The History and Sociology of Genocide

Analyses and Case Studies

Author: Frank Robert Chalk,Kurt Jonassohn,Institut montréalais des études sur le génocide

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300044461

Category: History

Page: 461

View: 9472

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Genocide is not an invention of the twentieth century, say Frank Chalk and Kurt Jonassohn in this absorbing book, but has occurred throughout history in all parts of the world. This study--the first comprehensive survey of the history and sociology of genocide--presents over two dozen examples of the one-sided mass slaughter of peoples, spanning the centuries from antiquity to the present.

Gewalt

Eine neue Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310401616X

Category: History

Page: 1216

View: 1945

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Die Geschichte der Menschheit – eine ewige Abfolge von Krieg, Genozid, Mord, Folter und Vergewaltigung. Und es wird immer schlimmer. Aber ist das richtig? In einem wahren Opus Magnum, einer groß angelegten Gesamtgeschichte unserer Zivilisation, untersucht der weltbekannte Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker die Entwicklung der Gewalt von der Urzeit bis heute und in allen ihren individuellen und kollektiven Formen, vom Verprügeln der Ehefrau bis zum geplanten Völkermord. Unter Rückgriff auf eine Fülle von wissenschaftlichen Belegen aus den unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen beweist er zunächst, dass die Gewalt im Laufe der Geschichte stetig abgenommen hat und wir heute in der friedlichsten Epoche der Menschheit leben. Diese verblüffende Tatsache verlangt nach einer Erklärung: Pinker schält in seiner Analyse sechs Entwicklungen heraus, die diesen Trend begünstigt haben, untersucht die Psychologie der Gewalt auf fünf innere Dämonen, die Gewaltausübung begünstigen, benennt vier Eigenschaften des Menschen, die den inneren Dämonen entgegenarbeiten und isoliert schließlich fünf historische Kräfte, die uns heute in der friedlichsten Zeit seit jeher leben lassen. Pinkers Darstellung revolutioniert den Blick auf die Welt und uns Menschen. Und sie macht Hoffnung und Mut. »Pinkers Studie ist eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum verbreiteten Kulturpessimismus und dem Gefühl des moralischen Untergangs der Moderne.« Der Spiegel »Steven Pinker ist ein Top-Autor und verdient all die Superlative, mit denen man ihn überhäuft« New York Times» Die Argumente von Steven Pinker haben Gewicht [...]. Die Chance, heute Opfer von Gewalt zu werden, ist viel geringer als zu jeder anderen Zeit. Das ist eine spannende Nachricht, die konträr zur öffentlichen Wahrnehmung ist." Deutschlandfunk »Steven Pinker ist ein intellektueller Rockstar« The Guardian »Der Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker gilt als wichtigster Intellektueller« Süddeutsche Zeitung »Verflucht überzeugend« Hamburger Abendblatt

Atlantic understandings

essays on European and American history in honor of Hermann Wellenreuther

Author: Hermann Wellenreuther

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825896072

Category: Social Science

Page: 478

View: 9775

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In honor of the German historian Hermann Wellenreuther, this volume explores the Atlantic world in all its many facets and extraordinary scope. Experts from different fields address economic problems as well as religious convictions, on the social differences and the everyday life experiences of the "ordinary people" as well as the aristocracy and the politics of princes. Taken together, the articles weave together German, English and American history and help us to understand the Atlantic societies on both sides of the ocean from the Middle Ages to the present. Claudia Schnurmann is professor at the Department of History at the University of Hamburg (Germany). Hartmut Lehmann is professor at the Max-Planck-Institute for History, Goettingen (Germany).

Genozid und Moderne

Band 1: Strukturen kollektiver Gewalt im 20. Jahrhundert

Author: Mihran Dabag,Kristin Platt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322973816

Category: Law

Page: 410

View: 2885

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Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

Author: Richard T. Schaefer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412926947

Category: Social Science

Page: 1622

View: 483

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This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

Making and Unmaking Nations

The Origins and Dynamics of Genocide in Contemporary Africa

Author: Scott Straus

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455677

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 3801

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In Making and Unmaking Nations, Scott Straus seeks to explain why and how genocide takes place—and, perhaps more important, how it has been avoided in places where it may have seemed likely or even inevitable. To solve that puzzle, he examines postcolonial Africa, analyzing countries in which genocide occurred and where it could have but did not. Why have there not been other Rwandas? Straus finds that deep-rooted ideologies—how leaders make their nations—shape strategies of violence and are central to what leads to or away from genocide. Other critical factors include the dynamics of war, the role of restraint, and the interaction between national and local actors in the staging of campaigns of large-scale violence. Grounded in Straus's extensive fieldwork in contemporary Africa, the study of major twentieth-century cases of genocide, and the literature on genocide and political violence, Making and Unmaking Nations centers on cogent analyses of three nongenocide cases (Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, and Senegal) and two in which genocide took place (Rwanda and Sudan). Straus’s empirical analysis is based in part on an original database of presidential speeches from 1960 to 2005. The book also includes a broad-gauge analysis of all major cases of large-scale violence in Africa since decolonization. Straus’s insights into the causes of genocide will inform the study of political violence as well as giving policymakers and nongovernmental organizations valuable tools for the future.

