Curious Case of Kiryas Joel

The Rise of a Village Theocracy and the Battle to Defend the Separation of Church and State

Author: Louis Grumet,John Caher,Judith Kaye

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 1613735030

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 347

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Twenty years ago, on the last day of session, the New York State Legislature created a publicly funded school district to cater to the interests of a religious sect called Kiryas Joel, an extremely insular group of Hasidic Jews. The sect had bought land in upstate New York, populated it solely with members of its faction, and created a village that exerted extraordinary political pressure over both political parties in the Legislature. Marking the first time in American history that a governmental unit was established for a religious group, the Legislature's action prompted years of litigation that eventually went to the Supreme Court. The 1994 case, The Board of Education of the Village of Kiryas Joel v. Grumet, stands as the most important legal precedent in the fight to uphold the separation of church and state. In The Curious Case of Kiryas Joel, plaintiff Louis Grumet opens a window onto the Satmar Hasidic community and details the inside story of his fight for the First Amendment. This story—a blend of politics, religion, cultural clashes, and constitutional tension—is an object lesson in the ongoing debate over freedom of vs. freedom from religion.

The Curious Case of Kiryas Joel

The Rise of a Village Theocracy and the Battle to Defend the Separation of Church and State

Author: Louis Grumet,John M. Caher

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 9781613735008

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9310

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Twenty years ago, in the middle of the night and on the last day of session, the New York State Legislature created a publicly funded school district to cater to the interests of a religious sect called Kiryas Joel, an extremely insular group of Hasidic Jews that objects to, among other things, female school bus drivers. The sect had bought land in rural upstate New York, populated it solely with members of its faction, and created a village that, voting as a bloc, exerted extraordinary political pressure over Governor Mario Cuomo and both political parties in the Legislature. Marking the first time in American history that a governmental unit was established for a religious group, the legislature’s action prompted years of litigation that eventually went to the Supreme Court. As today’s Court signals its willingness to view a religious viewpoint like any other speech and accord it equal protection, the 1994 case The Board of Education of the Village of Kiryas Joel v. Grumet stands as the most important legal precedent in the fight to uphold the separation of church and state. In The Curious Case of Kiryas Joel, plaintiff Louis Grumet opens a window onto the Satmar Hasidic community, where language, customs, and dress have led to a cultural estrangement from neighboring communities, and details the inside story of his fight for the First Amendment and against New York’s most powerful politicians, including his former mentor Mario Cuomo. Informed by key figures such as Governor George Pataki reflecting back on the case, media accounts, court transcripts, and more, The Curious Case of Kiryas Joel not only tantalizes with a peek at cynical power politics driven by votes and Supreme Court justice squabbling and negotiation; it provides an important demonstration of how a small, insular, and politically savvy religious group can grasp legal and political power. This story—a blend of politics, religion, cultural clashes, and constitutional tension—is an object lesson in the ongoing debate over freedom of vs. freedom from religion.

The Culture of Disbelief

How American Law and Politics Trivialize Religious Devotion

Author: Stephen L. Carter

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 1339

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Argues that the separation of church and state has unfortunately and unnecessarily led to a culture-wide trivialization of religious beliefs, forcing the devout to deny the importance of their beliefs

God Gave Me You

A True Story of Love, Loss, and a Heaven-Sent Miracle

Author: Tricia Seaman,Diane Nichols

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1501131958

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 6443

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Terminal cancer patient Trish Somers asks oncology nurse Tricia Seaman to care for her son.

Brave New Neighborhoods

The Privatization of Public Space

Author: Margaret Kohn

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415944632

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 6459

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Fighting for First Amendment rights is as popular a pastime as ever, but just because you can get on your soapbox doesn't mean anyone will be there to listen. Town squares have emptied out as shoppers decamp for the megamalls; gated communities keep pesky signature gathering activists away; even most internet chatrooms are run by the major media companies. Brave New Neighborhood sconsiders what can be done to protect and revitalize our public spaces.

Making the Grade

The Economic Evolution of American School Districts

Author: William A. Fischel

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226251314

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 6282

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A significant factor for many people deciding where to live is the quality of the local school district, with superior schools creating a price premium for housing. The result is a “race to the top,” as all school districts attempt to improve their performance in order to attract homebuyers. Given the importance of school districts to the daily lives of children and families, it is surprising that their evolution has not received much attention. In this provocative book, William Fischel argues that the historical development of school districts reflects Americans’ desire to make their communities attractive to outsiders. The result has been a standardized, interchangeable system of education not overly demanding for either students or teachers, one that involved parents and local voters in its governance and finance. Innovative in its focus on bottom-up processes generated by individual behaviors rather than top-down decisions by bureaucrats, Making the Grade provides a new perspective on education reform that emphasizes how public schools form the basis for the localized social capital in American towns and cities.

