The Book Thieves

The Nazi Looting of Europe's Libraries and the Race to Return a Literary Inheritance

Author: Anders Rydell

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0735221227

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 1423

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By turns fascinating, harrowing, yet ultimately uplifting, this is the story of the Nazis' systematic pillaging of Europe's libraries, and the heroic efforts of the few librarians now working to return the stolen books to their owners.In the wake of one of History's most expansive cultural crimes, Anders Rydell shows just how much a single book can mean to those who own it.

The Book Thieves

The Nazi Looting of Europe's Libraries and the Race to Return a Literary Inheritance

Author: Anders Rydell

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0735221243

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 6298

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"A most valuable book." —Christian Science Monitor For readers of The Monuments Men and The Hare with Amber Eyes, the story of the Nazis' systematic pillaging of Europe's libraries, and the small team of heroic librarians now working to return the stolen books to their rightful owners. While the Nazi party was being condemned by much of the world for burning books, they were already hard at work perpetrating an even greater literary crime. Through extensive new research that included records saved by the Monuments Men themselves—Anders Rydell tells the untold story of Nazi book theft, as he himself joins the effort to return the stolen books. When the Nazi soldiers ransacked Europe’s libraries and bookshops, large and small, the books they stole were not burned. Instead, the Nazis began to compile a library of their own that they could use to wage an intellectual war on literature and history. In this secret war, the libraries of Jews, Communists, Liberal politicians, LGBT activists, Catholics, Freemasons, and many other opposition groups were appropriated for Nazi research, and used as an intellectual weapon against their owners. But when the war was over, most of the books were never returned. Instead many found their way into the public library system, where they remain to this day. Now, Rydell finds himself entrusted with one of these stolen volumes, setting out to return it to its rightful owner. It was passed to him by the small team of heroic librarians who have begun the monumental task of combing through Berlin’s public libraries to identify the looted books and reunite them with the families of their original owners. For those who lost relatives in the Holocaust, these books are often the only remaining possession of their relatives they have ever held. And as Rydell travels to return the volume he was given, he shows just how much a single book can mean to those who own it.

Stolen Words

The Nazi Plunder of Jewish Books

Author: Mark Glickman

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0827612087

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 6373

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"Published by the University of Nebraska Press as a Jewish Publication Society book"-Title page verso.

The Book Smugglers

Partisans, Poets, and the Race to Save Jewish Treasures from the Nazis

Author: David E. Fishman

Publisher: University Press of New England

ISBN: 1512601268

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 3102

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The Book Smugglers is the nearly unbelievable story of ghetto residents who rescued thousands of rare books and manuscripts-first from the Nazis and then from the Soviets-by hiding them on their bodies, burying them in bunkers, and smuggling them across borders. It is a tale of heroism and resistance, of friendship and romance, and of unwavering devotion-including the readiness to risk one's life-to literature and art. And it is entirely true. Based on Jewish, German, and Soviet documents, including diaries, letters, memoirs, and the author's interviews with several of the story's participants, The Book Smugglers chronicles the daring activities of a group of poets turned partisans and scholars turned smugglers in Vilna, "The Jerusalem of Lithuania." The rescuers were pitted against Johannes Pohl, a Nazi "expert" on the Jews, who had been dispatched to Vilna by the Nazi looting agency, Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg, to organize the seizure of the city's great collections of Jewish books. Pohl and his Einsatzstab staff planned to ship the most valuable materials to Germany and incinerate the rest. The Germans used forty ghetto inmates as slave-laborers to sort, select, pack, and transport the materials, either to Germany or to nearby paper mills. This group, nicknamed "the Paper Brigade," and informally led by poet Shmerke Kaczerginski, a garrulous, street-smart adventurer and master of deception, smuggled thousands of books and manuscripts past German guards. If caught, the men would have faced death by firing squad at Ponar, the mass-murder site outside of Vilna. To store the rescued manuscripts, poet Abraham Sutzkever helped build an underground book-bunker sixty feet beneath the Vilna ghetto. Kaczerginski smuggled weapons as well, using the group's worksite, the former building of the Yiddish Scientific Institute, to purchase arms for the ghetto's secret partisan organization. All the while, both men wrote poetry that was recited and sung by the fast-dwindling population of ghetto inhabitants. With the Soviet "liberation" of Vilna (now known as Vilnius), the Paper Brigade thought themselves and their precious cultural treasures saved-only to learn that their new masters were no more welcoming toward Jewish culture than the old, and the books must now be smuggled out of the USSR. Thoroughly researched by the foremost scholar of the Vilna Ghetto-a writer of exceptional daring, style, and reach-The Book Smugglers is an epic story of human heroism, a little-known tale from the blackest days of the war.

