The Great Conversation

A Historical Introduction to Philosophy

Author: Norman Melchert,David R. Morrow

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190670634

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 1452

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Tracing the exchange of ideas among history's key philosophers, The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, Eighth Edition, provides a generous selection of excerpts from major philosophical works and makes them more easily understandable to students with lucid and engaging explanations. Extensive cross-referencing shows students how philosophers respond appreciatively or critically to the thoughts of other philosophers. The Great Conversation, Eighth Edition, is also available in two separate volumes to suit your course needs: The Great Conversation: Volume I: Pre-Socratics through Descartes, Eighth Edition The Great Conversation: Volume II: Descartes through Derrida and Quine, Eighth Edition

The Great Conversation

Descartes Through Derrida and Quine

Author: Norman Melchert

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195397635

Category: Philosophy

Page: 735

View: 5807

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Ideal for courses in modern philosophy or modern and contemporary philosophy, The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, Volume II: Descartes through Derrida and Quine covers the same material as the second half (chapters 12-25) of author Norman Melchert's longer volume, The Great Conversation. Tracing the exchange of ideas among history's key philosophers, the book demonstrates that while constructing an argument or making a claim, one philosopher almost always has others in mind. It addresses the fundamental questions of human life: Who are we? What can we know? How should we live? and What sort of reality do we inhabit? The sixth edition retains the distinctive feature of previous editions: author Norman Melchert provides a generous selection of excerpts from major philosophical works and makes them more easily understandable to students with his lucid and engaging explanations. Ranging from Descartes to Derrida and Quine, the selections are organized historically and include a translation of Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy (the complete work). The author's commentary offers a rich intellectual and cultural context for the philosophical ideas conveyed in the excerpts. Extensive cross-referencing shows students how philosophers respond appreciatively or critically to the thoughts of other philosophers. The text is enhanced by two types of exercises--"Basic Questions" and "For Further Thought"--and forty illustrations. NEW TO THE SIXTH EDITION: * Coverage of Iris Murdoch and Zen, and an expanded portrait of Jean-Paul Sartre * A more concise, single-chapter (22) treatment of Wittgenstein * Key terms, boldfaced throughout and listed at chapter ends * Brief and provocative quotations that stimulate thought and provoke questions * A new section on how to read philosophy * A new appendix: Writing a Philosophy Paper * A Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/melchert featuring resources for students including key points, flashcards, multiple-choice questions, and Internet resources * A revised Instructor's Manual and Test Bank containing key points, teaching suggestions, and multiple-choice, short-answer, and essay exam questions (available on the companion website and on CD) Also available to suit your course needs: The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, Sixth Edition (combined volume covering the Pre-Socratics through Derrida, Quine, and Dennett) and The Great Conversation: Volume I: Pre-Socratics through Descartes (includes chapters 1-13 of the combined volume).

A Historical Introduction to Philosophy

Texts and Interactive Guides

Author: James Fieser,Norman Lillegard

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195139846

Category: Philosophy

Page: 708

View: 4551

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Offering a unique pedagogical apparatus, A Historical Introduction to Philosophy: Texts and Interactive Guides provides selections from the most influential primary works in philosophy from the Presocratics through the twentieth century, integrating them with substantial commentary and study questions. It offers extensive treatment of the Hellenistic and Renaissance periods - which are typically given only minimal coverage in other anthologies - and devotes substantial chapters to nineteenth- and twentieth-century philosophy. The selections are organized historically and are presented in short and manageable sections with organizational headings and subheadings; archaic and difficult material has been adapted for clarity. Accompanying commentaries simplify difficult passages, explain technical terminology, and expand upon allusions to unfamiliar literature and arguments. Study questions are interspersed throughout the chapters in "Ask Yourself" boxes and vary with respect to format and level of difficulty. They require students to reconstruct arguments, summarize passages, complete blanks in statements and arguments, evaluate the success or viability of a philosophical point, or draw contemporary parallels and applications. The questions are carefully framed so as to avoid commitment to any particular side in controversies. Instructors can assign those questions that will best suit the aims of their courses and aid their students' comprehension of the primary sourcematerial. A Historical Introduction to Philosophy is enhanced by a comprehensive time line, a glossary, and lists of suggested further readings for both primary and secondary sources. This rich and flexible anthology and interactive textbook is ideal for introduction to philosophy and history of philosophy courses.

