The High-Mountain Cryosphere

Environmental Changes and Human Risks

Author: Christian Huggel,Mark Carey,John J. Clague,Andreas Kääb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316352153

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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This edited volume, showcasing cutting-edge research, addresses two primary questions - what are the main drivers of change in high-mountains and what are the risks implied by these changes? From a physical perspective, it examines the complex interplay between climate and the high-mountain cryosphere, with further chapters covering tectonics, volcano-ice interactions, hydrology, slope stability, erosion, ecosystems, and glacier- and snow-related hazards. Societal dimensions, both global and local, of high-mountain cryospheric change are also explored. The book offers unique perspectives on high-mountain cultures, livelihoods, governance and natural resources management, focusing on how global change influences societies and how people respond to climate-induced cryospheric changes. An invaluable reference for researchers and professionals in cryospheric science, geomorphology, climatology, environmental studies and human geography, this volume will also be of interest to practitioners working in global change and risk, including NGOs and policy advisors.

Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity

Author: Carina Hoorn,Allison Perrigo,Alexandre Antonelli

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111915989X

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 3167

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Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity: A comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis for students and researchers Mountains are topographically complex formations that play a fundamental role in regional and continental-scale climates. They are also cradles to all major river systems and home to unique, and often highly biodiverse and threatened, ecosystems. But how do all these processes tie together to form the patterns of diversity we see today? Written by leading researchers in the fields of geology, biology, climate, and geography, this book explores the relationship between mountain building and climate change, and how these processes shape biodiversity through time and space. In the first two sections, you will learn about the processes, theory, and methods connecting mountain building and biodiversity In the third section, you will read compelling examples from around the world exploring the links between mountains, climate and biodiversity Throughout the 31 peer-reviewed chapters, a non-technical style and synthetic illustrations make this book accessible to a wide audience A comprehensive glossary summarises the main concepts and terminology Readership: Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity is intended for students and researchers in geosciences, biology and geography. It is specifically compiled for those who are interested in historical biogeography, biodiversity and conservation.

Melt Water Retention Processes in Snow and Firn on Ice Sheets and Glaciers: Observations and Modeling

Author: W. Tad Pfeffer,Jason E. Box,Robert S. Fausto,Horst Machguth

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889456196

Category:

Page: N.A

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Melt takes place where the surface of glaciers or ice sheets interacts with the atmosphere. While the processes governing surface melt are fairly well understood, the pathways of the meltwater, from its origin to the moment it leaves a glacier system, remain enigmatic. It is not even guaranteed that meltwater leaves a glacier or ice sheet. On Greenland, for example, only slightly more than 50% of the meltwater runs off. The remainder mostly refreezes within the so-called firn cover of the ice sheet. This eBook contains 11 studies which tackle the challenge of understanding meltwater retention in snow and firn from various angles. The studies focus both on mountain glaciers and on the Greenland ice sheet and address challenges such as measuring firn properties, quantifying their influence on meltwater retention, modelling firn processes and meltwater refreezing as well as unravelling the mechanisms within the recently discovered Greenland firn aquifers.

Cryospheric Systems

Glaciers and Permafrost

Author: Charles Harris,Julian B. Murton,Geological Society of London

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862391758

Category: Science

Page: 161

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The introduction of the term periglacial by Lozinski in 1909 to describe the cold-climate conditions in the zone adjacent to, but beyond, the Pleistocene glaciers encouraged the separate development of geocryological and glaciological research. Geological and geomorphological processes at the interface between glaciers and permafrost have, as a result, been given less attention than they warrant, and the influence of one on the other has in many respects been neglected. This book includes a collection of papers that emphasize glacier-permafrost interactions. Papers consider permafrost and its influence on glacitectonic processes, glacial meltwater systems and ground-ice development in proglacial and ice-marginal environments. In addition, recent research findings are reported on paraglacial processes, permafrost evolution, rock glaciers, the formation of ice-wedge casts and periglacial slope evolution. It is hoped that this book will stimulate interest in the interface between glacial and periglacial systems, and encourage further collaborative research involving glaciologists and glacial geologists on the one hand, and geocryologists and permafrost scientists on the other.

