The Bit and the Pendulum

From Quantum Computing to M Theory--The New Physics of Information

Author: Tom Siegfried

Publisher: Turner Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781630261887

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 756

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Funny, clear, deep, and right on target. [Siegfried] lets us get a handle on ideas that are essential for understanding the evolving world. -K. C. Cole, author of The Universe and the Teacup ""An eager, ambitious book. A stimulating, accessible introduction to scientific theory."" -Dallas Morning News An award-winning journalist surveys the horizon of a new revolution in science Everything in the universe, from the molecules in our bodies to the heart of a black hole, is made up of bits of information. This is the radical idea at the center of the new physics of information, and it is leading to exciting breakthroughs in a vast range of science, including the invention of a new kind of quantum computer, millions of times faster than any computer today. Acclaimed science writer Tom Siegfried offers a lively introduction to the leading scientists and ideas responsible for this exciting new scientific paradigm.

The Bit and the Pendulum

From Quantum Computing to M Theory--The New Physics of Information

Author: Tom Siegfried

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471399742

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 2785

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"Funny, clear, deep, and right on target. [Siegfried] lets us get a handle on ideas that are essential for understanding the evolving world." -K. C. Cole, author of The Universe and the Teacup "An eager, ambitious book. A stimulating, accessible introduction to scientific theory." -Dallas Morning News An award-winning journalist surveys the horizon of a new revolution in science Everything in the universe, from the molecules in our bodies to the heart of a black hole, is made up of bits of information. This is the radical idea at the center of the new physics of information, and it is leading to exciting breakthroughs in a vast range of science, including the invention of a new kind of quantum computer, millions of times faster than any computer today. Acclaimed science writer Tom Siegfried offers a lively introduction to the leading scientists and ideas responsible for this exciting new scientific paradigm.

No Free Lunch

Why Specified Complexity Cannot Be Purchased Without Intelligence

Author: William A. Dembski

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742558106

Category: Religion

Page: 404

View: 3646

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Darwin's greatest accomplishment was to show how life might be explained as the result of natural selection. But does Darwin's theory mean that life was unintended? William A. Dembski argues that it does not. As the leading proponent of intelligent design, Dembski reveals a designer capable of originating the complexity and specificity found throughout the cosmos. Scientists and theologians alike will find this book of interest as it brings the question of creation firmly into the realm of scientific debate. The paperback is updated with a new Preface by the author.

Quantum Physics

An Anthology of Current Thought

Author: Fannie Huang

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781404204065

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 214

View: 8462

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An introduction of the field of quantum physics and articles on quantum teleportation, quantum gravity, and quantum computing.

Intangible Materialism

The Body, Scientific Knowledge, and the Power of Language

Author: Ronald Schleifer

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816644675

Category: Philosophy

Page: 243

View: 6288

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Taking as his point of departure Norbert Weiner's statement that information is basic to understanding materialism in our era, Ronald Schleifer shows how discoveries of modern physics have altered conceptions of matter and energy and the ways in which both information theory and the study of literature can enrich these conceptions. Expanding the reductive notion of "the material" as simply matter and energy, he formulates a new, more inclusive idea of materialism.

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography

A 12-Volume Set

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080449107

Category: Social Science

Page: 8250

View: 1908

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The International Encyclopedia of Human Geography provides an authoritative and comprehensive source of information on the discipline of human geography and its constituent, and related, subject areas. The encyclopedia includes over 1,000 detailed entries on philosophy and theory, key concepts, methods and practices, biographies of notable geographers, and geographical thought and praxis in different parts of the world. This groundbreaking project covers every field of human geography and the discipline’s relationships to other disciplines, and is global in scope, involving an international set of contributors. Given its broad, inclusive scope and unique online accessibility, it is anticipated that the International Encyclopedia of Human Geography will become the major reference work for the discipline over the coming decades. The Encyclopedia will be available in both limited edition print and online via ScienceDirect - featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit http://info.sciencedirect.com/content/books/ref_works/coming/ Available online on ScienceDirect and in limited edition print format Broad, interdisciplinary coverage across human geography: Philosophy, Methods, People, Social/Cultural, Political, Economic, Development, Health, Cartography, Urban, Historical, Regional Comprehensive and unique - the first of its kind in human geography