An Introduction to Decision Theory

Author: Martin Peterson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107151597

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 2422

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Now revised and updated, this introduction to decision theory is both accessible and comprehensive, covering topics including decision making under ignorance and risk, the foundations of utility theory, the debate over subjective and objective probability, Bayesianism, causal decision theory, game theory, and social choice theory. No mathematical skills are assumed, with all concepts and results explained in non-technical and intuitive as well as more formal ways. There are now over 140 exercises with solutions, along with a glossary of key terms and concepts. This second edition includes a new chapter on risk aversion as well as updated discussions of numerous central ideas, including Newcomb's problem, prisoner's dilemmas, and Arrow's impossibility theorem. The book will appeal particularly to philosophy students but also to readers in a range of disciplines, from computer science and psychology to economics and political science.

The Great Conversation: Pre Socratics through Descartes

Author: Norman Melchert

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195306804

Category: Philosophy

Page: 359

View: 954

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Now in its fifth edition, this historically organized introductory texttreats philosophy as a dramatic and continuous story--a conversation abouthumankind's deepest and most persistent concerns. Tracing the exchange of ideasbetween history's key philosophers, The Great Conversation: A HistoricalIntroduction to Philosophy, Fifth Edition, demonstrates that while constructingan argument or making a claim, one philosopher almost always has others in mind.The book addresses the fundamental questions of human life: Who are we? What canwe know? How should we live? and What sort of reality do we inhabit?The fifth edition retains the distinctive feature of previous editions:author Norman Melchert provides a generous selection of excerpts from majorphilosophical works and makes them more easily understandable to students withhis lucid and engaging explanations. Ranging from the Pre-Socratics to Derridaand Quine, the selections are organized historically and include four completeworks: Plato's Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito, and Descartes' Meditations onFirst Philosophy. The author's commentary offers a rich intellectual andcultural context for the philosophical ideas conveyed in the excerpts. Extensivecross-referencing shows students how philosophers respond appreciatively orcritically to the thoughts of other philosophers. The text is enhanced by twotypes of exercises--"Basic Questions" and "For Further Thought"--and more thansixty illustrations.New to the Fifth Edition:* A new chapter (25) on Simone de Beauvoir and her contributions to philosophy* New material on Buddhist, Muslim, and Jewish thinkers, including profiles ofthe Buddha, Avicenna (Ibn Sina), Averroes (Ibn Rushd), and Maimonides (Moses benMaimon)* A new profile of Jean-Jacques Rousseau* Improved translations of several of Plato's works, including Protagoras,Gorgias, Phaedo, Symposium,Meno, and the Republic* Review questions that are now dispersed throughout the chapters (instead ofat chapter ends) to follow relevant passages and facilitate classroom discussion* Thirteen new images, including seven explanatory cartoons that help studentsunderstand key concepts* A revised Instructor's Manual and Test Bank containing essential points,teaching suggestions, and multiple-choice, short-answer, and essay examquestionsThe Great Conversation, Fifth Edition, is also available in two paperbackvolumes to suit your course needs. Volume I: Pre-Socratics through Descartesincludes chapters 1-13 of the combined volume, while Volume II: Descartesthrough Derrida and Quine includes chapters 12-26.

