The education debate (second edition)

Author: Stephen J. Ball

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447306880

Category: Education

Page: 258

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Stephen Ball provides a substantive account of current education policy trends and offers a way to make sense of what is happening to our experience of education, as learners, as teachers, as parents and as citizens.

Pupil Disaffection in Schools

Bad Boys and Hard Girls

Author: Dr Sarah Swann

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472401042

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 3834

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Sarah Swann provides a fresh approach to examining the long-standing debates over disaffection, and in particular social class differences in educational achievement, through a mixed methods methodology and the showcasing of new research. By observing pupils as they engage with peers and teachers in school, Swann allows disaffection to be seen and heard in ‘real’ events which constructs disaffection differently from objective statistical evidence on school exclusions. Rather than a homogenous identity, this book illustrates disaffection as layered and resting on a series of issues located on the crossroads between the cultural context of the neighbourhood and the public sphere of the school. It plots in a detailed way how these structures interact and mesh to create disaffected identities. Disaffection does not emerge in a vacuum, or without a cause. Pupils arrive at school with a wide variety of experiences and it is from these that they interpret, understand and act out their identities. Whilst the study in part seeks to describe and understand the social world of the school in terms of the pupils’ interpretations of the situation, it analytically frames the perceptions of pupils within a wider social context. In particular it focuses on the relationships between schooling and the wider macro structures and social relations that underpin disaffection. This approach makes the research both critical and interpretative and also able to shed new light on educational policy across England based on an understanding of the role of disaffection.

The State and Education Policy: The Academies Programme

Author: Helen M. Gunter

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441135456

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 5051

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This collection draws together contributions from leading researchers and participants to explore a major reform process of the state and education system in particular. The shift from welfare-based provision of public services to the quasi-market with private delivery and philanthropic investment is an issue that needs a thorough examination through evidence and rigorous argument. This book seeks to do this by not only charting events and providing detailed examination about what is happening but also by locating these developments within a contemporary political and social analytical framework. Topics covered include: * the legal and political process of establishing Academies * the working and impact of Academies using a range of data and perspectives * the debates and issues regarding this major reform, with comparative perspectives. The State and Education Policy shows how the Academies Programme in England is an important site for examining the growth of neoliberal ideas and practices in the framing and delivery of public services such as education.

Policy and Politics in Teacher Education

International Perspectives

Author: John Furlong,Marilyn Cochran-Smith,Marie Brennan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317990129

Category: Education

Page: 175

View: 8549

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During the last 20 years, governments around the world have paid increasing attention to the recruitment, preparation, and retention of teachers. Teacher supply and teacher quality have become significant policy issues, taken up by policy-makers at the highest levels. This is because teachers are now seen by many governments as the ‘lynch-pin’ of educational, economic and social reform. This volume grew out of a recognition by the Editors of the growing significance of teacher education policy and a curiosity about international trends and differences. The book brings together nine papers from leading academics around the world: from the UK (England and Scotland), the USA, Australia, Singapore and Belgium, plus a joint paper comparing Namibia and the USA. Taken together, the papers reveal the complexities and contradictions of international trends. On the one hand, they demonstrate that there is indeed a common direction of travel along the lines encouraged by international bodies such as the OECD. At the same time however, the papers also reveal important differences among countries in terms of how they are addressing common aspirations as well as some apparent contradictions within the policies of individual nations. This book was based on the special issue of Teachers and Teaching.

Education, Reform and the State

Twenty Five Years of Politics, Policy and Practice

Author: John Furlong,Robert Phillips

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134558430

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 1415

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The last quarter of the twentieth century was a very important period in history of education. Beginning with the so-called 'Great Debate', the period witnessed intense public and political interest in educational issues, culminating in an almost unprecedented amount of education-related legislation, the most symbolic of which was the Education Reform Act of 1988. Some scholars have rightly claimed that the education system was 'transformed' during this period, pointing to major changes in the ways in which schools, further education colleges and universities were organised, managed and controlled. Others have claimed that these changes altered the power relationships which had underpinned the education system since 1944. Given the sheer scale and pace of the education-policy related reforms of this period, this edited collection brings together some of the leading scholars in education to reflect on the major legislative and structural changes in education over the past few decades. Published in the year of the twenty-fifth anniversary of Callaghan's Ruskin College speech in 1976, it provides a definitive contemporary history of education policy in the late twentieth century. The editors bring together some of the leading educationalists to reflect on the major legislative and structural changes in the field over the last twenty five years. The book will be of use to education students on undergraduate and postgraduate courses, as well as students and academics working in social policy.

Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Thomas Piketty

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406671322

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 2899

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Wie entstehen die Akkumulation und die Distribution von Kapital? Welche Dynamiken sind dafür maßgeblich? Fragen der langfristigen Evolution von Ungleichheit, der Konzentration von Wohlstand in wenigen Händen und nach den Chancen für ökonomisches Wachstum bilden den Kern der Politischen Ökonomie. Aber befriedigende Antworten darauf gab es bislang kaum, weil aussagekräftige Daten und eine überzeugende Theorie fehlten. In Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert analysiert Thomas Piketty ein beeindruckendes Datenmaterial aus 20 Ländern, zurückgehend bis ins 18. Jahrhundert, um auf dieser Basis die entscheidenden ökonomischen und sozialen Abläufe freizulegen. Seine Ergebnisse stellen die Debatte auf eine neue Grundlage und definieren zugleich die Agenda für das künftige Nachdenken über Wohlstand und Ungleichheit. Piketty zeigt uns, dass das ökonomische Wachstum in der Moderne und die Verbreitung des Wissens es uns ermöglicht haben, den Ungleichheiten in jenem apokalyptischen Ausmaß zu entgehen, das Karl Marx prophezeit hatte. Aber wir haben die Strukturen von Kapital und Ungleichheit andererseits nicht so tiefgreifend modifiziert, wie es in den prosperierenden Jahrzehnten nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg den Anschein hatte. Der wichtigste Treiber der Ungleichheit – nämlich die Tendenz von Kapitalgewinnen, die Wachstumsrate zu übertreffen – droht heute extreme Ungleichheiten hervorzubringen, die am Ende auch den sozialen Frieden gefährden und unsere demokratischen Werte in Frage stellen. Doch ökonomische Trends sind keine Gottesurteile. Politisches Handeln hat gefährliche Ungleichheiten in der Vergangenheit korrigiert, so Piketty, und kann das auch wieder tun.

Education Governance for the Twenty-First Century

Overcoming the Structural Barriers to School Reform

Author: Paul Manna,Patrick McGuinn

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815723954

Category: Education

Page: 424

View: 2015

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America's fragmented, decentralized, politicized, and bureaucratic system of education governance is a major impediment to school reform. In this important new book, a number of leading education scholars, analysts, and practitioners show that understanding the impact of specific policy changes in areas such as standards, testing, teachers, or school choice requires careful analysis of the broader governing arrangements that influence their content, implementation, and impact. Education Governance for the Twenty-First Century comprehensively assesses the strengths and weaknesses of what remains of the old in education governance, scrutinizes how traditional governance forms are changing, and suggests how governing arrangements might be further altered to produce better educational outcomes for children. Paul Manna, Patrick McGuinn, and their colleagues provide the analysis and alternatives that will inform attempts to adapt nineteenth and twentieth century governance structures to the new demands and opportunities of today. Contents: Education Governance in America: Who Leads When Everyone Is in Charge?, Patrick McGuinn and Paul Manna The Failures of U.S. Education Governance Today, Chester E. Finn Jr. and Michael J. Petrilli How Current Education Governance Distorts Financial Decisionmaking, Marguerite Roza Governance Challenges to Innovators within the System, Michelle R. Davis Governance Challenges to Innovators outside the System, Steven F. Wilson Rethinking District Governance, Frederick M. Hess and Olivia M. Meeks Interstate Governance of Standards and Testing, Kathryn A. McDermott Education Governance in Performance-Based Federalism, Kenneth K. Wong The Rise of Education Executives in the White House, State House, and Mayor's Office, Jeffrey R. Henig English Perspectives on Education Governance and Delivery, Michael Barber Education Governance in Canada and the United States, Sandra Vergari Education Governance in Comparative Perspective, Michael Mintrom and Richard Walley Governance Lessons from the Health Care and Environment Sectors, Barry G. Rabe Toward a Coherent and Fair Funding System, Cynthia G. Brown Picturing a Different Governance Structure for Public Education, Paul T. Hill From Theory to Results in Governance Reform, Kenneth J. Meier The Tall Task of Education Governance Reform, Paul Manna and Patrick McGuinn

Navigating Opportunity

Policy Debate in the 21st Century : Wake Forest National Debate Conference

Author: Allan D. Louden

Publisher: IDEA

ISBN: 9781932716610

Category: Education

Page: 398

View: 1412

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Navigating Opportunity grows out of the 3rd National Developmental Conference on Debate, held at Wake Forest University in June 2009. It represents a commanding account of the state of policy debate in the United States. The book presents researched discussions compiled by ten working groups as well as twelve original essays examining where debate is moving from international debate opportunities to pedagogical innovations. The volume also features a provocative keynote by William Keith, author of the award-winning Democracy as Discussion, and extensive guides to published and web-based research.

Educational Leadership

Policy Dimensions in the 21st Century

Author: Bruce Anthony Jones

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567504880

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 5950

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Emphasizes research on key educational policy issues that will have bearing on the way education is delivered in the new millenium.

