The Dawn of Tibet

The Ancient Civilization on the Roof of the World

Author: John Vincent Bellezza

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442234628

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 8887

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This unique book reveals the existence of an advanced civilization where none was known before, presenting an entirely new perspective on the culture and history of Tibet. In his groundbreaking study of an epic period in Tibet few people even knew existed, John Vincent Bellezza details the discovery of an ancient people on the most desolate reaches of the Tibetan plateau, revolutionizing our ideas about who Tibetans really are. While many associate Tibet with Buddhism, it was also once a land of warriors and chariots, whose burials included megalithic arrays and golden masks. This first Tibetan civilization, known as Zhang Zhung, was a cosmopolitan one with links extending across Eurasia, bringing it in line with many of the major cultural innovations of the Late Bronze Age and Iron Age. Based on decades of research, The Dawn of Tibet draws on a rich trove of archaeological, textual, and ethnographic materials collected and analyzed by the author. Bellezza describes the vast network of castles, temples, megaliths, necropolises, and rock art established on the highest and now depopulated part of the Tibetan plateau. He relates literary tales of priests and priestesses, horned deities, and the celestial afterlife to the actual archaeological evidence, providing a fascinating perspective on the origins and development of civilization. The story builds to the present by following the colorful culture of the herders of Upper Tibet, an ancient people whose way of life is endangered by modern development. Tracing Bellezza’s epic journeys across lands where few Westerners have ventured, this book provides a compelling window into the most inaccessible reaches of Tibet and a civilization that flourished long before Buddhism took root.

Food of Sinful Demons

Meat, Vegetarianism, and the Limits of Buddhism in Tibet

Author: Geoffrey Barstow

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231542305

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 794

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Tibetan Buddhism teaches compassion toward all beings, a category that explicitly includes animals. Slaughtering animals is morally problematic at best and, at worst, completely incompatible with a religious lifestyle. Yet historically most Tibetans—both monastic and lay—have made meat a regular part of their diet. In this study of the place of vegetarianism within Tibetan religiosity, Geoffrey Barstow explores the tension between Buddhist ethics and Tibetan cultural norms to offer a novel perspective on the spiritual and social dimensions of meat eating. Food of Sinful Demons shows the centrality of vegetarianism to the cultural history of Tibet through specific ways in which nonreligious norms and ideals shaped religious beliefs and practices. Barstow offers a detailed analysis of the debates over meat eating and vegetarianism, from the first references to such a diet in the tenth century through the Chinese invasion in the 1950s. He discusses elements of Tibetan Buddhist thought—including monastic vows, the Buddhist call to compassion, and tantric antinomianism—that see meat eating as morally problematic. He then looks beyond religious attitudes to examine the cultural, economic, and environmental factors that oppose the Buddhist critique of meat, including Tibetan concepts of medicine and health, food scarcity, the display of wealth, and idealized male gender roles. Barstow argues that the issue of meat eating was influenced by a complex interplay of factors, with religious perspectives largely supporting vegetarianism while practical concerns and secular ideals pulled in the other direction. He concludes by addressing the surge in vegetarianism in contemporary Tibet in light of evolving notions of Tibetan identity and resistance against the central Chinese state. The first book to discuss this complex issue, Food of Sinful Demons is essential reading for scholars interested in Tibetan religion, history, and culture as well as global food history.

