The Cambridge Companion to Socrates

Author: Donald R. Morrison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521833426

Category: History

Page: 413

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Essays from a diverse group of experts providing a comprehensive guide to Socrates, the most famous Greek philosopher.

The Cambridge Companion to Plato

Author: Richard Kraut

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436106

Category: Philosophy

Page: 560

View: 4027

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Plato stands as the fount of our philosophical tradition, being the first Western thinker to produce a body of writing that touches upon a wide range of topics still discussed by philosophers today. In a sense he invented philosophy as a distinct subject, for although many of these topics were discussed by his intellectual predecessors and contemporaries, he was the first to bring them together by giving them a unitary treatment. This volume contains fourteen new essays discussing Plato's views about knowledge, reality, mathematics, politics, ethics, love, poetry, and religion. There are also analyses of the intellectual and social background of his thought, the development of his philosophy throughout his career, the range of alternative approaches to his work, and the stylometry of his writing.

The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle

Author: Jonathan Barnes,Professor of Ancient Philosophy Jonathan Barnes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521422949

Category: Philosophy

Page: 404

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The most accessible and comprehensive guide to Aristotle currently available.

The Cambridge Companion to Xenophon

Author: Michael A. Flower

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107050065

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 6001

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This Companion, the first dedicated to the philosopher and historian Xenophon of Athens, gives readers a sense of why he has held such a prominent place in literary and political culture from antiquity to the present and has been a favourite author of individuals as diverse as Machiavelli, Thomas Jefferson, and Leo Tolstoy. It also sets out the major problems and issues that are at stake in the study of his writings, while simultaneously pointing the way forward to newer methodologies, issues, and questions. Although Xenophon's historical, philosophical, and technical works are usually studied in isolation because they belong to different modern genres, the emphasis here is on themes that cut across his large and varied body of writings. This volume is accessible to students and general readers, including those previously unfamiliar with Xenophon, and will also be of interest to scholars in various fields.

The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics

Author: Brad Inwood

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521779852

Category: Philosophy

Page: 438

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Introduction: Stoicism, an intellectual odyssey /Brad Inwood --The school, from Zeno to Arius Didymus /David Sedley --The school in the Roman imperial period /Christopher Gill --Stoic epistemology /R.J. Hankinson --Logic /Susanne Bobzien --Stoic natural philosophy (physics and cosmology) /Michael J. White --Stoic theology /Keimpe Algra --Stoic determinism /Dorothea Frede --Stoic metaphysics /Jacques Brunschwig --Stoic ethics /Malcolm Schofield --Stoic moral psychology /Tad Brennan --Stoicism and medicine /R.J. Hankinson --The stoic contribution to traditional grammar /David Blank and Catherine Atherton --The stoics and the astronomical sciences /Alexander Jones --Stoic naturalism and its critics /T.H. Irwin --Stoicism in the philosophical tradition: Spinoza, Lipsius, Butler /A.A. Long.

The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Politics

Author: Marguerite Deslauriers,Pierre Destrée

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107004683

Category: History

Page: 426

View: 7853

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One of the most influential works in the history of political theory, Aristotle's Politics is a treatise in practical philosophy, intended to inform legislators and to create the conditions for virtuous and self-sufficient lives for the citizens of a state. In this Companion, distinguished scholars offer new perspectives on the work and its themes. After an opening exploration of the relation between Aristotle's ethics and his politics, the central chapters follow the sequence of the eight books of the Politics, taking up questions such as the role of reason in legitimizing rule, the common good, justice, slavery, private property, citizenship, democracy and deliberation, unity, conflict, law and authority, and education. The closing chapters discuss the interaction between Aristotle's political thought and contemporary democratic theory. The volume will provide a valuable resource for those studying ancient philosophy, classics, and the history of political thought.

The Cambridge Companion to Philo

Author: Adam Kamesar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521860903

Category: Bibles

Page: 301

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Presents an account of Philo of Alexandria, who is an essential source for the study of the Judaism of the turn of the eras, the rise of Christianity, and the history of Greek philosophy.

