The Brass Check

A Study of American Journalism

Author: Upton Sinclair

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 150402611X

Category: Political Science

Page: 446

View: 3651

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A muckraking exposé of corruption in American journalism from the Pulitzer Prize–winning author of The Jungle Upton Sinclair dedicated his life to documenting the destructive force of unbridled capitalism. In this influential study, he takes on the effect of money and power on mass media, arguing that the newspapers, magazines, and wire services of the Progressive era formed “a class institution serving the rich and spurning the poor.” In the early twentieth century, a “brass check” was a token purchased by brothel patrons. By drawing a comparison between journalists and prostitutes, Sinclair highlights the total control publishers such as William Randolph Hearst exerted over their empires. Reporters and editors were paid to service the financial and political interests of their bosses, even if that meant misrepresenting the facts or outright lying. Sinclair documents specific cases, including the Ludlow Massacre of 1914 and the Red Scare whipped up by Hearst’s New York Journal and other newspapers, in which major news outlets ignored the truth in favor of tabloid sensationalism. Sinclair considered The Brass Check to be his most important and most dangerous book. Nearly a century later, his impassioned call for reform is timelier than ever. This ebook has been authorized by the estate of Upton Sinclair.

The Brass Check; a Study of American Journalism

Author: Upton Sinclair

Publisher: Theclassics.Us

ISBN: 9781230414751

Category:

Page: 162

View: 1873

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER LVIII "POISONED AT THE SOURCE" I have been privileged to examine a mass of material, some three or four million printed and typewritten words, the evidence collected for the defense of Max Eastman and Art Young, when they were indicted for criminal libel in November, 1913, at the instance of the Associated Press. These three or four million printed and typewritten words enable us to enter the offices of the Associated Press, and to watch its work hour by hour. They enable us to study the process whereby the public opinion of America is "poisoned at the source." Three hundred miles from our national capital, in the lonely mountains of West Virginia, exists an empire of coal, governed in all respects as Russia was governed in the days of the Tsardom. I take up two printed volumes of testimony given before the investigating committee of the United States Senate, a total of 2,114 closely printed pages; I turn these pages at random, and pick out a few heads that will give you glimpses of how things are managed by the coal barons of West Virginia: "Cheek weighmen guaranteed by law, but not allowed to the miners." "Men paid in scrip which they could not cash." "Men discharged and put out of their houses, as fast as they talked unionism." "Mail burned by store manager." "Law of West Virginia relieves coal owners from liability for injuries in the mine, no matter how they occur." "Independent store-keeper refused his goods at the express office which was on company grounds." "Men not allowed to approach postoffice on company property." "Provost Marshal imprisoned nine men without trial." "No mine guard has ever been tried for participating in any battle." "Machineguns and guards turned on peaceful crowd coming from meeting. In "King Coal..".

Boston

Roman

Author: Upton Sinclair

Publisher: Manesse Verlag

ISBN: 3641162122

Category: Fiction

Page: 1040

View: 6356

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Das große US-Epos um Klassenjustiz und staatliche Willkür jetzt in deutscher Neuübersetzung Vom Tellerwäscher zum Märtyrer – die Namen Sacco und Vanzetti stehen für den Wirklichkeit gewordenen amerikanischen Alptraum. Ihr Schicksal erschütterte Millionen Menschen weltweit in ihrem Glauben an Recht und Ordnung. Upton Sinclair, engagierter Romancier und Gesellschaftskritiker, inszenierte die realen Geschehnisse der Zwanzigerjahre als fesselndes literarisches Epochendrama. Glamour, Jazz und endlose Partys: Das waren die Roaring Twenties. Allerdings ist das nur die halbe Wahrheit – Upton Sinclair zeigt uns die ganze. Denn während die Happy Few feierten, wurden die Massen mittels brutaler Klassenjustiz niedergehalten. Am Beispiel der einflussreichen Ostküsten-Sippe Thornwell zeigt «Boston», wie das System staatlich sanktionierter Korruption funktionierte. Als Kulminationspunkt dient der Schauprozess gegen die zwei bekanntesten Justizopfer der amerikanischen Geschichte, Nicola Sacco und Bartolomeo Vanzetti, die 1927 wegen Mordes hingerichtet wurden. In diesem ergreifenden Buch geht es um die moralische Glaubwürdigkeit offizieller Repräsentanten und Institutionen, um Menschenliebe und Bürgerpflicht, um Gerechtigkeit und den Mut zur Wahrheit.