Strange Matters

Undiscovered Ideas at the Frontiers of Space and Time

Author: Tom Siegfried

Publisher: Joseph Henry Press

ISBN: 0309500583

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 8145

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Scientists studying the universe find strange things in two places—out in space and in their heads. This is the story of how the most imaginative physicists of our time perceive strange features of the universe in advance of the actual discoveries. It is almost a given that physics and cosmology present us with some of the grandest mysteries of all. What weightier questions to ponder than, "How does the universe work?" or "What is the universe made of?" There are any number of bizarre phenomena that could provide clues or even answers to these queries. The strangeness ranges from unusual forms of matter and realms of existence to wild ideas about how time and space are related to one another. Many of these proposals may well turn out to be wrong. But how many will be proven to be right? This book speaks for the scientific theorists who are bold enough to imagine and predict the impossible. New ideas are percolating in their heads every day. One physicist may dream of subatomic particles that could resolve a variety of cosmological conundrums while another may study the likes of "funny energy," which may explain how rapidly the universe is expanding. This is the stuff of Strange Matters. In broad terms, this book is about a variety of discoveries that theorists of the past imagined before the observers and experimenters actually saw them. Moreover, it is about the things that today’s are now imagining—but haven't yet been discovered or confirmed by the observers. Strange Matters artfully mixes the present with the past and future, reporting from the frontiers of research where history is in the process of being made. Each chapter examines a different step along the twisted path we've walked to gain our rudimentary understanding of the universe, incorporating historical examples of successful "prediscoveries" with current stories that relate brand new ideas. We come to see the universe not only in terms of what has already been discovered, but also in terms of what has yet to be observed. Strange Matters is a guide to the discoveries of the twenty-first century, a series of visions dreamt by the most imaginative scientists of our time merged with the achievements of the past—to point the way towards even greater accomplishments of the future.

Contemporary Authors

Author: Gale Group

Publisher: Gale Cengage

ISBN: 9780787666972

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 448

View: 9320

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Your students and users will find biographical information on approximately 300 modern writers in this volume of Contemporary Authors® .

A Beautiful Math:

John Nash, Game Theory, and the Modern Quest for a Code of Nature

Author: Tom Siegfried

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309101921

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 544

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Millions have seen the movie and thousands have read the book but few have fully appreciated the mathematics developed by John Nash's beautiful mind. Today Nash's beautiful math has become a universal language for research in the social sciences and has infiltrated the realms of evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and even quantum physics. John Nash won the 1994 Nobel Prize in economics for pioneering research published in the 1950s on a new branch of mathematics known as game theory. At the time of Nash's early work, game theory was briefly popular among some mathematicians and Cold War analysts. But it remained obscure until the 1970s when evolutionary biologists began applying it to their work. In the 1980s economists began to embrace game theory. Since then it has found an ever expanding repertoire of applications among a wide range of scientific disciplines. Today neuroscientists peer into game players' brains, anthropologists play games with people from primitive cultures, biologists use games to explain the evolution of human language, and mathematicians exploit games to better understand social networks. A common thread connecting much of this research is its relevance to the ancient quest for a science of human social behavior, or a Code of Nature, in the spirit of the fictional science of psychohistory described in the famous Foundation novels by the late Isaac Asimov. In A Beautiful Math, acclaimed science writer Tom Siegfried describes how game theory links the life sciences, social sciences, and physical sciences in a way that may bring Asimov's dream closer to reality.

The Big Bang Theory

What It Is, Where It Came From, and Why It Works

Author: Karen C. Fox

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471394525

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 7343

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A lively, accessible look at the Big Bang theory This compelling book describes how the Big Bang theory arose, how it has evolved, and why it is the best theory so far to explain the current state of the universe. In addition to understanding the birth of the cosmos, readers will learn how the theory stands up to challenges and what it fails to explain. Karen Fox provides clear answers to some of the hardest questions including: Why was the Big Bang theory accepted to begin with? Will the Big Bang theory last into the next century or even the next decade? Is the theory at odds with new scientific findings? One of the most well-known theories in modern science, the Big Bang is the most accurate model yet devised in humanity's tireless serach for the ultimate moment of creation. The Big Bang Theory is the first title in a planned series on the major theories of modern science.

Decoding the Universe

How the New Science of Information is Explaining Everything in the Cosmos, from Our Brains to Black Holes

Author: Charles Seife

Publisher: Viking Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 2970

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Introduces information theory, explaining how theorists believe that information is a fundamental element of the physical world and can offer insights into physics, the nature of space and time, and the creation of the universe.

The Hole in the Universe

How Scientists Peered Over the Edge of Emptiness and Found Everything

Author: K. C. Cole

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 3792

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A compelling look at cutting-edge science shows how physicists have been able to pierce previous voids and limitations to discover black holes, repulsive anti-gravity, the undulating string, and other fascinating phenomena.By the author of The Universe and the Teacup. 40,000 first printing.

Meta Maths

The Quest for Omega

Author: Gregory J. Chaitin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781843545248

Category: Computational complexity

Page: 220

View: 6128

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This is the story of Chaitin's revolutionary discovery - the omega number. The omega number is Chaitin's representation of the profound enigma at the heart of maths, which sheds light on the very nature of life itself.

Class counts

education, inequality, and the shrinking middle class

Author: Allan C. Ornstein

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc

ISBN: 9780742547414

Category: Social classes

Page: 357

View: 3197

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Class counts. Class differences and class warfare have existed since the beginning of Western civilization, but the gap in income and wealth between the rich (top 10 percent) and the rest has increased steadily in the past twenty-five years. The United States is heading for a financial oligarchy much worse than the aristocratic old world that our founding fathers feared and tried to avoid. The middle class is struggling and shrinking, the Medicare and Social Security trusts are drying up, and education is no longer the great equalizer. A moral society, one that is fair and just, sets limits on the accumulation of wealth and inherited privilege and also guarantees a safety net for the less fortunate. This book describes the need for a redistribution of wealth in order to make U.S. society more democratic, fair, and just, and outlines the ways in which we can begin to make these very necessary changes. This is a powerful and timely book, one that should be read by anyone interested in preserving the social fabric of American life. Book jacket.