The Biology of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

Author: Karen J. Esler,Anna L. Jacobsen,R. Brandon Pratt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198739133

Category:

Page: 352

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The world's mediterranean-type climate regions (including areas within the Mediterranean, South Africa, Australia, California, and Chile) have long been of interest to biologists by virtue of their extraordinary biodiversity and the appearance of evolutionary convergence between thesedisparate regions. These regions contain many rare and endemic species. Their mild climate makes them appealing places to live and visit and this has resulted in numerous threats to the species and communities that occupy them. Threats include a wide range of factors such as habitat loss due todevelopment and agriculture, disturbance, invasive species, and climate change. As a result, they continue to attract far more attention than their limited geographic area might suggest. This book provides a concise but comprehensive introduction to mediterranean-type ecosystems. As with other booksin the Biology of Habitats Series, the emphasis in this book is on the organisms that dominate these regions although their management, conservation, and restoration are also considered. The book is intended for students, naturalists, practitioners, and professionals without any previous knowledge of mediterranean-type ecosystem ecology. It is an accessible text suitable for graduate students and researchers of mediterranean-type ecosystem ecology and geography, as well asprofessional ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and conservation biologists requiring a concise, authoritative overview of the topic.

Global Change and Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

Author: Jose Moreno,Walter C. Oechel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461241863

Category: Science

Page: 532

View: 6547

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Regions with Mediterranean-type climates include parts of California, South America, Australia, and of course, Europe. The effect of global climate change on these heavily populated areas will have major social and political ramifications. This volume addresses issues in these areas, from processes at the leaf level to the individual, ecosystem, and landscape levels. This book will serve to raise awareness on the significance of these types of ecosystems, and on their sensitivity to the threat that global change represents.

Mediterranean Type Ecosystems

Origin and Structure

Author: Francesco Di Castri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780387061061

Category: Bioclimatology

Page: 405

View: 9298

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Historical view of the concept of ecosystem convergence. Vegetation in Mediterranean climate regions. Soil systems in Mediterranean climate regions. Plant biogeography. Animal biogeography and ecological niche. Human activities affecting Mediterranean ecosystems.

Landscape Disturbance and Biodiversity in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

Author: Philip W. Rundel,Gloria Montenegro,Fabian Jaksic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366203543X

Category: Science

Page: 451

View: 9076

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Human impact on natural landscapes through urbanization and agricultural expansion are becoming more and more dramatic and are the cause of serious environmental problems. This volume examines the effect of landscape disturbance on plant and animal diversity in the five mediterranean-climate regions of the world. It begins with three introductory chapters broadly reviewing the issues of landscape degradation. Further contributions describe regional land use conflicts in each of the five regions. Landscape disturbance and plant diversity, and landscape disturbance and animal diversity are treated in separate chapters. Four contributions deal with demography and ecophysiology in vegetation succession following disturbance. The volume closes with a consideration of the future addressing aspects of environmental politics.

Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

The Function of Biodiversity

Author: George W. Davis,David M. Richardson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642788815

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 6793

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Human activities are causing species extinctions at a rate and magnitude rivaling those of past geologic extinction events. Exploring mediterranean-type ecosystems - the Mediterranean Basin, California, Chile, Australia, and South Africa - this volume addresses the question whether biological diversity plays a significant role in the functioning of natural ecosystems, and to what extent that diversity can be reduced without causing system malfunction. Comparative studies in ecosystems that are similar in certain respects, but differ in others, offer considerable scope for gaining new insights into the links between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.

Biodiversity of mediterranean ecosystems in Australia

Author: Richard J. Hobbs

Publisher: Surrey Beatty and Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 246

View: 596

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Collection of papers written following a workshop on the ecosystem function of biodiversity in Mediterranean ecosystems of Australia, held by the CSIRO in Perth in December 1991. Discusses such topics as the impact of changes in land use and climate. Each chapter includes a list of references. The editor is a principal research scientist with CSIRO's Division of Wildlife and Ecology in Perth.

Mediterranean-type Ecosystems

A data source book

Author: R.L. Specht,Philip Rundel,W.E. Westman,P.C. Catling,Jonathan Majer,Penelope Greenslade

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400930992

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 2860

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The regions of the world which experience a mediterranean type climate, with a cool wet season alternating with a hot dry summer, contain some of the world's most attractive landscapes. In the Old World, the mediterranean landscapes became the cradle of civilization; other mediterranean areas of the world have attracted considerable populations for many centuries. These large human populations have exerted consid erable stress on the fragile ecosystems which developed in these sunny, but droughted, fire-prone land scapes. The mediterranean landscape has thus become one of the most threatened in the world. In recent years much has been learned about the structure and function of mediterranean-type ecosystems (Di Castri and Mooney 1973, Mooney 1977, Thrower and Bradbury 1977, Mooney and Conrad 1977, Specht 1979, 1981, Miller 1981, Di Castri et at. 1981, Conrad and Oeche11982, Queze11982, Margaris and Mooney 1981, Kruger et ai. 1983, Long and Pons 1984, Dell et ai. 1986, Tenhunen et ai. 1987). Much of this research has been fostered under the International Biological Program (IBP), UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB) and, recently, the International Society of Mediterranean Ecologists (ISOMED). To facilitate intercontinental comparisons, many of these studies have concentrated on a limited number of intensive sites thought to be representative of a general region.