The Cambridge Companion to Archaic Greece

Author: H. A. Shapiro

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139826999

Category: History

Page: 303

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The Cambridge Companion to Archaic Greece provides a wide-ranging synthesis of history, society, and culture during the formative period of Ancient Greece, from the Age of Homer in the late eighth century to the Persian Wars of 490–480 BC. In ten clearly written and succinct chapters, leading scholars from around the English-speaking world treat all aspects of the civilization of Archaic Greece, from social, political, and military history to early achievements in poetry, philosophy, and the visual arts. Archaic Greece was an age of experimentation and intellectual ferment that laid the foundations for much of Western thought and culture. Individual Greek city-states rose to great power and wealth, and after a long period of isolation, many cities sent out colonies that spread Hellenism to all corners of the Mediterranean world. This Companion offers a vivid and fully documented account of this critical stage in the history of the West.

The Cambridge Companion to Plato's Republic

Author: G. R. F. Ferrari

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107494958

Category: Philosophy

Page: 560

View: 8236

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This Companion provides a comprehensive account of this outstanding work, which remains among the most frequently read works of Greek philosophy, indeed of Classical antiquity in general. The sixteen essays, by authors who represent various academic disciplines, bring a spectrum of interpretive approaches to bear in order to aid the understanding of a wide-ranging audience, from first-time readers of the Republic who require guidance, to more experienced readers who wish to explore contemporary currents in the work's interpretation. The three initial chapters address aspects of the work as a whole. They are followed by essays that match closely the sequence in which topics are presented in the ten books of the Republic. Since the Republic returns frequently to the same topics by different routes, so do the authors of this volume, who provide the readers with divergent yet complementary perspectives by which to appreciate the Republic's principal concerns.

The Cambridge Companion to Heidegger

Author: Charles Guignon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521385978

Category: Philosophy

Page: 389

View: 4217

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Martin Heidegger is now widely recognized alongside Wittgenstein as one of the greatest philosophers of the twentieth century. He redefined the central task of philosophy as the investigation of the nature of being, and has exerted a profound impact on literary theory, theology, psychotherapy, political theory, aesthetics, environmental studies, as well as mainstream philosophy. His thought has contributed to the recent turn to hermeneutics in philosophy and the social sciences, and to current post-modern and post-structuralist developments. The disclosing of his deep involvement in the ideology of Nazism has provoked much debate about the relation of philosophy to politics. This volume contains both overviews of Heidegger's life and works and analysis of his most important work, Being and Time. In addition there are discussions of Heidegger's thought in relation to mysticism, traditional theology, ecology, psychotherapy, and the philosophy of language. The volume also contains the first in-depth study of what has been called Heidegger's second greatest work, the Beitrage zur Philosophie.

Platon-Handbuch

Leben – Werk – Wirkung

Author: Christoph Horn,Jörn Müller,Joachim Söder

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476043355

Category: Philosophy

Page: 561

View: 6356

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Das Handbuch bietet einen konzisen Überblick über Werk und Themen, es stellt Problemfelder (z.B. Ontologie, Kosmologie, Ästhetik, Moralphilosophie) und Begriffe (wie Idee, Tugend, Seele, Wahrheit) dar. Ein umfangreiches Kapitel widmet sich wichtigen Stationen der Wirkungsgeschichte (z.B. Neukantianismus, Analytische Platon-Rezeption). Die 2. Auflage wurde durchgesehen, aktualisiert und um einen Beitrag zur französischen Rezeption Platons nach dem 2. Weltkrieg erweitert. Platon ist einer der zentralen Klassiker der westlichen Philosophiegeschichte. Nach Alfred N. Whiteheads berühmten Ausspruch besteht die philosophische Tradition Europas aus einer Reihe von Fußnoten zu Platon.