Education Reform and Education Policy in East Asia

Author: Ka-ho Mok

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134207379

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 4310

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This book assesses the impact of globalization on the education systems of key East Asian countries, including China, Hong Kong, Japan, and the "tiger economies" of South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore, examining how the increasingly interdependent economic system has driven policy change and education reform. It discusses how policy makers have responded to changes required in educational outcomes in order to equip their societies for new global conditions and explores the impact of new approaches and ideologies related to globalization, such as marketization, privatization, governance changes, managerialism, economic rationalism and neo-liberalism, making comparisons across the region. Based upon in-depth research, fieldwork, literature analysis, policy document analysis and personal reflections of academics serving in the education sector, this volume recounts heated debates about the pros and cons of education restructuring in East Asia. The discussions on national responses and coping strategies in this volume offer highly relevant insights on how globalization has resulted in restructuring and draws lessons from comparative public policy analysis and comparative education studies.

Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research

Author: Daniel Beland,Robert Henry Cox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199813377

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9899

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Writing about ideas, John Maynard Keynes noted that they are "more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed the world is ruled by little else." One would expect, therefore, that political science--a discipline that focuses specifically on the nature of power--would have a healthy respect for the role of ideas. However, for a variety of reasons--not least of which is the influence of rational choice theory, which presumes that individuals are self-maximizing rational actors--this is not the case, and the literature on the topic is fairly thin. As the stellar cast of contributors to this volume show, ideas are in fact powerful shapers of political and social life. In Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research, Daniel B?land and Robert Henry Cox have gathered leading scholars from a variety of subdisciplines in political science and sociology to provide a general overview of the theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues raised by social science research on ideas and politics. Throughout, they hone in on three central questions. What is the theoretical basis for studying ideas in politics? What are the best methods? What sort of empirical puzzles can be solved by examining ideas and related phenomena such as discourse, policy paradigms, and framing processes? In sum, this is a state-of-the-art academic work on both the role of ideas in politics and the analytical utility that derives from studying them.

The Struggle for Control of Public Education

Market Ideology Vs. Democratic Values

Author: Michael Engel

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781566397414

Category: Education

Page: 223

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Those making decisions about education today argue that market strategies promote democratic educational reform, when really they promote market reform of education. Michael Engel argues against this tendency, siding with democratic values and calls for a return to community-controlled schools.

Contemporary Debates in the Sociology of Education

Author: R. Brooks,M. McCormack,K. Bhopal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113726988X

Category: Education

Page: 238

View: 5989

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Some of the most prominent sociologists working in education today have collaborated to address a wide range of empirical and theoretical issues. Adopting an international perspective, this book foregrounds cutting-edge research that highlights both the diversity and complexity of understanding education in society.

Education Politics for the New Century

The Twentieth Anniversary Yearbook of the Politics of Education Association

Author: Douglas E. Mitchell,Margaret E. Goertz

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781850007425

Category: Education

Page: 173

View: 8403

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This book focuses on the forces that will shape education politics and policy into the 21st century. Ten chapters written by prominent educators center on the roles to be played by education professionals, local citizen groups, government agencies, and business leaders in shaping education policy, responses to racial and ethnic segregation, school restructuring, technology utilization, and the development of education politics and policy. The introductory chapter by Margaret E. Goertz examines the changing social, economic, technological, and political environment shaping education politics for the 21st century, and provides an overview of the contents of this book. David Clark and Terry Astuto predict no change in direction for federal education policy in chapter 2. In chapter 3, Gary Orfield and Lawrence Peskin, in their discussion and description of the "Atlanta Compromise," argue that if attempts are not made to integrate urban schools, poor and minority children will be condemned to attend schools that are both separate and equal. Chapters 4 (Thomas Timar) and 5 (Mary Metz) explore political, institutional, and cultural forces that shape school restructuring efforts. In chapter 6, Philip Piele examines the utilization of technology in the classroom and argues that technological innovation will not begin to change schools until it offers an educationally viable, cost-effective alternative to the classroom teacher. Chapters 7 (Kent McGuire) and 8 (Carol Ray and Rosalyn Mickelson) explore the role of business in education reform. In chapter 9, Ian Birch and Don Smart examine the forces of change in Australian education politics. The final chapter ends with a historical review of the foundations of the politics of education and an appraisal of issues likely to control policy making in the years ahead. (JAM)

Philosophies of Research into Higher Education

Author: Brian J. Brown,Sally Baker

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441154558

Category: Education

Page: 202

View: 2437

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Research in higher education could be more useful, innovative and better designed if we were clearer about the philosophical and epistemological basis of the theories that underlie our research methods. People who have to interpret research would do a better job if they were able to interrogate research more critically and appreciate its strengths and weaknesses. This volume provides this information for an audience of researchers, policymakers, students and lecturers in higher education. The authors seek to create a dialogue with the reader about issues relevant to the philosophy of research and stimulate interest in how philosophy plays out in the real, everyday, political world, not least in education. Unlike many existing volumes on the market, this book creates a space in which readers can use the tools for thinking that the authors describe to interrogate their own experience.

