The Governance of Relations in Markets and Organizations

Author: Vincent Willem Buskens,Werner Raub,Chris Snijders

Publisher: JAI Press Incorporated

ISBN: 9780762310050

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 461

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Beginning with a set of theoretical and empirical perspectives on the governance of relations in businesses, markets and organizations this multi-authored volume addresses a range of topics concerned with labour, jobs and contractual agreements within a range of organizations.

A New Theory of Industrial Relations

People, Markets and Organizations after Neoliberalism

Author: Conor Cradden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317299914

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 435

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Most existing theoretical approaches to industrial relations and human resources management (IR/HRM) build their analyses and policy prescriptions on one of two foundational assumptions. They assume either that conflict between workers and employers is the natural and inevitable state of affairs; or that under normal circumstances, cooperation is what employers can and should expect from workers. By contrast, A New Theory of Industrial Relations: People, Markets and Organizations after Neoliberalism proposes a theoretical framework for IR/HRM that treats the existence of conflict or cooperation at work as an outcome that needs to be explained rather than an initial presupposition. By identifying the social and organizational roots of reasoned, positively chosen cooperation at work, this framework shows what is needed to construct a genuinely consensual form of capitalism. In broader terms, the book offers a critical theory of the governance of work under capitalism. ‘The governance of work’ refers to the structures of incentives and sanctions, authority, accountability and direct and representative participation within and beyond the workplace by which decisions about the content, conditions and remuneration of work are made, applied, challenged and revised. The most basic proposition made in the book is that work will be consensual—and, hence, that employees will actively and willingly cooperate with the implementation of organizational plans and strategies—when the governance of work is substantively?legitimate. Although stable configurations of economic and organizational structures are possible in the context of a bare procedural legitimacy, it is only where work relationships are recognized as right and just that positive forms of cooperation will occur. The analytic purpose of the theory is to specify the conditions under which substantive legitimacy will arise. Drawing in particular on the work of Alan Fox, Robert Cox and Ju?rgen Habermas, the book argues that whether workers fight against, tolerate or willingly accept the web of relationships that constitutes the organization depends on the interplay between three empirically variable factors: the objective day-to-day experience of incentives, constraints and obligations at work; the subjective understanding of work as a social relationship; and the formal institutional structure of policies, rules and practices by which relationships at work are governed.

Sociology of Organizations

Structures and Relationships

Author: Mary Godwyn,Jody Hoffer Gittell

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412991951

Category: Social Science

Page: 740

View: 2228

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Sociology of Organizations: Structures and Relationships is a timely and unique collection of both classic and contemporary studies of organizations. Designed around competing theoretical frameworks, this cutting-edge book examines organizations with attention to structure and objectives, interactions among members and among organizations, the relationship between the organization and its environment and the social significance or social meaning of the organization. This volume sheds light on some of the most interesting changes and challenges facing organizations today: the integration of new media, the implementation of diversity and inclusion, and the promotion of sustainable workforce engagement. Lively and provocative, this textbook is theoretically rigorous, disciplinarily informed and representative of heterogeneity within organization studies.

Corporate Governance, Employee Voice, and Work Organization

Sustaining High-Road Jobs in the Automotive Supply Industry

Author: Inge Lippert,Tony Huzzard,Ulrich Jurgens,William Lazonick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199681074

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 2063

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Corporate Governance, Employee Voice, and Work Organization explores the dynamic relations between corporate governance, employee voice, and the organization of work in the automotive supply industry. It reports on research undertaken in three countries--Germany, Sweden, and the United States--that has sought to explore and compare historical patterns of the relationships between changing governance regimes, voice, and work at plant level in an era of financialization. It also explores the prospects for high-road, sustainable jobs in the sector. Three detailed case histories from each of the countries are presented which contrast companies facing three different levels of exposure to capital markets: companies relatively sheltered from stock markets; companies that are highly exposed to them; and thirdly companies owned by private equity firms. This design allows for analysis not just across different national contexts but also within them, and questions the usefulness of the 'varieties of capitalism' appraoch in understanding these differences. The cases show that governance compromises matter, that is, that recognising the role of employee voice in corporate governance regimes is essential in any comparative analysis and understanding of corporate governance.

