The Governance of Relations in Markets and Organizations

Author: Vincent Willem Buskens,Werner Raub,Chris Snijders

Publisher: Jai

ISBN: 9780762310050

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 380

View: 1313

Beginning with a set of theoretical and empirical perspectives on the governance of relations in businesses, markets and organizations this multi-authored volume addresses a range of topics concerned with labour, jobs and contractual agreements within a range of organizations.

Sociology of Organizations

Structures and Relationships

Author: Mary Godwyn,Jody Hoffer Gittell

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412991951

Category: Social Science

Page: 740

View: 6330

Sociology of Organizations: Structures and Relationships is a timely and unique collection of both classic and contemporary studies of organizations. Designed around competing theoretical frameworks, this cutting-edge book examines organizations with attention to structure and objectives, interactions among members and among organizations, the relationship between the organization and its environment and the social significance or social meaning of the organization. This volume sheds light on some of the most interesting changes and challenges facing organizations today: the integration of new media, the implementation of diversity and inclusion, and the promotion of sustainable workforce engagement. Lively and provocative, this textbook is theoretically rigorous, disciplinarily informed and representative of heterogeneity within organization studies.

A New Theory of Industrial Relations

People, Markets and Organizations after Neoliberalism

Author: Conor Cradden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317299914

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 4623

Most existing theoretical approaches to industrial relations and human resources management (IR/HRM) build their analyses and policy prescriptions on one of two foundational assumptions. They assume either that conflict between workers and employers is the natural and inevitable state of affairs; or that under normal circumstances, cooperation is what employers can and should expect from workers. By contrast, A New Theory of Industrial Relations: People, Markets and Organizations after Neoliberalism proposes a theoretical framework for IR/HRM that treats the existence of conflict or cooperation at work as an outcome that needs to be explained rather than an initial presupposition. By identifying the social and organizational roots of reasoned, positively chosen cooperation at work, this framework shows what is needed to construct a genuinely consensual form of capitalism. In broader terms, the book offers a critical theory of the governance of work under capitalism. ‘The governance of work’ refers to the structures of incentives and sanctions, authority, accountability and direct and representative participation within and beyond the workplace by which decisions about the content, conditions and remuneration of work are made, applied, challenged and revised. The most basic proposition made in the book is that work will be consensual—and, hence, that employees will actively and willingly cooperate with the implementation of organizational plans and strategies—when the governance of work is substantively?legitimate. Although stable configurations of economic and organizational structures are possible in the context of a bare procedural legitimacy, it is only where work relationships are recognized as right and just that positive forms of cooperation will occur. The analytic purpose of the theory is to specify the conditions under which substantive legitimacy will arise. Drawing in particular on the work of Alan Fox, Robert Cox and Ju?rgen Habermas, the book argues that whether workers fight against, tolerate or willingly accept the web of relationships that constitutes the organization depends on the interplay between three empirically variable factors: the objective day-to-day experience of incentives, constraints and obligations at work; the subjective understanding of work as a social relationship; and the formal institutional structure of policies, rules and practices by which relationships at work are governed.

Corporate Governance, Employee Voice, and Work Organization

Sustaining High-Road Jobs in the Automotive Supply Industry

Author: Inge Lippert,Tony Huzzard,Ulrich Jurgens,William Lazonick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199681074

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 6030

Corporate Governance, Employee Voice, and Work Organization explores the dynamic relations between corporate governance, employee voice, and the organization of work in the automotive supply industry. It reports on research undertaken in three countries--Germany, Sweden, and the United States--that has sought to explore and compare historical patterns of the relationships between changing governance regimes, voice, and work at plant level in an era of financialization. It also explores the prospects for high-road, sustainable jobs in the sector. Three detailed case histories from each of the countries are presented which contrast companies facing three different levels of exposure to capital markets: companies relatively sheltered from stock markets; companies that are highly exposed to them; and thirdly companies owned by private equity firms. This design allows for analysis not just across different national contexts but also within them, and questions the usefulness of the 'varieties of capitalism' appraoch in understanding these differences. The cases show that governance compromises matter, that is, that recognising the role of employee voice in corporate governance regimes is essential in any comparative analysis and understanding of corporate governance.

