The Great War, 1914-1918

Author: Ian Frederick William Beckett

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780582322486

Category: History

Page: 508

View: 7014

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The Great War scarred both the people and the popular imagination of Europe. No previous war matched it in scale, brutality and futility. The course of events has been told many times, spurred by an endless desire to understand 'the war to end all wars'. However this impressive book moves beyond military narrative to offer a much fuller analysis of the conflict's impact: strategic, political, social and cultural. Starting with the context and origins of the war, including assassination, misunderstanding and differing national war-aims, it then covers the treacherous course of the conflict and its social consequences: #Mobilisation had a massive impact both on soldiers and female civilians, producing radical changes to people's way of life which stimulated political change #Science and technology created a new brand of industrialised warfare and were accelerated by the imperative of victory # The insecurity and strain of war created dissidence and mutiny, engendering revolution in Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia. The war left a long-term legacy for victors and vanquished alike. It created new frontiers and changed the balance of power, influenced the arts, national memory and political thought. The reach of this account is global, showing how a conflict amongst European powers came to involve their colonial empires, and embrace Japan, China, the Ottoman Empire, Latin America and the United States. This is a bold and original book, offering a thematic study of a war that was famously, and quite rightly, labelled as 'the seminal event of the twentieth century'. Ian Beckett is Professor of History, Luton University, UK.

The Great War

1914-1918

Author: Ian F. W. Beckett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317866150

Category: History

Page: 856

View: 2124

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The course of events of the Great War has been told many times, spurred by an endless desire to understand 'the war to end all wars'. However, this book moves beyond military narrative to offer a much fuller analysis of of the conflict's strategic, political, economic, social and cultural impact. Starting with the context and origins of the war, including assasination, misunderstanding and differing national war aims, it then covers the treacherous course of the conflict and its social consequences for both soldiers and civilians, for science and technology, for national politics and for pan-European revolution. The war left a long-term legacy for victors and vanquished alike. It created new frontiers, changed the balance of power and influenced the arts, national memory and political thought. The reach of this acount is global, showing how a conflict among European powers came to involve their colonial empires, and embraced Japan, China, the Ottoman Empire, Latin America and the United States.

Das Deutsche Kaiserreich in der Kontroverse

Author: Sven Oliver Müller,Cornelius Torp

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647367524

Category: History

Page: 461

View: 2603

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Der Band liefert einen wichtigen Beitrag zu den anhaltenden Debatten über das Deutsche Kaiserreich (1871–1918). Ausgewiesene Kaiserreichexperten internationaler Provenienz geben einen Überblick über den aktuellen Forschungsstand und werfen neue, richtungweisende Fragen auf. Das Buch ist an vier Achsen ausgerichtet, die Themen und Probleme markieren, auf die sich die Kontroversen über das Kaiserreich in den letzten Jahren konzentriert haben: die Verortung des Kaiserreichs in der deutschen Geschichte; das Verhältnis von Gesellschaft, Politik und Kultur; Formen militärischer Gewalt mit ihrem Brennpunkt im Ersten Weltkrieg und schließlich die transnationale Verflechtung Deutschlands im Zeitalter der »ersten Globalisierung«.

Gender and the Great War

Author: Susan R. Grayzel,Tammy M. Proctor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190271108

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 8936

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The centenary of the First World War in 2014-18 offers an opportunity to reflect upon the role of gender history in shaping our understanding of this pivotal international event. From the moment of its outbreak, the gendered experiences of the war have been seen by contemporary observers and postwar commentators and scholars as being especially significant for shaping how the war can and must be understood. The negotiating of ideas about gender by women and men across vast reaches of the globe characterizes this modern, instrumental conflict. Over the past twenty-five years, as the scholarship on gender and this war has grown, there has never been a forum such as the one presented here that placed so many of the varying threads of this complex historiography into conversation with one another in a manner that is at once accessible and provocative. Given the vast literature on the war itself, scholarship on gender and various themes and topics provides students as well as scholars with a chance to think not only about the subject of the war but also the methodological implications of how historians have approached it. While many studies have addressed the national or transnational narrative of women in the war, none address both femininity and masculinity, and the experiences of both women and men across the same geographic scope as the studies presented in this volume.

Was ist Krieg?