Reconfiguring Knowledge Production

Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and Their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Author: Richard Whitley,Jochen Gläser,Lars Engwall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199590192

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 387

View: 4438

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Governance of the public sciences has profoundly changed since World War II, especially the funding structures, autonomy, and accountability of public research organizations and universities, and the extent to which research is steered towards societal usefulness. This book examines these developments in several countries.

Unternehmensnetzwerke

Architekturen, Strukturen und Strategien

Author: Johannes Glückler,Waltraud Dehning,Monique Janneck,Thomas Armbrüster

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642295312

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 356

View: 7048

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Anstatt Netzwerke nur aus der Sicht einzelner Akteure zu betrachten, richten die Autoren ihren Blick auf die multilaterale Zusammenarbeit. Wissenschaftler, Unternehmens- und Rechtsberater diskutieren Konzepte wie Netzwerkgut oder laterale Governance, auf deren Grundlage Netzwerke ausgestaltet und ihre Innovationskraft gefördert werden kann. Auch die Wahl der Rechtsform, der Controllinginstrumente sowie der Einsatz von Kommunikationstechnologien werden thematisiert. Erfolgsfaktoren arbeiten die Autoren anhand detaillierter Fallstudien heraus.

New Forms of Governance in Research Organizations

Disciplinary Approaches, Interfaces and Integration

Author: Dorothea Jansen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402058314

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 983

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This book undertakes to develop a sector specific theory of governance of the public research sector and applies it to the German research system. The book is the outcome of a large interdisciplinary project. It analyzes the reforms in the German research system from an integrated perspective of law, economics and social sciences. The case of Germany is compared to reforms in other European countries such as Austria, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

Finance: The Discreet Regulator

How Financial Activities Shape and Transform the World

Author: I. Huault,C. Richard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137033606

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 439

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The financial sector is the talk of the global village. This book highlights that, before asserting that the institutions of the financial sector deserve to be regulated, one should consider that these very institutions are themselves the discreet regulators of the markets where their activity takes place.

The Institutions of the Market

Organizations, Social Systems, and Governance

Author: Alexander Ebner,Nikolaus Beck

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191647608

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 424

View: 8115

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This book approaches markets as a dynamic ensemble of institutions; and as a set of rules or norms, that contribute to the evolution of social systems of governance, and can be analysed as a structured social system. It tackles such questions as: * Where do markets come from and what drives their evolution? * How do organizations cope with the competitive dynamism of markets? * What is the role of governance mechanisms in the institutional coordination of markets? Using this 'new institutionalist' approach, an international group of leading scholars examine the institutional foundations of economic change. Drawn from an array of disciplines, including Business, Organization Studies, Economics, and Sociology, the contributors address the organizational capabilities of firms, the social structuration of competition, and the diversity of governance mechanisms in the market. Contributors include: Nikolaus Beck, Christophe Boone, Robert Boyer, Alexander Ebner, Neil Fligstein, Henrich R. Greve, John Harriss, Bob Hinings, Geoffrey M. Hodgson, Bob Jessop, Alfred Kieser, Namrata Malhotra, Renate E. Meyer, Richard R. Nelson, Rudolf Richter, Peter Walgenbach, Filippo Carlo Wezel, Sidney G. Winter, and Arjen Van Witteloostuijn.

The Deconstructed Church

Understanding Emerging Christianity

Author: Gerardo Marti,Gladys Ganiel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199381070

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 7449

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Winner of the Distinguished Book Award from the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion The Emerging Church Movement (ECM) is a creative, entrepreneurial religious movement that strives to achieve social legitimacy and spiritual vitality by actively disassociating from its roots in conservative, evangelical Christianity and "deconstructing" contemporary expressions of Christianity. Emerging Christians see themselves as overturning outdated interpretations of the Bible, transforming hierarchical religious institutions, and re-orienting Christianity to step outside the walls of church buildings toward working among and serving others in the "real world." Drawing on ethnographic observation of emerging congregations, pub churches, neo-monastic communities, conferences, online networks, in-depth interviews, and congregational surveys in the US, UK, and Ireland, Gerardo Marti and Gladys Ganiel provide a comprehensive social-scientific analysis of the development and significance of the ECM. Emerging Christians, they find, are shaping a distinct religious orientation that encourages individualism, deep relationships with others, new ideas about the nature of truth, doubt, and God, and innovations in preaching, worship, Eucharist, and leadership.