A Theory of the Firm

Governance, Residual Claims, and Organizational Forms

Author: Michael C. Jensen

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674012295

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 311

View: 5268

This collection examines the forces, both external and internal, that lead corporations to behave efficiently and to create wealth. Corporations vest control rights in shareholders, the author argues, because they are the constituency that bear business risk and therefore have the appropriate incentives to maximize corporate value. Assigning control to any other group would be tantamount to allowing that group to play poker with someone else's money, and would create inefficiencies. The implicit denial of this proposition is the fallacy of the so-called stakeholder theory of the corporation, which argues that corporations should be run in the interests of all stakeholders. This theory offers no account of how conflicts between different stakeholders are to be resolved, and gives managers no principle on which to base decisions, except to follow their own preferences. In practice, shareholders delegate their control rights to a board of directors, who hire, fire, and set the compensation of the chief officers of the firm. However, because agents have different incentives than the principals they represent, they can destroy corporate value unless closely monitored. This happened in the 1960s and led to hostile takeovers in the market for corporate control in the 1970s and 1980s. The author argues that the takeover movement generated increases in corporate efficiency that exceeded $1.5 trillion and helped to lay the foundation for the great economic boom of the 1990s.

Societal change between market and organization

Author: John Child,Michel Crozier,Renate Mayntz,European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 228

View: 573

Societal Change Between Market and Organization was the theme of the Tenth Colloquium of the European Group for Organizational Studies (EGOS), held 1991 in Vienna and organized jointly by the European Centre, Vienna, the Federal Academy of Public Administration and the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna. From the several hundred papers presented, eleven contributions including the keynote lectures have been selected for publication in this collective volume under the authorship of John Child, Michel Crozier and Renate Mayntz.The volume is divided into five parts. Part I addresses new frontiers of knowledge in (inter)organizational research focusing on the logic of interorganizational networks and the logic of management. Part II presents concepts and discourses in organizational research, dealing with conceptualizations of organizational development and decline, of enterprising excellence, as well as with understanding the subcontracting relationship. Part III comprises two contributions regarding non-profit organizations and voluntary associations: what are the challenges to create and maintain non-profits in newly emerging market economies? And can non-profit sporting leagues be analyzed as markets within bureaucracies?. Part IV takes up the issue of industrial districts and regional competition, focusing on contemporary relationships between firms in a classic industrial district and on the competitive advantages of regions. Finally, in Part V the much-debated problem of managing the economic transformation in Central-Eastern Europe and China and of post-socialist governance is dealt with both conceptually as well as through country case-studies.

The Institutions of the Market

Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance

Author: Alexander Ebner,Nikolaus Beck

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191647608

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 424

View: 9145

This book approaches markets as a dynamic ensemble of institutions; and as a set of rules or norms, that contribute to the evolution of social systems of governance, and can be analysed as a structured social system. It tackles such questions as: * Where do markets come from and what drives their evolution? * How do organizations cope with the competitive dynamism of markets? * What is the role of governance mechanisms in the institutional coordination of markets? Using this 'new institutionalist' approach, an international group of leading scholars examine the institutional foundations of economic change. Drawn from an array of disciplines, including Business, Organization Studies, Economics, and Sociology, the contributors address the organizational capabilities of firms, the social structuration of competition, and the diversity of governance mechanisms in the market. Contributors include: Nikolaus Beck, Christophe Boone, Robert Boyer, Alexander Ebner, Neil Fligstein, Henrich R. Greve, John Harriss, Bob Hinings, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, Bob Jessop, Alfred Kieser, Namrata Malhotra, Renate E. Meyer, Richard R. Nelson, Rudolf Richter, Peter Walgenbach, Filippo Carlo Wezel, Sidney G. Winter, and Arjen Van Witteloostuijn.

New Forms of Governance in Research Organizations

Disciplinary Approaches, Interfaces and Integration

Author: Dorothea Jansen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402058314

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 7887

This book undertakes to develop a sector specific theory of governance of the public research sector and applies it to the German research system. The book is the outcome of a large interdisciplinary project. It analyzes the reforms in the German research system from an integrated perspective of law, economics and social sciences. The case of Germany is compared to reforms in other European countries such as Austria, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Power, Policy and Profit

Corporate Engagement in Politics and Governance

Author: Christina Garsten,Adrienne Sörbom

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1784711217

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8696

Power, Policy and Profit investigates the manifold ways in which corporate actors attempt to broadly influence political activities. With intensified globalization of markets, the restructuring of provisions of welfare services and accumulation of private capital opportunities for corporate influence in politics affairs have multiplied. Bringing together scholars from different fields in the study of global governance, the volume addresses the rising influence and power of corporate actors on the national and transnational political scene.