Zur Grundlegung einer Kulturgeschichte des Kriegs

Author: Bernd Hüppauf

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839421802

Category: History

Page: 568

View: 1861

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Carl von Clausewitz bestimmt den Krieg als Zweikampf. Bernd Hüppaufs Grundlegung einer Kulturgeschichte des Kriegs widerspricht: Es gibt keinen Krieg ohne Diskurs. Der Blick auf den Kriegsdiskurs von seinen Anfängen in Mesopotamien bis zu den intelligenten Waffen in Cyberwar und Drohnenkrieg zeigt, dass Krieg aus militärischem Kampf und kulturellem Diskurs besteht. Militärgeschichte fetischisiert die Fakten, die Kulturgeschichte des Kriegs dagegen baut sie in ein Netz aus Bedeutungen ein. Erst so geraten Begeisterung, Angst, Grausamkeit und Grauen als Elemente des Kriegs in den Blick. Und erst so wird das Netz aus Symbolen, Handlungen und Bedeutungen beschreibbar, aus denen jede Erinnerung die Wirklichkeit des Kriegs konstruiert. Es ist der Blick auf Erlebnis, Ethik, Subjektivität und Identität, der die Kontinuität von Krieg über 3000 Jahre Kriegsgeschichte bis in die Gegenwart erweist. Daraus ergibt sich nicht weniger als das Erfordernis einer zu schreibenden Gefühlsmoral um die Frage: Dürfen Soldaten überhaupt töten?

Strategy for Chaos

Revolutions in Military Affairs and the Evidence of History

Author: Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714684833

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 6761

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In this volume, Professor Colin Gray develops and applies the theory and scholarship on the allegedly historical practice of the 'Revolution in Military Affairs' (RMA), in order to improve our comprehension of how and why strategy 'works'. The author explores the RMA hypothesis both theoretically and historically. The book argues that the conduct of an RMA has to be examined as a form of strategic behaviour, which means that, of necessity, it must "work" as strategy works. The great RMA debate of the 1990s is reviewed empathetically, though sceptically, by the author, with every major school of thought allowed its day in court. The author presents three historical RMAs as case studies for his argument: those arguably revealed in the wars of the French Revolution and Napoleon; in World War I; and in the nuclear age. The focus of his analysis is how these grand RMAs functioned strategically. The conclusions that he draws from these empirical exercises are then applied to help us understand what, indeed, is - and what is not - happening with the much vaunted information-technology-led RMA of today.

Evidence, History, and the Great War

Historians and the Impact of 1914-18

Author: Gail Braybon

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571817242

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 2350

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In the English-speaking world the Great War maintains a tenacious grip on the public imagination, and also continues to draw historians to an event which has been interpreted variously as a symbol of modernity, the midwife to the twentieth century and an agent of social change. Although much 'common knowledge' about the war and its aftermath has included myth, simplification and generalisation, this has often been accepted uncritically by popular and academic writers alike. While Britain may have suffered a surfeit of war books, many telling much the same story, there is far less written about the impact of the Great War in other combatant nations. Its history was long suppressed in both fascist Italy and the communist Soviet Union: only recently have historians of Russia begun to examine a conflict which killed, maimed and displaced so many millions. Even in France and Germany the experience of 1914-18 has often been overshadowed by the Second World War. The war's social history is now ripe for reassessment and revision. The essays in this volume incorporate a European perspective, engage with the historiography of the war, and consider how the primary textural, oral and pictorial evidence has been used - or abused. Subjects include the politics of shellshock, the impact of war on women, the plight of refugees, food distribution in Berlin and portrait photography, all of which illuminate key debates in war history.

Die Schlafwandler

Wie Europa in den Ersten Weltkrieg zog

Author: Christopher Clark

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641118778

Category: History

Page: 896

View: 6102

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Bahnbrechende neue Erkenntnisse über den Weg in den Ersten Weltkrieg 1914 Lange Zeit galt es als ausgemacht, dass das deutsche Kaiserreich wegen seiner Großmachtträume die Hauptverantwortung am Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkriegs trug. In seinem bahnbrechenden neuen Werk kommt der renommierte Historiker und Bestsellerautor Christopher Clark (Preußen) zu einer anderen Einschätzung. Clark beschreibt minutiös die Interessen und Motivationen der wichtigsten politischen Akteure in den europäischen Metropolen und zeichnet das Bild einer komplexen Welt, in der gegenseitiges Misstrauen, Fehleinschätzungen, Überheblichkeit, Expansionspläne und nationalistische Bestrebungen zu einer Situation führten, in der ein Funke genügte, den Krieg auszulösen, dessen verheerende Folgen kaum jemand abzuschätzen vermochte. Schon jetzt zeigt sich, dass »Die Schlafwandler« eine der wichtigsten Neuerscheinungen zum 100. Jahrestag des Ausbruchs des Ersten Weltkriegs sein wird.

A Companion to World War I

Author: John Horne

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118275802

Category: History

Page: 728

View: 9449

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A Companion to the First World War brings together an international team of distinguished historians who provide a series of original and thought-provoking essays on one of the most devastating events in modern history. Comprises 38 essays by leading scholars who analyze the current state of historical scholarship on the First World War Provides extensive coverage spanning the pre-war period, the military conflict, social, economic, political, and cultural developments, and the war's legacy Offers original perspectives on themes as diverse as strategy and tactics, war crimes, science and technology, and the arts Selected as a 2011 Outstanding Academic Title by CHOICE

The World in World Wars

Experiences, Perceptions and Perspectives from Africa and Asia

Author: Heike Liebau

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004185453

Category: History

Page: 613

View: 7734

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The volume contributes to the growing field of research on the global social history of the World Wars. Focusing on social and cultural aspects, it discusses the broader implications of the wars for African and Asian societies which resulted in significant social and political transformations.