Angewandte Bioinformatik

Eine Einführung

Author: Paul M. Selzer,Richard J. Marhöfer,Oliver Koch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662541351

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 6679

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Für Studierende und Wissenschaftler der Lebenswissenschaften schafft dieses Buch einen schnellen, strukturierten Zugang zur Angewandten Bioinformatik ohne Programmierkenntnisse oder tiefgehende Informatikkenntnisse vorauszusetzen. Es bietet eine Einführung in die tägliche Anwendung der vielfältigen bioinformatischen Werkzeuge und gibt einen ersten Überblick über das sehr komplexe Fachgebiet. Die Kontrolle des vermittelten Stoffs wird durch Übungsbeispiele mit Lösungen gewährleistet. Ein Glossar der zugrundeliegenden Fachtermini sowie ein ausführliches Sachverzeichnis runden das Buch ab. Für die 2. Auflage wurde das Werk umfassend aktualisiert.

Mediterranean Ecogeography

Author: Harriett Allen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317877136

Category: Science

Page: 286

View: 8689

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A core textbook series that aims to provide students with accessible, up-to-date accounts of Ecogeography - the marriage of ecology with geography - in the primary terrestrial and marine environments. This is the first book in the series on Mediterranean Ecogeography. Biological diversity in the Mediterranean Basin is amongst the highest of any region on earth, both in terms of total species numbers and endemism. The flora is estimated at about 25,000 species of flowering plants and ferns, compared with about 6000 species in non-Mediterranean Europe. About 50% of these are endemic. Diversity amongst vertebrate animals is also high, though endemism rates are lower than for plants. The high levels of diversity contribute to, and are a reflection of, the considerable variability of landscape. This results from a combination of factors including geological and tectonic history, relief and physiography, climate, geomorphological processes, hydrology, soils, the incidence of fires and impact of human activities. The landscapes of the Mediterranean Basin are thus varied and fragmented; a mosaic of ecosystems and communities. Mediterranean Ecogeography aims to examine and explain this heterogeneity, and the approach is focused on the ecogeography of the region. Analysing the factors which account for the present distributions of plants and animals, and the functioning of ecosystems within the Mediterranean Basin can help in the understanding of the relationship between people and natural ecosystems. A key to the conservation of these ecosystems is the wise use of resources, biological and physical. In addition, it is vital to assess how the natural environments of the region will respond to further change. In the last twenty years, understanding of the functioning of mediterranean-type ecosystems has advanced through several international projects. This book draws upon the findings of these, and other research in the Mediterranean Basin, to present a comprehensive text on a key region of the world, and the problems and prospects of its environmental exploitation.

Sediment Records of Biomass Burning and Global Change

Author: James S. Clark,Helene Cachier,Johann Georg Goldammer,Brian J. Stocks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364259171X

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 8652

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Biomass burning profoundly affects atmospheric chemistry, the carbon cycle, and climate and may have done so for millions of years. Bringing together renowned experts from paleoecology, fire ecology, atmospheric chemistry, and organic chemistry, the volume elucidates the role of fire during global changes of the past and future. Topics covered include: the characterization of combustion products that occur in sediments, including char, soot/fly ash, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; the calibration of these constituents against atmospheric measurements from wildland and prescribed fire emissions; spatial and temporal patterns in combustion emissions at scales of individual burns to the globe.

Mediterranean Island Landscapes

Natural and Cultural Approaches

Author: Ioannis N. Vogiatzakis,Gloria Pungetti,A.M. Mannion

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402050640

Category: Science

Page: 369

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Mediterranean islands exhibit many similarities in their biotic ecological, physical and environmental characteristics. There are also many differences in terms of their human colonization and current anthropogenic pressures. This book addresses in three sections these characteristics and examines the major environmental changes that the islands experienced during the Quaternary period. The first section provides details on natural and cultural factors which have shaped island landscapes. It describes the environmental and cultural changes of the Holocene and their effects on biota, as well as on the current human pressures that are now threats to the sustainability of the island communities. The second section focuses on the landscapes of the largest islands namely Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, Cyprus, Crete, Malta and the Balearics. Each island chapter includes a special topic reflecting a particular characteristic of the island. Part three presents strategies for action towards sustainability in Mediterranean islands and concludes with a comparison between the largest islands. Despite several published books on Mediterranean ecosystems/landscapes there is no existing book dealing with Mediterranean islands in a collective manner. Students, researchers and university lecturers in environmental science, geography, biology and ecology will find this work invaluable as a cross-disciplinary text while planners and politicians will welcome the succinct summaries as background material to planning decisions.

Global Warming and Biological Diversity

Author: Robert L. Peters,Thomas E. Lovejoy

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300059304

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 9269

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This book discusses in detail the consequences of global warming for ecosystems and includes commentary by distinguished scientists on many aspects of this critical problem.

Biology and Wildlife of the Mediterranean Region

Author: Jacques Blondel,James Aronson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198500351

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 6788

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The Mediterranean is an outstanding 'hot-spot' of biological diversity. It is exceptional not only for this, but also because of its long history of interactions between its human inhabitants and the other fauna and flora of the region. The cradle of many civilizations, the Mediterranean region has been host to humans for thousands of years. This book is the first to synthesise our current understanding of the ecology, biology, and geology of Mediterranean animals, birds, and plants, and their habitats. The authors focus on the unique historical determinants and spatial patterns of Mediterranean biodiversity. In particular, the dramatic impacts of long-term human activities on the region's landscapes, flora, and fauna, are considered. This fascinating story will be of interest to researchers and students in ecology, biology, conservation, and geography, as well as to naturalists, and ecotourists visiting this popular holiday region.

Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology

The Legacy of Charles Elton

Author: David M. Richardson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444330004

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 7042

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Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.

Fire in Mediterranean Ecosystems

Author: Jon E. Keeley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521824915

Category: Science

Page: 515

View: 8019

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Explores the role of fire in Mediterranean-type climate ecosystems, providing unique insights into the assembly and evolutionary convergence of ecosystems.