Introduction to 3D Data

Modeling with ArcGIS 3D Analyst and Google Earth

Author: Heather Kennedy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118059869

Category: Science

Page: 360

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Render three-dimensional data and maps with ease. Written as a self-study workbook, Introduction to 3D Data demystifies the sometimes confusing controls and procedures required for 3D modeling using software packages such as ArcGIS 3D Analyst and Google Earth. Going beyond the manual that comes with the software, this profusely illustrated guide explains how to use ESRI’s ArcGIS 3D Analyst to model and analyze three-dimensional geographical surfaces, create 3D data, and produce displays ranging from topographically realistic maps to 3D scenes and spherical earth-like views. The engagingly user-friendly instruction: • Walks you through basic concepts of 3D data, progressing to more advanced techniques such as calculating surface area and volume • Introduces you to two major software packages: ArcGIS 3D Analyst (including ArcScene and ArcGlobe) and Google Earth • Reinforces your understanding through in-depth discussions with over thirty hands-on exercises and tutorial datasets on the support website at www.wiley/college/kennedy • Helps you apply the theory with real-world applications Whether you’re a student or professional in geology, landscape architecture, transportation system planning, hydrology, or a related field, Introduction to 3D Data will quickly turn you into a power user of 3D GIS.

The ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis: Geographic patterns & relationships

Author: Andy Mitchell,Environmental Systems Research Institute (Redlands, Calif.)

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781879102064

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 4369

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The ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis, Volume 1 demonstrates how geographic analysis with GIS can identify patterns, relationships, and trends that lead to better decision making. Using examples from various industries, this book focuses on six of the most common geographic analysis tasks: mapping where things are, mapping the most and least, mapping density, finding what is inside, finding what is nearby, and mapping what has changed. Written for both new and experienced GIS users, this book builds a foundation of the basic tasks needed to handle a wide range of analysis applications.

Geographic Information Analysis

Author: David O'Sullivan,David Unwin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119023874

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 3249

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Clear, up-to-date coverage of methods for analyzing geographical information in a GIS context Geographic Information Analysis, Second Edition is fully updated to keep pace with the most recent developments of spatial analysis in a geographic information systems (GIS) environment. Still focusing on the universal aspects of this science, this revised edition includes new coverage on geovisualization and mapping as well as recent developments using local statistics. Building on the fundamentals, this book explores such key concepts as spatial processes, point patterns, and autocorrelation in area data, as well as in continuous fields. Also addressed are methods for combining maps and performing computationally intensive analysis. New chapters tackle mapping, geovisualization, and local statistics, including the Moran Scatterplot and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR). An appendix provides a primer on linear algebra using matrices. Complete with chapter objectives, summaries, "thought exercises," explanatory diagrams, and a chapter-by-chapter bibliography, Geographic Information Analysis is a practical book for students, as well as a valuable resource for researchers and professionals in the industry.

Spatial Simulation

Exploring Pattern and Process

Author: David O'Sullivan,George L. W. Perry

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118527070

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 4611

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A ground-up approach to explaining dynamic spatial modelling for an interdisciplinary audience. Across broad areas of the environmental and social sciences, simulation models are an important way to study systems inaccessible to scientific experimental and observational methods, and also an essential complement to those more conventional approaches. The contemporary research literature is teeming with abstract simulation models whose presentation is mathematically demanding and requires a high level of knowledge of quantitative and computational methods and approaches. Furthermore, simulation models designed to represent specific systems and phenomena are often complicated, and, as a result, difficult to reconstruct from their descriptions in the literature. This book aims to provide a practical and accessible account of dynamic spatial modelling, while also equipping readers with a sound conceptual foundation in the subject, and a useful introduction to the wide-ranging literature. Spatial Simulation: Exploring Pattern and Process is organised around the idea that a small number of spatial processes underlie the wide variety of dynamic spatial models. Its central focus on three ‘building-blocks’ of dynamic spatial models – forces of attraction and segregation, individual mobile entities, and processes of spread – guides the reader to an understanding of the basis of many of the complicated models found in the research literature. The three building block models are presented in their simplest form and are progressively elaborated and related to real world process that can be represented using them. Introductory chapters cover essential background topics, particularly the relationships between pattern, process and spatiotemporal scale. Additional chapters consider how time and space can be represented in more complicated models, and methods for the analysis and evaluation of models. Finally, the three building block models are woven together in a more elaborate example to show how a complicated model can be assembled from relatively simple components. To aid understanding, more than 50 specific models described in the book are available online at patternandprocess.org for exploration in the freely available Netlogo platform. This book encourages readers to develop intuition for the abstract types of model that are likely to be appropriate for application in any specific context. Spatial Simulation: Exploring Pattern and Process will be of interest to undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in environmental, social, ecological and geographical disciplines. Researchers and professionals who require a non-specialist introduction will also find this book an invaluable guide to dynamic spatial simulation.

