The Economics of Asymmetric Information

Author: Brian Hillier

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349254851

Category: Economics

Page: 208

View: 4103

This book presents recent developments in the economics of asymmetric information. The problems of selection and moral hazard, with hidden actions or hidden information, are introduced by examining how they affect the market for investment finance. The ideas are then used to analyse the market for insurance, signalling and screening models of education, efficiency wages, industrial regulation, public procurement and auctions. Coverage is thorough while avoiding excessive mathematical detail. Diagrams and verbal reasoning make the ideas accessible to intermediate level undergraduate students and beyond.

Asymmetric Information in Financial Markets

Introduction and Applications

Author: Ricardo N. Bebczuk

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521797320

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 159

View: 7186

Examination of the features and implications of asymmetric information in financial markets.

An Introduction to the Economics of Information

Incentives and Contracts

Author: Inés Macho-Stadler,J. David Pérez-Castrillo

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199243259

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 287

View: 8901

In this revised second edition, An Introduction to the Economics of Information covers the consequences for the character and efficiency of the interaction between individuals and organizations when one party has more or better information on some aspect of the relationship. This is the condition of asymmetric information, under which the information gap will be exploited if, by doing so, the better-informed party can achieve some advantage. The book is written for a one-semester course for advanced undergraduates taking specialized course options, and for first-year postgraduate students of economics or business. After an introduction to the subject and the presentation of a benchmark model in which both parties share the same information throughout the relationship, chapters are devoted to the three main asymmetric information topics of Moral Hazard, Adverse Selection, and Signalling. The wide range of economic situations where the conclusions are applied includes such areas as finance, regulation, insurance, labour economics, health economics, and even politics. Each chapter presents the basic theory before moving on to applications and advanced topics. The problems are presented in the same framework throughout to allow easy comparison of the different results. This new edition incorporates extended exercises to test the student's understanding of the material, and to develop the tools and skills provided by the main text to solve other, original problems.

The Core of Economies with Asymmetric Information

Author: Ulrich Schwalbe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642584772

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 147

View: 6550

and should therefore constitute a part of every area of economic 3 theory. The spectrum covered by information economics today ranges from Stigler's search theory4 to industrial economics, including oligopoly theory, innovation, as well as research and develop 5 ment. However, the area information economics is most closely connected with is the theory of optimal contracts, mainly ana 6 lyzed in principal-agent models. Contract theory deals primar ily with the question of how optimal arrangements (contracts) for the purchase and sale of commodities and services between two or more agents should be structured. In these models, it is often assumed that the parties to the contract are informed differently or asymmetrically about relevant variables (e. g. the health of one party in the case of insurance contracts, or the effort in relation to employment contracts). As a result of this asymmetric in formation, phenomena such as moral hazard, adverse selection, signaling, and screening may arise. Frequently, results from con tract theory are referred to when making statements about the effects of asymmetric information on an economy. Models of this kind are often used to explain phenomena such as fixed wages or unemployment, among others. 7 However, such conclusions must be treated with caution for two reasons. In the first place, in these models, a contract (explicit or implicit) is determined by the solution of an optimization prob lem.

Quality Uncertainty and Perception

Information Asymmetry and Management of Quality Uncertainty and Quality Perception

Author: Lalit Wankhade,Balaji Dabade

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783790821956

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 115

View: 2864

It has been observed that the studies of quality are pursued in various disciplines like economics, quality management, and marketing science, and are seen isolated. The treatments imparted to these studies are also different and has the backdrop of discipline in which the work has been pursued. The nature of isolation is equally seen when quality uncertainty and perceived quality were pursued separately without showing any inkling that these can be complimentary. Economist and Nobel Laureate, Akerlof (1970), wrote a seminal piece “The market for lemons: quality uncertainty and market mechanism”, where he described quality uncertainty due to information asymmetry. It refers to the fact that a party in a transaction may have more information than the other. This is information asymmetry. If the seller has more information than the buyer about the product quality, he/she may sell it, as if it is a high-quality product. In reality, it could be a low-quality product. The buyer does not have the information regarding the quality of the offered product. The market condition that led to this transaction is quality uncertainty due to information asymmetry.

