The Biology of Parasites

Author: Richard Lucius,Brigitte Loos-Frank,Richard K. Grencis,Robert Poulin,Craig Roberts,Richard P. Lane

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527328483

Category: Medical

Page: 472

View: 3529

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This heavily illustrated text teaches parasitology from a biological perspective. It combines classical descriptive biology of parasites with modern cell and molecular biology approaches, and also addresses parasite evolution and ecology. Parasites found in mammals, non-mammalian vertebrates, and invertebrates are systematically treated, incorporating the latest knowledge about their cell and molecular biology. In doing so, it greatly extends classical parasitology textbooks and prepares the reader for a career in basic and applied parasitology.

Parasitology

the biology of animal parasites

Author: Elmer Ray Noble,Glenn Arthur Noble

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 522

View: 3465

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Evolutionary Biology of Parasites

Author: Peter W. Price

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691082578

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 7971

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In spite of the fact that parasites represent more than half of all living species of plants and animals, their role in the evolution of life on earth has been substantially underestimated. Here, for the first time within an evolutionary and ecological framework, Peter Price integrates the biological attributes that characterize parasites ranging from such diverse groups as viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and fungi, to helminths, mites, insects, and parasitic flowering plants. Synthesizing systematics, ecology, behavioral biology, genetics, and biogeography, the author outlines the success of parasitism as a mode of life, the common features of the wide range of organisms that adopt such a way of life, the reasons for parasites' extraordinary potential for continued adaptive radiation, and their role in molding community structure by means of their impact on the evolution of host species. In demonstrating the importance of parasitic interactions for determining population patterns and geographical distributions, Dr. Price generates further discussion and suggests new areas for research.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Parasites

Author: Joseph Marr,Miklos Muller

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080527888

Category: Medical

Page: 349

View: 1784

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The study of parasitic organisms at the molecular level has yielded fascinating new insights of great medical, social, and economical importance, and has pointed the way for the treatment and prevention of the diseases they cause. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Parasites presents an up-to-date account of this modern scientific discipline in a manner that allows and encourages the reader to place the biochemistry and molecular biology of these organisms in their biological context. The chapters are cross-referenced and grouped in an arrangement that provides a fully integrated whole, and permits the reader to create a composite of the biochemical function of these organisms. Individual chapter includes those devoted to metabolism, in both aerobic and anaerobic protozoa; antioxidant mechanisms; parasite surfaces; organelles; invasion mechanisms; and chemotherapy. The helminths are discussed not only from the point of view of their cellular biochemistry and metabolism, but also with respect to both their integrated functions such as neurochemistry, structure and functions of surfaces, and reproduction. Written by expert investigators, this book will be of interest to all experienced researchers, graduate students, and to the newcomer eager to become familiar with the biochemistry and molecular biology of parasites.

The Biology of Nematodes

Author: Donald L Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415272114

Category: Science

Page: 635

View: 8181

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The Biology of Nematodes synthesizes knowledge of the biology of free-living, plant-parasitic, and animal-parasitic nematodes. Contributed works by recognized researchers apply groundbreaking molecular techniques, many of which resulted from work on Caenorhabditis elegans, toward new approaches to the study of nematode worms. Topics covered include: ̈ Systematics and phylogeny ̈ Neuromuscular physiology ̈ Locomotion ̈ Sense organs ̈ Behavior ̈ Aging ̈ The nematode genome ̈ Survival strategies ̈ Immunology ̈ Epidemiology ̈ Structure and organization ̈ Gametes and fertilization ̈ Development ̈ Feeding, digestion, and metabolism

The Biology of Parasitism

A Molecular and Immunological Approach

Author: Paul T. Englund,Alan Sher

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780845122099

Category: Caenorhabditis elegans

Page: 544

View: 4795

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From the Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory--an up-to-date survey of molecular and immunological approaches to the study of parasites responsible for human disease. These concise, provocative essays present empirical findings and personal accounts and critically review current models and theories. Chapters are divided into three sections: the biology of parasites and parasitic disease; parasite immunology; and parasite molecular biology, biochemistry, and genetics. The contributors do not always present the same viewpoint, which makes for lively reading.