Correspondence

An Adventure in Letters : a Novel

Author: N. John Hall

Publisher: David R. Godine Publisher

ISBN: 1567924123

Category: Fiction

Page: 238

View: 6781

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Bank worker Larry Dickerson relies on the help of the head of Christie's manuscript department Stephen Nicholls as he tries to auction off a mass of valuable letters between his great-great-grandfather, who was a bookseller in Victorian London, and leading authors of the era, and eventually begins to embrace the time in which the correspondences were written.

The Search for Major Plagge,

The Nazi Who Saved Jews

Author: Michael Good

Publisher: Fordham University Press

ISBN: 0823224422

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 2626

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On April 11, 2005, in Jerusalem, Karl Plagge will be named a Righteous Amongthe Nationshero by the State of Israel. He joins Oskar Schindler and some380 other similarly honored Germans who protected and saved Jews duringthe Holocaust.Karl Plagge's story is of a unique kind of courage-that of a German army officerwho subverted the system of death to save the lives of some 250 Jews in Vilna,Lithuania. One of those he saved was Michael Good's mother.Haunted by his mother's stories of the mysterious officer who commanded herslave labor camp, Michael Good resolved to find out all he could about the enigmaticMajor Plagge.For five years, he wrote hundreds of letters and scoured theInternet to recover, in one hard-earned bit of evidence after another, informationabout the man whose moral choices saved hundreds of lives. This unforgettablebook is the first portrait of a modest man who simply refused to play by the rules.Interviewing camp survivors, opening German files untouched for more thanfifty years, and translating newly discovered letters, Good weaves an amazing tale.An engineer from Darmstadt, Plagge joined, and then left, the Nazi Party. In Vilna,in whose teeming ghetto tens of thousands of Jews faced extermination, he foundhimself in charge of a camp where military vehicles were repaired. Time aftertime, he saved Jews from prison, SS death squads, and the ghetto by issuingthem work permits as indispensablelaborers essential to the war effort.Karl Plagge never considered himself a hero, describing himself as a fellow travelerfor not doing more to fight the regime. He said that he saved Jews-and others-because I thought it was my duty.This book also reminds us of the many wayshuman beings can resist evil. There are always some people,Pearl Good said ofthe man who saved her life when he didn't have to, who decide that the horroris not to be.

The Invention of Rare Books

Private Interest and Public Memory, 1600–1840

Author: David McKitterick

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108428320

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 462

View: 7424

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Explores how the idea of rare books was shaped by collectors, traders and libraries from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries. Using examples from across Europe, David McKitterick looks at how rare books developed from being desirable objects of largely private interest to become public and even national concerns.

Why We Think the Things We Think

Philosophy in a Nutshell

Author: Alain Stephen

Publisher: Michael O'Mara Books

ISBN: 1782434119

Category: Philosophy

Page: 191

View: 3686

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Have you ever found yourself alone with your thoughts? Have you ever been asked if the glass is half full or half empty? Do you wonder what true happiness is or how to attain it? Or maybe nothing really matters if everything is just an illusion or a dream? These ideas are some of the central questions of philosophical inquiry that have engaged, troubled and exasperated some of the greatest minds throughout the history of human civilization, provoking argument and debate in an attempt to broaden the horizons of human thought. Author Alain Stephen attempts to demystify some of these key questions by tracing their origins in the writings of prominent thinkers through the ages, from the colonnades of ancient Greece to the intellectual salons of twentieth-century France, and show how these ideas and concepts developed over time. Why We Think the Way We Do provides plenty of food for thought for both the amateur philosopher and enlightened thinker to digest.