Purposiveness

Teleology Between Nature and Mind

Author: Luca Illetterati,Francesca Michelini

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110321246

Category: Philosophy

Page: 219

View: 9351

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Since the rise of modern thought and natural science, teleological discourses have been banished as explanatory tools in natural investigations. The various contributions to this volume embrace the task of rethinking natural purposiveness in accordance with natural science. They set out from the issue of whether, and in which form, it is possible to talk of purposes in nature, without resorting to an account requesting some intentional agent. The legitimacy of such a notion as that of internal teleology has been addressed, together with the issue of what the term "internal" properly denotes. It is meant to be an alternative both to the position of those who assume that teleology in biology requires a dimension transcending nature itself and find in teleological language an argument for the Intelligent Designer, and to the stance of those who aim to eliminate teleology from scientific inquiry altogether.

The Cambridge Companion to Greek Mythology

Author: Roger D. Woodard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521845203

Category: History

Page: 536

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Professor Roger Woodard brings together a group of the world's most authoritative scholars of classical myth to present a thorough treatment of all aspects of Greek mythology. Sixteen original articles guide the reader through all aspects of the ancient mythic tradition and its influence around the world and in later years. The articles examine the forms and uses of myth in Greek oral and written literature, from the epic poetry of 8th century BC to the mythographic catalogues of the early centuries AD. They examine the relationship between myth, art, religion and politics among the ancient Greeks and its reception and influence on later society from the Middle Ages to present day literature, feminism and cinema. This Companion volume's comprehensive coverage makes it ideal reading for students of Greek mythology and for anyone interested in the myths of the ancient Greeks and their impact on western tradition.

Aristoteles-Handbuch

Leben – Werk – Wirkung

Author: Christof Rapp,Klaus Corcilius

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476053210

Category: Philosophy

Page: 542

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Aristoteles wurde geboren, arbeitete und starb. Mit diesen Worten begann Heidegger seine Vorlesung über Aristoteles. Über das Leben des Philosophen liegen uns nur wenige verlässliche Informationen vor, sein Werk ist jedoch im Wesentlichen überliefert. Er nahm damit maßgeblich Einfluss auf sämtliche Wissenschaften von der Philosophie und Literatur über die Biologie bis zur Kosmologie. Das Handbuch gibt Einblick in sämtliche Werke Aristoteles , behandelt ausführlich die Rezeption und macht mit wiederkehrenden Begriffen wie Glück, Tugend, Freundschaft, Polis und Verfassung vertraut.

Vorsokratiker

Author: Christof Rapp

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406547614

Category: Pre-Socratic philosophers

Page: 262

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The Cambridge Companion to the Hellenistic World

Author: Glenn R. Bugh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139827111

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3169

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This Companion volume offers fifteen original essays on the Hellenistic world and is intended to complement and supplement general histories of the period from Alexander the Great to Kleopatra VII of Egypt. Each chapter treats a different aspect of the Hellenistic world - religion, philosophy, family, economy, material culture, and military campaigns, among other topics. The essays address key questions about this period: To what extent were Alexander's conquests responsible for the creation of this new 'Hellenistic' age? What is the essence of this world and how does it differ from its Classical predecessor? What continuities and discontinuities can be identified? Collectively, the essays provide an in-depth view of a complex world. The volume also provides a bibliography on the topics along with recommendations for further reading.

The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Philosophy

Author: David Sedley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521775038

Category: Philosophy

Page: 396

View: 2041

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This volume does not aim to reveal all of the mysteries of ancient philosophy to the novice, but it does aim to equip that reader with enough background material that he will be able to enter that world. Twelve overviews, each written by an authority in that area of philosophy, guides the reader through the principal schools of thought and the ideas of their main proponents. Concepts are sometimes explained in tables and are always supported by extracts but the main attraction of this work is that the contributors explain in layman's terms the basic ideas of philosophy and discuss clearly the logic of the ancient arguments. The book gets off to a good start with David Sedley's introduction which argues that Greek and Roman philosophers were mainly concerned with two dilemmas: what is a good life and why doesn't the earth fall. Includes a useful glossary.