Multimodality, Meaning, and Institutions

Author: Dennis Jancsary

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787433323

Category:

Page: 200

View: 597

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This volume focuses on the relationship between different modes in the emergence, diffusion, maintenance, and/or challenge of social meanings and institutions. The contributions demonstrate the potential of multimodal approaches to advance the design of rigorous methods of analysis for the study of multimodal communicative practices.

21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook

Author: Rhona C. Free

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412961424

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1000

View: 3085

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Interest in economics is at an all-time high. Among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. Americans are debating the proper role of the government in company bailouts, the effectiveness of tax cuts versus increased government spending to stimulate the economy, and potential effects of deflation. Economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance. Tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook is intended to meet the needs of several types of readers. Undergraduate students preparing for exams will find summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics. Readers interested in learning about economic analysis of an issue as well students embarking on research projects will find introductions to relevant theory and empirical evidence. And economists seeking to learn about extensions of analysis into new areas or about new approaches will benefit from chapters that introduce cutting-edge topics. To make the book accessible to undergraduate students, models have been presented only in graphical format (minimal calculus) and empirical evidence has been summarized in ways that do not require much background in statistics or econometrics. It is thereby hoped that chapters will provide both crucial information and inspiration in a non-threatening, highly readable format.

Trust in Market Relationships

Author: Sandro Castaldo

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1847208576

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 7197

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Trust in Market Relationships illustrates that the importance of trust in a commercial arena has intensified as markets have become more complex. As business relationships become ever critical for a firm s economic results in highly competitive markets, and trust represents the basic platform for the development of successful long-term collaborations. Sandro Castaldo attempts to order the analytical complexity and myriad perspectives that characterise research on trust. He aims not to simplify this complexity, but to present guidelines for an interpretative model of trust, and to define fundamental concepts for trust management strategies. Issues explored include: the nature of trust, the relevance of trust to firms intangible assets and value creation; dimensions of trust in marketing studies; psychological, sociological and organizational studies and the transactional cost theory; trust determinants, consequences and evolutionary processes and cycles. With its wide literature review and complete field overview, this multi-disciplinary approach to the complex facets of trust in market relationships will strongly appeal to those with an interest in marketing, trust management and organizational studies.

Organizational Transition and Systematic Governance

Labor Relations in Enterprises

Author: Jingdong Qu,Chunhui Fu,Xiang Wen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811073775

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 4209

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By assessing the transition in enterprise-employee relations in China over the six decades since the founding of the nation and the three decades since the implementation of a reform and opening up policy, this book investigates these changes from three key perspectives: occupation, operation and governance. The book chiefly analyzes the unit system structure of enterprises and mechanisms such as apprentice systems inside organizations and proposes a combination of systematic governance and civic governance. Further, it investigates in detail the transition in labor relations in township, state-owned and private enterprises under the contract system, market system and project system, reviews the factors contributing to contradictions in labor relations at different periods, and puts forward options for modifying labor relations in various ways, including their system and structure.

Strategy

Critical Perspectives on Business and Management

Author: David Faulkner

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415251549

Category: Business planning

Page: 520

View: 3873

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This is the most comprehensive collection to date on all aspects of strategy. The articles selected here discuss key themes, including:* different conceptions of strategy, such as the classical, rational models of Porter, the empirical, emergent emphasis of Mintzberg, and the competence based models of Grant and others * the relationship between strategy and other subjects including economics and organizational studies * scenario planning, networks, strategic groups and knowledge, and other key new developments * the implications of globalization and international management * key strategic decisions including diversification and mergers and acquisitionsWith a new introduction by the editor and an extensive index, this collection is an invaluable reference tool and teaching aid.

