The Impact of War on Children

A Review of Progress Since the 1996 United Nations Report on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children

Author: Graça Machel

Publisher: C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS

ISBN: 9781850654858

Category: Children and war

Page: 230

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Graca Machel, UNICEF's special rapporteur, also scrutinises sexual crimes in time of war, the fate of orphans, the disproportionate suffering of children endure in civil wars, and their special vulnerability to such side-effects of conflict as famine, disease and social fragmentation. "The Impact of War on Children" is an urgent call to action-for the commitment and tenacity needed to protect children from the atrocities of war. Children present a uniquely compelling motivation for mobilisation, and an opportunity to confront the problems that cause their suffering. This book is complemented by 16 evocative photographs by Sebastiao Salgado, a documentary photographer of world renown, covering Afghanistan, Iraq, Palestine, Rwanda and elsewhere.

The Impact of War on Children

A Review of Progress Since the 1996 United Nations Report on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children

Author: Graça Machel,Sebastião Salgado,Jennifer F. Klot,UNICEF.,Theo Sowa

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774808675

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

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"The stories and images in this book are both challenging andtragic. They tell how eight land-mines in my own country, Mozambique,prevented more than 20,000 people from returning to their villages inthe Mahniça valley for seven years. They tell of the exploitation ofgirls as soldiers and sexual slaves ... The book charts the rise ofHIV/AIDS as the single most powerful new factor compounding the dangersfor children in armed conflict. -- Graça Machel

The Impact Of War On Children

Author: Graca, Machel

Publisher: Orient Blackswan

ISBN: 9788125020776

Category: Children and war

Page: 264

View: 7654

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The book, written simply, and in accessible language is about the effects of war on children around the world. The text spans Afghanistan, Africa as well as Europe. The photographs are by Sebastiao Delgado, arguably the world s best photographer today.

The Impact of War on Children

A Review of Progress Since the 1996 United Nations Report on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children

Author: Graça Machel

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780312294229

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 1877

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In 1994 the United Nations asked Graca Machel to produce a report on the impact of armed conflict on children. Her groundbreaking study provided the first human rights assessment of children as victims of large and small wars. This book, published in conjuction with UNICEF, presents the original findings, documents the actions that have been taken to date, and catalogs the horrific levels of violence and oppression still affecting millions of children today. Machel looks at child soldiers; the 20 million internally displaced and refugee children world wide; child victims of landmines, AIDS, and sexual exploitation; and the psychological consequences of war on the very young. This powerful book is complemented by 20 evocative photos by Sebastiao Salgado, the world's greatest documentary photographer.

The Psychological Impact of War Trauma on Civilians

An International Perspective

Author: Stanley Krippner,Teresa M. McIntyre

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275972028

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 327

View: 6622

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This book addresses the impact of war and extreme stress on civilian populations, as well as psychology's response to these phenomena. Contributors examined and developed interventions in locations including Africa, the Balkans, Afghanistan, Siberia, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia.

Children Affected by Armed Conflict

Theory, Method, and Practice

Author: Myriam Denov,Bree Akesson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231539673

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 7597

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Societal turbulence, state collapse, religious and ethnic conflict, poverty, hunger, and social exclusion all underlie children's involvement in armed conflict. Drawing from empirical studies in eleven conflict-ridden countries, including Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Colombia, Uganda, Palestine, Somalia, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and South Sudan, Children Affected by Armed Conflict crosses cultures and contexts to capture a range of perspectives on the realities of armed conflict and its aftermath for children. Children Affected by Armed Conflict upends traditional views by emphasizing the experience of girls as well as boys, the unique social and contextual backgrounds of war-affected children, and the resilience and agency such children often display. Including children who are victims of, participants in, and witnesses to armed conflict in their analyses, the contributors to this volume highlight innovative methodologies that directly involve war-affected children in the research process. This validates the perspectives of children and ensures more effective outcomes in postwar reintegration and recovery. Deficits-based models do not account for the realities many war-affected children face. The alternative approaches presented in this edited collection—which acknowledge the realities of both trauma and resilience—aim to generate more effective policies and intervention strategies in the face of a growing global public health crisis.

The Psychological Effects of War and Violence on Children

Author: Lewis A. Leavitt,Nathan A. Fox

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317782240

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 3827

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The outgrowth of a conference planned as a response to the need for researchers and clinicians to develop integrated plans for addressing the psychological trauma of children exposed to violence, this volume's goals are: * to summarize research on the subject with particular emphasis on the Gulf War; * to use this information to formulate an outline of what current knowledge suggests are reasonable approaches to public mental health intervention; and * to develop an agenda for future research necessary for improving clinical efforts in varying international conflicts. A significant collection of diverse perspectives attending to a diversity of cultural and political contexts, the contributors offer many conclusions about important dimensions for analyzing the effects of violence on children. Suggesting informed approaches to public mental health efforts which can be implemented, the work presented here directs attention to the need for interdisciplinary collaboration among researchers and clinicians to better understand the effects of exposure to violence on the psychological well being of children and the optimal modes of remediation on individual, family, and community levels.