The Bad-Ass Librarians of Timbuktu

And Their Race to Save the World's Most Precious Manuscripts

Author: Joshua Hammer

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476777438

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6224

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To save ancient Arabic texts from Al Qaeda, a band of librarians pulls off a brazen heist worthy of Ocean’s Eleven in this “fast-paced narrative that is…part intellectual history, part geopolitical tract, and part out-and-out thriller” (The Washington Post). In the 1980s, a young adventurer and collector for a government library, Abdel Kader Haidara, journeyed across the Sahara Desert and along the Niger River, tracking down and salvaging tens of thousands of ancient Islamic and secular manuscripts that were crumbling in the trunks of desert shepherds. His goal: to preserve this crucial part of the world’s patrimony in a gorgeous library. But then Al Qaeda showed up at the door. “Part history, part scholarly adventure story, and part journalist survey….Joshua Hammer writes with verve and expertise” (The New York Times Book Review) about how Haidara, a mild-mannered archivist from the legendary city of Timbuktu, became one of the world’s greatest smugglers by saving the texts from sure destruction. With bravery and patience, Haidara organized a dangerous operation to sneak all 350,000 volumes out of the city to the safety of southern Mali. His heroic heist “has all the elements of a classic adventure novel” (The Seattle Times), and is a reminder that ordinary citizens often do the most to protect the beauty of their culture. His the story is one of a man who, through extreme circumstances, discovered his higher calling and was changed forever by it.

On the Burning of Books

Author: Kenneth Baker

Publisher: Unicorn Press (CA)

ISBN: 9781910787113

Category: Book burning

Page: 256

View: 1663

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The burning of a book is recognizably powerful action--a fiery rejection of an ideology or a declaration of a text's moral offense. But, since the invention of the printing press in the sixteenth century, the act of burning a book has become mostly symbolic--very rarely can a book's content be expunged from the written record. In this heavily illustrated book, Kenneth Baker offers an enlightening history of the practice of book burning, often by desperate regimes, dictators, and religious fanatics eager to suppress revolutionaries, warn dissenters, or rally the faithful. In On the Burning of Books, Baker explores famous moments throughout history when books have been burnt for political, religious, or personal reasons. Included among his investigations are stories from ancient China to the Nazis, from George Orwell's Animal Farm to Salman Rushdie's The Satanic Verses, from Chairman Mao to the Spanish destruction of the Aztec civilization. Baker describes Samuel Pepys burning an erotic novel, and the personal fires of Lord Byron's memoirs, Dickens's letters, Hardy's poems, and Philip Larkin's diaries. Alongside these many examples are chapters on accidental book burning--and even lucky escapes. A book that celebrates the authority and influence of the written word by examining many instances of society's attempt to suppress it, On the Burning of Books will be a work to be cherished--and kept far from flame.

Why We Do the Things We Do

Psychology in a Nutshell

Author: Joel Levy

Publisher: Michael O'Mara Books

ISBN: 1782434100

Category: Psychology

Page: 192

View: 6108

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Can you really tell a criminal by the bumps on his head? What does a memory look like? Can a machine think? Why are some people shy? Is it better not to feel so much? All these questions are central to the study of psychology and have troubled the minds of some of the greatest thinkers in human civilization. The workings of the mind have fascinated mankind for centuries but often the theories are so complex that for many it is almost impossible to have a clear idea of the concepts. In Why We Do the Things We Do, Joel Levy unlocks the important studies and theories in a series of simple questions and answers that shine new and uncomplicated light on the important aspects of psychology, and demystifies the key questions by tracking their origins in the writings of some of the most prominent thinkers in the various fields, showing how these ideas and concepts have developed over time. With each section broken down into the key concepts, issues and arguments, considering how these ideas influence the way we all go about our daily lives, Why We Do the Things We Do will demystify and illuminate this fascinating subject.

A Tragic Fate

Law and Ethics in the Battle Over Nazi-Looted Art

Author: Nicholas M. O'Donnell

Publisher: Ankerwycke

ISBN: 9781634257336

Category: Art

Page: 400

View: 5754

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The organized theft of fine art by Nazi Germany has captivated worldwide attention in the last twenty years. As much as any other topic arising out of World War Two, stolen art has proven to be an issue that simply will not go away. Newly found works of art pit survivors and their heirs against museums, foreign nations, and even their own family members. These stories are enduring because they speak to one of the core tragedies of the Nazi era: how a nation at the pinnacle of fine art and culture spawned a legalized culture of theft and plunder. A Tragic Fate is the first book to seriously address the legal and ethical rules that have dictated the results of restitution claims between competing claimants to the same works of art. It provides a history of Art and Culture in German-occupied Europe, an introduction to the most significant collections in Europe to be targeted by the Nazis, and a narrative of the efforts to reclaim looted artwork in the decades following the Holocaust through profiles of some of the art world s most famous and influential restitution cases."