Societal change between market and organization

Author: John Child,Michel Crozier,Renate Mayntz,European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 228

View: 9783

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Societal Change Between Market and Organization was the theme of the Tenth Colloquium of the European Group for Organizational Studies (EGOS), held 1991 in Vienna and organized jointly by the European Centre, Vienna, the Federal Academy of Public Administration and the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna. From the several hundred papers presented, eleven contributions including the keynote lectures have been selected for publication in this collective volume under the authorship of John Child, Michel Crozier and Renate Mayntz.The volume is divided into five parts. Part I addresses new frontiers of knowledge in (inter)organizational research focusing on the logic of interorganizational networks and the logic of management. Part II presents concepts and discourses in organizational research, dealing with conceptualizations of organizational development and decline, of enterprising excellence, as well as with understanding the subcontracting relationship. Part III comprises two contributions regarding non-profit organizations and voluntary associations: what are the challenges to create and maintain non-profits in newly emerging market economies? And can non-profit sporting leagues be analyzed as markets within bureaucracies?. Part IV takes up the issue of industrial districts and regional competition, focusing on contemporary relationships between firms in a classic industrial district and on the competitive advantages of regions. Finally, in Part V the much-debated problem of managing the economic transformation in Central-Eastern Europe and China and of post-socialist governance is dealt with both conceptually as well as through country case-studies.

The SAGE Handbook of Governance

Author: Mark Bevir

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446209752

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 1883

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The study of governance has risen to prominence as a way of describing and explaining changes in our world. The SAGE Handbook of Governance presents an authoritative and innovative overview of this fascinating field, with particular emphasis on the significant new and emerging theoretical issues and policy innovations. The Handbook is divided into three parts. Part one explores the major theories influencing current thinking and shaping future research in the field of governance. Part two deals specifically with changing practices and policy innovations, including the changing role of the state, transnational and global governance, markets and networks, public management, and budgeting and finance. Part three explores the dilemmas of managing governance, including attempts to rethink democracy and citizenship as well as specific policy issues such as capacity building, regulation, and sustainable development. This volume is an excellent resource for advanced students and researchers in political science, economics, geography, sociology, and public administration. Mark Bevir is a Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley.

Industries, Firms, and Jobs

Sociological and Economic Approaches

Author: George Farkas,Paula England

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306428654

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 749

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This book is a welcome reassertion of an old tradition of interdisdplinary research. That tradition has tended to atrophy in the last decade, largely because of an enormous expansion of the domain of neoc1assical economics. The expansion has fed on two sdentific developments: first, human capital theory; second, contract theory. Both developments have taken phenomena critical to the operation of the economy but previously understood in terms of categories separate and distinct from those with which economists generally work and sought to apply the same analytical techniques that we use to understand other economic problems. Human capital theory has applied conventional techniques to questions of labor supply. It began this endeavor with the supply of trained labor and then expanded to a general theory of labor supply by broadening the analysis to the allocation of time over the individual's life, the interdependendes of supply decisions within the family, and finally to the formation of the family itself. Similarly, contract theory has moved from a theory that explains the existence of c10sed economic institutions to a theory of their formation and internaioperation. The hallmark of both of these developments is the extension and applica tion of analytical techniques based on purposive maximization under con traints and the interaction of individual decision makers through a com petitive market or its analogue.

Reassessing the Employment Relationship

Author: Paul Blyton,Edmund Heery,Peter Turnbull

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230365949

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 480

View: 1277

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Reassessing the Employment Relationship is an edited volume written by leading academics at Cardiff Business School. Reflecting on the employment relationship as one of the central institutions of advanced capitalist economies, it provides an extensive survey of the changing world of work. The book offers a multi-disciplinary analysis of the contemporary workplace, and focuses on the key influences that are shaping the employment relationship - globalization, financialization, regulation and the search for ethical standards in human resource management. There is insightful and authoritative treatment of some of the main developments in the employment relationship, such as the rise of knowledge and customer service work, increasing income inequality, new forms of management control over work, the spread of non-union industrial relations and the rise to prominence of work-life integration. Reassessing the Employment Relationship provides a critical yet accessible look at the changing employment relationship, and is an indispensible aid to students studying Industrial Relations, Human Resource Management, Organizational Studies, and Business Ethics. PAUL BLYTON is Professor of Industrial Relations and Industrial Sociology at Cardiff University, UK. EDMUND HEERY is Professor of Employment Relations at Cardiff University, UK. PETER TURNBULL is Professor of Human Resource Management and Labour Relations at Cardiff University, UK.

Women on Corporate Boards and in Top Management

European Trends and Policy

Author: Colette Fagan,Maria González Menèndez,Silvia Gómez Ansón

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230307736

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 5943

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This book examines the international trends and associated developments in gender equality policy including corporate governance such as gender quotas. International comparative analysis is combined with detailed analysis of eight European countries with different policy regimes and trajectories.