Property Law For Dummies

Author: Alan R. Romero

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118503228

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 9221

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The easy way to make sense of property law Understanding property law is vital for all aspiring lawyers and legal professionals, and property courses are foundational classes within all law schools. Property Law For Dummies tracks to a typical property law course and introduces you to property law and theory, exploring different types of property interests—particularly "real property." In approachable For Dummies fashion, this book gives you a better understanding of the important property law concepts and aids in the reading and analysis of cases, statutes, and regulations. Tracks to a typical property law course Plain-English explanations make it easier to grasp property law concepts Serves as excellent supplemental reading for anyone preparing for their state's Bar Exam The information in Property Law For Dummies benefits students enrolled in a property law course as well as non-students, landlords, small business owners, and government officials, who want to know more about the ins and outs property law.

Threading My Prayer Rug

One Woman's Journey from Pakistani Muslim to American Muslim

Author: Sabeeha Rehman

Publisher: Regnery Publishing

ISBN: 1628726660

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 1922

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ONE OF BOOKLIST'S TOP TEN RELIGION AND SPIRITUALITY BOOKS OF 2016 This enthralling story of the making of an American is also a timely meditation on being Muslim in America today. Threading My Prayer Rug is a richly textured reflection on what it is to be a Muslim in America today. It is also the luminous story of many journeys: from Pakistan to the United States in an arranged marriage that becomes a love match lasting forty years; from secular Muslim in an Islamic society to devout Muslim in a society ignorant of Islam, and from liberal to conservative to American Muslim; from student to bride and mother; and from an immigrant intending to stay two years to an American citizen, business executive, grandmother, and tireless advocate for interfaith understanding. Beginning with a sweetly funny, moving account of her arranged marriage, the author undercuts stereotypes and offers the refreshing view of an American life through Muslim eyes. In chapters leavened with humor, hope, and insight, she recounts an immigrant’s daily struggles balancing assimilation with preserving heritage, overcoming religious barriers from within and distortions of Islam from without, and confronting issues of raising her children as Muslims—while they lobby for a Christmas tree! Sabeeha Rehman was doing interfaith work for Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf, the driving force behind the Muslim community center at Ground Zero, when the backlash began. She discusses what that experience revealed about American society.

Fifty Shades of Oy Vey

A Parody

Author: E.L. Jamesbergstein

Publisher: Alfred A. Knish

ISBN: 0615864376

Category: Fiction

Page: 160

View: 7613

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"You couldn't put down the original, now pick up the Jewish version....It is sure to leave you verklempt with passion!" -- Jewitup.com You've read the books and seen the movie. Or maybe you'd rather not. Try the Jewish parody! It's so erotic you'll plotz. From the moment senior Anatevka Stein meets chubby bagel tycoon Chaim Silver, she is drawn to him. A mench like no other, he's brilliant, lecherous and reeking of herring, a combination she cannot resist. So what if he still lives with his mother? Chaim wants her too, though he wants her to sign a Kinky Ketubah drafted by his attorneys. What sexual techniques will Ana learn in his Blue Room of Broadloom and which delicatessen foods will be involved? Why is the first night of Passover with Chaim truly different from all other nights? And why does he play such sorrowful music on his accordion? Could it be the wedgies he received at Jewish summer camp? Erotic, exotic and Ashkenazic, this passionate love story will stay with you forever, not unlike a homemade matzah ball. Fifty Shades of Oy Vey: A Parody includes excerpts from Volume II: Fifty Shades Meshuggener and Volume III: Fifty Shades Fried Latkes. The book is intended for mature and somewhat immature readers.

Ghosts of the Desert

Author: Ryan Ireland

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780748213

Category: Fiction

Page: 304

View: 2268

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To escape his troubled past, Norman heads to the Utah desert to lose himself in work. Having just received a research grant he plans to study the ghost towns and now-obsolete mines littering the inhospitable landscape. But when he comes across a desert-dwelling group of outcasts, and is taken captive by their charismatic yet ever-watchful leader, he is introduced to an alternate way of life that both repulses and attracts him. As Norman struggles to find his place and make sense of this strange new world – with its perverse and unorthodox practices – he must decide whether to take his chances and run, or yield, and risk becoming one of those around him. Ireland’s refined and sparse prose cut through to the dark heart of the American dream in this chilling novel about the complex relationship between the primitive and the civilized, the living and the dead.