Human Rights

An Introduction

Author: Darren O'Byrne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317873971

Category: Political Science

Page: 460

View: 6801

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Human Rights: An Introduction is an important text that provides a comprehensive overview of human rights and related issues from a social science perspective. First, this book does more than discuss theory, it uses case studies and personal testimonies in the debate. Human rights as an area of academic interest cannot be easily divorced from human rights struggles and the reality of contemporary conditions. Second, the book is aimed at what is an emerging and growing cross-disciplinary field of study. Human rights issues are increasingly coming to the fore in a number of academic debates. Whereas the study of human rights has traditionally been included in departments of law, international relations and philosophy, a number of courses are now being set up in departments of sociology and anthropology. Consequently, there is an increasing need to bring these disparate approaches together.

State Violence and Genocide in Latin America

The Cold War Years

Author: Marcia Esparza,Henry R. Huttenbach,Daniel Feierstein

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135244944

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 6561

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This edited volume explores political violence and genocide in Latin America during the Cold War, examining this in light of the United States’ hegemonic position on the continent. Using case studies based on the regimes of Argentina, Chile, Guatemala, Peru and Uruguay, this book shows how U.S foreign policy – far from promoting long term political stability and democratic institutions – has actually undermined them. The first part of the book is an inquiry into the larger historical context in which the development of an unequal power relationship between the United States and Latin American and Caribbean nations evolved after the proliferation of the Monroe Doctrine. The region came to be seen as a contested terrain in the East-West conflict of the Cold War, and a new US-inspired ideology, the ‘National Security Doctrine’, was used to justify military operations and the hunting down of individuals and groups labelled as ‘communists’. Following on from this historical context, the book then provides an analysis of the mechanisms of state and genocidal violence is offered, demonstrating how in order to get to know the internal enemy, national armies relied on US intelligence training and economic aid to carry out their surveillance campaigns. This book will be of interest to students of Latin American politics, US foreign policy, human rights and terrorism and political violence in general. Marcia Esparza is an Assistant Professor in Criminal Justice Department at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York City. Henry R. Huttenbach is the Founder and Chairman of the International Academy for Genocide Prevention and Professor Emeritus of City College of the City University of New York. Daniel Feierstein is the Director of the Center for Genocide Studies at the Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero, Argentina, and is a Professor in the Faculty of Genocide at the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Britain's Hidden Role in the Rwandan Genocide

The Cat's Paw

Author: Hazel Cameron

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113628740X

Category: Law

Page: 160

View: 8320

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Britain’s Hidden Role in the Rwandan Genocide examines the role of the United Kingdom as a global elite bystander to the crime of genocide, and its complicity, in violation of international criminal laws during the Rwandan genocide of 1994. As prevailing accounts confine themselves to the role and actions of the United States and the United Nations, the full picture of Rwanda’s genocide has yet to be revealed. Hazel Cameron demonstrates that it is the unravelling of the criminal role and actions of the British that illuminates a more detailed answer to the question of ‘why’ the genocide in Rwanda occurred. In this book, she provides a systematic and detailed analysis of the policies of the British Government towards civil unrest in Rwanda throughout the 1990s that culminated in genocide. Utilising documentary evidence obtained as a result of Freedom of Information requests to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, as well as material obtained through extensive interviews - with British government cabinet members, diplomats, Ambassadors to the United Nations Security Council, prisoners in Rwanda convicted of being leaders and organisers of genocide, and victims and survivors of genocide in Rwanda – the author finds that the actions of the British and French governments, both before and during the Rwandan genocide of 1994, were disassociated from human rights norms. It is suggested herein that the decision-making of the Major government during the period of 1990 – 1994 was for the advancement of the interrelated goals of maintaining power status and ensuring economic interests in key areas of Africa. This account of the legal culpability of the powerful within the corridors of government, in both London and Paris, shows that these behaviours cannot be conceptualised under existing notions of state crime. This book serves to illuminate the inadequacies and limitations of a concept of state crime in international law as it currently stands, and will be of considerable interest to anyone concerned with the misuse of state power.

