. Even for simultaneous bilinguals, important questions remain about the specificity and interdependence of their lexical representations and the factors influencing cross-language word activation. This Frontiers Research Topic seeks to further our understanding of the factors that determine how multilinguals recognize and encode spoken words in the mental lexicon, with a focus on the mapping between the input and lexical representations, and on the quality of lexical representations.

Meaningful Inconsistencies

Bicultural Nationhood, the Free Market, and Schooling in Aotearoa/New Zealand

Author: Neriko Musha Doerr

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845456092

Category: Education

Page: 228

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In the late twentieth century, the categorization of individuals in ethnic terms, affected by neoliberal reforms and the prioritization of market forces, has transformed our institutions and wreaked havoc around the world. Especially stark in societies that recognize their bi- or multicultural make-up, such categorization influences how individuals view themselves and are viewed by others in the educational arena. A small town in Aotearoa/New Zealand, with its contemporary shift toward official biculturalism and extensive free-marketization of schooling, is a prime example. This important volume is set in the microcosm of a secondary school with a bilingual program and closely examines not only the implications of categorizing individuals in ethnic terms in their everyday life but also the shapes and meaning of education within the discourse of academic achievement.

Remaining and Becoming

Cultural Crosscurrents in An Hispano School

Author: Shelley Roberts

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135686432

Category: Education

Page: 176

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Remaining and Becoming: Cultural Crosscurrents in an Hispano School deals with the politics of identity and the concept of boundaries during a time of rapid change. It investigates how the role of schooling for Hispanos in the Norteño School District (a pseudonym) in Northern New Mexico--a public school district, not fully consolidated until 1972--has changed significantly over the past three generations. Today, the Hispanos, a minority in the outside world but a majority in their own, are debating how the functions of the school should respond to the changes resulting from the coming of public education to their region. But the contemporary story of education in Norteño has much deeper roots in the political, religious, and cultural history of Northern New Mexico--a region where, over a period of several centuries, Spain, Mexico, and the United States each have claimed sovereignty, with differing goals for and attitudes about the welfare of the people. This study is an analysis of the ambiguity of education, the losses and gains that are its consequences, the lingering doubts about the past, and the questions about what future education can and should serve. It is about asking: Is what the students are learning worth as much as what they are forgetting? How does schooling affect the evolving process of asserting, renegotiating, and defending an Hispano identity? By exploring historical factors and ideologies of a particular school within a particular community, Roberts seeks to understand community expectations for the school as a fitting place for its children. The goal is not to generalize from the particular to the universal, but to join others in suggesting that we move away from discussing students in a generic sense and focus instead on looking at them in relation to the community in which they live. The fascinating and largely unknown story this book tells will be of interest to educators, researchers, and students across a range of fields, including sociology of education, educational anthropology, multicultural education, ethnic studies, Chicano studies, and qualitative research in education.

Di Serambi: On the Verandah

A Bilingual Anthology of Modern Indonesian Poetry

Author: Iem Brown,Joan Davis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521477147

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 149

View: 1970

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Di Serambi: On the Verandah, first published in 1995, brings together the work of twelve contemporary Indonesian poets. Over forty poems are presented in both Indonesian and English, together with notes on linguistic and cultural references, and a brief biography of each contributor. The poems have been selected to offer a range of chronological, thematic, and stylistic perspectives on Indonesian poetry. Iem Brown and Joan Davis travelled to Indonesia to interview the writers, providing the reader with a social context for the poetry. In their translations, they have kept faith with the oral tradition of Indonesian poetry, maintaining the rhythm and flow of the works, rather than presenting a purely literal interpretation. As a bilingual collection, this book serves those with general interest in Asian Studies as well as language students. Di Serambi: On the Verandah will prove invaluable to students and teachers of Indonesian language and culture.