Spiritual Sobriety

Author: Elizabeth Esther

Publisher: Convergent Books

ISBN: 0307731898

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 192

View: 4750

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It's easy to get high on God in America. But is this good religion? In a compelling follow-up to her memoir, Girl at the End of the World, Elizabeth Esther explores how religious fervor can become religious addiction. The evidence is everywhere. In families who inexplicably choose to harm their children in order to abide by cultic church doctrine. But in ordinary believers too who use God the same way addicts use drugs or alcohol--to numb pain, alter their mood, or simply to escape the realities of this messy, unpredictable thing called life. If you've ever wondered how a religion that preaches freedom and love can produce judgmental and unkind followers; if you've ever felt captive to the demanding God of your own childhood; if you've struggled to find contentment without needing another emotional hit from a "life-changing" conference or "mountain-top" experience, then Spiritual Sobriety is for you. The author, who grew up in a hyper-controlling church cult, will help you find hope and rebirth in the ruins of disillusioned faith. Filled with stories and warm, practical advice, Spiritual Sobriety offers a gentle path out of the desperate cycles of craving-euphoria-hangover and into a freer, clean-and-sober faith practice.

American Public School Law

Author: Kern Alexander,M. David Alexander

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 049591049X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1184

View: 3157

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Alexander and Alexander’s best-selling AMERICAN PUBLIC SCHOOL LAW sets the standard for books in educational law, an increasingly vital area of expertise for today’s school and district administrators. Now in its Eighth Edition, this combined textbook/casebook provides an authoritative and comprehensive view of the law that governs the public school system of the United States, including common law, statutes, and constitutional laws as they affect students, teachers, and administrators. Featuring civil and criminal cases selected from hundreds of jurisdictions and newly updated to reflect the latest legal trends and precedents, the book reviews key laws and relevant court decisions. The case method offers ample opportunity for discussions aimed at discovering and exposing the underlying rules and reasoning, and the text actively encourages readers to relate factual situations to the law while anticipating similar experiences they may have as practicing teachers and administrators. Written in an engaging and accessible style, AMERICAN PUBLIC SCHOOL LAW, Eighth Edition, explains even complex points of law clearly and effectively for non-lawyers, and the authors maintain a diligent focus on the unique needs of professional educators preparing for successful careers in administration. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Separation of Church and State

Author: Philip HAMBURGER

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674038185

Category: Law

Page: 528

View: 5577

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In a powerful challenge to conventional wisdom, Philip Hamburger argues that the separation of church and state has no historical foundation in the First Amendment. The detailed evidence assembled here shows that eighteenth-century Americans almost never invoked this principle. Although Thomas Jefferson and others retrospectively claimed that the First Amendment separated church and state, separation became part of American constitutional law only much later. Hamburger shows that separation became a constitutional freedom largely through fear and prejudice. Jefferson supported separation out of hostility to the Federalist clergy of New England. Nativist Protestants (ranging from nineteenth-century Know Nothings to twentieth-century members of the K.K.K.) adopted the principle of separation to restrict the role of Catholics in public life. Gradually, these Protestants were joined by theologically liberal, anti-Christian secularists, who hoped that separation would limit Christianity and all other distinct religions. Eventually, a wide range of men and women called for separation. Almost all of these Americans feared ecclesiastical authority, particularly that of the Catholic Church, and, in response to their fears, they increasingly perceived religious liberty to require a separation of church from state. American religious liberty was thus redefined and even transformed. In the process, the First Amendment was often used as an instrument of intolerance and discrimination.

Hallelujah Trombone!

The Story of Henry Fillmore

Author: Paul E. Bierley

Publisher: Grupo Editorial Norma

ISBN: 9780825849664

Category: Composers

Page: 156

View: 5565

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Hasidic People

Author: Jerome Mintz

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674041097

Category: Social Science

Page: 446

View: 1640

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In this engrossing social history of the New York Hasidic community based on extensive interviews, observation, newspaper files, and court records, Jerome Mintz combines historical study with tenacious investigation to provide a vivid account of social and religious dynamics. Hasidic People takes the reader from the various neighborhood settlements through years of growth to today’s tragic incidents and conflicts. In an engaging style, rich with personal insight, Mintz invites us into this old world within the new, a way of life at once foreign and yet intrinsic to the American experience.