Assessment of Energy Sources Using GIS

Author: Lubos Matejicek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319526944

Category: Science

Page: 327

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This volume is a comprehensive guide to the use of geographic information systems (GIS) for the spatial analysis of supply and demand for energy in the global and local scale. It gathers the latest research and techniques in GIS for spatial and temporal analysis of energy systems, mapping of energy from fossil fuels, optimization of renewable energy sources, optimized deployment of existing power sources, and assessment of environmental impact of all of the above. Author Lubos Matejicek covers GIS for assessment a wide variety of energy sources, including fossil fuels, hydropower, wind power, solar energy, biomass energy, and nuclear power as well as the use of batteries and accumulators. The author also utilizes case studies to illustrate advanced techniques such as multicriteria analysis, environmental modeling for prediction of energy consumption, and the use of mobile computing and multimedia tools.

GIS for Enhanced Electric Utility Performance

Author: Bill Meehan

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1608075591

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 262

View: 7402

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This book describes how geospatial technology in the form of a modern enterprise geographic information system (GIS) can be applied to all aspects of the electric utility business from Smart Grid to generation to transmission to distribution to the retail supply of electricity to customers. This book appeals to readers that are interested not only in the technical details of a GIS enabled electric system, but also how such a system works in the real business world.

The Handbook of Geographic Information Science

Author: John P. Wilson,A. Stewart Fotheringham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470766530

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 5694

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This Handbook is an essential reference and a guide to the rapidly expanding field of Geographic Information Science. Designed for students and researchers who want an in-depth treatment of the subject, including background information Comprises around 40 substantial essays, each written by a recognized expert in a particular area Covers the full spectrum of research in GIS Surveys the increasing number of applications of GIS Predicts how GIS is likely to evolve in the near future

New Developments in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures

Author: Ronald J. Kendall,Steven M. Presley,Seshadri S. Ramkumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498747582

Category: Computers

Page: 185

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A science-based text, New Developments in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures presents research that addresses the growing threat of chemical and biological terrorism as well as the need for improvements in the implementation of countermeasures. This new textbook building upon Advances in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures is the product of more than a decade of synthesizing newly acquired information through extensive research and development supported by the United States Army through Texas Tech University’s Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr. National Program for Countermeasures to Biological and Chemical Threats. The book describes and expands upon threats, vulnerabilities, and pathogenic and toxic effects associated with agents used in biological and chemical terrorism. Among the discussions of agents is an exceptionally thorough examination of ricin history, toxicity, adsorption, and mobility. It also gives an overview of protective gear and in-depth perspectives on future research needs, including identifying challenges and paths forward in predicting risks. Effective countermeasures to biological and chemical threats are becoming increasingly necessary. New Developments in Biological and Chemical Terrorism Countermeasures provides a cutting-edge source addressing and advancing this need. It offers strategies and expert viewpoints toward improving defenses against threats in the United States as well as other nations.

Interpreting Our World: 100 Discoveries That Revolutionized Geography

100 Discoveries That Revolutionized Geography

Author: Joseph J. Kerski Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610699203

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 8928

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This important book demonstrates why geography matters in the modern-day world through its examination of 100 moments throughout history that had a significant impact on the study of geography—literally, "writing about the earth." • Provides readers with an understanding of why geography matters to our 21st-century world and an awareness of how geography affects our everyday lives and is key to wise decision making • Addresses and explains key themes of geography, including scale, physical processes, cultural processes, patterns, relationships, models, and trends • Integrates time, space, and place in geography, documenting how it is not only the study of spatial patterns, but also the fact that many discoveries in geography came about because of the particular time and place in which the discoverers lived

Business site selection, location analysis, and GIS

Author: Richard L. Church,Alan T. Murray

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 4597

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New integrated approach to site selection makes it easier to find optimal sites Responding to the increasingly complex nature of modern commerce and trade, this book integrates location science and modeling with geographical information systems (GIS). As you advance through the text, you'll discover optimal solutions for practical, real-life "siting" problems. In addition, the authors successfully demonstrate how this integrated approach enables you to: Be more productive and more efficient Produce better data and models Develop better techniques for arriving at a solution Provide better graphic representations of location alternatives Business Site Selection, Location Analysis, and GIS begins with a general introduct-ory chapter followed by introductory chapters on GIS and model building fundamentals. Next, the authors explore how to use models to analyze existing marketing and distribution systems as well as the siting of a single facility. Lastly, the book examines designing a system while making multiple simultaneous siting decisions. Each chapter features exercises that enable you to put your new skills and knowledge into practice, solving realistic siting problems. In addition, all chapters include a section that defines key terms and concepts as well as a reference section that enables you to explore individual topics in greater depth. Clearly written and easy to follow, this text does not require any prerequisites, making it appro-priate for undergraduate and graduate courses as well as for any professional who wants to take advantage of the most advanced and effective methods for optimizing the site selection for a business.