Spoils of War

Author: E Simpson,Elizabeth Simpson

Publisher: Harry N. Abrams

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 5349

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Features records of a 1995 symposium on ownership of lost or stolen property during World War II

Hitler's Art Thief

Hildebrand Gurlitt, the Nazis, and the Looting of Europe's Treasures

Author: Susan Ronald

Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin

ISBN: 9781250096678

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 416

View: 7937

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The world was stunned when eighty-year old Cornelius Gurlitt became an international media superstar in November 2013 on the discovery of over 1,400 artworks in his 1,076 square-foot Munich apartment, valued at around $1.35 billion. Gurlitt became known as a man who never was - he didn't have a bank account, never paid tax, never received social security. He simply did not exist. He had been hard-wired into a life of shadows and secrecy by his own father long before he had inherited his art collection built on the spoliation of museums and Jews during Hitler's Third Reich. The ensuing media frenzy unleashed international calls for restitution, unsettled international relations, and rocked the art world. Susan Ronald reveals in this stranger-than-fiction-tale how Hildebrand Gurlitt succeeded in looting in the name of the Third Reich, duping the Monuments Men and the Nazis alike. As an "official dealer" for Hitler and Goebbels, Hildebrand Gurlitt became one of the Third Reich's most prolific art looters. Yet he stole from Hitler too, allegedly to save modern art. Hitler's Art Thief is the untold story of Hildebrand Gurlitt, who stole more than art-he stole lives, too.

The Wretched of the Earth

Author: Frantz Fanon

Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.

ISBN: 9780802198853

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 3612

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Frantz Fanon was one of the twentieth century’s most important theorists of revolution, colonialism, and racial difference, and this, his masterwork, is a classic alongside Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage of colonized peoples and the role of violence in historical change, the book also incisively attacks postindependence disenfranchisement of the masses by the elite on one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other. A veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black-consciousness movements around the world. This new translation updates its language for a new generation of readers and its lessons are more vital now than ever.

The Impact of the Holocaust on Jewish Theology

Author: Steven T. Katz

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814749272

Category: Religion

Page: 310

View: 429

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The theological problems facing those trying to respond to the Holocaust remain monumental. Both Jewish and Christian post-Auschwitz religious thought must grapple with profound questions, from how God allowed it to happen to the nature of evil. The Impact of the Holocaust on Jewish Theology brings together a distinguished international array of senior scholars—many of whose work is available here in English for the first time—to consider key topics from the meaning of divine providence to questions of redemption to the link between the Holocaust and the creation of the State of Israel. Together, they push our thinking further about how our belief in God has changed in the wake of the Holocaust. Contributors: Yosef Achituv, Yehoyada Amir, Ester Farbstein, Gershon Greenberg, Warren Zev Harvey, Tova Ilan, Shmuel Jakobovits, Dan Michman, David Novak, Shalom Ratzabi, Michael Rosenak, Shalom Rosenberg, Eliezer Schweid, and Joseph A. Turner.

Sapiens

A Brief History of Humankind

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: Signal

ISBN: 9780771038518

Category:

Page: 464

View: 8218

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Destined to become a modern classic in the vein of Guns, Germs, and Steel, Sapiens is a lively, groundbreaking history of humankind told from a unique perspective. 100,000 years ago, at least six species of human inhabited the earth. Today there is just one. Us. Homo Sapiens. How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms? How did we come to believe in gods, nations, and human rights; to trust money, books, and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy, timetables, and consumerism? And what will our world be like in the millennia to come? In Sapiens, Dr. Yuval Noah Harari spans the whole of human history, from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical -- and sometimes devastating -- breakthroughs of the Cognitive, Agricultural, and Scientific Revolutions. Drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, palaeontology, and economics, he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human societies, the animals and plants around us, and even our personalities. Have we become happier as history has unfolded? Can we ever free our behaviour from the heritage of our ancestors? And what, if anything, can we do to influence the course of the centuries to come? Bold, wide-ranging and provocative, Sapiens challenges everything we thought we knew about being human: our thoughts, our actions, our power...and our future.