The chronicle of Theophanes Confessor

Byzantine and Near Eastern history, AD 284-813

Author: Theophanes (the Confessor),Roger Scott

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 744

View: 4465

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Theophanes the Confessor (d.818) was a Byzantine abbot who fell victim to the Iconoclastic persecution. The Chronicle that goes under his name, written in Greek, is here translated in full for the first time, together with an introduction and commentary. It provides a unique source for the history of the Byzantine Empire to AD 813, as well as the history of the Persians, Arabs, Bulgarians, and other neighboring peoples.

Die Eroberung von Damaskus

Quellenkritische Untersuchung zur Historiographie in klassisch-islamischer Zeit

Author: Jens Scheiner

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 904743028X

Category: Religion

Page: 832

View: 8583

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Using the method of of isn?d-cum-matn-analysis this book analyzes the approximately 1000 narratives on the conquest of Damascus. After the reconstruction of earlier versions, in part from the 8th century C.E., the course of the events is finally described. - Mit Hilfe der isn?d-cum-matn-Analyse werden die etwa 1000 Überlieferungen zur Eroberung von Damaskus in diesem Buch analysiert. Auf Grundlage der so rekonstruierten Versionen, die zum Teil aus dem 8. Jh. stammen, zeichnet diese Untersuchung den Verlauf der Eroberung nach.

Die Slaven im Mittelalter

Author: Eduard Mühle

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110490153

Category: History

Page: 56

View: 5256

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Medieval sources and modern medieval scholars speak of "Slavs" in many ways. Just what did medieval contemporaries mean when they wrote about "Slavs" or the "Land of the Slavs" and how can we meaningfully define these terms today? This essay questions whether this term used in diverse sources actually referred to any real entity or, if instead, it already served during the Middle Ages as an instrument for political and ideological agendas.

Jenseits der Grenzen

Beiträge zur spätantiken und frühmittelalterlichen Geschichtsschreibung

Author: Andreas Goltz,Hartmut Leppin,Heinrich Schlange-Schöningen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110216582

Category: History

Page: 375

View: 2210

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The process of transformation which saw the Byzantine Empire and the world of the Early Middle Ages develop from the Late Antique Imperium Romanum led to changes in all areas of life. The central topic of this volume of international contributions is the question of how the historiography of the period confronted these changes.

The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars AD 363-628

Author: Geoffrey Greatrex,Samuel N. C. Lieu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134756461

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 8182

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Late Antiquity was an eventful period on the eastern frontier of the Roman empire. From the failure of the Emperor Julian's invasion of Persia in 363 AD to the overwhelming victory of the Emperor Heraclius in 628, the Romans and Persians were engaged in almost constant conflict. This book, sequel to the volume covering the years 226-363 AD, provides translations of key texts on relations between the opposing sides, taken from a wide range of sources. Many have never before been available in a modern language, and all are fully set in context with expert commentary and extensive annotation. For more information please visit the author's supplementary website at http://aix1.uottawa.ca/~greatrex/ref.html

Lebanon

A History, 600 - 2011

Author: William Harris

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199986584

Category: Religion

Page: 400

View: 6360

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In this impressive synthesis, William Harris narrates the history of the sectarian communities of Mount Lebanon and its vicinity. He offers a fresh perspective on the antecedents of modern multi-communal Lebanon, tracing the consolidation of Lebanon's Christian, Muslim, and Islamic derived sects from their origins between the sixth and eleventh centuries. The identities of Maronite Christians, Twelver Shia Muslims, and Druze, the mountain communities, developed alongside assertions of local chiefs under external powers from the Umayyads to the Ottomans. The chiefs began interacting in a common arena when Druze lord Fakhr al-Din Ma'n achieved domination of the mountain within the Ottoman imperial framework in the early seventeenth century. Harris knits together the subsequent interplay of the elite under the Sunni Muslim Shihab relatives of the Ma'ns after 1697 with demographic instability as Maronites overtook Shia as the largest community and expanded into Druze districts. By the 1840s many Maronites conceived the common arena as their patrimony. Maronite/Druze conflict ensued. Modern Lebanon arose out of European and Ottoman intervention in the 1860s to secure sectarian peace in a special province. In 1920, after the Ottoman collapse, France and the Maronites enlarged the province into the modern country, with a pluralism of communal minorities headed by Maronite Christians and Sunni Muslims. The book considers the flowering of this pluralism in the mid-twentieth century, and the strains of new demographic shifts and of social resentment in an open economy. External intrusions after the 1967 Arab-Israeli war rendered Lebanon's contradictions unmanageable and the country fell apart. Harris contends that Lebanon has not found a new equilibrium and has not transcended its sects. In the early twenty-first century there is an uneasy duality: Shia have largely recovered the weight they possessed in the sixteenth century, but Christians, Sunnis, and Druze are two-thirds of the country. This book offers readers a clear understanding of how modern Lebanon acquired its precarious social intricacy and its singular political character.

Medieval Italy

An Encyclopedia

Author: Christopher Kleinhenz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135948801

Category: History

Page: 2160

View: 2175

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This Encyclopedia gathers together the most recent scholarship on Medieval Italy, while offering a sweeping view of all aspects of life in Italy during the Middle Ages. This two volume, illustrated, A-Z reference is a cross-disciplinary resource for information on literature, history, the arts, science, philosophy, and religion in Italy between A.D. 450 and 1375. For more information including the introduction, a full list of entries and contributors, a generous selection of sample pages, and more, visit the Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia website.