Öl!

Roman

Author: Upton Sinclair

Publisher: Manesse Verlag

ISBN: 364109111X

Category: Fiction

Page: 768

View: 9842

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Ein Schlüsselroman über die Tyrannei des Raubtierkapitalismus – jetzt in deutscher Neuübersetzung «Öl!» ist das US-Epos über die legendäre Zeit der Ölbarone: übers schnelle Geld und die Faszination jenes Rohstoffs, der wie kein anderer das Antlitz der modernen Zivilisation geprägt hat. Mit ökonomischer Klarsicht schildert Sinclair den Wettlauf ums «schwarze Gold», skrupellose Verteilungskämpfe und das beispiellose Auseinanderdriften von Arm und Reich. Ein Glanzstück welthaltiger, engagierter Romankunst! J. Arnold Ross hat es mit Ehrgeiz, Gerissenheit und Glück zum Erdölmagnaten gebracht, Sohn Bunny ist zum Erben seines «schmierigen Reichtums» auserkoren. Doch statt sich seiner Privilegien zu freuen, verbringt er jede freie Minute auf den Erdölfeldern Kaliforniens und entdeckt dort seine Sympathien für die einfachen Leute. Fortan pendelt der junge Idealist zwischen den Sphären, ohne in einer davon je ganz heimisch zu werden: weder in den verschwörerischen Machtzirkeln seines Vaters noch im gärenden Arbeitermilieu, aber auch nicht auf dem Universitätscampus, geschweige denn in Hollywoods Glamourwelt. Zwischen allen Fronten stehend, muss er erkennen, dass das Leben ehernen Gesetzen von Habgier und Betrug gehorcht. Selten ist die Frage nach einer menschenwürdigen Gesellschaft literarisch eindringlicher gestaltet worden als am Schicksal des edelmütigen Ölprinzen Bunny Ross.

The Year That Defined American Journalism

1897 and the Clash of Paradigms

Author: W. Joseph Campbell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135205051

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 340

View: 8432

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The Year that Defined American Journalism explores the succession of remarkable and decisive moments in American journalism during 1897 – a year of significant transition that helped redefine the profession and shape its modern contours. This defining year featured a momentous clash of paradigms pitting the activism of William Randolph Hearst's participatory 'journalism of action' against the detached, fact-based antithesis of activist journalism, as represented by Adolph Ochs of the New York Times, and an eccentric experiment in literary journalism pursued by Lincoln Steffens at the New York Commercial-Advertiser. Resolution of the three-sided clash of paradigms would take years and result ultimately in the ascendancy of the Times' counter-activist model, which remains the defining standard for mainstream American journalism. The Year That Defined American Journalism introduces the year-study methodology to mass communications research and enriches our understanding of a pivotal moment in media history.

Public Opinion

Author: Walter Lippmann

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486119904

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6602

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A penetrative study of democratic theory and the role of citizens in a democracy, this classic by a two-time Pulitzer Prize-winner offers a prescient view of the media's function in shaping public perceptions.

Operation Shitstorm

Berufsgeheimnisse eines professionellen Medien-Manipulators

Author: Ryan Holiday

Publisher: Plassen Verlag

ISBN: 3864701465

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 4194

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Nebenkriegsschauplatz wird auf einmal in den Medien gehypt und ein aussichtsreicher Kandidat zerstört. Irgendein Produkt oder eine Person wird auf einmal aus der Anonymität zur viralen Sensation katapultiert. Was Sie nicht wissen: Es gibt jemanden, der für all das verantwortlich ist. Im Regelfall jemand wie ich. Wer bin ich? Ich bin ein Medien-Manipulator. In einer Welt, in der Blogs die Nachrichten beherrschen und auch verfälschen, ist es mein Job, die Blogs zu kontrollieren - so gut, wie das einem Menschen überhaupt möglich ist. Warum teile ich diese Geheimnisse? Ich habe eine Welt satt, in der Blogs indirekte Bestechungsgelder annehmen, in der die Werber beim Schreiben der Nachrichten helfen, Journalisten Lügen verbreiten und keiner am Ende dafür verantwortlich gemacht wird. Ich ziehe den Vorhang über all diesen Vorgängen weg, weil ich nicht möchte, dass die Öffentlichkeit weiterhin für dumm verkauft wird. Ich werde Ihnen genau erklären, wie die Medien heute WIRKLICH funktionieren. Was Sie dann mit diesem Wissen anfangen, das überlasse ich ganz Ihnen

