The Voyage of the Beagle

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Wordsworth Editions

ISBN: 9781853264764

Category: Science

Page: 480

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Darwin's notes from his 1831 trip provide an account of the HMS "Beagle" and the first hints of his theory of evolution and natural selection

The Descent of Man

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848705616

Category: Science

Page: 1065

View: 3635

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In The Descent of ManDarwin addresses many of the issues raised by his notorious Origin of Species: finding in the traits and instincts of animals the origins of the mental abilities of humans, of language, of our social structures and our moral capacities, he attempts to show that there is no clear dividing line between animals and humans. Most importantly, he accounts for what Victorians called the ‘races’ of mankind by means of what he calls sexual selection. This book presents a full explanation of Darwin’s ideas about sexual selection, including his belief that many important characteristics of human beings and animals have emerged in response to competition for mates. This was a controversial work. Yet Darwin tried hard to avoid being branded as a radical revolutionary. He is steeped in Victorian sensibilities regarding gender and cultural differences: he sees human civilization as a move from barbarous savagery to modern gentlefolk, and women as more emotional and less intellectual than men, thus providing a biological basis for the social assumptions and prejudices of the day. The Descent of Man played a major role in the emergence of social Darwinism. This complete version of the first edition gives the modern reader an unparalleled opportunity to engage directly with Darwin’s proposals, launched in the midst of continuing controversy over On the Origin of Species. Janet Browne is the author of the prize-winning biography, Charles Darwin: Voyagingand Charles Darwin: The Power of Place.

The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 433

View: 5169

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Offers an accessible new version of Darwin's controversial sequel to The Origin of Species, originally published in 1871, and its theories in terms of the issue of human evolution, the link between human beings and apes, and its proposition that female choice among competing males leads to diverging racial characteristics. Original. 20,000 first printing.

Sexual Selection And the Descent of Man

The Darwinian Pivot

Author: Bernard Grant Campbell

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202368863

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 6175

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Just over one hundred and thirty years ago Charles Darwin, in The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871), developed remarkably accurate conclusions about man's ancestry, based on a review of general comparative anatomy and psychology in which he regarded sexual selection as a necessary part of the evolutionary process. But the attention of biologists turned to the more general concept of natural selection, in which sexual selection plays a complex role that has been little understood. This volume significantly broadens the scope of modern evolutionary biology by looking at this important and long neglected concept of great importance. In this book, which is the first full discussion of sexual selection since 1871, leading biologists bring modern genetic theory and behavior observation to bear on the subject. The distinguished authors consider many aspects of sexual selection in many species, including man, within the context of contemporary evolutionary theory and research. The result is a remarkably original and well-rounded view of the whole concept that will be invaluable especially to students of evolution and human sexual behavior. The lucid authority of the contributors and the importance of the topic will interest all who share in man's perennial fascination with his own history. The book will be of central importance to a wide variety of professionals, including biologists, anthropologists, and geneticists. It will be an invaluable supplementary text for courses in vertebrate biology, theory of evolution, genetics, and physical anthropology. It is especially important with the emergence of alternative explanations of human development, under the rubric of creationism and doctrines of intelligent design. Bernard G. Campbell is professor of anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Born in Weybridge, England, he received his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge in 1957, and has been a lecturer in anthropology at Cambridge and Harvard Universities. Among his many contributions to the field of anthropology is Human Evolution: An Introduction to Man's Adaptations.

On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (World Classics, Unabridged)

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789386101334

Category:

Page: 298

View: 6927

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On the Origin of Species, published on 24 November 1859, is a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin which is considered to be the foundation ofevolutionary biology. Its full title was On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. Darwin's book introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection. It presented a body of evidence that the diversity of life arose by common descent through a branching pattern of evolution. Darwin included evidence that he had gathered on the Beagle expedition in the 1830s and his subsequent findings from research, correspondence, and experimentation.

The World of Animals

An Anthology of Lore, Legend, and Literature

Author: Joseph Wood Krutch

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412843308

Category: Social Science

Page: 540

View: 9455

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This collection of writings selected from a vast literature about animals contributes something to an over-all picture of human beings' relations with and attitudes toward the animal kingdom.

