The Biology of Coral Reefs

Author: Charles R. C. Sheppard,Simon K. Davy,Graham M. Pilling

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191057347

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 1717

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Coral reefs represent the most spectacular and diverse marine ecosystem on the planet as well as a critical source of income for millions of people. However, the combined effects of human activity have led to a rapid decline in the health of reefs worldwide, with many now facing complete destruction. This timely book provides an integrated overview of the function, physiology, ecology, and behaviour of coral reef organisms. Each chapter is enriched with a selection of 'boxes' on specific aspects written by internationally recognised experts. As with other books in the Biology of Habitats Series, the emphasis in this book is on the organisms that dominate this marine environment although pollution, conservation, climate change, and experimental aspects are also included. Indeed, particular emphasis is placed on conservation and management due to the habitat's critically endangered status. A global range of examples is employed which gives the book international relevance. This accessible text is intended for students, naturalists and professionals and assumes no previous knowledge of coral reef biology. It is particularly suitable for both senior undergraduate and graduate students (in departments of biology, geography, and environmental science) taking courses in coral reef ecology, marine biology, oceanography and conservation biology, as well as the many professional ecologists and conservation biologists requiring a concise overview of the topic. It will also be of relevance and use to reef managers, recreational divers, and amateur naturalists.

The Biology of Coral Reefs

Author: Charles Sheppard,Simon Davy,Graham Pilling,Nicholas Graham

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191091200

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 3057

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Coral reefs represent the most spectacular and diverse marine ecosystem on the planet as well as a critical source of income for millions of people. However, the combined effects of human activity have led to a rapid decline in the health of reefs worldwide, with many now facing complete destruction. Their world-wide deterioration and over-exploitation has continued and even accelerated in many areas since the publication of the first edition in 2009. At the same time, there has been a near doubling in the number of scientific papers that have been written in this short time about coral reef biology and the ability to acclimate to ocean warming and acidification. This new edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, incorporating the significant increase in knowledge gained over the last decade whilst retaining the book's focus as a concise and affordable overview of the field. The Biology of Coral Reefs provides an integrated overview of the function, physiology, ecology, and behaviour of coral reef organisms. Each chapter is enriched with a selection of 'boxes' on specific aspects written by internationally recognised experts. As with other books in the Biology of Habitats Series, the emphasis in this book is on the organisms that dominate this marine environment although pollution, conservation, climate change, and experimental aspects are also included. Indeed, particular emphasis is placed on conservation and management due to the habitat's critically endangered status. A global range of examples is employed which gives the book international relevance.

Coral Reefs

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Charles Sheppard

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199682771

Category: Nature

Page: 127

View: 7547

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Coral reefs are among the most biodiverse of ecosystems. Charles Sheppard tells the fascinating story of how and where coral reefs are formed and the diversity of marine life they support. He also highlights the threats they face due to exploitation and the conservation efforts in place to tackle these issues.

Weltatlas der Korallenriffe

Author: Mark D. Spalding,Corinna Ravilious,Edward P. Green

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783768815871

Category:

Page: 423

View: 2657

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Erster und einziger Weltatlas der Korallenriffe, der durch internationale Zusammenarbeit im Rahmen weltumspannender Forschungsarbeiten mithilfe modernster Techniken entstanden ist. Er enthält die neuesten und größtenteils auch neu erstellten Riffkarten sowie 85 von Astronauten aus dem All aufgenommene Rifffotografien. Dieses großformatige Buch bietet auf nahezu 300 Seiten jüngste Forschungsergebnisse über tropische Riffe, ihre Verbreitung und Ausdehnung, ihren Zustand und ihre ökologischen Besonderheiten. Neben den durch spezifische Karten und zahlreiche Abbildungen unterlegten Detailinformationen zu allen bekannten Korallenriffen der Welt wird ausführlich die ökologische und ökonomische Bedeutung dieser Riffe diskutiert. Über 2000 Tauchschulen in diesen Riffen sind erfasst und in den Riffkarten eingezeichnet. Ausführlich werden die Forschungs-, Mess- und Kartierungsmethoden erklärt, die zu diesem Kompendium führten. Dieses Buch stellt mit seinen einzigartigen und neu erarbeiteten Karten, Fakten und Daten die wichtigste und attraktivste Informations-sammlung über tropische Korallenriffe dar. Es beinhaltet alle in diesen Ökosystemen bekannten Schutzgebiete bzw. die bereits eingeleiteten oder geplanten Schutzmaßnahmen. Auch werden in diesem Atlas die Auswirkungen der weltumspannenden klimatischen Veränderungen und deren Einfluss auf diese Ökosysteme aufgezeigt