Gletscher im Wandel

125 Jahre Gletschermessdienst des Alpenvereins

Author: Andrea Fischer,Gernot Patzelt,Martin Achrainer,Günther Groß,Gerhard Lieb,Andreas Kellerer-Pirklbauer-Eulenstein,Gebhard Bendler

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662555409

Category: Science

Page: 135

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Dieses Buch beschreibt den Umfang und das Ergebnis der Gletschermessungen seit der kleinen Eiszeit und verdeutlicht so den heutigen Stellenwert der in den Ostalpen gemessenen Daten für die Klimaforschung. Die Autor/innen stellen frühe Forschungsleistungen des Alpenvereins, wie den Nachweis der Existenz der Eiszeiten oder die Entdeckung des Fließgesetzes für Gletschereis vor. Spannende Blicke ins Archiv zeigen exemplarisch die Mechanismen und Auswirkungen des Gletscherrückganges. Besonders detailliert ist Österreichs größter Gletscher, die Pasterze im Glocknergebiet, beschrieben. So entsteht für interessierte Laien ein Bild der Beziehung zwischen Gletscher und Klima mit vielen geomorphologischen Details. Studierende und Absolvent/innen der Geowissenschaften finden wissenschaftshistorisch relevante Details und regionale Fakten zum Klimawandel und dessen Erforschung.

Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere

Author: M. Tedesco

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118368851

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 1725

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The cryosphere, that region of the world where water is temporarily or permanently frozen, plays a crucial role on our planet. Recent developments in remote sensing techniques, and the acquisition of new data sets, have resulted in significant advances in our understanding of all components of the cryosphere and its processes. This book, based on contributions from 40 leading experts, offers a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the methods, techniques and recent advances in applications of remote sensing of the cryosphere. Examples of the topics covered include: * snow extent, depth, grain-size and impurities * surface and subsurface melting * glaciers * accumulation over the Greenland and Antarctica ice sheets * ice thickness and velocities * gravimetric measurements from space * sea, lake and river ice * frozen ground and permafrost * fieldwork activities * recent and future cryosphere-oriented missions and experiments All figures are in color and provide an excellent visual accompaniment to the technical and scientific aspect of the book. Readership: Senior undergraduates, Masters and PhD Students, PostDocs and Researchers in cryosphere science and remote sensing. Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere is the significant first volume in the new Cryosphere Science Series. This new series comprises volumes that are at the cutting edge of new research, or provide focussed interdisciplinary reviews of key aspects of the science.

Mountain World in Danger

Climate change in the forests and mountains of Europe

Author: Sten Nilsson,David Pitt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134041187

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 9584

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The changing climate, the warming of the world and acid rain are among the greatest problems facing us at the end of the twentieth century. This book describes, for the first time, the effects of these phenomena on the high mountains and the forests of Europe. Mountains and the frozen regions (the cryosphere) not only play a major part in our climatic system, but are also central to our water supplies. Yet our glaciers are shrinking, our lakes and soils are becoming acidified, our forests are damaged and the whole fragile ecosystem of ranges like the Alps and the Caucasus is threatened. Nilsson and Pitt present the evidence and assess the probable effects of these changes on mountain society, tourism, water, flora and fauna. They also examine the uncertainties. Above all they look, too, at the best possible strategies in response to What is happening and at what the next steps should be. Originally published in 1991

Die Klimate der Erde

Grundriss der Klimakunde

Author: Wladimir Peter Köppen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: N.A

