Masterminding Nature

The Breeding of Animals, 1750-2010

Author: Margaret E. Derry

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442626526

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 4286

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Canadian historian Margaret Derry examines the evolution of modern animal breeding from the invention of improved breeding methods in 18th-century England to the application of molecular genetics in the 1980s and 1990s.

The Queen of American Agriculture

A Biography of Virginia Claypool Meredith

Author: Fred Whitford,Andrew G. Martin,Phyllis Mattheis

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 9781557535122

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 434

View: 5289

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Virginia Claypool Meredith's role in directly managing the affairs of a large and prosperous farm in east-central Indiana opened doors that were often closed to women in late-nineteenth century America. Her status allowed her to campaign for the education of women, in general, and rural women, in particular. While striving to change society's expectations for women, she also gave voice to the important role of women in the home. A lifetime of dedication made Virginia Meredith the most remarkable woman in Indiana and the Queen of American Agriculture. Meredith was also an integral part of the history of Purdue University. She was the first woman appointed to serve on the university's board of trustees, had a residence hall named in her honor, and worked with her adopted daughter, Mary L. Matthews, in creating the School of Home Economics, the predecessor of today's College of Consumer and Family Sciences. Virginia Claypool Meredith was a woman well ahead of her times and left a legacy for the women of Indiana and the nation.

The Visitor

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agricultural education

Page: N.A

View: 6455

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Quarter Horses

A Story of Two Centuries

Author: Robert Moorman Denhardt

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806122854

Category: Nature

Page: 192

View: 9054

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A history of the Quarter Horse in England and America, describing the most famous animals and breeders, and the emergence of the American Quarter Horse Association

The Hawaiian Goose

Author: Janet Kear,A.J Berger

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1408137577

Category: Nature

Page: 184

View: 6340

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Dr Janet Kear, Assistant Director of the Wildfowl Trust and Curator of its Martin Mere Reserve, and Professor Andrew Berger of the University of Hawaii, have written a timely and absorbing account of the recent history of the Hawaiian Goose, or Nene, its descent to near extinction, its eleventh hour rescue and current restoration to the wild. The species declined from an estimated population of 25,000 in Hawaii in the 18th century to less than fifty birds in the 1940s. Today, thanks largely to the extended breeding programmes at Slimbridge and Pohakuloa, there are probably more than 2000 Hawaiian Geese in the world. The achievement is justly applauded and well-known, but whether this impressive experiment in conservation has been truly successful will not be clear until it becomes evident that the released birds can maintain a breeding population in the wild. As the authors explain, the outcome is far from predictable. The causes which led to the species' decline and the hazards and difficulties faced by the reintroduced population are discussed at length, but the core of the book is the propagation programmes at Slimbridge and Pohakuloa, and the problems and successes they brought during many years of patient work. For the conservationist and aviculturalist the accounts of captive breeding under headings such as infertility, diet, longevity, mortality and the effects of foster mothers, geographical latitude and genetic strain, will be essential reading. Appropriately, Sir Peter Scott, whose interest and involvement in the rescue of the Hawaiian Goose was of prime importance, is one of the artists whose drawings supplement the text. There is also a colour frontispiece and 24 monochrome plates.

Horses in Society

A Story of Animal Breeding and Marketing, 1800-1920

Author: Margaret Elsinor Derry

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802091121

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 9766

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Before crude oil and the combustion engine, the industrialized world relied on a different kind of power - the power of the horse. Horses in Society is the story of horse production in the United States, Britain, and Canada at the height of the species' usefulness, the late nineteenth and early twentieth-century. Margaret E. Derry shows how horse breeding practices used during this period to heighten the value of the animals in the marketplace incorporated a intriguing cross section of influences, including Mendelism, eugenics, and Darwinism. Derry elucidates the increasingly complex horse world by looking at the international trade in army horses, the regulations put in place by different countries to enforce better horse breeding, and general aspects of the dynamics of the horse market. Because it is a story of how certain groups attempted to control the market for horses, by protecting their breeding activities or 'patenting' their work, Horses in Society provides valuable background information to the rapidly developing present-day problem of biological ownership. Derry's fascinating study is also a story of the evolution of animal medicine and humanitarian movements, and of international relations, particularly between Canada and the United States.

Farm Buildings

A Compilation of Plans for General Farm Barns, Cattle Barns, Dairy Barns, Horse Barns, Sheep Folds, Swine Pens, Poultry Houses, Silos, Feeding Racks, Farm Gates, Sheds, Portable Fences, Concrete Construction, Handy Devices, Etc

Author: Sanders Publishing Co

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Farm buildings

Page: 354

View: 1972

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Training and Gaiting

Selected Articles from the Files of the Breeders Gazette, Farmers Home Journal, the Show Horse Chronicle, and the American Horseman-Sportologue, by the Outstanding Horsemen of Past and Present Years

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Horses

Page: N.A

View: 7803

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Animal Oppression and Human Violence

Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict

Author: David A. Nibert

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231525516

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 1249

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Jared Diamond and other leading scholars have argued that the domestication of animals for food, labor, and tools of war has advanced the development of human society. But by comparing practices of animal exploitation for food and resources in different societies over time, David A. Nibert reaches a strikingly different conclusion. He finds in the domestication of animals, which he renames "domesecration," a perversion of human ethics, the development of large-scale acts of violence, disastrous patterns of destruction, and growth-curbing epidemics of infectious disease. Nibert centers his study on nomadic pastoralism and the development of commercial ranching, a practice that has been largely controlled by elite groups and expanded with the rise of capitalism. Beginning with the pastoral societies of the Eurasian steppe and continuing through to the exportation of Western, meat-centered eating habits throughout today's world, Nibert connects the domesecration of animals to violence, invasion, extermination, displacement, enslavement, repression, pandemic chronic disease, and hunger. In his view, conquest and subjugation were the results of the need to appropriate land and water to maintain large groups of animals, and the gross amassing of military power has its roots in the economic benefits of the exploitation, exchange, and sale of animals. Deadly zoonotic diseases, Nibert shows, have accompanied violent developments throughout history, laying waste to whole cities, societies, and civilizations. His most powerful insight situates the domesecration of animals as a precondition for the oppression of human populations, particularly indigenous peoples, an injustice impossible to rectify while the material interests of the elite are inextricably linked to the exploitation of animals. Nibert links domesecration to some of the most critical issues facing the world today, including the depletion of fresh water, topsoil, and oil reserves; global warming; and world hunger, and he reviews the U.S. government's military response to the inevitable crises of an overheated, hungry, resource-depleted world. Most animal-advocacy campaigns reinforce current oppressive practices, Nibert argues. Instead, he suggests reforms that challenge the legitimacy of both domesecration and capitalism.

James & Alvin Sanders, Livestock Journalists of the Midwest

Author: Richard Bryan Helmer

Publisher: Richard B. Helmer

ISBN: 0961377607

Category: Agricultural journalism

Page: 198

View: 7139

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A biography of James and Alvin Sanders who founded the Breeder's Gazette Journal in 1881 and published many books on livestock breeding. A history of the livestock movement from the 1800's.