King of the Mountain

The Rise, Fall, and Redemption of Chief Judge Sol Wachtler

Author: John M. Caher

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781573921978

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 391

View: 9294

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Chronicles the fall of Sol Wachtler, a judge known for his landmark decisions regarding the right to die, free speech, and civil rights, after harassing his mistress with obscene letters and phone calls

Hasidic Williamsburg

A Contemporary American Hasidic Community

Author: George Kranzler

Publisher: Jason Aronson, Incorporated

ISBN: 1461734541

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 6788

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Hasidic Williamsburg recounts the dramatic emergence of this unique community in the face of major crises. It is the story of the loyalty of its members to their rebbes and their teachings and to the milieu they created in an old Jewish neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York. Based on his previous book Williamsburg: A Jewish Community in Transition, which reported the transformation of this moderately Orthodox Jewish community and its rise to prominence after the influx of numbers of refugees from Nazi persecution and the Holocaust, George Kranzler presents the findings of a decade of research into the survival and life-style of Hasidic Williamsburg as a functioning community. Hasidic Williamsburg portrays the desperate struggle and relentless efforts of its leaders, foremost among them the Rebbe of Satmar and other prominent hasidic rebbes, to stem the progressive disintegration of the Jewish neighborhood. It presents their valiant attempts to provide the vital resources for its survival in the face of persistent poverty and other grave problems and to develop programs that would secure the future of this unique hasidic community. Kranzler concludes with the assertion that at the beginning of the '90s its inhabitants are hopeful of being able to weather the present crisis and to continue to function as one of pluralist America's viable religious communities.

Unchosen

The Hidden Lives of Hasidic Rebels

Author: Hella Winston

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 0807036285

Category: Religion

Page: 216

View: 6272

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Honorable Mention in the 2012 Casey Medals for Meritorious Journalism When Hella Winston began talking with Hasidic Jews for her doctoral dissertation in sociology, she was excited to be meeting members of the highly insular Satmar sect. While several Jewish journalists and scholars have produced largely admiring books describing the Lubavitch way of life and that group's outreach efforts to unaffiliated Jews, very little has been written about the many other Hasidic sects in the United States. Unlike Lubavitchers, members of these other groups are raised to avoid all unnecessary contact with outside society, including contact with other Jews. Winston's access was all but unprecedented. As a nonobservant Jew with little prior exposure to the Hasidic world, she never could have guessed what would happen next-that she would be introduced, slowly and covertly, to Hasidim from Satmar and other sects who were deeply unhappy with their highly restrictive way of life and sometimes desperately struggling to leave their communities. First there was Yossi, a young man who, though deeply attached to the Hasidic culture in which he was raised, longed for a life with fewer restrictions and more tolerance. Yossi's efforts at making such a life, however, were being severely hampered by his fourth grade English and math skills, his profound ignorance of the ways of the outside world, and the looming threat that pursuing his desires would almost certainly lead to rejection by his family and friends. Then she met Dini, a young wife and mother whose decision to deviate even slightly from Hasidic standards of modesty led to threatening phone calls from anonymous men, warning her that she needed to watch the way she was dressing if she wanted to remain a part of the community. Someone else introduced Winston to Steinmetz, a closet bibliophile worked in a small Judaica store in his community and spent his days off anxiously evading discovery in the library of the Conservative Jewish Theological Seminary, whose shelves contain non-Hasidic books he is forbidden to read but nonetheless devours, often several at a sitting. There were others still who had actually made the wrenching decision to leave their communities altogether. Already called a "must read" by Hasidic blogger "Shtreimel," Unchosen tells the fascinating stories of these and other rebel Hasidim, serious questioners who long for greater personal and intellectual freedom than their communities allow. In so doing, Unchosen forces us to reexamine the history of these communities and asks us to consider what we choose not to see when we romanticize them. From the Hardcover edition.

Figures of Speech

First Amendment Heroes and Villains

Author: William Turner

Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers

ISBN: 1609944658

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 5021

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Recounting controversial First Amendment cases from the Red Scare era to Citizens United, William Bennett Turner—a Berkeley law professor who has argued three cases before the Supreme Court—shows how we’ve arrived at our contemporary understanding of free speech. His strange cast of heroes and villains, some drawn from cases he has litigated, includes Communists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Ku Klux Klansmen, the world’s leading pornographer, prison wardens, dogged reporters, federal judges, a computer whiz, and a countercultural comedian. This is a fascinating look at how the scope of our First Amendment freedoms has evolved and the colorful characters behind some of the most important legal decisions of modern times. “Turner tells fascinating stories of unlikely heroes and explains difficult legal issues clearly and concisely, educating and entertaining at the same time.”—Elizabeth Farnsworth, The PBS News Hour