The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy

Author: James Hankins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139827485

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy, published in 2007, provides an introduction to a complex period of change in the subject matter and practice of philosophy. The philosophy of the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries is often seen as transitional between the scholastic philosophy of the Middle Ages and modern philosophy, but the essays collected here, by a distinguished international team of contributors, call these assumptions into question, emphasizing both the continuity with scholastic philosophy and the role of Renaissance philosophy in the emergence of modernity. They explore the ways in which the science, religion and politics of the period reflect and are reflected in its philosophical life, and they emphasize the dynamism and pluralism of a period which saw both new perspectives and enduring contributions to the history of philosophy. This will be an invaluable guide for students of philosophy, intellectual historians, and all who are interested in Renaissance thought.

The Cambridge Companion to Classical Islamic Theology

Author: Tim Winter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521780586

Category: History

Page: 337

View: 630

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Devoting especial attention to questions of rationality, scriptural fidelity, and the construction of 'orthodoxy', this volume introduces key Muslim theories of revelation, creation, ethics, scriptural interpretation, law, mysticism, and eschatology. The treatment is firmly set in the historical, social and political context in which Islam's distinctive understanding of God evolved.

The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy

Author: A. S. McGrade

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521000635

Category: History

Page: 405

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This volume, first published in 2003, spans a millennium of thought extending from Augustine to Thomas Aquinas and into the fourteenth century.

Interpreting Avicenna

Critical Essays

Author: Peter Adamson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521190738

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

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This volume examines many aspects of the philosophy of Avicenna, the greatest philosopher of the Islamic world.

Artes - Pro und Kontra IV

Untersuchungen zum gesellschaftlichen Diskurs zu Kunst, Wissenschaft und Technik - Kapitel 5 und 6

Author: Vilmos Dr Czikkely

Publisher: tredition

ISBN: 3732315673

Category: Political Science

Page: 396

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Aus der geistigen Erbmasse der römischen Spätantike entstanden zwei Religionssysteme: das kaiserzeitliche Christentum und der Islam. Beide haben ihre spezifischen Probleme mit der Rezeption des vorgefundenen "Wissens der Alten" und mit den weltlich umtriebigen τέχναί/artes. Beide Religionssysteme bilden spezifische atechnische Attraktionsbereiche: Diese könnten wir in der christlichen Tradition mit dem augustinischen Terminus "civitas dei" charakterisieren (Kapitel V). Die aktuelle Diskussion zeigt, dass die wichtigsten Ereignisse und Daten der muslimischen Geschichte selbst unter den Gebildeten offensichtlich wenig bekannt sind. So brauchen wir, bevor wir die "Einstellungen zu den artes" untersuchen, einen differenzierenden Blick für die bedeutendsten Normen und Strömungen in der muslimischen Geisteswelt. Die Auseinandersetzung mit der geistigen Erbmasse der Antike hat von den drei Zweigen der artes die Wissenschaften und die Philosophie ganz anders erfasst als die produktiven Techniken und die künstlerische Gestaltung. Leitend war das Bild von der Urgemeinde.

Al-Kindi

Author: Peter Adamson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198040071

Category: Religion

Page: 288

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Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. He lived in Iraq and studied in Baghdad, where he became attached to the caliphal court. In due course he would become an important figure at court: a tutor to the caliph's son, and a central figure in the translation movement of the ninth century, which rendered much of Greek philosophy, science, and medicine into Arabic. Al-Kindi's wide-ranging intellectual interests included not only philosophy but also music, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. Through deep engagement with Greek tradition al-Kindi developed original theories on key issues in the philosophy of religion, metaphysics, physical science, and ethics. He is especially known for his arguments against the world's eternity, and his innovative use of Greek ideas to explore the idea of God's unity and transcendence. Despite al-Kindi's historical and philosophical importance no book has presented a complete, in-depth look at his thought until now. In this accessible introduction to al-Kindi's works, Peter Adamson surveys what is known of his life and examines his method and his attitude towards the Greek tradition, as well as his subtle relationship with the Muslim intellectual culture of his day. Above all the book focuses on explaining and evaluating the ideas found in al-Kindi's wide-ranging philosophical corpus, including works devoted to science and mathematics. Throughout, Adamson writes in language that is both serious and engaging, academic and approachable. This book will be of interest to experts in the field, but it requires no knowledge of Greek or Arabic, and is also aimed at non-experts who are simply interested in one of the greatest of Islamic philosophers.