Philosophical Conversations

A Concise Historical Introduction

Author: Norman Melchert

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 602

View: 6683

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This brief and engaging introductory text treats philosophy as a dramatic and continuous story--a conversation about humankind's deepest and most persistent concerns, in which students are encouraged to participate. Tracing the exchange of ideas between history's key philosophers, Philosophical Conversations: A Concise Historical Introduction demonstrates that while constructing an argument or making a claim, one philosopher almost always has others in mind. The book addresses the fundamental questions of human life: Who are we? What can we know? How should we live? and What sort of reality do we inhabit? Throughout, author Norman Melchert provides a generous selection of excerpts from major philosophical works and makes them more easily understandable with his lucid explanations. Extensive cross-references highlight the organizing themes and show students how philosophers have responded to each other's arguments. A more concise edition of Norman Melchert's The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, Fifth Edition, Philosophical Conversations is designed to be especially accessible and visually attractive to first- and second-year college students in introduction to philosophy courses. Enhanced by numerous pedagogical features, it offers: * Shorter and/or simplified presentations of much of the material * A second color that enlivens the text and makes it more visually interesting * An expanded art program featuring more than 100 photographs, illustrations, and cartoons * Classic art at the opening of each chapter * Numerous brief quotations from poets, politicians, and thinkers that underscore philosophical points and stimulate thought * Explanatory footnotes and basic study questions throughout * "Questions for Further Thought" at the end of each chapter * Key terms, boldfaced at their first appearance and collected at the end of each chapter and in a detailed glossary at the back of the book * "Sketches"--which provide glimpses of the ideas of various philosophers not already discussed in detail in the narrative--and "Profiles," which offer more in-depth looks at several thinkers, philosophical schools, and movements including Taoism, Zen, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Iris Murdoch * An Instructor's Manual and Test Bank on CD that highlights essential points and offers numerous exam questions

Women, Music, Culture

An Introduction

Author: Julie C. Dunbar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351857452

Category: Music

Page: 426

View: 8192

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Women, Music, Culture: An Introduction, Second Edition is the first undergraduate textbook on the history and contribution of women in a variety of musical genres and professions, ideal for students in courses in both music and women's studies. A compelling narrative, accompanied by over 50 guided listening examples, brings the world of women in music to life, examining a community of female musicians, including composers, producers, consumers, performers, technicians, mothers, and educators in art music and popular music. The book features a wide array of pedagogical aids, including a running glossary and a comprehensive companion website with streamed audio tracks, that help to reinforce key figures and terms. This new edition includes a major revision of the Women in World Music chapter, a new chapter in Western Classical "Work" in the Enlightenment, and a revised chapter on 19th Century Romanticism: Parlor Songs to Opera. 20th Century Art Music.

Philosophical Questions

Readings and Interactive Guides

Author: James Fieser,Norman Lillegard

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195139839

Category: Philosophy

Page: 656

View: 3548

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"This topically organized anthology and textbook includes numerous excerpts from contemporary philosophers, as well as from Western classics and major Eastern texts, encouraging students to explore connections between works from the Western and Eastern traditions and from different time periods."--BOOK JACKET.

How to Think about the Great Ideas

From the Great Books of Western Civilization(Volume 2 Of 2 )

Author: Mortimer J. Adler

Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com

ISBN: 1458720063

Category:

Page: 500

View: 4460

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Time magazine called Mortimer J. Adler a "philosopher for everyman." In this guide to considering the big questions, Adler addresses the topics all men and women ponder in the course of life, such as "What is love?," "How do we decide the right thing to do?," and, "What does it mean to be good?" Drawing on his extensive knowledge of Western literature, history, and philosophy, the author considers what is meant by democracy, law, emotion, language, truth, and other abstract concepts in light of more than two millennia of Western civilization and discourse. Adler's essays offer a remarkable and contemplative distillation of the Great Ideas of Western Thought.

Philosophy and Theatre

An Introduction

Author: Tom Stern

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134575912

Category: Philosophy

Page: 210

View: 8733

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The relationship between philosophy and theatre is a central theme in the writings of Plato and Aristotle and of dramatists from Aristophanes to Stoppard. Where Plato argued that playwrights and actors should be banished from the ideal city for their suspect imitations of reality, Aristotle argued that theatre, particularly tragedy, was vital for stimulating our emotions and helping us to understanding ourselves. Despite this rich history the study of philosophy and theatre has been largely overlooked in contemporary philosophy. This is the first book to introduce philosophy and theatre. It covers key topics and debates, presenting the contributions of major figures in the history of philosophy, including: what is theatre? How does theatre compare with other arts? theatre as imitation, including Plato on mimesis truth and illusion in the theatre, including Nietzsche on tragedy theatre as history theatre and morality, including Rousseau’s criticisms of theatre audience and emotion, including Aristotle on catharsis theatre and politics, including Brecht’s Epic Theatre. Including annotated further reading and summaries at the end of each chapter, Philosophy and Theatre is an ideal starting point for those studying philosophy, theatre studies and related subjects in the arts and humanities.