Freedom from Advertising

E.W. Scripps's Chicago Experiment

Author: Duane C. S. Stoltzfus

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252031156

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 187

View: 4320

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Scripps's daring endeavor to produce a newspaper without advertising

AdWords für Dummies

Author: Howard Jacobson,Howie Jacobson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527704446

Category: Google

Page: 394

View: 8667

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Das Internet bietet ungeahnte Werbemöglichkeiten für Unternehmen. Aber man muss sie auch zu nutzen wissen. Google AdWords ist ein cleveres Onlinemarketing-Tool, mit dem Sie Ihre Website für noch mehr Kunden attraktiv machen können. Der Onlinemarketing-Spezialist Howard Jacobson zeigt Ihnen von der Anmeldung über die Ausarbeitung einer Marketingstrategie bis hin zur ihrer Perfektionierung, wie Sie Google AdWords professionell nutzen und gewinnbringend einsetzen. Sie erfahren, wie Sie die richtigen Suchbegriffe auswählen, um Kunden anzulocken, wie Sie Ihren Markt erforschen, eine Direktmarketing-Strategie entwickeln und den Erfolg Ihrer Anzeigen analysieren und optimieren. Starten Sie durch mit 25 Euro Startguthaben - So wird Ihr Internetauftritt ein Erfolg!

CBS’s Don Hollenbeck

An Honest Reporter in the Age of McCarthyism

Author: Loren Ghiglione

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231516894

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 352

View: 4029

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Loren Ghiglione recounts the fascinating life and tragic suicide of Don Hollenbeck, the controversial newscaster who became a primary target of McCarthyism's smear tactics. Drawing on unsealed FBI records, private family correspondence, and interviews with Walter Cronkite, Mike Wallace, Charles Collingwood, Douglas Edwards, and more than one hundred other journalists, Ghiglione writes a balanced biography that cuts close to the bone of this complicated newsman and chronicles the stark consequences of the anti-Communist frenzy that seized America in the late 1940s and 1950s. Hollenbeck began his career at the Lincoln, Nebraska Journal (marrying the boss's daughter) before becoming an editor at William Randolph Hearst's rip-roaring Omaha Bee-News. He participated in the emerging field of photojournalism at the Associated Press; assisted in creating the innovative, ad-free PM newspaper in New York City; reported from the European theater for NBC radio during World War II; and anchored television newscasts at CBS during the era of Edward R. Murrow. Hollenbeck's pioneering, prize-winning radio program, CBS Views the Press (1947-1950), was a declaration of independence from a print medium that had dominated American newsmaking for close to 250 years. The program candidly criticized the prestigious New York Times, the Daily News (then the paper with the largest circulation in America), and Hearst's flagship Journal-American and popular morning tabloid Daily Mirror. For this honest work, Hollenbeck was attacked by conservative anti-Communists, especially Hearst columnist Jack O'Brian, and in 1954, plagued by depression, alcoholism, three failed marriages, and two network firings (and worried about a third), Hollenbeck took his own life. In his investigation of this amazing American character, Ghiglione reveals the workings of an industry that continues to fall victim to censorship and political manipulation. Separating myth from fact, CBS's Don Hollenbeck is the definitive portrait of a polarizing figure who became a symbol of America's tortured conscience.