The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides

Author: Kenneth Seeskin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521819749

Category: Philosophy

Page: 406

View: 7756

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One aim of this series is to dispel the intimidation readers feel when faced with the work of difficult and challenging thinkers. Moses ben Maimon, also known as Maimonides (1138–1204), represents the high point of Jewish rationalism in the middle ages. He played a pivotal role in the transition of philosophy from the Islamic East to the Christian West. His greatest philosophical work, The Guide of the Perplexed, had a decisive impact on all subsequent Jewish thought and is still the subject of intense scholarly debate. An enigmatic figure, Maimonides continues to defy simple attempts at classification. The twelve essays in this volume offer a lucid and comprehensive treatment of his life and thought. They cover the sources on which Maimonides drew, his contributions to philosophy, theology, jurisprudence, and Bible commentary, as well as his esoteric writing style and influence on later thinkers.

Interpreting Averroes

Critical Essays

Author: Peter Adamson,Matteo Di Giovanni

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107114888

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 5481

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Engages with all aspects of Averroes' philosophy, from his thinking on Aristotle to his influence on Islamic law.

The Philosophical Works of al-Kindi

Author: Peter E. Pormann,Peter Adamson

Publisher: OUP Pakistan

ISBN: 9780199062805

Category: Philosophy

Page: 500

View: 7385

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Al-Kindī, honoured as the 'philosopher of the Arabs', was the first philosopher of Islam. His pioneer philosophical writings engage with ideas that became available through the Graeco-Arabic translation movement. This volume makes his entire philosophical output-some two dozen works-available in English, most of them for the first time. An overall introduction, introductions to each work and extensive notes explain al-Kindī's ideas, sources, and influence.

The Cambridge Companion to Galen

Author: R. J. Hankinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139826914

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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Galen of Pergamum (AD 129–c.216) was the most influential doctor of later antiquity, whose work was to influence medical theory and practice for more than fifteen hundred years. He was a prolific writer on anatomy, physiology, diagnosis and prognosis, pulse-doctrine, pharmacology, therapeutics, and the theory of medicine; but he also wrote extensively on philosophical topics, making original contributions to logic and the philosophy of science, and outlining a scientific epistemology which married a deep respect for empirical adequacy with a commitment to rigorous rational exposition and demonstration. He was also a vigorous polemicist, deeply involved in the doctrinal disputes among the medical schools of his day. This volume offers an introduction to and overview of Galen's achievement in all these fields, while seeking also to evaluate that achievement in the light of the advances made in Galen scholarship over the past thirty years.

The Cambridge Companion to Muhammad

Author: Jonathan E. Brockopp

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521886074

Category: History

Page: 325

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A collection of essays by some of the most accomplished scholars in the field exploring the life and legacy of the Prophet.

Natural Law

A Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Trialogue

Author: Anver M. Emon,Matthew Levering,David Novak

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191016721

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 9157

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This book is an examination of natural law doctrine, rooted in the classical writings of our respective three traditions: Jewish, Christian, and Islamic. Each of the authors provides an extensive essay reflecting on natural law doctrine in his tradition. Each of the authors also provides a thoughtful response to the essays of the other two authors. Readers will gain a sense for how natural law (or cognate terms) resonated with classical thinkers such as Maimonides, Origen, Augustine, al-Ghazali and numerous others. Readers will also be instructed in how the authors think that these sources can be mined for constructive reflection on natural law today. A key theme in each essay is how the particularity of the respective religious tradition is squared with the evident universality of natural law claims. The authors also explore how natural law doctrine functions in particular traditions for reflection upon the religious other.

Die Araber

eine Geschichte von Unterdrückung und Aufbruch

Author: Eugene L. Rogan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783549074251

Category: Arab countries

Page: 735

View: 9875

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Die arabische Revolution wird, wenn sie Erfolg hat, ein ähnlich epochales Ereignis sein wie die friedliche Revolution von 1989 in Osteuropa. Mehr als 200 Millionen Araber zwischen Persischem Golf und Atlantik sind dabei, das Joch jahrzehntelanger despotischer Regime abzuschütteln und Anschluss zu finden an die freiheitliche, moderne Welt des Westens. Eugene Rogan, einer der besten Kenner der arabischen Welt, bietet mit seiner großen Geschichte der Araber eine exzellente Grundlage zum Verständnis der aktuellen Ereignisse in Ägypten, Syrien, Tunesien oder Libyen. Rogans Darstellung beginnt mit der Eroberung der arabischen Welt durch das Osmanische Reich zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts und führt bis zum revolutionären Aufbruch unserer Tage. Es ist eine lange Geschichte der Unterdrückung und Ausbeutung, die Rogan eindringlich zu erzählen weiß. Aber auch die reiche Kultur dieser Länder und die vielen kaum bekannten Versuche der arabischen Völker in der Vergangenheit, sich gegen ihre Unterdrücker aufzulehnen und Freiheit und Wohlstand zu erlangen, werden anhand einer Fülle faszinierender Originalquellen anschaulich dargestellt.