Ecology of Fishes on Coral Reefs

Author: Camilo Mora

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316300145

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4037

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The local diversity and global richness of coral reef fishes, along with the diversity manifested in their morphology, behaviour and ecology, provides fascinating and diverse opportunities for study. Reflecting the very latest research in a broad and ever-growing field, this comprehensive guide is a must-read for anyone interested in the ecology of fishes on coral reefs. Featuring contributions from leaders in the field, the 36 chapters cover the full spectrum of current research. They are presented in five parts, considering coral reef fishes in the context of ecology, patterns and processes, human intervention and impacts, conservation, and past and current debates. Beautifully illustrated in full-colour, this book is designed to summarise and help build upon current knowledge and to facilitate further research. It is an ideal resource for those new to the field as well as for experienced researchers.

The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms

Author: Walter M. Goldberg

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226925374

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 3493

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Reefs provide a wealth of opportunity for learning about biological and ecosystem processes, and reef biology courses are among the most popular in marine biology and zoology departments the world over. Walter M. Goldberg has taught one such course for years, and he marshals that experience in the pages of The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms. Goldberg examines the nature not only of coral reefs—the best known among types of reefs—but also of sponge reefs, worm reefs, and oyster reefs, explaining the factors that influence their growth, distribution, and structure. A central focus of the book is reef construction, and Goldberg details the plants and animals that form the scaffold of the reef system and allow for the attachment and growth of other organisms, including those that function as bafflers, binders, and cementing agents. He also tours readers through reef ecology, paleontology, and biogeography, all of which serve as background for the problems reefs face today and the challenge of their conservation. Visually impressive, profusely illustrated, and easy to read, The Biology of Reefs and Reef Organisms offers a fascinating introduction to reef science and will appeal to students and instructors of marine biology, comparative zoology, and oceanography.

Das terrestrische Manifest

Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518758047

Category: Political Science

Page: 150

View: 4251

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Eine Serie politischer Unwetter hat die Welt durcheinandergebracht. Die Instrumente, mit denen wir uns früher orientierten, funktionieren nicht mehr. Verstanden wir Politik lange als einen Zeitstrahl, der von einer lokalen Vergangenheit in eine globale Zukunft führen würde, realisieren wir nun, dass der Globus für unsere Globalisierungspläne zu klein ist. Der Weg in eine behütetere Vergangenheit erweist sich ebenfalls als Fiktion. Wir hängen in der Luft, der jähe Absturz droht. In dieser brisanten Situation gilt es zuallererst, wieder festen Boden unter den Füßen zu gewinnen und sich dann neu zu orientieren. Bruno Latour unternimmt den Versuch, die Landschaft des Politischen neu zu vermessen und unsere politischen Leidenschaften auf neue Gegenstände auszurichten. Jenseits überkommener Unterscheidungen wie links und rechts, fortschrittlich und reaktionär plädiert er für eine radikal materialistische Politik, die nicht nur den Produktionsprozess einbezieht, sondern auch die ökologischen Bedingungen unserer Existenz.

Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean

Their Ecology and Conservation

Author: T. R. McClanahan,C. R. C. Sheppard,D. O. Obura

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195352177

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 7043

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Coral reefs are among Earth's most diverse, productive, and beautiful ecosystems, but until recently, their ecology and the means to manage them have been poorly understood and documented. In response to the inadequate information base for coral reefs, this book reviews the ecological and conservation status of coral reefs of the Western Indian Ocean, bringing together presentations of the region's leading scientists and managers working on coral reefs. Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean: Their Ecology and Conservation starts with a general overview of the biogeography of the region and a historical account of attempts to conserve this ecosystem. It goes on to describe the state of the reefs in each of the countries with coral reefs, and it concludes with a series of management case studies. The book also summarizes most of the existing ecological information on reefs in this region and efforts at management, making it useful for students, teachers, and investigators interested in tropical or marine ecology, conservation biology and management, and environmental sciences.