Spatial Data Analysis

An Introduction for GIS Users

Author: Christopher Lloyd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199554323

Category: Science

Page: 206

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Spatial Data Analysis introduces key principles about spatial data and provides guidance on methods for their exploration; it provides a set of key ideas or frameworks that will give the reader knowledge of the kinds of problems that can be tackled using the tools that are widely available for the analysis of spatial data.

GIS for Environmental Applications

A practical approach

Author: Xuan Zhu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134094507

Category: Science

Page: 490

View: 7913

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GIS for Environmental Applications provides a practical introduction to the principles, methods, techniques and tools in GIS for spatial data management, analysis, modelling and visualisation, and their applications in environmental problem solving and decision making. It covers the fundamental concepts, principles and techniques in spatial data, spatial data management, spatial analysis and modelling, spatial visualisation, spatial interpolation, spatial statistics, and remote sensing data analysis, as well as demonstrates the typical environmental applications of GIS, including terrain analysis, hydrological modelling, land use analysis and modelling, ecological modelling, and ecosystem service valuation. Case studies are used in the text to contextualise these subjects in the real world, examples and detailed tutorials are provided in each chapter to show how the GIS techniques and tools introduced in the chapter can be implemented using ESRI ArcGIS (a popular GIS software system for environmental applications) and other third party extensions to ArcGIS to address. The emphasis is placed on how to apply or implement the concepts and techniques of GIS through illustrative examples with step-by-step instructions and numerous annotated screen shots. The features include: Over 350 figures and tables illustrating how to apply or implement the concepts and techniques of GIS Learning objectives along with the end-of-chapter review questions Authoritative references at the end of each chapter GIS data files for all examples as well as PowerPoint presentations for each chapter downloadable from the companion website. GIS for Environmental Applications weaves theory and practice together, assimilates the most current GIS knowledge and tools relevant to environmental research, management and planning, and provides step-by-step tutorials with practical applications. This volume will be an indispensable resource for any students taking a module on GIS for the environment.

Designing Geodatabases

Case Studies in GIS Data Modeling

Author: David Arctur,Michael Zeiler

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781589480216

Category: Computers

Page: 393

View: 8633

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This guide to creating a dynamic GIS data model helps database managers design a schema that has comprehensive and descriptive query definitions, a user-friendly cartographic display, and increased performance standards. The five steps for taking a data model through its conceptual, logical, and physical phases, including modeling the user's view, defining objects and relationships, selecting geographic representations, matching geodatabase elements, and organizing the geodatabase structure are studied in detail. A look at nine decision points that deal with concerns common to all data modeling exercises, such as validating feature geometries, modeling linear networks, managing raster data, and labeling map features help database managers fine-tune their GIS data models. Several design models for a variety of applications are considered including addresses and locations, census units and boundaries, stream and river networks, and topography and the base map.

Modeling Our World

The ESRI Guide to Geodatabase Design

Author: Michael Zeiler

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781879102620

Category: Computers

Page: 199

View: 9144

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Geographic data models are digital frameworks that describe the location and characteristics of things in the world around us. With a geographic information system, we can use these models as lenses to see, interpret, and analyze the infinite complexity of our natural and man-made environments. With the geodatabase, a new geographic data model introduced with ArcInfo 8, you can extend significantly the level of detail and range of accuracy with which you can model geographic reality in a database environment.

Spatial Database Systems

Design, Implementation and Project Management

Author: Albert K.W. Yeung,G. Brent Hall

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402053924

Category: Science

Page: 553

View: 3614

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This book places spatial data within the broader domain of information technology (IT) while providing a comprehensive and coherent explanation of the guiding principles, methods, implementation and operational management of spatial databases within the workplace. The text explains the key concepts, issues and processes of spatial data implementation and provides a holistic management perspective.

Geodesign

Case Studies in Regional and Urban Planning

Author: Shannon McElvaney

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: 9781589483163

Category: Architecture

Page: 147

View: 7246

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Trends in Spatial Analysis and Modelling

Decision-Support and Planning Strategies

Author: Martin Behnisch,Gotthard Meinel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319525220

Category: Science

Page: 214

View: 9171

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This book is a collection of original research papers that focus on recent developments in Spatial Analysis and Modelling with direct relevance to settlements and infrastructure. Topics include new types of data (such as simulation data), applications of methods to support decision-making, and investigations of human-environment data in order to recognize significance for structures, functions and processes of attributes. Research incorporated ranges from theoretical through methodological to applied work. It is subdivided into four main parts: the first focusing on the research of settlements and infrastructure, the second studies aspects of Geographic Data Mining, the third presents contributions in the field of Spatial Modelling, System Dynamics and Geosimulation, and the fourth part is dedicated to Multi-Scale Representation and Analysis. The book is valuable to those with a scholarly interest in spatial sciences, urban and spatial planning, as well as anyone interested in spatial analysis and the planning of human settlements and infrastructure. Most of the selected papers were originally presented at the “International Land Use Symposium (ILUS 2015): Trends in Spatial Analysis and Modelling of Settlements and Infrastructure” November 11-13 2015, in Dresden, Germany.