Darwin in Atlantic Cultures

Evolutionary Visions of Race, Gender, and Sexuality

Author: Jeannette Eileen Jones,Patrick B. Sharp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135178739

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 8146

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This collection is an interdisciplinary edited volume that examines the circulation of Darwinian ideas in the Atlantic space as they impacted systems of Western thought and culture. Specifically, the book explores the influence of the principle tenets of Darwinism -- such as the theory of evolution, the ape-man theory of human origins, and the principle of sexual selection -- on established transatlantic intellectual traditions and cultural practices. In doing so, it pays particular attention to how Darwinism reconfigured discourses on race, gender, and sexuality in a transnational context. Covering the period from the publication of The Origin of Species (1859) to 1933, when the Nazis (National Socialist Party) took power in Germany, the essays demonstrate the dissemination of Darwinian thought in the Western world in an unprecedented commerce of ideas not seen since the Protestant Reformation. Learned societies, literary groups, lyceums, and churches among other sites for public discourse sponsored lectures on the implications of Darwin’s theory of evolution for understanding the very ontological codes by which individuals ordered and made sense of their lives. Collectively, these gatherings reflected and constituted what the contributing scholars to this volume view as the discursive power of the cultural politics of Darwinism.

The Descent of Darwin

The Popularization of Darwinism in Germany, 1860-1914

Author: Alfred Kelly

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469610132

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 4083

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In Germany, more than anywhere else, Darwinism was a sensational success. Setting his analysis against the background of popular science, Kelly follows popular Darwinism as it permeated education, religion, politics, and social thought in Germany. He explains how the popularizers changed Darwin's thought in subtle ways and how these changes colored their perceptions of Darwinism. Among the first purveyors of mass culture, the Germans provide valuable clues as to how seminal ideas move through a society. Originally published in 1981. A UNC Press Enduring Edition -- UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.

New and Selected Poems, 1956-1996

Author: Philip Appleman

Publisher: University of Arkansas Press

ISBN: 9781557284204

Category: Poetry

Page: 264

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Poems discuss the lessons that can be learned from everyday life, evolution, Bible stories, and other subjects

On the Origin of Species

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191607673

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 2709

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'can we doubt ... that individuals having any advantage, however slight, over others, would have the best chance of surviving and of procreating their kind?' In the Origin of Species (1859) Darwin challenged many of the most deeply held beliefs of the Western world. His insistence on the immense length of the past and on the abundance of life-forms, present and extinct, dislodged man from his central position in creation and called into question the role of the Creator. He showed that new species are achieved by natural selection, and that absence of plan is an inherent part of the evolutionary process. Darwin's prodigious reading, experimentation, and observations on his travels fed into his great work, which draws on material from the Galapagos Islands to rural Staffordshire, from English back gardens to colonial encounters. The present edition provides a detailed and accessible discussion of his theories and adds an account of the immediate responses to the book on publication. The resistances as well as the enthusiasms of the first readers cast light on recent controversies, particularly concerning questions of design and descent. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

The Power of Movement in Plants

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3864034132

Category:

Page: 604

View: 7721

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This book is part of the TREDITION CLASSICS series. The creators of this series are united by passion for literature and driven by the intention of making all public domain books available in printed format again - worldwide. At tredition we believe that a great book never goes out of style. Several mostly non-profit literature projects provide content to tredition. To support their good work, tredition donates a portion of the proceeds from each sold copy. As a reader of a TREDITION CLASSICS book, you support our mission to save many of the amazing works of world literature from oblivion.

Close Encounters of the Invasive Kind

Imperial History in Selected British Novels of Alien-encounter Science Fiction After World War II

Author: Sarah Seymore

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 364390391X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 290

View: 4885

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Before the breakthrough of postcolonial studies, British science-fiction authors already saw the opportunity to discuss political and ethical issues of imperialism by projecting human history and behavior onto the alien 'Other.' In this thesis, the case studies of 15 novels of alien-encounter science fiction illuminate the treatment of colonial and postcolonial concepts - such as colonialism, neo-colonialism, Empire, paternalism, hybridity, mimicry and science and technology - as a means of conquest and resistance. The analysis also shows that the Empire is still a vital background for British science fiction. Thesis. (Series: Anglistik / Amerikanistik; English / American Studies - Vol. 35)

The Sopranos and Philosophy

I Kill Therefore I Am

Author: Richard Greene,Peter Vernezze

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 0812698088

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 7384

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This collection of essays by philosophers who are also fans does a deep probe of the Sopranos, analyzing the adventures and personalities of Tony, Carmella, Livia, and the rest of television's most irresistible mafia family for their metaphysical, epistemological, value theory, eastern philosophical, and contemporary postmodern possibilities. No prior philosophical qualificationsor mob connections are required to enjoy these musings, which are presented with the same vibrancy and wit that have made the show such a hit.