AHP 45 REVIEWS 2017

ASIAN HIGHLANDS PERSPECTIVES VOLUME 45

Author: N.A

Publisher: ASIAN HIGHLANDS PERSPECTIVES

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 9517

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YESTERDAY'S TRIBE Reviewed: Kelsang Norbu; MY TWO FATHERS Reviewed: Sangs rgyas bkra shis; SMUG PA and CHU MIG DGU SGRI Reviewed: Konchok Gelek; KLU 'BUM MI RGOD Reviewed: Pad+ma rig 'dzin; PHYUR BA Reviewed: 'Brug mo skyid; TIBET'S BELOVED CHILD; Reviewed: Rinchenkhar; THE RISE OF GÖNPO NAMGYEL; Reviewed: Amy Holmes-Tagchungdarpa; IMAG(IN)ING THE NAGAS Reviewed: Mark Bender; THE DAWN OF TIBET Reviewed: Ivette M. Vargas-O'Bryan and Chelsea McGill; BRIGHT BLUE HIGHLAND BARLEY Reviewed: Limusishiden; A CACTUS OF TEARS and THE TUYUHUN KINGDOM Reviewed: Wu Jing; A CHANGE IN WORLDS Reviewed: Bill Bleisch; TIBETAN LITERARY GENRES Reviewed: Tricia Kehoe; LANGUAGE IN AN AMDO TIBETAN VILLAGE Reviewed: Zoe Tribur; EARLY CARPETS AND TAPESTRIES Reviewed: Juha Komppa; FOUNDING AN EMPIRE 1790-1840 Reviewed: Hilary Howes; CHINESE MUSLIMS Reviewed: Bianca Horlemann; THARLO and THE SACRED ARROW Reviewed: Khashem Gyal; RIVER Reviewed: Phun tshogs dbang rgyal; and AMNYE MACHEN MOUNTAIN CIRCUMAMBULATION Reviewed: Bill Bleisch. Contents Book Reviews 9-15 Yesterday's Tribe Reviewed by Kelsang Norbu 16-38 My Two Fathers Reviewed by Sangs rgyas bkra shis 39-45 Smug pa Reviewed by Konchok Gelek 46-50 Chu mig dgu sgri Reviewed by Konchok Gelek 51-65 Klu 'bum mi rgod Reviewed by Pad+ma rig 'dzin 66-72 Phyur ba Reviewed by 'Brug mo skyid 73-87 Tibet's Beloved Child Reviewed by Rinchenkhar 88-92 The Rise of Gönpo Namgyel in Kham Reviewed by Amy Holmes-Tagchungdarpa 93-97 Imag(in)ing the Nagas Reviewed by Mark Bender 98-104 The Dawn of Tibet Reviewed by Ivette M. Vargas-O'Bryan 105-110 The Dawn of Tibet Reviewed by Chelsea McGill 111-121 Bright Blue Highland Barley Reviewed by Limusishiden 122-131 A Cactus of Tears and The Tuyuhun Kingdom Reviewed by Wu Jing 132-144 A Change in Worlds on the Sino-Tibetan Borderlands Reviewed by Bill Bleisch 145-149 Tibetan Literary Genres, Texts, and Text Types Reviewed by Tricia Kehoe 150-158 Language Variation and Change in an Amdo Tibetan Village: Gender, Education and Resistance Reviewed by Zoe Tribur 159-171 Early Carpets and Tapestries on the Eastern Silk Road Reviewed by Juha Komppa 172-180 Founding an Empire on India's North-Eastern Frontiers 1790-1840 Reviewed by Hilary Howes 181-185 Chinese Muslims and the Global Ummah Reviewed by Bianca Horlemann Film Reviews 187-209 Tharlo and The Sacred Arrow Reviewed by Khashem Gyal 210-220 River Reviewed by Phun tshogs dbang rgyal 221-224 Amnye Machen Mountain Circumambulation Reviewed by Bill Bleisch

Cultural and Spiritual Significance of Nature in Protected Areas

Governance, Management and Policy

Author: Bas Verschuuren,Steve Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351609319

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 3550

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Cultural and spiritual bonds with ‘nature’ are among the strongest motivators for nature conservation; yet they are seldom taken into account in the governance and management of protected and conserved areas. The starting point of this book is that to be sustainable, effective and equitable, approaches to the management and governance of these areas need to engage with people’s deeply held cultural, spiritual, personal and community values, alongside inspiring action to conserve biological, geological and cultural diversity. Since protected area management and governance have traditionally been based on scientific research, a combination of science and spirituality can engage and empower a variety of stakeholders from different cultural and religious backgrounds. As evidenced in this volume stakeholders range from indigenous peoples and local communities, to those following mainstream religion and those representing the wider public. The authors argue that the scope of protected area management and governance needs to be extended to acknowledge the rights, responsibilities, obligations and aspirations of stakeholder groups, and recognise the cultural and spiritual significance that ‘nature’ holds. The book also has direct practical applications. These follow the IUCN Best Practice Guidelines for protected and conserved area managers and present a wide range of case studies from around the world, including Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe and the Americas.

At Nature’s Edge

The Global Present and Long-Term History

Author: Gunnel Cederlöf,Mahesh Rangarajan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019909389X

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 4659

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In an epoch when environmental issues make the headlines, this is a work that goes beyond the everyday. Ecologies as diverse as the Himalayas and the Indian Ocean coast, the Negev desert and the former military bases of Vietnam, or the Namib desert and the east African savannah all have in common a long-time human presence and the many ways people have modified nature. With research covering countries from Asia, Africa, and Australia, the authors come together to ask how and why human impacts on nature have grown in scale and pace from a long pre-history. The chapters in this volume illumine specific patterns and responses across time, going beyond an overt centring of the European experience. The tapestry of life and the human reshaping of environments evoke both concern and hope, making it vital to understand when, why, and how we came to this particular turn in the road. Eschewing easy labels and questioning eurocentrism in today’s climate vocabulary, this is a volume that will stimulate rethinking among scholars and citizens alike.