Words Kill

Calling for the Destruction of 'Class Enemies' in China, 1949-1953

Author: Cheng-Chih Wang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135953007

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 6050

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When Communist revolutionaries seized control of Mainland China in 1949, they faced enormous challenges of state and nation building. China occupied a vast territory, had a huge and poorly integrated population and suffered from a woefully backward economy. Building a Socialist Chinese state required effectively managing significant opposition to the imposition of the Communist regime. This study examines how the Chinese Communist Party employed language as an essential part of its strategy to achieving these goals.

Sociology and Human Rights: New Engagements

Author: Patricia Hynes,Michele Lamb,Damien Short,Matthew Waites

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317985311

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9355

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Sociology and Human Rights: New Engagements is the first collection to focus on the contribution sociological approaches can make to analysis of human rights. Taking forward the sociology of human rights which emerged from the 1990s, it presents innovative analyses of global human rights struggles by new and established authors. The collection includes a range of new work addressing issues such as genocide in relation to indigenous peoples, rights-based approaches in development work, trafficking of children, and children’s rights in relation to political struggles for the decriminalisation of same-sex sexual activity in India. It examines contexts ranging from Rwanda and South Korea to Northern Ireland and the city of Barcelona. The collection as a whole will be of interest to students and academics working in various disciplines such as politics, law and social policy, and to practitioners working on human rights for various governmental and non-governmental organisations, as well as to sociologists seeking to develop understanding of the sociology of human rights. This book was published as a special issue of the International Journal of Human Rights.

Armenian genocide and the Shoah

Author: Hans-Lukas Kieser,Dominik J. Schaller

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783034005616

Category: Armenian massacres, 1915-1923

Page: 656

View: 9455

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Avec un article sur le traité de Lausanne de 1923.

Kriminologische Grundlagen einer internationalen Strafgerichtsbarkeit

politische Ideen- und Dogmengeschichte, kriminalwissenschaftliche Legitimation, strafrechtliche Perspektiven

Author: Frank Neubacher

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161484773

Category: Law

Page: 554

View: 6700

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English summary: In this study, Frank Neubacher provides an interdisciplinary link between international law and criminal sciences and explains the process of setting and implementing standards in international criminal law. His methods are based on the labeling approach according to which delinquent behavior cannot be analyzed without referring to social interaction and social definitions that label a behavior as 'criminal' or refrain from doing so, as is often the case on the governmental level. The author comes to the conclusion that effective protection of human rights requires to broaden the concept of criminality in order to include the actions of the powerful and that there is no alternative to a functioning international criminal jurisdiction. German description: Mit seiner Studie leistet Frank Neubacher einen interdisziplinaren Bruckenschlag zwischen Volkerrecht und Kriminalwissenschaften, indem er u.a. den Prozess der Normgenese und Normimplementation im internationalen Strafrecht (Volkerstrafrecht) nachvollzieht. Methodisch stutzt er sich auf den labeling approach, wonach delinquentes Verhalten nicht ohne Bezug zu den gesellschaftlichen Interaktionen und Definitionen analysiert werden kann, die das Pradikat kriminell zuschreiben oder, wie auf der Ebene von Staatsfuhrungen deutlich wird, auch nicht zuschreiben. Der labeling-Ansatz wird jedoch, wo er heute nicht mehr uberzeugen kann, modifiziert, um zu einer unvoreingenommenen Analyse der Entwicklung des internationalen Strafrechts vorzustossen. Dadurch kann er mit atiologischen Fragestellungen kombiniert sowie fur die Frage geoffnet werden, inwieweit kriminologische Befunde eine internationale Strafgerichtsbarkeit legitimieren konnen. In diesem Zusammenhang geht der Autor u.a. auf empirische Erkenntnisse zur interkulturellen Schwereeinschatzung von Delikten, zur Viktimologie und zur individuellen strafrechtlichen Zurechnung von Systemunrecht ein. Er kommt zu dem Schluss, dass der wirksame Schutz von Menschenrechten eine Ausweitung des Kriminalitatsverstandnisses auf das Handeln von Regierenden und Machtigen erfordert und dass es zu einer funktionsfahigen internationalen Strafgerichtsbarkeit keine Alternative gibt.

Tätertrauma

nationale Erinnerungen im öffentlichen Diskurs

Author: Bernhard Giesen,Christoph Schneider

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783896696915

Category: Collective memory

Page: 404

View: 8770

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Erlebnis-Gedächtnis-Sinn

authentische und konstruierte Erinnerung

Author: Hanno Loewy,Bernhard Moltmann,Evangelische Akademie Arnoldshain,Fritz Bauer Institut

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Armenian massacres, 1915-1923

Page: 300

View: 9343

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