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy

Author: Ted Honderich

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191037478

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1088

View: 2097

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Oxford University Press presents a major new edition of the definitive philosophical reference work for readers at all levels. For ten years the original volume has served as a stimulating introduction for general readers and as an indispensable guide for students; its breadth and depth of coverage have ensured that it is also read with pleasure and interest by those working at a higher level in philosophy and related disciplines. A distinguished international assembly of 249 philosophers contributed almost 2,000 entries, and many of these have now been considerably revised and updated; to these are added over 300 brand-new pieces on a fascinating range of current topics. This new edition offers enlightening and enjoyable discussions of all aspects of philosophy, and of the lives and work of the great philosophers from antiquity to the present day.

Great Philosophical Arguments

An Introduction to Philosophy

Author: Lewis Vaughn

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 9780195342604

Category: Philosophy

Page: 704

View: 5421

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The purpose of this text is to introduce students to great philosophy and great philosophers through an intense focus on argument. Like other topically organized introductory philosophy readers, this book is organized around the existence of God, knowledge and skepticism, mind and body, free will and determinism, ethics, and contemporary ethical debates, including abortion, euthanasia, and global hunger and poverty. 78 selections are grouped into six topical chapters-and the selections within those chapters are organized by argument. Vaughn's approach focuses students' attention on argumentation, where much of the philosophical work gets done.

The Great Conversation: Descartes through Derrida and Quine

Author: Norman Melchert

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195306811

Category: Philosophy

Page: 746

View: 2002

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Ideal for courses in introductory or modern and contemporary philosophy, The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, Volume II: Descartes through Derrida and Quine covers the same material as the second half (chapters 12-26) of author Norman Melchert's longer volume, The Great Conversation. Now in its fifth edition, this historically organized introductory text treats philosophy as a dramatic and continuous story--a conversation about humankind's deepest and most persistent concerns. Tracing the exchange of ideas between history's key philosophers, the book demonstrates that while constructing an argument or making a claim, one philosopher almost always has others in mind. It addresses the fundamental questions of human life: Who are we? What can we know? How should we live? and What sort of reality do we inhabit? The fifth edition retains the distinctive feature of previous editions: Melchert provides a generous selection of excerpts from major philosophical works and makes them more easily understandable to students with his own lucid and engaging explanations. Ranging from Descartes to Derrida and Quine, the selections are organized historically and include a translation of Descartes'Meditations on First Philosophy (the complete work). The author's commentary offers a rich intellectual and cultural context for the philosophical ideas conveyed in the excerpts. Extensive cross-referencing shows students how philosophers respond appreciatively or critically to the thoughts of other philosophers. The text is enhanced by two types of exercises--"Basic Questions" and "For Further Thought"--and more than thirty illustrations. New to the Fifth Edition * A new chapter (25) on Simone de Beauvoir and her contributions to philosophy * New profiles of the Buddha and Jean-Jacques Rousseau * Review questions that are now dispersed throughout the chapters (instead of at chapter ends) to follow relevant passages and facilitate classroom discussion * Six new images, including explanatory cartoons that help students understand key concepts * A revised Instructor's Manual and Test Bank containing essential points, teaching suggestions, and multiple-choice, short-answer, and essay exam questions Also available to suit your course needs: The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, Fifth Edition (combined volume covering the Pre-Socratics through Derrida and Quine) and The Great Conversation: Volume I: Pre-Socratics through Descartes, Fifth Edition (includes chapters 1-13 of the combined volume).

A Century of Communication Studies

The Unfinished Conversation

Author: Pat J. Gehrke,William M. Keith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134062869

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 6545

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This volume chronicles the development of communication studies as a discipline, providing a history of the field and identifying opportunities for future growth. Editors Pat J. Gehrke and William M. Keith have assembled an exceptional list of communication scholars who, in the thirteen chapters contained in this book, cover the breadth and depth of the field. Organized around themes and concepts that have enduring historical significance and wide appeal across numerous subfields of communication, A Century of Communication Studies bridges research and pedagogy, addressing themes that connect classroom practice and publication. Published in the 100th anniversary year of the National Communication Association, this collection highlights the evolution of communication studies and will serve future generations of scholars as a window into not only our past but also the field’s collective possibilities.