Parasitism

The Ecology and Evolution of Intimate Interactions

Author: Claude Combes

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226114465

Category: Medical

Page: 728

View: 7007

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In Parasitism, Claude Combes explores the fascinating adaptations parasites have developed through their intimate interactions with their hosts. He begins with the biology of parasites—their life cycles, habitats, and different types of associations with their hosts. Next he discusses genetic interactions between hosts and parasites, and he ends with a section on the community ecology of parasites and their role in the evolution of their hosts. Throughout the book Combes enlivens his discussion with a wealth of concrete examples of host-parasite interactions.

Evolutionary Ecology of Parasites

Author: Robert Poulin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691120843

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 8107

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Here, in a thoroughly revised and updated edition of his influential earlier work, Robert Poulin provides an evolutionary ecologist's view of the biology of parasites. He sets forth a comprehensive synthesis of parasite evolutionary ecology, integrating information across scales from the features of individual parasites to the dynamics of parasite populations and the structuring of parasite communities. Evolutionary Ecology of Parasites presents an evolutionary framework for the study of parasite biology, combining theory with empirical examples for a broader understanding of why parasites are as they are and do what they do. - Publisher.

Parasitism

The Diversity and Ecology of Animal Parasites

Author: Timothy M. Goater,Cameron P. Goater,Gerald W. Esch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521190282

Category: Medical

Page: 524

View: 2376

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Synthesizes the latest developments in the ecology and evolution of animal parasites for a new generation of parasitologists.

Biology of Blood-Sucking Insects

Author: Michael Lehane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401179530

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8877

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Blood-sucking insects are the vectors of many of the most debilitating parasites of man and his domesticated animals. In addition they are of considerable direct cost to the agricultural industry through losses in milk and meat yields, and through damage to hides and wool, etc. So, not surprisingly, many books of medical and veterinary entomology have been written. Most of these texts are organized taxonomically giving the details of the life-cycles, bionomics, relationship to disease and economic importance of each of the insect groups in turn. I have taken a different approach. This book is topic led and aims to discuss the biological themes which are common in the lives of blood-sucking insects. To do this I have concentrated on those aspects of the biology of these fascinating insects which have been clearly modified in some way to suit the blood-sucking habit. For example, I have discussed feeding and digestion in some detail because feeding on blood presents insects with special problems, but I have not discussed respiration because it is not affected in any particular way by haematophagy. Naturally there is a subjective element in the choice of topics for discussion and the weight given to each. I hope that I have not let my enthusiasm for particular subjects get the better of me on too many occasions and that the subject material achieves an overall balance.

Biology of Foodborne Parasites

Author: Lihua Xiao,Una Ryan,Yaoyu Feng

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466568852

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 9192

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While a number of introductory books on basic and molecular biology are available, none highlight the foodborne parasitic pathogens. Until now. A state-of-the-art review, Biology of Foodborne Parasites charts significant progress and outlines key biological techniques applied to foodborne parasitic pathogens research. The book covers basic biology, genetics and genomics, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, control, and prevention. It showcases recent research that can then be used to spark further breakthroughs. The book addresses challenging issues in food pathogen detection. It details individual foodborne protists and helminthes, with each chapter following a similar format for a consistent presentation of information. It discusses topics ranging from basic biology, genetics and genomics, molecular detection and typing, and pathogenesis to epidemiology, molecular epidemiology, treatment and prevention, among other current concerns. It also details the methods used to diagnose the infection, characterize the pathogen, and detect parasites in three food commodities: meats, water, and fresh produce. With chapters written by experts in their respective fields, the book presents a reliable roadmap for future development of improved, innovative biological and molecular methods for analysis of foodborne parasitic pathogens. A handy, comprehensive reference on all aspects of biology of foodborne parasites, it highlights research needs and directions, helping you develop advanced diagnostic tools and new intervention measures.