Administrative Ethics in the Twenty-first Century

Author: James Michael Martinez,William Donald Richardson

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820461205

Category: Law

Page: 285

View: 1912

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After years of languishing in the long shadow of -values-, its 1960s-era substitute, public discussion and debate about virtues, vices, character, and ethics are occupying center stage once again. This book joins that debate in a way that is both practical and useful to undergraduate and graduate students who are being introduced to the full breadth of public administration in introductory courses, or specialized ones in administrative ethics. Intended as a supplement to major ethics texts, this book will help readers develop a thorough understanding of the principles of ethics so they will come away with a deeper appreciation of the challenges and complexities involved in negotiating the ethical dilemmas facing administrators in a twenty-first century democratic republic."

Digital Online Culture, Identity, and Schooling in the Twenty-First Century

Author: K. Rosenfeld

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137442603

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 9029

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Digital Online Culture, Identity and Schooling in the Twenty-First Century provides a cultural, ideological critique of identity construction in the context of virtualization. Kimberly Rosenfeld explores the growing number of people who no longer reside in one physical reality but live, work, and play in multiple realities. Rosenfeld's critique of neo-liberal practices in the digital environment brings to light the on-going hegemonic and counter-hegemonic battles over control of education in the digital age. Rosenfeld draws conclusions for empowering the population through schooling, and how it should understand, respond to, and help individuals live out the information revolution.

Teachers versus the Public

What Americans Think about Schools and How to Fix Them

Author: Paul E. Peterson,Michael Henderson,Martin R. West

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725531

Category: Education

Page: 177

View: 6257

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A comprehensive exploration of 21st Century school politics, Teachers versus the Public offers the first comparison of the education policy views of both teachers and the public as a whole, and reveals a deep, broad divide between the opinions held by citizens and those who teach in the public schools. Among the findings: • Divisions between teachers and the public are wider and deeper than differences between other groups often thought to contest school policy, such as Republicans and Democrats, the young and the old, the rich and the poor, or African Americans and whites. • The teacher-public gap is widest on such issues as merit pay, teacher tenure reform, impact of teacher unions, school vouchers, charter schools, and requirements to test students annually. • Public support for school vouchers for all students, charter schools, and parent trigger laws increases sharply when people are informed of the national ranking of student performance in their local school district. • Public willingness to give local schools high marks, its readiness to support higher spending levels, and its support for teacher unions all decline when the public learns the national ranking of their local schools. • On most issues, teacher opinion does not change in response to new information nearly as much as it does for the public as a whole. In fact, the gap between what teachers and the public think about school reform grows even wider when both teachers and the public are given more information about current school performance, current expenditure levels, and current teacher pay. The book provides the first experimental study of public and teacher opinion. Using a recently developed research strategy, the authors ask differently worded questions about the same topic to randomly chosen segments of representative groups of citizens. This approach allows them to identify the impact on public opinion of new information on issues such as student performance and school expenditures in each respondent's community. The changes in public opinion when citizens receive information about school performance are largest in districts that perform below the national average. Altogether, the results indicate that support for many school reforms would increase if common core state standards were established and implemented in such a way as to inform the public about the quality of their local schools. These and many other findings illuminate the distance between teacher opinions and those of the public at large. About the Research: In partnership with the Harvard Program on Education Policy and Governance and the journal, Education Next, authors Paul E. Peterson, Martin West and Michael Henderson surveyed nationally representative samples of teachers and the public as a whole annually between 2007 and 2013.

Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Christopher Hill

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137586931

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 3504

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Substantially revising and updating the influential and widely used The Changing Politics of Foreign Policy, this retitled new edition provides both an introduction to, and a reassessment of, the nature of foreign policy in the light of changing political conditions, international and domestic.

International Handbook of Education and Development

Preparing Schools, Students, and Nations for the Twenty-first Century

Author: William K. Cummings,Noel F. McGinn

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 907

View: 9408

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This Handbook brings together in one volume an international panel of distinguished authors who tackle the vast topic of the dissatisfaction with education systems worldwide. This collection of chapters attempts to provide a comprehensive definition of the reasons for discontent. Split into two parts, the first part begins with descriptions of the origins of the modern system of public education in various countries and regions. Emphasis is put on the engineering of public education to respond to political and economic requirements of the State. This is followed by a description of how changes in the requirements of the State have led to efforts to adjust to modern education, without radical transformation. The second part describes radical changes in the foundation and structure of life and thought in modern societies, and then argue that education systems must be transformed radically in order to serve changed societies. This volume will define the boundaries of future debate on the radical transformation of education systems.