Children of the Drug War

Perspectives on the Impact of Drug Policies on Young People

Author: Damon Barrett

Publisher: IDEA

ISBN: 9781617700187

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 2758

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Book Description: A unique collection of original essays that investigates the impacts of the war on drugs on children and young people. With contributions from around the world and utilizing a wide range of styles and approaches including ethnographic studies, personal accounts and interviews, the book asks three fundamental questions: What have been the costs to children of the war on drugs? Is the protection of children from drugs a solid justification for current policies? What kinds of public fears and preconceptions exist in relation to drugs and the drug trade?

War and Children

A Reference Handbook

Author: Kendra E. Dupuy,Krijn Peters

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313362084

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 8172

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A comprehensive, up-to-date presentation of how children and young people are affected by and respond to situations of armed conflict and postwar reconstruction. * Includes biographical profiles of real young people caught up in war and postwar reconstruction * Offers an annotated bibliography of key works, plus chapter-by-chapter links to further reading

Soldiers of the Cross

Confederate Soldier-Christians and the Impact of War on Their Faith

Author: Kent T. Dollar

Publisher: Mercer University Press

ISBN: 9780865549265

Category: History

Page: 253

View: 2083

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This book is about war's impact on the religious faith of individual Confederate Christian soldiers. The tribulations of war drove these men to new spiritual heights; and after the war, these men took up leadership positions in their postwar churches. This study closely traces the spiritual progression of individual Christian soldiers. Thousands of Southern Christians enlisted in the rebel armies when the Civil War began, and tens of thousands of battle-hardened fighting men made wartime professions of faith. On the whole, these soldiers became more religious as the war progressed, but what was the long-term effect of four years of war and defeat on the faith of Christian soldiers? The stories of the nine individuals studied in this book vividly illustrate the impact of the Civil War on faith. This study includes an examination of the antebellum, wartime, and in most cases, postwar lives of these men who represent a cross-section of Southern society, Southern religion, and the Confederate military. The tribulations of war drove them to new spiritual heights and greater maturity. Early on as well as throughout the war, these steadfast Christians read their Bibles, associated with other Christian soldiers, attended religious services, and communed privately with God. During times of increased military activity, the threat of death and concern for loved ones crowded the soldiers' minds. The realization that they had little control over these matters moved these men to rely on God to protect them and their families; and God proved faithful, thus strengthening their trust in Him. Furthermore, these men grew in their emulation of the virtues of Christ. Not only did they become morespiritual-minded, but also their worship took on new significance, they exhibited more humility, and they sought to serve God more actively. It was during the postwar era, however, that these Christian veterans fulfilled formal roles as the Lord's servants. The men in this study who survived the war returned home and took up leadership positions in their local churches, where they served faithfully until their deaths.

War and Public Health

Author: Barry S. Levy,Victor W. Sidel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199748358

Category: Medical

Page: 480

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The first comprehensive examination of the relationship between war and public health, this book documents the public health consequences of war and describes what health professionals can do to minimize these consequences and even help prevent war altogether. It explores the effects of war on health, human rights, and the environment. The health and environmental impact of both conventional weapons and weapons of mass destruction--nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons--is described in chapters that cover the consequences of their production, testing, maintenance, use, and disposal. Separate chapters cover especially vulnerable populations, such as women, children, and refugees. In-depth descriptions of specific military conflicts, including the Vietnam War, the Persian Gulf War, and wars in Central America provide striking illustrations of the issues covered in other chapters. A series of chapters explores the roles of health professionals and of organizations during war, and in preventing war and its consequences. This revised second edition includes seven new chapters, including one on landmines by the Nobel Prize-winning founding director of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. A wide range of individuals, including physicians, nurses, and other health professionals, will find this book enlightening and useful in their work. The book will be valuable for faculty and students in schools of public health, medicine, nursing, and other health professions. In addition, it will be useful to those working in the fields of law, economics, international studies, peace and conflict resolution, military studies, diplomacy, and sociology, and in related disciplines.

Security, Reconstruction, and Reconciliation

When the Wars End

Author: Muna Ndulo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1135392021

Category: Law

Page: 384

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This key text brings together a team of leading contributors to address the complex issues of security reconciliation and reconstruction in post conflict societies. Security, Reconstruction and Reconciliation is organized into four main sections: the social, political, and economic dimensions of conflict the impact of conflict on women and children reconstruction and past human rights violations disarmament, demobilization, reintegration, post-war reconstruction and the building of a capable state and the role of the international community in the peace process. The chapters offer a detailed and succinct exposition of the challenges facing post conflict societies by articulating the vision of a new society. With a foreword by Francis Deng, the UN Secretary General’s Special Representative on Internally Displaced Persons, the authors discuss the issues in the context of possible solutions and lessons learnt in the field. This new book is a valuable resource for researchers, policy makers and students in the fields of conflict resolution, security studies, law and development.