Category: Climatology

Page: 369

View: 5247

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Anwaltsrecht II

Examensrelevante Rechtsgebiete, Strategien und Anträge

Author: Thomas Beck,Hans Christian Blum,Marius Breucker,Björn Demuth,Josef Dörndorfer,Alexander Hübner,Ottheinz Kääb,Roland Kahabka,Oliver Knörr,Alexander Kukk,Gebhard Mehrle,Ulrike Paul,Alexandra Schmitz,Marc Seibold,Christina Wieland

Publisher: Richard Boorberg Verlag

ISBN: 3415050459

Category: Law

Page: 471

View: 832

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Seit der Reform der Juristenausbildung im Jahr 2003 sind anwaltsbezogene Problemstellungen vermehrt Prüfungsstoff im schriftlichen und mündlichen Teil des Zweiten Juristischen Staatsexamens. Ziel ist die Stärkung anwaltlicher Bezüge in der Ausbildung, zumal der überwiegende Teil der Examenskandidaten den Anwaltsberuf ergreift. Den Bänden Anwaltsrecht I und II liegen in der 5. Auflage die aktuellen Pflichtstoffkataloge der Landesjustizverwaltungen und der Lehrplan der Bundesrechtsanwaltskammer zugrunde. Sie bereiten deshalb optimal auf die Anwaltsstation im Referendariat und die Anwaltsklausuren im 2. Examen vor. "Anwaltsrecht II" behandelt die examensrelevanten Rechtsgebiete des materiellen und formellen Rechts, wobei die Vermittlung anwaltlicher Strategien sowie die Formulierung sachgerechter Anträge und Begründungen im Vordergrund stehen. Die Themen im Einzelnen: - Der Anwalt als Mediator und Schlichter - Der Anwalt im Zivilprozess und im Verkehrszivilrecht - Die Zwangsvollstreckung in der anwaltlichen Praxis - Die Vertragsgestaltung in der anwaltlichen Praxis - Der Anwalt im Familien- und Erbrecht - Der Anwalt im Arbeitsrecht - Der Anwalt als Strafverteidiger - Der Anwalt im Verwaltungsverfahren und Verwaltungsprozess - Die Steuern bei der Anwaltstätigkeit Die Prüfungsrelevanz des Inhalts und die Qualität der beiden Skripten werden dadurch gewährleistet, dass die Autoren auch Dozenten der von den Rechtsanwaltskammern organisierten Anwaltskurse und teilweise Prüfer im 2. Staatsexamen sind. Die anschauliche Darstellung, zahlreiche Beispielsfälle mit Lösungen, Checklisten und einprägsame Klausurtipps sowie examensorientierte Formulierungsvorschläge machen die beiden Bände zu wertvollen Begleitern in der Anwaltsstation und zu zuverlässigen Arbeitsgrundlagen für die Examensvorbereitung.

Glaciers of the Karakoram Himalaya

Glacial Environments, Processes, Hazards and Resources

Author: Kenneth Hewitt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400763115

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 3212

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The Karakoram contains the greatest concentration of glaciers and most of the largest ice masses outside high latitudes. They comprise major stores and sources of fresh water in an otherwise extreme, continental, dry region. As many as 200 million people living downstream, in the valleys of the Indus and Yarkand Rivers, depend on melt waters from snow and ice. They are at risk from climate-change impacts on glaciers and water supply, and from hazards such as glacial lake outburst floods. Useful research initiatives go back to the nineteenth century, but coverage has generally been limited geographically and has not been continuous over time. It is almost 80 years since a monograph was devoted to the Karakoram glaciers. The book presents a comprehensive overview, including statistics for the ice cover, glacier mass balance and dynamics, glacierized landscapes, rock glaciers, water resources and environmental hazards. Published glaciological and related research is surveyed along with expedition reports and archival materials in several languages. The expanding potential of satellite coverage is exploited, but conditions and processes reported from field investigations are the main focus. Previously unpublished observations by the author are presented, based on some 45 years of work in the region. Broad understanding of the glacial environment is used to address emerging concerns about the High Asian cryosphere and the fate of its glaciers. These are discussed in relation to the pressing issues of water supply, environmental risk and sustainability. Questions of what is not known help identify much needed monitoring and research. The book is of interest to researchers, professionals, and those studying glaciers, mountain environments, water resources and environmental hazards. The topics discussed should be of concern for anyone involved in regional development and global change in South and Inner Asia.

