The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy

Author: James Hankins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139827485

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy, published in 2007, provides an introduction to a complex period of change in the subject matter and practice of philosophy. The philosophy of the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries is often seen as transitional between the scholastic philosophy of the Middle Ages and modern philosophy, but the essays collected here, by a distinguished international team of contributors, call these assumptions into question, emphasizing both the continuity with scholastic philosophy and the role of Renaissance philosophy in the emergence of modernity. They explore the ways in which the science, religion and politics of the period reflect and are reflected in its philosophical life, and they emphasize the dynamism and pluralism of a period which saw both new perspectives and enduring contributions to the history of philosophy. This will be an invaluable guide for students of philosophy, intellectual historians, and all who are interested in Renaissance thought.

The Cambridge Companion to Classical Islamic Theology

Author: Tim Winter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521780586

Category: History

Page: 337

View: 2951

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Devoting especial attention to questions of rationality, scriptural fidelity, and the construction of 'orthodoxy', this volume introduces key Muslim theories of revelation, creation, ethics, scriptural interpretation, law, mysticism, and eschatology. The treatment is firmly set in the historical, social and political context in which Islam's distinctive understanding of God evolved.

The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy

Author: A. S. McGrade

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521000635

Category: History

Page: 405

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This volume, first published in 2003, spans a millennium of thought extending from Augustine to Thomas Aquinas and into the fourteenth century.

Al-Kindi

Author: Peter Adamson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198040071

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 6097

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Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. He lived in Iraq and studied in Baghdad, where he became attached to the caliphal court. In due course he would become an important figure at court: a tutor to the caliph's son, and a central figure in the translation movement of the ninth century, which rendered much of Greek philosophy, science, and medicine into Arabic. Al-Kindi's wide-ranging intellectual interests included not only philosophy but also music, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. Through deep engagement with Greek tradition al-Kindi developed original theories on key issues in the philosophy of religion, metaphysics, physical science, and ethics. He is especially known for his arguments against the world's eternity, and his innovative use of Greek ideas to explore the idea of God's unity and transcendence. Despite al-Kindi's historical and philosophical importance no book has presented a complete, in-depth look at his thought until now. In this accessible introduction to al-Kindi's works, Peter Adamson surveys what is known of his life and examines his method and his attitude towards the Greek tradition, as well as his subtle relationship with the Muslim intellectual culture of his day. Above all the book focuses on explaining and evaluating the ideas found in al-Kindi's wide-ranging philosophical corpus, including works devoted to science and mathematics. Throughout, Adamson writes in language that is both serious and engaging, academic and approachable. This book will be of interest to experts in the field, but it requires no knowledge of Greek or Arabic, and is also aimed at non-experts who are simply interested in one of the greatest of Islamic philosophers.

Interpreting Avicenna

Critical Essays

Author: Peter Adamson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521190738

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 4773

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This volume examines many aspects of the philosophy of Avicenna, the greatest philosopher of the Islamic world.

The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides

Author: Kenneth Seeskin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521819749

Category: Philosophy

Page: 406

View: 7008

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One aim of this series is to dispel the intimidation readers feel when faced with the work of difficult and challenging thinkers. Moses ben Maimon, also known as Maimonides (1138–1204), represents the high point of Jewish rationalism in the middle ages. He played a pivotal role in the transition of philosophy from the Islamic East to the Christian West. His greatest philosophical work, The Guide of the Perplexed, had a decisive impact on all subsequent Jewish thought and is still the subject of intense scholarly debate. An enigmatic figure, Maimonides continues to defy simple attempts at classification. The twelve essays in this volume offer a lucid and comprehensive treatment of his life and thought. They cover the sources on which Maimonides drew, his contributions to philosophy, theology, jurisprudence, and Bible commentary, as well as his esoteric writing style and influence on later thinkers.

The Arabic Plotinus

A Philosophical Study of the Theology of Aristotle

Author: Peter Adamson

Publisher: Bristol Classical Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 7859

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This book is a study of the philosophical transformation undergone by the works of Plotinus when they were rendered into Arabic as the "Theology of Aristotle," a work falsely attributed to Aristotle.

