The Future of Criminology

Author: Rolf Loeber,Brandon C. Welsh

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199917957

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 7570

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The Future of Criminology takes stock of the major advances and developments that have taken place in the past several decades and asks where the field of criminology is headed. In thirty-three brief essays, the field's leading scholars provide their views into the future of what needs to be done in research, policy, and practice in the discipline.

Some thoughts about the future of criminology

Published in Sociologia n. 2/2013. Rivista quadrimestrale di Scienze Storiche e Sociali. Dall'individualismo al comunitarismo. Le nuove tendenze del terzo millennio

Author: Gemma Marotta

Publisher: Gangemi Editore spa

ISBN: 8849259360

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 4663

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La Criminologia si è sviluppata principalmente dalle sue dicotomiche radici originali, antropologica e sociologica. L’uso recente di teorie, come ad esempio la Teoria del Caos applicati da Williams ai fenomeni di devianza sociale, Teorie Semiotiche utilizzate da Milanovic e Arrigo, e lo sviluppo di nuove teorie e approcci in ogni campo del sapere hanno portato diversi punti di vista che non ci hanno solo permesso di approfondire altri temi, ma anche nella Criminologia. Ma, ancora più importante, queste teorie hanno chiarito il fatto che la criminalità e devianza sono fenomeni complessi che non possono essere analizzati in quadri precedentemente limitati. Al contrario la Criminologia ha bisogno di analisi ed integrazioni multidisciplinari e di metodologie sofisticate.

The Development of Criminological Thought

Context, Theory and Policy

Author: Chad Posick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317278615

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 6579

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This book focuses on the history and development of criminological thought from the pre-Enlightenment period to the present and offers a detailed and chronological overview of competing theoretical perspectives in criminology in their social and political context. This book covers: A discussion of how major theorists came to espouse their ideas and how the social context of the time influenced the development criminological thought; An exploration of the scientific method and the way in which theories are tested; Details of the origins of each theory as well as their recent developments in scholarship and research; Comparative and international research in theory; The empirical support for theory and the relationship between research and policy; Biosocial and developmental criminology, including the biosocial underpinnings of criminal behavior and the influence of neuroscience and brain psychology; Theoretical applications for explaining different crime types, such as genocide, white-collar crime, and environmental crime; A summary of the current state of criminological knowledge and a vision for the future of criminology. The book includes lists of further reading and chapter summaries, and is supported by timelines of key works and events. This book is essential reading for courses on criminological theory, criminal behaviour, criminal psychology and biosocial criminology.

Criminology: Past, Present and Future

A Critical Overview

Author: Ezzat A. Fattah

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349258385

Category: Social Science

Page: 343

View: 7533

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Written by an internationally renowned authority in the field, the founder of the highly regarded School of Criminology at Simon Fraser University, the book draws heavily on research done on three Continents: North America, Europe and Australia, to trace the discipline's historical evolution, its current problems, disappointing achievements, and promising trends. It concludes with a prospective look at the future of criminology and criminology of the future. Although the perspective is critical, the author's critique is constructive and he expresses a healthy optimism about the discipline's future and offers several guidelines as to how current deficiencies could be remedied and present gaps could be addressed.

Key Ideas in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Travis C. Pratt,Jacinta M. Gau,Travis W. Franklin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412970148

Category: Law

Page: 189

View: 3807

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By focusing on key ideas in both criminology and criminal justice, this book brings a new and unique perspective to understanding critical research in criminology and criminal justice -- heretofore, the practice has been to separate criminology and criminal justice. However, given their interconnected nature, this book brings both together cohesively. In going beyond simply identifying and discussing key contributions and their effects by giving students a broader socio-political context for each key idea, this book concretely conceptualizes the key ideas in ways that students will remember and understand.

New Directions for Criminology

Notes from Outside the Field

Author: Ronnie Lippens,Patrick Van Calster

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9046602192

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 8983

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Criminology, by its very nature as a non-disciplinary field of research and scholarship, has always relied on theoretical perspectives, derived from external disciplines and bodies of literature, for its constant renewal. The editors of New Directions for Criminology chose to consult scholars from outside the criminological community to demonstrate how the latest theoretical work in their field can be made fruitful for criminology. All contributors are familiar with the fundamentals of criminological theories and research, and all are well placed to clearly make the connections between the cutting edge of their field of research and its potential for criminology. New Directions for Criminology makes a distinction between papers that elaborate on the usefulness of particular theories and perspectives for criminology, and papers that outline particular research themes which will be of interest to those working within the broader criminological community. Contents include: Why Criminal Law? Why Break It? If Broken, Then What?' - Criminology and Assemblage Theory - Criminology and Deleuzoguattarism - Criminology and Lacan's Psychoanalytical Approach - Criminology and Forms of Life - Foundations and Origins as Criminological Objects - Criminological Conversations - Criminological Tribes.