Cengage Advantage Series: Voyage of Discovery: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy

Author: William F. Lawhead

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285965876

Category: Philosophy

Page: 640

View: 4137

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Highly praised for its clarity and rich exposition, this history of philosophy text illustrates philosophy as a process and not just a collection of opinions or conclusions. Rather than simply reporting the positions of a given philosopher, Lawhead's prose assists students in retracing the thinker's intellectual journey. Students are invited to engage with each philosopher's intellectual process, drawing connections with their own lives and cultures. Metaphors, analogies, vivid images, concrete examples, common experiences, and diagrams demonstrate the concrete relevance of abstract arguments and their practical implications for contemporary society. This fourth edition of VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY: A HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY features new historical profiles and/or works representing such philosophers as Plato, St. Thomas Aquinas, Simone de Beauvoir, and Martha Nussbaum, among others. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

A First Course in Logic

Author: K. Codell Carter

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman

ISBN: 9780321277329

Category: Philosophy

Page: 560

View: 567

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Providing students with a more understandable introduction to logic without sacrificing rigor, A First Course in Logic presents topics and methods in a highly accessible and integrated manner. By integrating and comparing topics throughout and using the same examples in different chapters, the author shows the utility and limitations of each method of logic. Consistent pedagogical structure helps students learn and study better; the introduction now emphasizes strategies and tactics for applying memorization rules. One-of-a-kind LSAT-type exercises apply logic to pre-professional exams. This Gold Edition of the text now uses more standard notation and has been thoroughly class-tested and revised for absolute accuracy of information.

Lectures on the History of Moral and Political Philosophy

Author: Jonathan Wolff,G. A. Cohen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400848717

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 491

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G. A. Cohen was one of the leading political philosophers of recent times. He first came to wide attention in 1978 with the prize-winning book Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence. In subsequent decades his published writings largely turned away from the history of philosophy, focusing instead on equality, freedom, and justice. However, throughout his career he regularly lectured on a wide range of moral and political philosophers of the past. This volume collects these previously unpublished lectures. Starting with a chapter centered on Plato, but also discussing the pre-Socratics as well as Aristotle, the book moves to social contract theory as discussed by Hobbes, Locke, and Hume, and then continues with chapters on Kant, Hegel, and Nietzsche. The book also contains some previously published but uncollected papers on Marx, Hobbes, and Kant, among other figures. The collection concludes with a memoir of Cohen written by the volume editor, Jonathan Wolff, who was a student of Cohen's. A hallmark of the lectures is Cohen's engagement with the thinkers he discusses. Rather than simply trying to render their thought accessible to the modern reader, he tests whether their arguments and positions are clear, sound, and free from contradiction. Throughout, he homes in on central issues and provides fresh approaches to the philosophers he examines. Ultimately, these lectures teach us not only about some of the great thinkers in the history of moral and political philosophy, but also about one of the great thinkers of our time: Cohen himself.

How to Read a Book

The Classic Guide to Intelligent Reading

Author: Mortimer J. Adler,Charles Van Doren

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476790159

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 8820

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Analyzes the art of reading and suggests ways to approach literary works, offering techniques for reading in specific literary genres ranging from fiction, poetry, and plays to scientific and philosophical works.

Debates in Modern Philosophy

Essential Readings and Contemporary Responses

Author: Stewart Duncan,Antonia LoLordo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135136602

Category: Philosophy

Page: 390

View: 3850

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Debates in Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings and Contemporary Responses provides an in-depth, engaging introduction to important issues in modern philosophy. It presents 13 key interpretive debates to students, and ranges in coverage from Descartes' Meditations to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. Debates include: Did Descartes have a developed and consistent view about how the mind interacts with the body? Was Leibniz an idealist, or did he believe in corporeal substances? What is Locke's theory of personal identity? Could there be a Berkeleian metaphysics without God? Did Hume believe in causal powers? What is Kant's transcendental idealism? Each of the thirteen debates consists of a well known article or book chapter from a living philosopher, followed by a new response from a different scholar, specially commissioned for this volume. Every debate is prefaced by an introduction written for those coming upon the debates for the first time and followed by an annotated list for further reading. The volume starts with an introduction that explains the importance and relevance of the modern period and its key debates to philosophy and ends with a glossary that covers terms from both the modern period and the study of the history of philosophy in general. Debates in Modern Philosophy will help students evaluate different interpretations of key texts from modern philosophy, and provide a model for constructing their own positions in these debates.