Life and Society in Byzantine Cappadocia

Author: Eric. Cooper,Michael J. Decker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137029641

Category: History

Page: 339

View: 3826

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This is the first in-depth historical study of Byzantine Cappadocia. The authors draw on extensive textual and archaeological materials to examine the nature and place of Cappadocia in the Byzantine Empire from the fourth through eleventh centuries.

Jacob of Edessa and the Syriac Culture of His Day

Author: R. B. ter Haar Romeny

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004173471

Category: Religion

Page: 311

View: 5836

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Jacob of Edessa (c.640-708) is considered the most learned Christian of the early days of Islam. In all fifteen contributions to this volume, written by prominent specialists, the interaction between Christianity, Judaism, and the new religion is an important issue. The articles discuss Jacoba (TM)s biography as well as his position in early Islamic Edessa, and give a full picture of the various aspects of Jacob of Edessaa (TM)s life and work as a scholar and clergyman. Attention is paid to his efforts in the fields of historiography, correspondence, canon law, text and interpretation of the Bible, language and translation, theology, philosophy, and science. The book, which marks the 1300th anniversary of Jacoba (TM)s death, also contains a bibliographical clavis.

The Sea and Civilization

A Maritime History of the World

Author: Lincoln Paine

Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd

ISBN: 1782393579

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 8869

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A monumental, wholly accessible work of scholarship that retells human history through the story of mankind's relationship with the sea. An accomplishment of both great sweep and illuminating detail, The Sea and Civilization is a stunning work of history that reveals in breathtaking depth how people first came into contact with one another by ocean and river, and how goods, languages, religions, and entire cultures spread across and along the world's waterways. Lincoln Paine takes us back to the origins of long-distance migration by sea with our ancestors' first forays from Africa and Eurasia to Australia and the Americas. He demonstrates the critical role of maritime trade to the civilizations of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, and the Indus Valley. He reacquaints us with the great seafaring cultures of antiquity like those of the Phoenicians and Greeks, as well as those of India, Southeast and East Asia who parlayed their navigational skills, shipbuilding techniques, and commercial acumen to establish vibrant overseas colonies and trade routes in the centuries leading up to the age of European overseas expansion. His narrative traces subsequent developments in commercial and naval shipping through the post-Cold War era. Above all, Paine makes clear how the rise and fall of civilizations can be traced to the sea.

Jenische, Sinti und Roma in der Schweiz

Author: Helena Kanyar-Becker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Minorities

Page: 183

View: 675

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In der Schweiz leben etwa 35000 Jenische und Sinti, entweder in einer eigenen Kommunität oder als unsere unauffälligen Nachbarn. Etwa 2500 von ihnen sind noch als Fahrende vom Frühling bis zum Herbst unterwegs. Ein Teil von ihnen ist in den traditionellen Berufen der Jenischen wie Scherenschleifer, Schirmflicker, Korbflechter oder Marktfahrer tätig; andere haben sich als Eisen-, Kleider-, Möbel- oder Teppichhändler etabliert. Rund 30000 Roma-Flüchtlinge aus Südosteuropa werden in einem langzeitigen Prozess in der Schweiz integriert. Die Aufarbeitung des düsteren Kapitels der Hilfsaktion Kinder der Landstrasse seit den siebziger Jahren hat die lange Geschichte der Diskriminierung der Jenischen, Sinti und Roma ins Bewusstsein der Schweizer Ã_ffentlichkeit gerückt. Mehrere Beiträge des Bandes befassen sich mit diesem Thema: Thomas Meier fasst den Stand der wissenschaftlichen Auseinandersetzung mit der Hilfsaktion von den aufrüttelnden Artikeln im Schweizerischen Beobachter von 1973 bis zum im Jahr 2000 bewilligten Nationalen Forschungsprogramm zusammen. Graziella Wenger schildert das erschütternde Schicksal eines Opfers der Hilfsaktion, ihres Bruders Andreas, und illustriert den Fall mit zahlreichen Dokumenten aus dem Schweizerischen Bundesarchiv. Neben dem Blick zurück auf diesen Versuch, die Kultur der Fahrenden in der Schweiz zu zerstören, befasst sich das Buch aber auch mit der gegenwärtigen Situation der Jenischen, Sinti und Roma in Alltag und Gesellschaft. So erklärt Venanz Nobel unter anderem, was Betonjenische sind, und Cristina Kruck schildert die lebendigen Traditionen und Bräuche der Roma. Die Jenischen haben sich heute in der Radgenossenschaft der Landstrasse politisch organisiert und arbeiten im Rahmen der Stiftung Zukunft für Schweizer Fahrende mit Vertretern der Behörden von Bund, Kantonen und Gemeinden zusammen. Ergänzt und illustriert werden die Beiträge mit Aufnahmen des Fotografen Urs Walder, der Jenische, Sinti und Roma seit 1987 auf vielen Reisen durch die Schweiz begleitet hat. Seine Fotoaufnahmen sind keine Illustrationen eines romantisierten «lustigen Zigeunerlebens», sondern zeigen ungeschönt den harten Alltag, aber auch das vielseitige kulturelle Leben der Fahrenden.Basler Beiträge zur GeschichtswissenschaftBegründet 1938 von E. Bonjour, W. Kaegi und F. Staehelin Weitergeführt von F. Graus, H. R. Guggisberg, H. Lüthy und M. Mattmüller Herausgegeben von K. v. Greyerz, H. Haumann, G. Kreis, W. Meyer, J. Mooser, A. v. Müller, C. Opitz, M. Schaffner und R. Wecker