The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Author: Lawrence R. Walker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199575290

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 9877

Providing a global summary of the biology of disturbance ecology, this text offers both the conceptual underpinnings and practical advice required to comprehend and address the unprecedented environmental challenges facing humans. It examines both natural and anthropogenic disturbances in aquatic and terrestrial habitats.

The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats

Author: David C. Culver,Tanja Pipan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191551457

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 9558

Caves and other subterranean habitats with their often strange (even bizarre) inhabitants have long been objects of fascination, curiosity, and debate. The question of how such organisms have evolved, and the relative roles of natural selection and genetic drift, has engaged subterranean biologists for decades. Indeed, these studies continue to inform the more general question of adaptation and evolution. However, interest in subterranean biology is not limited to questions of evolutionary biology. Both the distribution and the apparent ancient age of many subterranean species continue to be of significant interest to biogeographers. Subterranean ecosystems generally exhibit little or no primary productivity and, as "extreme" ecosystems, provide general insights into ecosystem function. Furthermore, the simplicity of subterranean communities relative to most surface-dwelling communities makes them useful model systems for the study of species interactions such as competition and predation, as well as more general principles of ecosystem function. The rarity of many cave species makes them of special interest in conservation biology. The Biology of Caves and other Subterranean Habitats offers a concise but comprehensive introduction to cave ecology. Whilst there is an emphasis on the organisms that dominate this unique environment, conservation and management aspects are also considered. The book includes a global range of examples and case studies from both caves and non-cave subterranean habitats; it also provides a clear explanation of specialized terms used by speleologists. This accessible text will appeal to researchers new to the field and to the many professional ecologists and conservation practitioners requiring a concise but authoritative overview. Its engaging style will also make it suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in cave and subterranean biology.

Tropical Alpine Environments

Plant Form and Function

Author: Philip W. Rundel,Alan P. Smith,F. C. Meinzer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521420891

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 2810

Plants growing in tropical alpine environments (at altitudes above the closed canopy forest and below the limit of plant life) have evolved distinct forms to cope with a hostile environment characterized by cold, drought and fire. Unlike temperate alpine environments, where there are distinct seasons of favourable and unfavourable conditions for growth, tropical alpine habitats present summer conditions every day and winter conditions every night. Using examples from all over the tropics, this fascinating account reviews, for the first time, the unique form and functional relationships of tropical alpine plants examining both their physiological ecology and population biology. It will appeal to anyone interested in tropical vegetation and plant physiological adaptations to hostile environment, as well as to researchers in biogeography and ecology.

Ecology of Central European Non-Forest Vegetation: Coastal to Alpine, Natural to Man-Made Habitats

Vegetation Ecology of Central Europe

Author: Christoph Leuschner,Heinz Ellenberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319430483

Category: Science

Page: 1094

View: 7032

This handbook in two volumes synthesises our knowledge about the ecology of Central Europe’s plant cover with its 7000-yr history of human impact, covering Germany, Poland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Austria, Czech Republic and Slovakia. Based on a thorough literature review with 5500 cited references and nearly 1000 figures and tables, the two books review in 26 chapters all major natural and man-made vegetation types with their climatic and edaphic influences, the structure and dynamics of their communities, the ecophysiology of important plant species, and key aspects of ecosystem functioning. Volume I deals with forests and scrub vegetation and analyses the ecology of Central Europe’s tree flora, whilst Volume II is dedicated to the non-forest vegetation covering mires, grasslands, heaths, alpine habitats and urban vegetation. The consequences of over-use, pollution and recent climate change over the last century are explored and conservation issues addressed.

The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

Author: Christer Brönmark,Lars-Anders Hansson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198713592

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 3271

A concise but comprehensive introduction to the biology of standing waters (lakes and ponds). As with other books in the Biology of Habitats Series, the emphasis in this book is on the organisms that dominate freshwater environments. Management and conservation aspects are also considered. The first edition of the book published in 1998 with a second, revised edition in 2005. There has been significant development in the field since the last revision appeared, particularly in the ecology of lakes and ponds in subtropical and tropical areas, and a new revision of this now classic text is timely.