Children and Political Violence

Author: Ed Cairns

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781557863515

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 6413

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The post-war world has become characterized by fierce new assertions of nationalism and sovereignty. Many regions - such as Bosnia, Somalia and Northern Ireland - are threatened by violent ethnic, religious and cultural strife. Almost daily on our television screens we see the faces of frightened children caught up in war, yet research into the effects of war on children is patchy and not well known. Children and Political Violence provides a critical evaluation of attempts to answer questions about the impact of political violence on such topics as children's aggression, moral development, and interpersonal relations. Much of the material is concerned with children who witness, experience or participate in violent acts, and with the children's stress and coping in violent circumstances. Other chapters deal with the effects on the social fabric of children's lives of the loss of families, destruction of social networks, homelessness, and the challenge of ensuring that the next generation grows up to reject violence as a way of settling political disputes. Written in a highly accessible style with many real-life examples, Children and Political Violence will be of broad interest to students, researchers and practitioners in child psychology and psychiatry, education, conflict studies and peace studies.

Child Security in Asia

The Impact of Armed Conflict in Cambodia and Myanmar

Author: Cecilia Jacob

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134508859

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

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Millions of children around the world are affected by conflict, and the enduring aftermath of war in post-conflict societies. This book reflects on the implications of children’s insecurity for governments and the international humanitarian community by drawing on original field research in post-conflict Cambodia and in Burma’s eastern conflict zones. The book examines the way that politics and discourses of security and child protection have further marginalised rather than enhanced the protection of children. In Cambodia, threats from trafficking, exploitative labour, and high levels of domestic and social violence challenge the government and the international humanitarian community to respond to the new human security terrain that is the legacy of three decades of political violence. Burma has endured over 60 years of insurgency and civil conflict in ethnic minority states, significantly affecting children who are recruited into armies, killed, maimed or tortured, and displaced. Analysing the theoretical and practical challenges faced in addressing children’s security in global politics, the book offers a novel framework for responding to the politics of protection that is at the heart of this crucial issue. It is a useful contribution to studies on Asian Politics and International Relations and Security.

THE LOST CHILDREN

Author: Tara Zahra

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674061373

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 7046

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World War II tore apart an unprecedented number of families. This is the heartbreaking story of the humanitarian organizations, governments, and refugees that tried to rehabilitate Europe’s lost children from the trauma of war, and in the process shaped Cold War ideology, ideals of democracy and human rights, and modern visions of the family.

Modern Afghanistan

The Impact of 40 Years of War

Author: M. Nazif Shahrani

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253033268

Category: History

Page: 456

View: 7182

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What impact does 40 years of war, violence, and military intervention have on a country and its people? Modern Afghanistan is a collection of the work of interdisciplinary scholars, aid workers, and citizens to assess the impact of this prolonged conflict on Afghanistan. Nearly all of the people in Afghan society have been affected by persistent violent conflict. Issues considered in this volume include social and political dynamics, issues of gender, and the shifting relationships between tribal, sectarian, and regional communities. Contributors consider topics ranging from masculinity among the Afghan Pashtun to services offered for the disabled, and from Taliban extremism to the role of TV in the Afghan culture wars. Prioritizing the perspective and experiences of the people of Afghanistan, the contributors offer new insights into the lives of those who are hoping to build a secure future on the rubble of a violent past.

Scars of War

The Impact of Warfare on Modern China

Author: Diana Lary,Stephen MacKinnon

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774841982

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 8039

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Throughout its modern history, China has suffered from immense destruction and loss of life from warfare. During its worst period of warfare, the eight years of the Anti-Japanese War (1937-45), millions of civilians lost their lives. For China, the story of modern war-related death and suffering has remained hidden. Hundreds of massacres are still unrecognized by the outside world and even by China itself. The focus of this original hisotry is on the social and psychological, not the economic, costs of war on the country.

Tide of War

The Impact of Weather on Warfare

Author: David R. Petriello

Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing Inc.

ISBN: 151072821X

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 5025

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The first comprehensive look at nature’s role on military history. Halley’s Comet helped to announce the fall of the Shang Dynasty in China, a solar eclipse frightened the Macedonian army enough at Pydna in 168 BC to ensure victory for the Romans, a massive rain storm turned the field of Agincourt to mud in 1415 and gave Henry V his legendary victory, fog secured the throne of England for Edward IV at Barnet in 1471, wind and disease conspired to wreck the Spanish Armada, snow served to prevent the American capture of Quebec in 1775 and confined the Revolution to the Thirteen Colonies, and an earthquake helped to spark the Peloponnesian War. But this is only a small sampling of the many instances where nature has tipped the balance in combat. Over the past 4000 years, weather and nature have both hindered and helped various campaigns and battles, occasionally even altering the course of history in the process. Today elements of nature still affect the planning and waging of war, even as we have tried to mitigate its impact. The growing concern over climate change has only heightened the need to study and understand this subject. Tide of War is the first book to comprehensively tackle this topic and traces some of the most notable intersections between nature and war since ancient times.