Integratives und nachhaltigkeitsorientiertes Wassermanagement

Kooperationspotenziale zwischen Deutschland und Zentralasien

Author: Matthias Kramer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834984469

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 9116

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Wasser stellt für Zentralasien eine räumlich und zeitlich sehr divergent verfügbare Ressource dar. In diesem Tagungsband zeigen deutsche und zentralasiatische Experten die daraus entstehenden Probleme, Konfliktpotenziale und Herausforderungen auf.

So gewinnt man den Nobelpreis

Das Geheimnis guter Wissenschaft

Author: Peter Doherty

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827418708

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 8092

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Kann man sich leidenschaftlich für Politik, Fußball oder Rhythm n’ Blues interessieren und trotzdem ein kreativer Wissenschaftler sein? Der australische Nobelpreisträger Peter Doherty vermittelt in diesem unterhaltsamen und anregenden Erfahrungsbericht Einblicke aus erster Hand in die Welt der Forschung und der Forschenden. Mit Beispielen aus seiner eigenen Karriere – von den wenig verheißungsvollen Anfängen in den Vororten Brisbanes bis zu der bahnbrechenden Entdeckung zur Funktionsweise des menschlichen Immunsystems – stellt Doherty anschaulich dar, wie das Leben eines Wissenschaftlers aussieht. Er beschreibt, wie Forschungsprojekte ausgewählt werden, wie Wissenschaft finanziert und organisiert wird, welche wichtigen Probleme man mit ihr zu lösen hofft und welche Belohnungen wie auch Fallstricke eine wissenschaftliche Karriere bereithält. Doherty verrät seinen Lesern außerdem, was ihn persönlich umtreibt – etwa seine Überzeugung, dass die Aufgabe der Wissenschaft darin bestehen sollte, die Welt lebenswerter zu machen. Und er versucht Antworten auf einige große Fragen unserer Zeit zu geben. Sind Nobelpreisträger ganz besondere Menschen – oder haben sie einfach nur Glück gehabt? Ist genmanipuliertes Getreide wirklich gefährlich? Warum kommen Wissenschaftler und fundamentalistische Christen nicht miteinander aus?

Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology

A Closer Look

Author: J. Ehlers,P.L. Gibbard,P.D. Hughes

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444535373

Category: Science

Page: 1126

View: 8828

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The book presents an up-to-date, detailed overview of the Quaternary glaciations all over the world, not only with regard to stratigraphy but also with regard to major glacial landforms and the extent of the respective ice sheets. The locations of key sites are included. The information is presented in digital, uniformly prepared maps which can be used in a Geographical Information System (GIS) such as ArcView or ArcGIS. The accompanying text supplies the information on how the data were obtained (geomorphology, geological mapping, air photograph evaluation, satellite imagery), how the features were dated (14C, TL, relative stratigraphy) and how reliable they are supposed to be. All references to the underlying basic publications are included. Where controversial interpretations are possible e.g. in Siberia or Tibet, this is pointed out. As a result, the information on Quaternary glaciations worldwide will be much improved and supplied in a uniform digital format. The information on the glacial limits is compiled in digital form by the coordinators of the project, and is available for download at: http://booksite.elsevier.com/9780444534477/ Completely updated detailed coverage of worldwide Quaternary glaciations Information in digital, uniformly prepared maps which can be used in a GIS such as ArcView or ArcGis Step-by-step guideline how to open and use ArcGis files Possibility to convert the shapefiles into GoogleEarth kmz-files Availability of chronological controls