Compton's Pictured Encyclopedia

To Inspire Ambition, to Stimulate the Imagination, to Provide the Inquiring Mind with Accurate Information Told in an Interesting Style, and Thus Lead Into Broader Fields of Knowledge, Such is the Purpose of this Work

Author: Guy Stanton Ford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page: N.A

View: 2082

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Sapiens

A Brief History of Humankind

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062316109

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 9343

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New York Times Bestseller A Summer Reading Pick for President Barack Obama, Bill Gates, and Mark Zuckerberg From a renowned historian comes a groundbreaking narrative of humanity’s creation and evolution—a #1 international bestseller—that explores the ways in which biology and history have defined us and enhanced our understanding of what it means to be “human.” One hundred thousand years ago, at least six different species of humans inhabited Earth. Yet today there is only one—homo sapiens. What happened to the others? And what may happen to us? Most books about the history of humanity pursue either a historical or a biological approach, but Dr. Yuval Noah Harari breaks the mold with this highly original book that begins about 70,000 years ago with the appearance of modern cognition. From examining the role evolving humans have played in the global ecosystem to charting the rise of empires, Sapiens integrates history and science to reconsider accepted narratives, connect past developments with contemporary concerns, and examine specific events within the context of larger ideas. Dr. Harari also compels us to look ahead, because over the last few decades humans have begun to bend laws of natural selection that have governed life for the past four billion years. We are acquiring the ability to design not only the world around us, but also ourselves. Where is this leading us, and what do we want to become? Featuring 27 photographs, 6 maps, and 25 illustrations/diagrams, this provocative and insightful work is sure to spark debate and is essential reading for aficionados of Jared Diamond, James Gleick, Matt Ridley, Robert Wright, and Sharon Moalem.

Heart of Asia

Memoirs from the Himalayas

Author: Nicholas Roerich

Publisher: Inner Traditions / Bear & Co

ISBN: 9780892813025

Category: History

Page: 145

View: 5325

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Roerich recounts his journeys to more than fifty monasteries and his meetings with lamas eager to share their spiritual insights and heritage with the Western world. Included are dramatic episodes of snow blindness, mountain floods, and mysterious electrical phenomena, as well as intimate depictions of daily life in the rigorous yet beautiful Himalayan environment.

Tibet

A History

Author: Sam van Schaik

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300154046

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 2091

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Presents a comprehensive history of the country, from its beginnings in the seventh century, to its rise as a Buddhist empire in medieval times, to its conquest by China in 1950, and subsequent rule by the Chinese.

Rolamba

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civilization, Hindu

Page: N.A

View: 4305

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The New Buddhism

The Western Transformation of an Ancient Tradition

Author: James William Coleman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195152418

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 828

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In our multicultural society, faiths formerly seen as exotic have become attractive alternatives for people seeking more satisfying spiritual lives. This is especially true of Buddhism, which is the focus of constant media attention--thanks at least in part to celebrity converts and the popularity of the Dalai Lama. Following this recent trend in the West, author James Coleman argues that a new and radically different form of this ancient faith is emerging. Exploring the appeal of this exotic faith in postmodern society and questioning its future in a global consumer culture, The New Buddhism provides a thorough and fascinating guide to Western Buddhism today.

Seven Years in Tibet

Author: Heinrich Harrer

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101135563

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 368

View: 7326

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In this vivid memoir that has sold millions of copies worldwide, Heinrich Harrer recounts his adventures as one of the first Europeans ever to enter Tibet. Harrer was traveling in India when the Second World War erupted. He was subsequently seized and imprisoned by British authorities. After several attempts, he escaped and crossed the rugged, frozen Himalayas, surviving by duping government officials and depending on the generosity of villagers for food and shelter.Harrer finally reached his ultimate destination-the Forbidden City of Lhasa-without money, or permission to be in Tibet. But Tibetan hospitality and his own curious appearance worked in Harrer?s favor, allowing him unprecedented acceptance among the upper classes. His intelligence and European ways also intrigued the young Dalai Lama, and Harrer soon became His Holiness?s tutor and trusted confidant. When the Chinese invaded Tibet in 1950, Harrer and the Dalai Lama fled the country together. This timeless story illuminates Eastern culture, as well as the childhood of His Holiness and the current plight of Tibetans. It is a must-read for lovers of travel, adventure, history, and culture. A motion picture, under the direction of Jean-Jacques Annaud, will feature Brad Pitt in the lead role of Heinrich Harrer.