Human Parasitology

Author: Burton Jerome Bogitsh,Clint Earl Carter,Thomas N. Oeltmann

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012415915X

Category: Medical

Page: 430

View: 7940

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Human Parasitology emphasizes a medical perspective while incorporating functional morphology, physiology, biochemistry, and immunology to enhance appreciation of the diverse implications of parasitism. Bridging the gap between classical clinical parasitology texts and traditional encyclopedic treatises, Human Parasitology appeals to students interested in the medical aspects of parasitology and those who require a solid foundation in the biology of parasites. This fourth edition has been fully revised to integrate the most recent molecular discoveries about mosquitoes, ticks and other arthropods as vectors, as well as the most effective therapeutic regimens. New to this Edition: • Features expanded coverage of the evolution of parasitism and an extensive update to immunology of parasite-host interactions • Offers an enhanced art program featuring life cycle illustrations and additional SEM and TEM micrographs • New "Host Immune Response" section for each organism Presents various parasites and examines how they interact with their hosts and respond to new treatments Easy to read with photographs, diagrams, and clinical case pictures throughout

The Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Rabbits of the World

Author: Donald W. Duszynski,Lee Couch

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123979102

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 6372

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The Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Rabbits of the World is a taxonomic summation of a damaging intestinal parasite found in rabbits and transmissible to other species, including humans. This book conceptually and historically summarizes the world's literature on the parasite and also provides a quick guide to isolation procedures, identification, strategies for management, and available chemotherapy. It is a vital source of knowledge about coccidia’s real and potential transmission to humans, which can lead to dangerous health problems, like severe dehydration, vomiting, lethargy and even death. Coccidiosis is an intestinal disease that affects several different animal species, including canines and humans, and is one of the most prevalent protozoal infections in North America. The causative agent is a protozoan that has the ability to multiply rapidly and cause major damage in the intestinal wall, rupturing the cells of the intestinal lining. The final stage, the oocyst, is extremely resistant to environmental stress and is difficult to completely remove from the environment. Oocysts are frequent contaminants of feed and water and when the sporulated oocysts are ingested by other animals, they start the life cycle over in the new host. With the demand for rabbits in scientific research and for rabbit meat for human consumption increasingly globally each year, rabbits are of epidemiologic significance for laboratory workers, university researchers, veterinarians, pet owners, and breeders. Evaluates the scientific and scholarly merit of each of the publications written about coccidian from every rabbit species, providing a complete historical rendition A treatise for the identification of coccidia and their treatment as needed Written in a style that can be understood by most educated lay persons and laboratory workers Written by the first ranked author team among the world-class parasitologists who study coccidia Combined in one single source, this book follows the gold standards in coccidian biology and identification Brings all that information together in one volume and solves the problems faced by researchers, veterinarians, students and others in trying to find and navigate through this scattered literature

A Functional Biology of Parasitism

Ecological and evolutionary implications

Author: G.W. Esch,J.C. Fernandez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401123527

Category: Science

Page: 337

View: 7195

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Series Editor: Peter Calow, Department of Zoology, University of Sheffield, England The main aim of this series will be to illustrate and to explain the way organisms 'make a living' in nature. At the heart of this - their functional biology - is the way organisms acquire and then make use of resources in metabolism, movement, growth, reproduction, and so on. These processes will form the fundamental framework of all the books in the series. Each book will concentrate on a particular taxon (species, family, class or even phylum) and will bring together information on the form, physiology, ecology and evolutionary biology of the group. The aim will be not only to describe how organisms work, but also to consider why they have come to work in that way. By concentration on taxa which are well known, it is hoped that the series will not only illustrate the success of selection, but also show the constraints imposed upon it by the physiological, morphological and developmental limitations of the groups. Another important feature of the series will be its organismic orientation. Each book will emphasize the importance of functional integration in the day to-day lives and the evolution of organisms. This is crucial since, though it may be true that organisms can be considered as collections of gene determined traits, they nevertheless interact with their environment as integrated wholes and it is in this context that individual traits have been subjected to natural selection and have evolved.

The Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Turtles of the World

Author: Donald W. Duszynski,Johnica J. Morrow

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128014555

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 2994

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The Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Turtles of the World is an invaluable resource for researchers in protozoology, coccidia, and parasitology, veterinary sciences, animal sciences, zoology, and biology. This first-of-its-kind work offers a taxonomic guide to apicomplexan parasites of turtles that enables easy parasite identification, with a summary of virtually everything known about the biology of each known parasite species. It is an important documentation of this specific area, useful to a broad base of readers, including researchers in biology, parasitology, animal husbandry, diseases of wild and domestic animals, veterinary medicine, and faculty members in universities with graduate programs in these areas. There are about 330 turtle species on Earth; many are endangered, a growing number of species are kept as pets, and some are still used as food by humans. Turtles, like other vertebrate animals have many different kinds of parasites (viruses, bacteria, protozoa, worms, arthropods, and others). Coccidiosis in turtles has prevented large-scale turtle breeding, and represents a serious problem in need of control. This succinct and highly focused book will aid in that effort. Offers line drawings and photomicrographs of each parasite from each hosts species Provides methods of identification and treatment Presents a complete historical rendition of all known publications on coccidia (and their closest relatives) from all turtle species on Earth, and evaluates the scientific and scholarly merit of each Provides a complete species analysis of the known biology of every coccidian described from turtles Reviews the most current taxonomy of turtles and their phylogenetic relationships needed to help assess host-specificity and evaluate what little cross-transmission work is available

Parasite Rex

Inside the Bizarre World of Nature's Most Dangerous Creatures

Author: Carl Zimmer

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 074320011X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 9503

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A look inside the often hidden world of parasites turns the clock back to the beginning of life on Earth to answer key questions about these highly evolved and resilient life forms.

Biology of the Acanthocephala

Author: David William Thomasson Crompton,Brent B. Nickol

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521246743

Category: Science

Page: 519

View: 834

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This volume was first published in 1985. A knowledge of this phylum of parasitic worms is instructive for all research workers investigating the principles of parasitism.

The Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Carnivores of the World

Author: Donald W. Duszynski,Jana Kvičerová,R Scott Seville

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128113502

Category: Medical

Page: 315

View: 6839

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The fundamental concept of The Biology and Identification of the Coccidia (Apicomplexa) of Carnivores of the World is to provide an up-to-date reference guide to the identification, taxonomy, and known biology of apicomplexan intestinal and tissue parasites of carnivores including, but not limited to, geographic distribution, prevalence, sporulation, prepatent and patent periods, site(s) of infection in the definitive and (if known) intermediate hosts, endogenous development, cross-transmission, pathology, phylogeny, and (if known) their treatments. These data will allow easy parasite recognition with a summation of virtually everything now known about the biology of each parasite species covered. The last (very modest) and only treatise published on this subject was in 1981 so this book fills a fundamental gap in our knowledge of what is now known, and what is not, about the coccidian parasites that infect and sometimes kill carnivores and/or their prey that can harbor intermediate stages, including many domestic and game animals. Offers line drawings and photomicrographs of many parasite species that will allow easy diagnosis and identification by both laypersons and professionals (veterinarians, wildlife biologists, etc.) Presents a complete historical rendition of all known publications on carnivore coccidia for all carnivore families and evaluates the scientific and scholarly merit of each apicomplexan species relative to the current body of knowledge Provides a complete species analysis and their known biology of all coccidia described from each carnivore lineage and species Reviews the most current taxonomy of carnivores and their phylogenetic relationships to help assess host-specificity patterns that may be apparent Evaluates what little cross-transmission work is available to help understand the complexities of those coccidians that use two hosts (e.g., Sarcocystis, Besnoitia, and others) Provides known treatments for the various parasite genera/species