Private Security and Public Policing

Author: Trevor Jones,Tim Newburn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198265697

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3401

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In this first major empirical study of its kind, the authors examine the growth of 'private' policing and its relationship with, and implications for, the public police service. Beginning with a critique of the sociology of policing, the authors then provide a detailed analysis of the concepts of public and private, and examine the boundaries between different forms of policing. Using data from the first ever survey of the private security sector in Britain, the authors provide estimatesof the numbers of employees and firms in the industry; the range of services and products offered; and the attitudes of those at senior levels in private security organizations. Competiting theoretical explanations for the growth of private policing are then considered. The book then examines policing at the local level. Using a case study of the London Borough of Wandsworth, the authors examine the range of individuals and organizations involved in policing on the ground. They describe and analyse the activities of the full range of 'policing' bodies, including the public police force, investigatory and regulatory agencies attached to national and local government, and private security organizations. Using this analysis, the authors offer a thorough reconceptualization of what is meant by 'policing' in the late modern era, and consider the implications of this for the public police service and for the future of policing generally.

Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959187

Category: Social Science

Page: 1176

View: 2891

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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime

Criminological Theories

Author: James F. Anderson,Professor Department of Surgery Center for Healthcare Studies Institute for Public Health and Medicine Feinberg School of Medicine Northwestern University Chicago Illinois Julie K Johnson,Helen Haskell,Paul Barach

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449681883

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 1966

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Designed for undergraduate criminology and criminological theory courses, Criminological Theories: Understanding Crime in America, Second Edition explores crime, crime theory, and various forms of criminal behavior within the United States. It focuses exclusively on theory, avoiding superfluous discussion of the criminal justice system. Students will come away from the text with plausible explanations of crime causation, a greater appreciation of criminological theory, and the ability to think critically about the social reality of crime. Current and highly relevant, the text includes coverage of new developments in the field of criminology, including cultural, integrative, life-course, and green criminological theories.

Taking Stock

The Status of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351487027

Category: Social Science

Page: 468

View: 4823

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Criminology is in a period of much theoretical ferment. Older theories have been revitalized, and newer theories have been set forth. Th e very richness of our thinking about crime, however, leads to questions about the relative merits of these competin paradigms. Accordingly, in this volume advocates of prominent theories are asked to "take stock" of their perspectives. Th eir challenge is to assess the empirical status of their theory and to map out future directions for theoretical development.

Handbook of Asian Criminology

Author: Jianhong Liu,Bill Hebenton,Susyan Jou

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146145218X

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 6364

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The Handbook of Asian Criminology aims to be a key reference for international scholars with an interest in the broad theme of international criminology in general, and the Asian region in particular. Contextualization is a key theme in this book. The role of context is often underemphasized in international criminology, so the Handbook of Asian Criminology’s premise that crime and the responses to it are best understood as deeply embedded in the cultural specificity of the environment which produces them will play a key role throughout the work. Attention will be given to country- and region specific attitudes towards crime and punishment.

The Oxford handbook of criminology

Author: Mike Maguire,Rodney Morgan,Robert Reiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 1227

View: 6071

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This is the substantially updated and revised third edition of the highly acclaimed Handbook of Criminology. It is the most comprehensible and authoritative single volume guide to the subject; combining masterly reviews of all the key topics with extensive references to aid further research. In addition to the history of the discipline and reviews of different theoretical perspectives, the book provides up-to-date reviews of such diverse topics as crime statistics, the criminal justice process, race and gender and the media and crime. It is essential reading for all teachers and students of criminology and an indispensable source book for professionals.

The Handbook of Criminological Theory

Author: Alex R. Piquero

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118512324

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 1832

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An indispensable resource for all levels, this handbook provides up-to-date, in-depth summaries of the most important theories in criminology. Provides original, cutting-edge, and in-depth summaries of the most important theories in criminology Covers the origins and assumptions behind each theory, explores current debates and research, points out knowledge gaps, and offers directions for future research Encompasses theory, research, policy, and practice, with recommendations for further reading at the end of each essay Features discussions of broad issues and topics related to the field, such as the correlates of crime, testing theory, policy, and prediction Clearly and accessibly written by leading scholars in the field as well as up-and-coming scholars

The Futures of Criminology

Author: David Nelken

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 8538

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Taking stock of exciting recent developments in criminology, this book sets it in the context of contemporary intellectual debates. Distinguished international criminologists present a critical survey of the theoretical accomplishments of the field and their viability for the future, with proposals to change ways of analyzing current developments in crime and crime control. The wide-ranging discussions are fundamental to the re-examination of criminology. They include the limits of criminology's ability to be reflexive; the reasons for criminology's fragmentation; the encounter between criminology and postmodernism; the emergence of actuarial justice; and the insights to be gained from comparative criminology.