Alpine Biodiversity in Europe

Author: Laszlo Nagy,Georg Grabherr,Christian Körner,Desmond B.A. Thompson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642189679

Category: Science

Page: 479

View: 3595

The United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development (UNCED), held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, spawned a multitude of pro grammes aimed at assessing, managing and conserving the earth's biological diversity. One important issue addressed at the conference was the mountain environment. A specific feature of high mountains is the so-called alpine zone, i. e. the treeless regions at the uppermost reaches. Though covering only a very small proportion of the land surface, the alpine zone contains a rela tively large number of plants, animals, fungi and microbes which are specifi cally adapted to cold environments. This zone contributes fundamentally to the planet's biodiversity and provides many resources for mountain dwelling as well as lowland people. However, rapid and largely man-made changes are affecting mountain ecosystems, such as soil erosion, losses of habitat and genetic diversity, and climate change, all of which have to be addressed. As stated in the European Community Biodiversity Strategy, "the global scale of biodiversity reduction or losses and the interdependence of different species and ecosystems across national borders demands concerted international action". Managing biodiversity in a rational and sustainable way needs basic knowledge on its qualitative and quantitative aspects at local, regional and global scales. This is particularly true for mountains, which are distributed throughout the world and are indeed hot spots of biodiversity in absolute terms as well as relative to the surrounding lowlands.

The Biology of Polar Habitats

Author: Gordon Elliott Fogg

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Science

Page: 263

View: 2933

NEW SERIES Biology of Habitats Series editors: Professor Michael Crawley, Dr Colin Little, Sir Richard Southwood, and Professor Staffan Ulfstrand This exciting new series of textbooks will give an integrated overview of the design, physiology, ecology, and behaviour of the organisms in different habitats. Each book will provide information about the habitat and the types of organisms present, on practical aspects of working within thehabitats and the sorts of studies which are possible, and will include a discussion of biodiversity and conservation needs. Further Reading Sections will lead the reader to key papers, review articles, and books in which the subject may be explored at greater depth. This book gives a readable overview of polar habitats, from ice caps to tundra and open ocean. It describes their physical characteristics, the communities of microorganisms, plants, and animals inhabiting them, and their interactions with the global environment. It reviews the origins of thehabitats and their subsequent colonization and population dynamics, and considers the future changes which may result from global warming, stratospheric ozone depletion, and human activities. The book is unusual in that it describes and compares the two polar regions, rather than focusing on onlyone of them.

Alpine Plants of the Northwest

Wyoming to Alaska

Author: Jim Pojar,Andrew MacKinnon,Rosamund A. Pojar,Curtis Björk,Hans Roemer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781551058924

Category: Nature

Page: 527

View: 4140

Two of the Northwests most respected nature writers have collaborated once again to produce an outstanding field guide to the plants that grow at high elevation, above the tree line, in the mountain systems of the Western Cordillera. The book features more than 500 plants found in the alpine regions of western North America. MacKinnons and Pojars rich and engaging notes on each species include descriptions of the unique characteristics of each plant, as well as of its habitat and range. The book features full-colour photographs throughout. Whether you are a professional botanist, a mountain guide, an amateur naturalist or simply an outdoor enthusiast who loves to brave the high country, you will find this book of immense value. Among other virtues, it will help to enhance your appreciation of the fragility and vitality of this unique group of plants, and to realise the need for care and responsibility when navigating alpine meadows and mountain slopes.

Birds and Habitat

Relationships in Changing Landscapes

Author: Robert J. Fuller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521897564

Category: Nature

Page: 542

View: 7714

Synthesises important concepts, patterns and issues relating to avian habitat selection, drawing on examples from Europe, North America and Australia.

Mountain Goats

Ecology, Behavior, and Conservation of an Alpine Ungulate

Author: Marco Festa-Bianchet,Steeve D. Côté

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597267731

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 2467

Mountain goats have been among the least studied of North American ungulates, leaving wildlife managers with little information on which to base harvest strategies or conservation plans. This book offers the first comprehensive assessment of the ecology and behavior of mountain goats, setting forth the results of a remarkable 16-year longitudinal study of more than 300 marked individuals in a population in Alberta, Canada. The authors’ thorough, long-term study allowed them to draw important conclusions about mountain goat ecology—including individual reproductive strategies, population dynamics, and sensitivity to human disturbance—and to use those conclusions in offering guidance for developing effective conservation strategies. Chapters examine: -habitat use, vegetation quality, and seasonal movements -sexual segregation and social organization -individual variability in yearly and lifetime reproductive success of females -age- and sex-specific survival and dispersal -reproductive strategies and population dynamics -management and conservation of mountain goats The book also draws on the rich literature on long-term monitoring of marked ungulates to explore similarities and differences between mountain goats and other species, particularly bighorn sheep and ibex. By monitoring a marked population over a long period of time, researchers were able to document changes in sex-age structure and identify factors driving population dynamics. Because it explores the links between individual life-history strategy and population dynamics in a natural setting, Mountain Goats will be an invaluable resource for wildlife managers, researchers in ecology and animal behavior, conservationists, population biologists, and anyone concerned with the ecology and management of natural populations, especially in alpine environments.