Darwin

Portrait of a Genius

Author: Paul Johnson

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101601159

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 176

View: 2791

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Eminent historian Paul Johnson provides a rich, succinct portrait of Charles Darwin Charles Darwin is arguably the most influential scientist of all time. His Origin of Species forever changed our concept of the world’s creation. Darwin’s revolutionary career is the perfect vehicle for historian Paul Johnson. Marked by the insightful observation, spectacular wit, and highly readable prose for which Johnson is so well regarded, Darwin brings the gentleman-scientist and his times brilliantly into focus. From Darwin’s birth into great fortune to his voyage aboard the Beagle, to the long-delayed publication of his masterpiece, Johnson delves into what made this Victorian gentleman into a visionary scientist—and into the tragic flaws that later led Darwin to support the burgeoning eugenics movement. Johnson’s many admirers as well as history and science buffs will be grateful for this superb account of Darwin and the everlasting impact of his discoveries.

The Origin of Species

The Five Foot Shelf of Classics, Vol. XI (in 51 Volumes)

Author: Charles Darwin

Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

ISBN: 1616401257

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 560

View: 3870

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Originally published between 1909 and 1917 under the name "Harvard Classics," this stupendous 51-volume set-a collection of the greatest writings from literature, philosophy, history, and mythology-was assembled by American academic CHARLES WILLIAM ELIOT (1834-1926), Harvard University's longest-serving president. Also known as "Dr. Eliot's Five Foot Shelf," it represented Eliot's belief that a basic liberal education could be gleaned by reading from an anthology of works that could fit on five feet of bookshelf. Volume XI features the revolutionary work of scientific philosophy from English scientist, naturalist, and geologist CHARLES DARWIN (1809-1882). First published in 1859, On the Origin of Species is the seminal work of modern biology, positing the mechanism by which evolution operates... as easily observed even in Darwin's time in the breeding of farm animals, and as confirmed today through numerous lines of scientific inquiry. One of the most important books ever written, it transformed our understanding of the planet and our place on it.

Evil: A History in Modern French Literature and Thought

Author: Damian Catani

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441184902

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 240

View: 9540

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In this original interdisciplinary approach to evil in modern Frenchliterature, Damian Catani shows how literary representations of evil arecrucial to understanding our contemporary moral and political climate. Catani creates a balancedconceptual and ethical framework to read the work of major French writers andthinkers. His close readings of texts are informed not only by philosophicaldefinitions of evil, but discussions ofthe historical context. Beginning with Balzacand Baudelaire in the Restoration, Catani covers 19th-centuryinterpretations of evil in the work of Lautréamont and Zola, analysing how theCatholic misogynistic stereotype of the 'evil feminine' and new scientifictheories impacted their work. Moving into the twentieth century, evil isexplored in terms of the Self, ennui, power, knowledge and politics throughreadings of Proust, Céline, Satre and Foucault.By bringing together aesthetic,philosophical, historical and ideological concerns to read some of the mostimportant texts in modern literature, this study argues why a broadertreatment of literary evils is vital to enlightening historical evils.

Black Salt

Seafarers of African Descent on British Ships

Author: Ray Costello

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 1781388946

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 596

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During the Age of Sail, black seamen could be found in many shipboard roles in the Royal Navy, such as gunners, deck-hands and 'top men', working at heights in the rigging. In the later Age of Steam, black seamen were more likely to be found on merchantmen below deck; as cooks, stewards and stokers. Nevertheless, the navy was possibly a unique institution in that black and white could work alongside each other more than in any other occupation. In this fascinating work, Dr. Ray Costello examines the work and experience of seamen of African descent in Britain's navy, from impressed slaves to free Africans, British West Indians, and British-born Black sailors. Seamen from the Caribbean and directly from Africa have contributed to both the British Royal Navy and Merchant Marine from at least the Tudor period and by the end of the period of the British Slave Trade at least three percent of all crewmen were black mariners. Black sailors signed off in British ports helped the steady growth of a black population. In spite of racial prejudice in port, relationships were forged between sailors of different races which frequently ignored expected norms when working and living together in the isolated world of the ship. Black seamen on British ships have served as by no means a peripheral force within the British Royal and Mercantile navies and were not only to be found working in both the foreground and background of naval engagements throughout their long history, but helping to ensure the supply of foodstuffs and the necessities of life to Britain. Their experiences span the gamut of sorrow and tragedy, heroism, victory and triumph.