The Handbook of Economic Sociology

Author: Neil J. Smelser,Richard Swedberg

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400835585

Category: Social Science

Page: 752

View: 4184

The Handbook of Economic Sociology, Second Edition is the most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of economic sociology available. The first edition, copublished in 1994 by Princeton University Press and the Russell Sage Foundation as a synthesis of the burgeoning field of economic sociology, soon established itself as the definitive presentation of the field, and has been widely read, reviewed, and adopted. Since then, the field of economic sociology has continued to grow by leaps and bounds and to move into new theoretical and empirical territory. The second edition, while being as all-embracing in its coverage as the first edition, represents a wholesale revamping. Neil Smelser and Richard Swedberg have kept the main overall framework intact, but nearly two-thirds of the chapters are new or have new authors. As in the first edition, they bring together leading sociologists as well as representatives of other social sciences. But the thirty chapters of this volume incorporate many substantial thematic changes and new lines of research--for example, more focus on international and global concerns, chapters on institutional analysis, the transition from socialist economies, organization and networks, and the economic sociology of the ancient world. The Handbook of Economic Sociology, Second Edition is the definitive resource on what continues to be one of the leading edges of sociology and one of its most important interdisciplinary adventures. It is a must read for all faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates doing work in the field. A thoroughly revised and updated version of the most comprehensive treatment of economic sociology available Almost two-thirds of the chapters are new or have new authors Authors include leading sociologists as well as representatives of other social sciences Substantial thematic changes and new lines of research, including more focus on international and global concerns, institutional analysis, the transition from socialist economies, and organization and networks The definitive resource on what continues to be one of the leading edges of sociology and one of its most important interdisciplinary adventures A must read for faculty, graduate students, and undergraduates doing work in the field

Finance: The Discreet Regulator

How Financial Activities Shape and Transform the World

Author: I. Huault,C. Richard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137033606

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 4533

The financial sector is the talk of the global village. This book highlights that, before asserting that the institutions of the financial sector deserve to be regulated, one should consider that these very institutions are themselves the discreet regulators of the markets where their activity takes place.

Emergence

Author: Henrich R. Greve,Marc-David L. Seidel

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787143139

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 380

View: 5600

The recent growth in research on the topic of evolutionary novelties inspired this volume of Research in the Sociology of Organizations. While previous sociological work has done an admirable job of understanding selection and differentiation processes, it has widely ignored the origin of novelty and growth to form initial structures and practices

21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook

Author: Rhona C. Free

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412961424

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1000

View: 4516

Interest in economics is at an all-time high. Among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. Americans are debating the proper role of the government in company bailouts, the effectiveness of tax cuts versus increased government spending to stimulate the economy, and potential effects of deflation. Economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance. Tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook is intended to meet the needs of several types of readers. Undergraduate students preparing for exams will find summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics. Readers interested in learning about economic analysis of an issue as well students embarking on research projects will find introductions to relevant theory and empirical evidence. And economists seeking to learn about extensions of analysis into new areas or about new approaches will benefit from chapters that introduce cutting-edge topics. To make the book accessible to undergraduate students, models have been presented only in graphical format (minimal calculus) and empirical evidence has been summarized in ways that do not require much background in statistics or econometrics. It is thereby hoped that chapters will provide both crucial information and inspiration in a non-threatening, highly readable format.

Markets and Civil Society

The European Experience in Comparative Perspective

Author: Victor Pérez-Díaz

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845459377

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 3151

The nature of the currently emerging European society, which includes the economic and social transformation of Eastern and Central European countries, has been hotly debated. At its center is the relationship between markets and civil society within political and social contexts. The contributors to this volume offer perspectives from various disciplines (the social sciences, conceptual history, law, economics) and from several European countries in order to explore the ways in which markets influence various forms of civil society, such as individual freedom, social cohesion, economic effectiveness and democratic governance, and influence the construction of a civil society in a broader sense.