The Biology of lemmings

Author: Nils Chr Stenseth,Rolf Anker Ims,Linnean Society of London

Publisher: Academic Press


Category: Nature

Page: 683

View: 3005

The phenomenon of cyclic population fluctuation in small rodents, and specifically lemmings, has been a major issue in ecology for decades. A number of questions, both truly scientific and also of popular mythology,surround the biology of these animals. Although a tremendous amount of research has been carried out on lemmings, much remains to be resolved. And while the story of the suicidal rodent is now understood as myth, the facts behind the population behavior of lemmings require further study. In this book well-known ecologists Stenseth and Ims have brought together a number of leading experts from both North America and Europe to review our current understanding of the taxonomy, population biology, feeding, and community ecology of lemmings.The authors put this current, but rather fragmentary, understanding of lemming biology into a general population biological context."In many ways we see lemmings as an important model species within population biology,"Stenseth acknowledges in the preface. Starting with the 16th Century, the book's introduction overviews the history of lemming research. The chapters are grouped into theme sections, each prefaced by an introductory review by the editors. The overall result is the most comprehensive and coherent overview of the subject to date.Finally, six appendices give detailed advice on how to study lemmings, which will provide an invaluable reference for research in the future. Contains never-before published material on the Norwegian lemming Lemmus lemmus Includes papers presented at a meeting on lemming biology at the biological station of Konnevesi at the University of Jyvaskyla, Finland Edited and authored by experts in the field

Alpine Plant Life

Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems

Author: Christian Körner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364298018X

Category: Science

Page: 343

View: 7232

Generations of plant scientists have been fascinated by alpine plant lifean ecosystem that experiences dramatic climatic gradients over a very short distance. This comprehensive book examines a wide range of topics including alpine climate and soils, plant distribution and the treeline phenomenon, plant stress and development, global change at high elevation, and the human impact on alpine vegetation. Geographically, the book covers all parts of the world including the tropics.

Alpine Plants

Ecology for Gardeners

Author: J. E. G. Good,D. Millward

Publisher: Timber Press (OR)


Category: Gardening

Page: 176

View: 3307

A concise introduction to the science behind the success of alpine plants, this fascinating and accessible book will enable gardeners to tailor their cultivation practices in lowland gardens to mimic the alpine habitat as closely as possible.

The Biology of Rocky Shores

Author: Colin Little,J. A. Kitching

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198549352

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 5634

This is an introduction to the study of marine rocky shores in the temperate zone. It is designed to encourage students and others to couple enormous intellectual rewards with the pleasure of working in some of the last easily accessible but relatively unspoilt places, and can be used as a basis for field courses, project work, or for lectures. Centred in North-West Europe, but using examples from all over the world, the book begins by considering the physical factors that characterize the habitat - primarily tides and waves - and goes on to assess how they influence the organisms that live within it. It describes how the behaviour and physiology of individuals belonging to the major groups - algae, grazers, suspension feeders, and predators - are affected by their habitat, how their communities are structured, and discusses theories of community organization. For field courses, it suggests experiments and observations that can be carried out on the shore or in nearbylaboratories. Finally, problems of pollution and conservation are considered in the context of their effects upon biodiversity.

The biology of Australian possums and gliders

Author: Ross L. Goldingay,Stephen M. Jackson

Publisher: Surey Beatty and Sons


Category: Nature

Page: 574

View: 8390

Proceedings of a symposium held in Brisbane in July 2001, convened as part of the 47th annual conference of the Australian Mammal Society.

The Biology of Polar Regions

Author: D.N. Thomas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199298114

Category: Nature

Page: 394

View: 1153

There is an increased awareness of the importance of polar regions, and their vulnerability to anthropogenic derived change. This book offers a concise but comprehensive introduction to polar ecology. The emphasis is on the organisms that dominate these environments although pollution, conservation and experimental aspects are also considered.

Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963436

Category: Science

Page: 3674

View: 7792

Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at

The Biology of Deserts

Author: David Ward

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198732759


Page: 416

View: 5601

This book offers a concise but comprehensive introduction to desert ecology and adopts a strong evolutionary focus. As with other titles in the Biology of Habitats Series, the emphasis in the book is on the organisms that dominate this harsh environment, although theoretical and experimental aspects are also discussed. In this updated second edition, there is a greater focus on the effects of climate change and some of its likely effects on deserts, seeing desertification as among the most serious results of climate change, leading ultimately to the increasing size of arid and semi-arid regions. The Biology of Deserts Second Edition includes a wide range of ecological and evolutionary issues including morphological and physiological adaptations of desert plants and animals, species interactions, the importance of predation and parasitism, food webs, biodiversity, and conservation. It features a balance of plant and animal (both invertebrate and vertebrate) examples, and also emphasizes topical applied issues such as desertification and invasive species. The book concludes by considering the positive aspects of desert conservation. This accessible textbook is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate students, as well as professional ecologists, conservation practitioners, and resource managers working in the field of desert ecology.