Objectivity in Journalism

Author: Steven Maras

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745663923

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 5663

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Objectivity in journalism is a key topic for debate in media, communication and journalism studies, and has been the subject of intensive historical and sociological research. In the first study of its kind, Steven Maras surveys the different viewpoints and perspectives on objectivity. Going beyond a denunciation or defence of journalistic objectivity, Maras critically examines the different scholarly and professional arguments made in the area. Structured around key questions, the book considers the origins and history of objectivity, its philosophical influences, the main objections and defences, and questions of values, politics and ethics. This book examines debates around objectivity as a transnational norm, focusing on the emergence of objectivity in the US, while broadening out discussion to include developments around objectivity in the UK, Australia, Asia and other regions.

Wege in die Entwicklungspsychologie

Kindheit und Jugend

Author: Gerd Mietzel

Publisher: Beltz

ISBN: 9783621274777

Category:

Page: 454

View: 2520

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Das vorliegende Buch soll ein Wegweiser sein. Es möchte seine Leser durch die Entwicklungspsychologie des Kindes- und Jugendalters führen und wendet sich an alle, die einen ersten Zugang zur Entwicklungspsychologie suchen oder ihre Kenntnisse auffrischen wollen. Die "Wege in die Entwicklungspsychologie" können und wollen den Leser nicht lückenlos über vorliegende Ergebnisse informieren. Dazu ist der Wissensstand der Entwicklungspsychologie heute viel zu umfangreich. Stattdessen setzt jedes Kapitel Schwerpunkte: Es werden innerhalb der kognitiven, sozial-emotionalen und körperlichen Entwicklung Themen ausgewählt, die im jeweiligen Altersbereich besondere Aufmerksamkeit verdienen. Ein verständlich geschriebenes Buch, nicht nur für Fachleute, sondern auch für den interessierten Laien, das mittlerweile in der dritten Auflage vorliegt.

Eating History

Thirty Turning Points in the Making of American Cuisine

Author: Andrew F. Smith

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511752

Category: Cooking

Page: 392

View: 3034

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Food expert and celebrated food historian Andrew F. Smith recounts in delicious detail the creation of contemporary American cuisine. The diet of the modern American wasn't always as corporate, conglomerated, and corn-rich as it is today, and the style of American cooking, along with the ingredients that compose it, has never been fixed. With a cast of characters including bold inventors, savvy restaurateurs, ruthless advertisers, mad scientists, adventurous entrepreneurs, celebrity chefs, and relentless health nuts, Smith pins down the truly crackerjack history behind the way America eats. Smith's story opens with early America, an agriculturally independent nation where most citizens grew and consumed their own food. Over the next two hundred years, however, Americans would cultivate an entirely different approach to crops and consumption. Advances in food processing, transportation, regulation, nutrition, and science introduced highly complex and mechanized methods of production. The proliferation of cookbooks, cooking shows, and professionally designed kitchens made meals more commercially, politically, and culturally potent. To better understand these trends, Smith delves deeply and humorously into their creation. Ultimately he shows how, by revisiting this history, we can reclaim the independent, locally sustainable roots of American food.

Trust Me, I'm Lying

Confessions of a Media Manipulator

Author: Ryan Holiday

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101583711

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 6899

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The cult classic that predicted the rise of fake news—revised and updated for the post-Trump, post-Gawker age. Hailed as "astonishing and disturbing" by the Financial Times and "essential reading" by TechCrunch at its original publication, former American Apparel marketing director Ryan Holiday’s first book sounded a prescient alarm about the dangers of fake news. It's all the more relevant today. Trust Me, I’m Lying was the first book to blow the lid off the speed and force at which rumors travel online—and get "traded up" the media ecosystem until they become real headlines and generate real responses in the real world. The culprit? Marketers and professional media manipulators, encouraged by the toxic economics of the news business. Whenever you see a malicious online rumor costs a company millions, politically motivated fake news driving elections, a product or celebrity zooming from total obscurity to viral sensation, or anonymously sourced articles becoming national conversation, someone is behind it. Often someone like Ryan Holiday. As he explains, “I wrote this book to explain how media manipulators work, how to spot their fingerprints, how to fight them, and how (if you must) to emulate their tactics. Why am I giving away these secrets? Because I’m tired of a world where trolls hijack debates, marketers help write the news, opinion masquerades as fact, algorithms drive everything to extremes, and no one is accountable for any of it. I’m pulling back the curtain because it’s time the public understands how things really work. What you choose to do with this information is up to you.”