The Future of Rational Choice for Crime Prevention

Author: Danielle M. Reynald,Benoit Leclerc

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315441187

Category: Social Science

Page: 118

View: 5066

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The rational choice perspective (RCP) is currently the core theoretical approach underpinning situational crime prevention (SCP). To date, many crimes have been studied through the lens of RCP, which increased our understanding of these phenomena, how they are committed and how they could potentially be prevented through SCP. This book, designed with the hope of moving RCP forward for SCP purposes, takes a challenging but novel step in providing leading experts from different disciplines with the opportunity to express themselves on how we could best achieve this task. This book explores various perspectives, which include the development of frameworks based on the role of situations in crime or forensic sciences for improving crime prevention practices. The need to consider affective states and other offender-related factors to improve our understanding of offender decision-making models is highlighted as a means to better predict which SCP mechanisms may be most useful in discouraging particular types of offenders. Finally, it is also argued that the use of RCP should be more pragmatic and that this perspective should be preserved and adapted based on what we find in our experiments. Taken together, these theoretically distinctive and challenging contributions ultimately guide how crime prevention practices could be best approached in the future.

Criminology: The Basics

Author: Sandra Walklate

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134309082

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 232

View: 6664

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As crime continues to be a high profile issue troubling politicians, the public and the media alike, the study of criminology has boomed. Providing an international and comparative introduction to the discipline, this informative book is an accessible guide to the theoretical and practical approaches to the phenomena of crime. Topics covered include: popular myths and the fear of crime crime in the workplace victims, offenders and questions of justice public policy and practice around the world the future of crime prevention. Easy to read, concise and supported by a glossary of terms and pointers to further reading, Criminology: The Basics is a perfect introduction to this important and popular subject.

Positive Criminology

Author: Natti Ronel,Dana Segev

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317750837

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 1515

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How can we best help offenders desist from crime, as well as help victims heal? This book engages with this question by offering its readers a comprehensive review of positive criminology in theory, research and practice. Positive criminology is a concept – a perspective – that places emphasis on forces of integration and social inclusion that are experienced positively by target individual and groups, and may contribute to a reduction in negative emotions, desistance from crime and overcoming the traumatic experience of victimization. In essence, positive criminology holds a more holistic view, which acknowledges that thriving and disengagement from distress, addiction, mental illness, crime, deviance or victimization might be fostered more effectively by enhancing positive emotions and experiences, rather than focusing on reducing negative attributes. Each chapter in this book is written by key scholars in the related fields of criminology, victimology and addiction and, thus, assembles varied and extensive approaches to rehabilitation and treatment. These approaches share in common a positive criminology view, thereby enriching our understanding of the concept and other strength-based approaches to dealing with offenders and victims. This edited book elaborates on positive criminology core ideas and assumptions; discusses related theories and innovations; and presents various benefits that this perspective can promote in the field of rehabilitation. For this reason, this book will be essential reading for those engaged in the study of criminology, criminal justice and victimology and may also assist scholars and professionals to help offenders desist from crime and improve victims’ well-being.

The Handbook of the History and Philosophy of Criminology

Author: Ruth Ann Triplett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119011353

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 6879

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"This book provides students, scholars, and criminologists with a truly a global perspective on the theory and practice of criminology throughout the centuries and around the world. In addition to chapters devoted to the key ideas, thinkers, and moments in the intellectual and philosophical history of criminology, it features in-depth coverage of the organizational structure of criminology as an academic discipline world-wide"--

Fundamentals of Criminology

New Dimensions

Author: Kelly Frailing,Dee Wood Harper

Publisher: Carolina Academic Press

ISBN: 1611635063

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 2384

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Fundamentals of Criminology: New Dimensions delivers a comprehensive and comprehensible introduction to the discipline of criminology. As the title implies, it covers the fundamentals of criminology, including the major theories of crime causation, classic and current empirical tests of those theories, the strengths and weaknesses and the policy implications of each. It also describes the types of crime and provides current rates, trends over time and theoretical explanations for each, as well as a discussion of characteristics of offenders and victims. What sets this book apart from the many other fine criminology textbooks out there is its inclusion of some new dimensions of criminology. The new dimensions in this book include but are not limited to research designs in criminology, new theories of crime causation, crime in different contexts, connections between criminology and criminal justice policy and a number of lingering issues for both disciplines. In combination with the fundamentals, these new dimensions are designed to provide readers with the richest, most complete understanding of what crime is, how much of it there is, what causes it and what do to about it, as well as the ability and desire to pose important questions for the future of both criminology and criminal justice. “The authors have produced a comprehensive, readable, and thoroughly interesting text covering the topic of sociological criminology. Yes, there are a plethora of texts in this area, but Harper and Frailing’s addition to the field has a number of features moving it ahead of the competition. There is in-depth coverage of emerging areas in crime, including cybercrime and human trafficking, as well as an excellent section on how disasters augment the opportunities for crime by hindering capable guardianship. The authors’ arguments for evidence-based crime prevention strategies and public policies are compelling. Fundamentals of Criminology is worthy of the closest consideration by instructors teaching undergraduate criminology courses.” — Jay Corzine, professor of sociology, University of Central Florida