The Economics of missing markets, information, and games

Author: Frank Hahu

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 511

View: 5372

This collection of papers is the result of a Cambridge University study of the consequences of missing markets, asymmetric information, market-dependent information, strategic market situations, and the role of quantity signals. The contributors also consider the behavior of overlapping generation models and their macroeconomic implications, providing a useful reference text on most of the main issues of current interest to economic theorists.

An Economic Theorist's Book of Tales

Author: George A. Akerlof

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521269339

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 2628

These essays explore what happens when a skilful economist makes unconventional assumptions. Economic theory has traditionally relied upon a tacit and 'classical' set of assumptions that have gradually acquired a life of their own in defining how economists write and how they justify economic models. Similarly, these assumptions have acquired an autonomous character: they guide the way economists think about the world. In consequence, consideration of alternative assumptions has become taboo. These essays are substantively and stylistically novel because they break these taboos and bring new assumptions into economic theory. The papers apply this adventurous approach to a wide range of issues - from insurance markets and trade in underdeveloped countries to unemployment and discrimination. Some of the essays derive the implications for economic markets of costly asymmetric information. Others explore the findings of other social sciences such as anthropology, psychology and sociology.

Asymmetric Information, Corporate Finance, and Investment

Author: R. Glenn Hubbard

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226355942

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 3626

In this volume, specialists from traditionally separate areas in economics and finance investigate issues at the conjunction of their fields. They argue that financial decisions of the firm can affect real economic activity—and this is true for enough firms and consumers to have significant aggregate economic effects. They demonstrate that important differences—asymmetries—in access to information between "borrowers" and "lenders" ("insiders" and "outsiders") in financial transactions affect investment decisions of firms and the organization of financial markets. The original research emphasizes the role of information problems in explaining empirically important links between internal finance and investment, as well as their role in accounting for observed variations in mechanisms for corporate control.

Expanding the Economic Concept of Exchange

Deception, Self-Deception and Illusions

Author: Caroline Gerschlager

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792376255

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 263

View: 2420

Exchange is a pervasive concept in everyday life, affecting phenomena as diverse as interpersonal relationships and market transactions. In addition, economists have used the concept in a highly specific and clearly delineated way. Against this background, Expanding the Economic Concept of Exchange sets out to expand the concept of exchange by crossing the boundaries laid down by economists and by examining the function played by deceptions, self-deceptions and illusions. The main motivation for expanding the concept of exchange was the realization that in the prototypical economic model deception is not taken into account. Hence, economists traditionally regard deception as some sort of irrationality, as a flaw in an otherwise perfectly rational process. Authors represented in this volume take a different approach examining deception as a constituent quality of exchange. This is shown by the contributions drawing on recent developments in economic theory, by those with an anthropological orientation, as well as by a contribution referring specifically to Adam Smith. An interrogation into deception is long overdue in economics. This volume prepares the ground for and makes the first contributions to explicitly acknowledging deceptions, self-deceptions and illusions as fundamental dimensions allowing us as economists to further research and develop the concept of change. A particular and perhaps unexpected focus of this volume lies on anthropology, because economics can clearly benefit from integrating selected results on deception from outside its expanding domain. It is primarily targeted at economists interested in institutional aspects of exchanges and social theory. In addition, the topic will find interested readers from anthropology, cultural studies, science studies, philosophy.

The Economics of Risk and Insurance

Author: S. Hun Seog

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 140518552X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 343

View: 6176

Written for advanced undergraduate and master?s level courses, this book builds from a base of asymmetric information issues to discuss a wide array of topics and is illustrated with some timely examples. Covers diverse issues such as risk aversion, expected utility, and moral hazard within the pure theory of insurance Provides a clear exposition of the necessary mathematics, a feature which cannot be found in readers on the topic Utilizes an undergraduate economics major level of math Uses the simplest economic models possible to keep the text intuitive Introduces more mathematically complex techniques such as basic optimization for students wishing to 'go further' in their analysis

Financial Economics

Author: Chris Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134185685

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 4107

Whilst many undergraduate finance textbooks are largely descriptive in nature, the economic analysis in most graduate texts is too advanced for latter year undergraduates. This book bridges the gap between these two extremes, offering a textbook that studies economic activity in financial markets, focusing on how consumers determine future consumption and on the role of financial securities. Areas covered in include: an examination of the role of finance in the economy using basic economic principles, eventually progressing to introductory graduate analysis a microeconomic study of capital asset pricing when there is risk, inflation, taxes and asymmetric information an emphasis on economic intuition using geometry to explain formal analysis an extended treatment of corporate finance and the evaluation of public policy.