Reconfiguring Knowledge Production

Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and Their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Author: Richard Whitley,Jochen Gläser,Lars Engwall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199590192

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 387

View: 2753

Governance of the public sciences has profoundly changed since World War II, especially the funding structures, autonomy, and accountability of public research organizations and universities, and the extent to which research is steered towards societal usefulness. This book examines these developments in several countries.

Industries, Firms, and Jobs

Sociological and Economic Approaches

Author: George Farkas,Paula England

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202366807

Category: Political Science

Page: 349

View: 8081

What are the links among industrial structure, segmentation, the internal structure of firms, job characteristics, technology, productivity, labor markets, and product markets? The answers, posited by a distinguished group of sociologists and economists, have gained resonance as the field of economic sociology has grown. In this expanded edition, the editors and their economist colleague, Kevin Lang, explore the theoretical interstices and update the references. Sociologists and economists have responded differently to work within the other discipline. For some sociologists, the typical economic assumption of basic actors engaged in rational action is both unrealistic and objectionable. Other sociologists have not always agreed with everything economists do, they have seen "rational choice" as a partially true description of human behavior and as a starting point for sociological theorizing. Among economists, the situation is quite different: most have maintained their basic rational choice model while pushing aggressively into substantive areas previously addressed only by sociologists and political scientists. Industries, Firms, and Jobs is a welcome reassertion of an old tradition of interdisciplinary research. That tradition has recently weakened, largely because of an enormous expansion of the domain of neoclassical economics. The expansion has fed on two scientific developments: human capital theory and contract theory. This book is an invaluable resource for all economists, sociologists, labor specialists, and business professionals.

The Third Sector

Comparative Studies of Nonprofit Organizations

Author: Helmut K. Anheier,Wolfgang Seibel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110868407

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 426

View: 5419


Organizational Transition and Systematic Governance

Labor Relations in Enterprises

Author: Jingdong Qu,Chunhui Fu,Xiang Wen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811073775

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 5772

By assessing the transition in enterprise-employee relations in China over the six decades since the founding of the nation and the three decades since the implementation of a reform and opening up policy, this book investigates these changes from three key perspectives: occupation, operation and governance. The book chiefly analyzes the unit system structure of enterprises and mechanisms such as apprentice systems inside organizations and proposes a combination of systematic governance and civic governance. Further, it investigates in detail the transition in labor relations in township, state-owned and private enterprises under the contract system, market system and project system, reviews the factors contributing to contradictions in labor relations at different periods, and puts forward options for modifying labor relations in various ways, including their system and structure.

The Deconstructed Church

Understanding Emerging Christianity

Author: Gerardo Marti,Gladys Ganiel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199381070

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 1373

Winner of the Distinguished Book Award from the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion The Emerging Church Movement (ECM) is a creative, entrepreneurial religious movement that strives to achieve social legitimacy and spiritual vitality by actively disassociating from its roots in conservative, evangelical Christianity and "deconstructing" contemporary expressions of Christianity. Emerging Christians see themselves as overturning outdated interpretations of the Bible, transforming hierarchical religious institutions, and re-orienting Christianity to step outside the walls of church buildings toward working among and serving others in the "real world." Drawing on ethnographic observation of emerging congregations, pub churches, neo-monastic communities, conferences, online networks, in-depth interviews, and congregational surveys in the US, UK, and Ireland, Gerardo Marti and Gladys Ganiel provide a comprehensive social-scientific analysis of the development and significance of the ECM. Emerging Christians, they find, are shaping a distinct religious orientation that encourages individualism, deep relationships with others, new ideas about the nature of truth, doubt, and God, and innovations in preaching, worship, Eucharist, and leadership.

Strategy

Critical Perspectives on Business and Management

Author: David Faulkner

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415251549

Category: Business planning

Page: 520

View: 4538

This is the most comprehensive collection to date on all aspects of strategy. The articles selected here discuss key themes, including:* different conceptions of strategy, such as the classical, rational models of Porter, the empirical, emergent emphasis of Mintzberg, and the competence based models of Grant and others * the relationship between strategy and other subjects including economics and organizational studies * scenario planning, networks, strategic groups and knowledge, and other key new developments * the implications of globalization and international management * key strategic decisions including diversification and mergers and acquisitionsWith a new introduction by the editor and an extensive index, this collection is an invaluable reference tool and teaching aid.