The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Author: Lawrence R. Walker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199575290

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 6771

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Providing a global summary of the biology of disturbance ecology, this text offers both the conceptual underpinnings and practical advice required to comprehend and address the unprecedented environmental challenges facing humans. It examines both natural and anthropogenic disturbances in aquatic and terrestrial habitats.

Biology of Butterflyfishes

Author: Morgan S. Pratchett,Michael L. Berumen,B. G. Kapoor

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466582901

Category: Nature

Page: 362

View: 9145

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Butterflyfishes (family Chaetodontidae) are a highly conspicuous component of fish fauna on coral reefs throughout the world. In light of their strong dependence on coral, they are often regarded as the epitome of coral reef fishes. This volume examines the ecology and conservation of coral reef butterflyfishes. It provides important insights on their evolution and key events and adaptations that have led to their proliferation within coral reef ecosystems. Key to the longevity of butterflyfishes is the evolution of coral-feeding—a central focus of the ecological chapters in this volume. The book also highlights key threats and challenges related to the conservation of butterflyfishes and ends with an overview of current and future research directions.

Lobsters

Biology, Management, Aquaculture and Fisheries

Author: Bruce Phillips

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118517490

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 8215

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This expanded and fully updated Second Edition of the mostcomprehensive and successful book on lobsters, comprisescontributions from many of the world’s experts, eachproviding core information for all those working in lobsterbiology, fisheries research and management and lobsteraquaculture. Under the editorship of Bruce Phillips, the Second Edition ofLobsters: Biology, Management, Fisheries and Aquaculturedelivers exhaustive coverage of these fascinating creatures,stretching from growth and development to management andconservation. A number of chapters from the First Edition coveringGrowth, Reproduction, Diseases, Behaviour, Nutrition, Larval andPost-Larval Ecology and Juvenile and Adult Ecology have beenreplaced by new chapters including Lobsters in Ecosystems,Genetics, Translocation, Climate Change, Ecolabelling of Lobsters,Casitas and Other Artificial Shelters, Systems to maximise EconomicBenefits.. These new chapters reflect changes that are occurring inlobster management and new research developments brought on bysocial, climatic and economic changes. As well as information from new research output, information ineach chapter is also included on individual commercial Genera,including aspects of Species and distribution, Predators anddiseases, Ecology and behaviour, Aquaculture and enhancement,Harvest of wild populations and their regulations, Management andconservation. The chapter on slipper lobsters has also beenexpanded to include Thenus and Ibacus species whichare now subject to commercial fisheries. The changes that haveoccurred in some lobster fisheries, the new management arrangementsin place, the status of stocks and the current economic and socialsituation of each fishery have also been covered and discussed ingreat detail. Fisheries scientists, fisheries managers aquaculture personnel,aquatic and invertebrate biologists, physiologists, ecologists,marine biologists and environmental biologists will all findLobsters Second Edition to be a vital source of reference.Libraries in all universities and research establishments wherebiological and life sciences and fisheries and aquaculture arestudied and taught will find it an extremely valuable addition totheir shelves.

Marine Ecology

Concepts and Applications

Author: Martin R. Speight,Peter A. Henderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687310

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 4966

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This book began life as a series of lectures given to second andthird year undergraduates at Oxford University. Theselectures were designed to give students insights as to how marineecosystems functioned, how they were being affected by natural andhuman interventions, and how we might be able to conserve them andmanage them sustainably for the good of people, both recreationallyand economically. This book presents 10 chapters, beginningwith principles of oceanography important to ecology, throughdiscussions of the magnitude of marine biodiversity and the factorsinfluencing it, the functioning of marine ecosystems at withintrophic levels such as primary production, competition anddispersal, to different trophic level interactions such asherbivory, predation and parasitism. The final three chapterslook at the more applied aspects of marine ecology, discussionfisheries, human impacts, and management and conservation. Other textbooks covering similar topics tend to treat the topicsfrom the point of view of separate ecosystems, with chapters onreefs, rocks and deep sea. This book however is topic drivenas described above, and each chapter makes full use of examplesfrom all appropriate marine ecosystems. The book is illustratedthroughout with many full colour diagrams and high qualityphotographs. The book is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students atcolleges and universities, and it is hoped that the many examplesfrom all over the world will provide global relevance andinterest. Both authors have long experience of research and teaching inmarine ecology. Martin Speight’s first degree was inmarine zoology at UCNW Bangor, and he has taught marine ecology andconservation at Oxford for 25 years. His research studentsstudy tropical marine ecology from the Caribbean through EastAfrica to the Far East. Peter Henderson is a Senior ResearchAssociate at the University of Oxford, and is Director of PiscesConservation in the UK. He has worked on marine andfreshwater fisheries, as well as ecological and economic impactsand exploitation of the sea in North and South America as well asEurope.

Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes

Author: Robert J. Wootton,Carl Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118891392

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 5042

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Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes is the first integrated review of the reproductive biology of the bony fishes, which are the most species-rich and diversified group of vertebrates. Teleosts display remarkable variation in their modes of reproduction, and this volume is intended to provide a framework for understanding the remarkable reproductive diversity of this group. It describes their reproductive biology using, wherever possible, phylogenetic analyses and life-history theory as a means to interpret the information. The book addresses the genetic, physiological, behavioural, ecological, evolutionary and applied aspects of teleost reproduction in a comparative framework that emphasises the adaptive basis of reproductive diversity. Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes provides a comprehensive synthesis of fish reproduction that will be of great interest to life scientists, particularly ecologists, evolutionary biologists, physiologists and advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and research workers requiring a comprehensive overview of fish reproduction. The book is suitable for courses in fish biology and ecology, reproductive physiology and reproductive genetics. It also addresses applied questions and will be of value for courses on fisheries science and aquaculture. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences, fisheries science and aquaculture are studied and taught should have several copies of this important book on their shelves.

Ocean Pulse

A Critical Diagnosis

Author: John T. Tanacredi,John Loret

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489901361

Category: Science

Page: 202

View: 2048

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There are many conferences, workshops and meetings annually around the world, each emphasizing a specialty area for scientific exploration and research. Yet in very few instances, if at all, do the multidisciplinary aspects of science get presented so one may see the diversity of dependencies these seemingly disparate disciplines actually have. The Explorers Club and the U. S. National Park Service collaborated to make a first attempt at what will continue to be an "ocean pulse'" effort; conferences combining the aquaculture sciences; the search for underwater antiquities and the marinelbio-technologies utilized to explore these areas. The purpose has been to bring together not just academicians to talk about their finding in the field or the laboratory, but to provide a forum for the practical applications of "technology" to expanding our worlds fisheries as well as to continue to explore our world's oceans; the earth's truly last frontier. After everything is said and done, we still know precious little about our ocean environments. Their influences on our lives are monumental and yet we continue to be very parochial and conservative in our dedication to exploring their depths and resources. We feel confident that this initial effort by our respective groups to awaken a realization in the public and private sectors of the need for a cross-disciplinary approach to scientific research in the marine environment, is a necessity as we approach the 21 st century. Kevin C.

Evolutionary Paleoecology

The Ecological Context of Macroevolutionary Change

Author: Warren D. Allmon,David J. Bottjer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231528523

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 9763

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One of the most important questions we can ask about life is "Does ecology matter?" Most biologists and paleontologists are trained to answer "yes," but the exact mechanisms by which ecology matters in the context of patterns that play out over millions of years have never been entirely clear. This book examines these mechanisms and looks at how ancient environments affected evolution, focusing on long-term macroevolutionary changes as seen in the fossil record. Evolutionary paleoecology is not a new discipline. Beginning with Darwin, researchers have attempted to understand how the environment has affected evolutionary history. But as we learn more about these patterns, the search for a new synthetic view of the evolutionary process that integrates species evolution, ecology, and mass extinctions becomes ever more pressing. The present volume is a benchmark sampler of active research in this ever more active field.

Fish Cognition and Behavior

Author: Culum Brown,Kevin Laland,Jens Krause

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444342517

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 7784

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In the second edition of this fascinating book an international team of experts have been brought together to explore all major areas of fish learning, including: Foraging skills Predator recognition Social organisation and learning Welfare and pain Three new chapters covering fish personality, lateralisation, and fish cognition and fish welfare, have been added to this fully revised and expanded second edition. Fish Cognition and Behavior, Second Edition contains essential information for all fish biologists and animal behaviorists and contains much new information of commercial importance for fisheries managers and aquaculture personnel. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences, fisheries and aquaculture are studied and taught will find it an important addition to their shelves.