The Cambridge Companion to Galen

Author: R. J. Hankinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139826914

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 3860

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Galen of Pergamum (AD 129–c.216) was the most influential doctor of later antiquity, whose work was to influence medical theory and practice for more than fifteen hundred years. He was a prolific writer on anatomy, physiology, diagnosis and prognosis, pulse-doctrine, pharmacology, therapeutics, and the theory of medicine; but he also wrote extensively on philosophical topics, making original contributions to logic and the philosophy of science, and outlining a scientific epistemology which married a deep respect for empirical adequacy with a commitment to rigorous rational exposition and demonstration. He was also a vigorous polemicist, deeply involved in the doctrinal disputes among the medical schools of his day. This volume offers an introduction to and overview of Galen's achievement in all these fields, while seeking also to evaluate that achievement in the light of the advances made in Galen scholarship over the past thirty years.

Interpreting Averroes

Critical Essays

Author: Peter Adamson,Matteo Di Giovanni

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107114888

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 8892

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Engages with all aspects of Averroes' philosophy, from his thinking on Aristotle to his influence on Islamic law.

Natural Law

A Jewish, Christian, and Islamic Trialogue

Author: Anver M. Emon,Matthew Levering,David Novak

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191016721

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 3095

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This book is an examination of natural law doctrine, rooted in the classical writings of our respective three traditions: Jewish, Christian, and Islamic. Each of the authors provides an extensive essay reflecting on natural law doctrine in his tradition. Each of the authors also provides a thoughtful response to the essays of the other two authors. Readers will gain a sense for how natural law (or cognate terms) resonated with classical thinkers such as Maimonides, Origen, Augustine, al-Ghazali and numerous others. Readers will also be instructed in how the authors think that these sources can be mined for constructive reflection on natural law today. A key theme in each essay is how the particularity of the respective religious tradition is squared with the evident universality of natural law claims. The authors also explore how natural law doctrine functions in particular traditions for reflection upon the religious other.

Reconfiguring the World

Nature, God, and Human Understanding from the Middle Ages to Early Modern Europe

Author: Margaret J. Osler

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 080189655X

Category: History

Page: 184

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Tracing the views of the natural world to their biblical, Greek, and Arabic sources, Osler demonstrates the impact of the Renaissance recovery of ancient texts, printing, the Protestant Reformation, and the exploration of the New World. She shows how the traditional disciplinary boundaries established by Aristotle changed dramatically during this period and finds the tensions of science and religion expressed as differences between natural philosophy and theology. --from publisher description.

Platonische Ideen in der arabischen Philosophie

Texte und Materialien zur Begriffsgeschichte von suwar aflatuniyya und muthul aflatuniyya

Author: Rüdiger Arnzen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110259826

Category: Philosophy

Page: 471

View: 5676

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The influence of the Platonic theory of forms is to be found in nearly all periods in the history of Western philosophy. Much less well known is the fact that in all ages Arabic philosophers also discussed “Platonic forms” in their written works, although they had no access to Plato’s Dialogues. This study analyses how this conception was given doctrinal content without recourse to Plato’s works, and presents the relevant Arabic works in German translation for the first time. They offer a first insight into a branch of the reception of Platonism that has not yet been researched, but which is often clearly influenced by Islam.

Classical Arabic Philosophy: An Anthology of Sources

Author: Jon McGinnis,David C. Reisman

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603843922

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 7941

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This volume introduces the major classical Arabic philosophers through substantial selections from the key works (many of which appear in translation for the first time here) in each of the fields -- including logic, philosophy of science, natural philosophy, metaphysics, ethics, and politics -- to which they made significant contributions. An extensive Introduction situating the works within their historical, cultural, and philosophical contexts offers support to students approaching the subject for the first time, as well as to instructors with little or no formal training in Arabic thought. A glossary, select bibliography, and index are also included.