Contributions to Insurance Economics

Author: Georges Dionne

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401711682

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 524

View: 9361

For a number of years, I have been teaching and doing research in the economics of uncertainty, information, and insurance. Although it is now possible to find textbooks and books of essays on uncertainty and in formation in economics and finance for graduate students and researchers, there is no equivalent material that covers advanced research in insurance. The purpose of this book is to fill this gap in literature. It provides original surveys and essays in the field of insurance economics. The contributions offer basic reference, new material, and teaching supple ments to graduate students and researchers in economics, finance, and insurance. It represents a complement to the book of readings entitled Foundations of Insurance Economics - Readings in Economics and Finance, recently published by the S.S. Huebner Foundation of Insurance Education. In that book, the editors (G. Dionne and S. Harrington) disseminate key papers in the literature and publish an original survey of major contributions in the field.

Selected Works of Joseph E. Stiglitz

Volume II: Information and Economic Analysis: Applications to Capital, Labor, and Product Markets

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199533717

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 904

View: 8285

The second in a series of six volumes containing a selection of Joseph Stiglitz's most important and widely cited work. Volume I set out the basic concepts underlying the economics of information. Volume II extends these concepts and applies them to a number of different settings in labour, capital, and product markets

Economics of Asymmetric Information

Author: Dilip M. Nachane,Biswajit Chatterjee

Publisher: Deep and Deep Publications

ISBN: 9788176298261

Category: Information theory in economics

Page: 234

View: 307

Contributed papers presented at the one of the technical sessions of Indian Economic Association's 85th conference held at the Kerala University in 2002.

Supply Chain Coordination in Case of Asymmetric Information

Information Sharing and Contracting in a Just-in-Time environment.

Author: Guido Vogt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642201325

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 181

View: 4206

Information sharing is frequently promoted as a mean to improve the supply chain performance. This work shows the results of behavioral experiments, in which the participants share private information in order to influence the contract terms in a Just-in-Time environment. It is shown that the impact of information sharing is ambiguous, and dependent on several factors, such as contract flexibility and complexity or the interacting behavioral types. The experimental results form the basis for a behavioral principal-agent model that gives valuable insights on how the interaction of trust, trustworthiness and the information sharing strategy impacts the supply chain performance.

Principles of Economics for a Post-Meltdown World

Author: John Komlos

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319278282

Category: Political Science

Page: 94

View: 1312

This brief emphasizes the ways in which introductory economics textbooks incorrectly rely on assumptions about the free market, the rational agent model, market fundamentalism, and standard long-standing assumptions in economics, and in doing so disregard the effects of incomplete and asymmetric information on choice and on allocation, and maintain a general but flawed belief that competitive markets can always provide efficient solutions automatically. In other words, the standard economics principles textbook is anachronistic, they assume that tastes are exogenous, they overlook interdependencies and externalities not only in production but in consumption of goods, and they overlook the fact that path-dependence is a major hindrance to optimization. Mainstream principles of economics textbooks distort our worldview with immense political and cultural consequences. Students of these principles deserve a more complete perspective, and this brief critiques that conventional worldview and provides an alternative perspective, with an emphasis on free-market economics wherein the human element should be paramount and moral judgments should override market outcomes. In other words, what is important is not GNP as much as the quality of life, not institutions but how people live and fare in them. This brief argues that economics cannot be a science; it has too many ideological aspects, and in many ways conventional textbooks are not providing a true-to-life depiction of the economy. This Brief will be a reference or supplemental text for college and university students enrolled in such applied undergraduate and graduate courses and seminars in economics and economic theory.