Stand To!

The Journal of the Western Front Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: World War, 1914-1918

Page: N.A

View: 7519

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The Challenge of Change

Military Institutions and New Realities, 1918-1941

Author: Harold R. Winton,David R. Mets

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803298354

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 3780

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Also included are an introduction describing the intellectual and practical challenges facing the military reformer in peacetime and a concluding essay by Dennis Showalter drawing together the issues examined in the preceding studies and setting these themes in an interpretive, historiographical context. The Challenge of Change has been designed to meet the needs of historians, military professionals, and defense analysts."--BOOK JACKET.

The Great War

Author: William R. Griffiths

Publisher: Square One Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 9780757001581

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 6180

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World War I marked the end of the old military order and the beginning of the era of mechanized warfare. This is a thorough examination of the campaigns of the “war to end all wars.” It analyzes the development of military theory and practice from the prewar period of Bismark’s Prussia to the creation of the League of Nations.

Atlas of Epidemic Britain

A Twentieth Century Picture

Author: Matthew Smallman-Raynor,Andrew Cliff

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199572925

Category: Medical

Page: 207

View: 772

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Using over 300 new maps, charts, photographs and associated text, this full-colour Atlas views a century of change in Britain's epidemic landscape. It maps and interprets the retreat of some infectious diseases, the emergence of new infections and the re-emergence of certain historical plagues.

The Great War and Medieval Memory

War, Remembrance and Medievalism in Britain and Germany, 1914-1940

Author: Stefan Goebel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521854156

Category: History

Page: 357

View: 7952

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A genuinely comparative study of the cultural impact of the Great War on British and German societies in the first half of the twentieth century. Taking public commemorations as its focus, this book unravels the British and German search for historical continuity and meaning in the shadow of an unprecedented human catastrophe. In both countries, the survivors of the Great War pictured the conflict as the 'Last Crusade' and sought consolation in imagery that connected the soldiers of the age of total war with the knights of the Middle Ages. Stefan Goebel shows that medievalism as a mode of war commemoration transcended national and cultural boundaries. This is an invaluable contribution to the burgeoning study of cultural memory and collective remembrance which will appeal to researchers and students in the history of the First World War, social and cultural history of warfare and medieval studies.

The Cambridge Companion to the Modern Gothic

Author: Jerrold E. Hogle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107023564

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 292

View: 5700

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Explores the Gothic across literature, film, and cyberspace, revealing how it has proliferated since 1900 as an expression of modernity.

The Cambridge Companion to English Literature, 1740-1830

Author: Elmore Fellow and Tutor in English Language and Literature at St Anne's College Oxford and Lecturer in English Language and Literature Thomas Keymer,Thomas Keymer,Jon Mee,Margaret Canfield Fellow in English Jon Mee

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521007573

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 308

View: 2196

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This volume offers an introduction to British literature that challenges the traditional divide between eighteenth-century and Romantic studies. Contributors explore the development of literary genres and modes through a period of rapid change. They show how literature was shaped by historical factors including the development of the book trade, the rise of literary criticism and the expansion of commercial society and empire. The wide scope of the collection, juxtaposing canonical authors with those now gaining new attention from scholars, makes it essential reading for students of eighteenth-century literature and Romanticism.

Remembering the First World War

Author: Bart Ziino

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317573714

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 8658

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Remembering the First World War brings together a group of international scholars to understand how and why the past quarter of a century has witnessed such an extraordinary increase in global popular and academic interest in the First World War, both as an event and in the ways it is remembered. The book discusses this phenomenon across three key areas. The first section looks at family history, genealogy and the First World War, seeking to understand the power of family history in shaping and reshaping remembrance of the War at the smallest levels, as well as popular media and the continuing role of the state and its agencies. The second part discusses practices of remembering and the more public forms of representation and negotiation through film, literature, museums, monuments and heritage sites, focusing on agency in representing and remembering war. The third section covers the return of the War and the increasing determination among individuals to acknowledge and participate in public rituals of remembrance with their own contemporary politics. What, for instance, does it mean to wear a poppy on armistice/remembrance day? How do symbols like this operate today? These chapters will investigate these aspects through a series of case studies. Placing remembrance of the First World War in its longer historical and broader transnational context and including illustrations and an afterword by Professor David Reynolds, this is the ideal book for all those interested in the history of the Great War and its aftermath.