The Watchdog That Didn’t Bark

The Financial Crisis and the Disappearance of Investigative Journalism

Author: Dean Starkman

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231536283

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 5750

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In this sweeping, incisive post mortem, Dean Starkman exposes the critical shortcomings that softened coverage in the business press during the mortgage era and the years leading up to the financial collapse of 2008. He locates the roots of the problem in the origin of business news as a market messaging service for investors in the early twentieth century. This access-dependent strain of journalism was soon opposed by the grand, sweeping work of the muckrakers. Propelled by the innovations of Bernard Kilgore, the great postwar editor of the Wall Street Journal, these two genres merged when mainstream American news organizations institutionalized muckraking in the 1960s, creating a powerful guardian of the public interest. Yet as the mortgage era dawned, deep cultural and structural shifts—some unavoidable, some self-inflicted—eroded journalism's appetite for its role as watchdog. The result was a deafening silence about systemic corruption in the financial industry. Tragically, this silence grew only more profound as the mortgage madness reached its terrible apogee from 2004 through 2006. Starkman frames his analysis in a broad argument about journalism itself, dividing the profession into two competing approaches—access reporting and accountability reporting—which rely on entirely different sources and produce radically different representations of reality. As Starkman explains, access journalism came to dominate business reporting in the 1990s, a process he calls "CNBCization," and rather than examining risky, even corrupt, corporate behavior, mainstream reporters focused on profiling executives and informing investors. Starkman concludes with a critique of the digital-news ideology and corporate influence, which threaten to further undermine investigative reporting, and he shows how financial coverage, and journalism as a whole, can reclaim its bite.

The Man Who Sold America

The Amazing (but True!) Story of Albert D. Lasker and the Creation of the Advertising Century

Author: Jeffrey L. Cruikshank,Arthur W. Schultz

Publisher: Harvard Business Press

ISBN: 1422161773

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 7081

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We live in an age of persuasion. Leaders and institutions of every kind--public and private, large and small--must compete in the marketplace of images and messages. This has been true since the advent of mass media, from broad circulation magazines and radio through the age of television and the internet. Yet there have been very few true geniuses at the art of mass persuasion in the last century. In public relations, Edward Bernays comes to mind. In advertising, most Hall-of-Famers--J. Walter Thomson, David Ogilvy, Bill Bernbach, Bruce Barton, Ray Rubicam, and others--point to one individual as the "father" of modern advertising: Albert D. Lasker. And yet Lasker--unlike Bernays, Thomson, Ogilvy, and the others--remains an enigma. Now, Jeffrey Cruikshank and Arthur Schultz, having uncovered a treasure trove of Lasker's papers, have written a fascinating and revealing biography of one of the 20th century's most powerful, intriguing, and instructive figures. It is no exaggeration to say that Lasker created modern advertising. He was the first influential proponent of "reason why" advertising, a consumer-centered approach that skillfully melded form and content and a precursor to the "unique selling proposition" approach that today dominates the industry. More than that, he was a prominent political figure, champion of civil rights, man of extreme wealth and hobnobber with kings and maharajahs, as well as with the likes of Albert Einstein and Eleanor Roosevelt. He was also a deeply troubled man, who suffered mental collapses throughout his adult life, though was able fight through and continue his amazing creative and productive activities into later life. This is the story of a man who shaped an industry, and in many ways, shaped a century.

Race Riots and Resistance

The Red Summer of 1919

Author: Jan Voogd

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9781433100673

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 2441

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"Race Riots and Resistance" uncovers a long-hidden, tragic chapter of American history. Focusing on the -Red Summer- of 1919 in which black communities were targeted by white mobs, the book examines the contexts out of which white racial violence arose. It shows how the riots transcended any particularity of cause, and in doing so calls into question many longstanding beliefs about racial violence. The book goes on to portray the riots as a phenomenon, documenting the number of incidents, describing the events in detail, and analyzing the patterns that emerge from looking at the riots collectively. Finally and significantly, "Race Riots and Resistance" argues that the response to the riots marked an early stage of what came to be known as the Civil Rights Movement."