The Limits of Free Will

Author: Paul Russell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190627603

Category: Philosophy

Page: 312

View: 3316

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Limits of Free Will presents influential articles by Paul Russell concerning free will and moral responsibility. The problems arising in this field of philosophy, which are deeply rooted in the history of the subject, are also intimately related to a wide range of other fields, such as law and criminology, moral psychology, theology, and, more recently, neuroscience. These articles were written and published over a period of three decades, although most have appeared in the past decade. Among the topics covered: the challenge of skepticism; moral sentiment and moral capacity; necessity and the metaphysics of causation; practical reason; free will and art; fatalism and the limits of agency; moral luck, and our metaphysical attitudes of optimism and pessimism. Some essays are primarily critical in character, presenting critiques and commentary on major works or contributions in the contemporary scene. Others are mainly constructive, aiming to develop and articulate a distinctive account of compatibilism. The general theory advanced by Russell, which he describes as a form of "critical compatibilism", rejects any form of unqualified or radical skepticism; but it also insists that a plausible compatibilism has significant and substantive implications about the limits of agency and argues that this licenses a metaphysical attitude of (modest) pessimism on this topic. While each essay is self-standing, there is nevertheless a core set of themes and issues that unite and link them together. The collection is arranged and organized in a format that enables the reader to appreciate and recognize these links and core themes.

The Hateful and the Obscene

Studies in the Limits of Free Expression

Author: L. W. Sumner

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802080837

Category: Law

Page: 275

View: 5084

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In a series of landmark decisions since 1990, Canadian courts have shaped a distinctive approach to the regulation of obscenity, hate literature, and child pornography. Missing from the debate, however, has been any attempt to determine whether the legal status quo can be justified by reference to a framework of moral/political principles. The Hateful and the Obscene is intended to fill that gap. L.W. Sumner brings philosophical depth and theoretical rigour to some of the most important and difficult questions concerning free expression. Building on a framework set out by J.S. Mill - that a legal restriction of expression is justified only when the expression in question is harmful to others and when the benefits of the restriction will exceed its costs - Sumner shows how the Canadian courts have replicated Mill's framework in their interpretation of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The Hateful and the Obscene is a compelling interpretation of freedom of expression that combines serious philosophical thought with a focus on Canadian law, thus maintaining the breadth to deal with both obscenity and hate literature.

Scham, Schuld und Notwendigkeit

Eine Wiederbelebung antiker Begriffe der Moral

Author: Bernard Williams

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3050077174

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 9472

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Wie aktuell ist die Antike? Können wir Modernen von Homer etwas lernen und können wir mit Hilfe der antiken Tragödien einige tiefsitzende Mißverständnisse unserer Zeit von uns abschütteln? Auf diese Fragen antwortet Bernard Williams in einer faszinierenden Studie, die als sein Hauptwerk gilt, indem er insbesondere die antike Literatur von einseitigen modernen Deutungen befreit. Die Antike ist uns nicht nur viel näher als wir glauben, sie verfügt auch über Begriffe, die unser moralisches Selbstverständnis und die damit verbundenen unausweichlichen Konflikte besser beschreiben als unsere eigenen Begriffe.

Human Nature and the Limits of Darwinism

Author: Whitley R.P. Kaufman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137592885

Category: Philosophy

Page: 222

View: 4264

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This book compares two competing theories of human nature: the more traditional theory espoused in different forms by centuries of western philosophy and the newer, Darwinian model. In the traditional view, the human being is a hybrid being, with a lower, animal nature and a higher, rational or “spiritual” component. The competing Darwinian account does away with the idea of a higher nature and attempts to provide a complete reduction of human nature to the evolutionary goals of survival and reproduction. Whitley Kaufman presents the case that the traditional conception, regardless of one's religious views or other beliefs, provides a superior account of human nature and culture. We are animals, but we are also rational animals. Kaufman explores the most fundamental philosophical questions as they relate to this debate over human nature—for example: Is free will an illusion? Is morality a product of evolution, with no objective basis? Is reason merely a tool for promoting reproductive success? Is art an adaptation for attracting mates? Is there any higher meaning or purpose to human life? Human Nature and the Limits of Darwinism aims to assess the competing views of human nature and present a clear account of the issues on this most pressing of questions. It engages in a close analysis of the numerous recent attempts to explain all human aims in terms of Darwinian processes and presents the arguments in support of the traditional conception of human nature.

Jonathan Edwards and the Limits of Enlightenment Philosophy

Author: Leon Chai

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195353112

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 5963

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Jonathan Edwards has most often been considered in the context of the Puritanism of New England. In many ways, however, he was closer to the thinkers of the European Enlightenment. In this book. Leon Chai explores that connection, analyzing Edwards' thought in light of a number of the issues that preoccupied such Enlightenment figures as Locke, Descartes, Malebranche, and Leibniz. The book comprises three parts, each of which begins with a detailed analysis of a crucial passage from a classic Enlightenment text, and then turns to a major theological work of Jonathan Edwards' in which the same issue is explored.

Augustine and the Limits of Virtue

Author: James Wetzel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521405416

Category: Philosophy

Page: 246

View: 2009

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This sophisticated analysis of Augustine's thought on virtue and the will makes a notable contribution to Augustine studies, and casts light both on the subject of 'moral luck' and on the relationship between theology and philosophy generally.

Die rothaarige Frau

Roman

Author: Orhan Pamuk

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446257683

Category: Fiction

Page: 272

View: 6536

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Als er die Schauspielerin zum ersten Mal im Theaterzelt sieht, ist Cem nur der einfache Lehrling des Brunnenbauers Murat. Sie ist schön, ihr rotes Haar leuchtet wie Feuer. Je mehr der Lehrling sich zu der Rothaarigen hingezogen fühlt, desto mehr entfremdet er sich von Meister Murat, der für ihn wie ein Vater geworden war. Als ein schrecklicher Unfall passiert, flieht Cem nach Istanbul. Jahrzehnte später kehrt er an jenen Brunnen zurück, wo er etwas Ungeheures entdeckt. – Orhan Pamuk erzählt mit klassischer Wucht eine Geschichte von Vätern und Söhnen, von Liebe und Verrat, von Schuld und Sühne in der Türkei, einem Land, das noch immer zwischen Tradition und Moderne zerrissen ist.

Was für Lebewesen sind wir?

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518748289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 4909

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Noam Chomsky gilt als der Begründer der modernen Linguistik und als einer der Gründerväter der Kognitionswissenschaften. Zugleich ist er einer der meistgelesenen politischen Denker der Welt. Dieses Buch ist die philosophische Summe seines Lebens: Erstmals führt er alle seine großen Themen zusammen und begibt sich auf die Suche nach dem Wesen des Menschen. Chomsky nimmt seinen Ausgang bei der Sprache. Diese ist für ihn ein angeborener Mechanismus, der ein keineswegs zwingendes Muster aufweist und unser Denken bestimmt. Wir alle denken gemäß diesem Muster – und daher können wir auch nur das wissen, was die menschliche Sprache zu denken erlaubt. Einige Geheimisse der Natur könnten uns deshalb für immer verborgen bleiben. Zugleich eröffnet die Sprache aber eine kreative Freiheit; uns ist ein Freiheitsinstinkt gegeben, der uns gegen Herrschaft aufbegehren und eine freie Entfaltung suchen lässt. In der libertären Tradition von Wilhelm von Humboldt, John Stuart Mill und Rudolf Rocker zeichnet uns Chomsky als anarchische Lebewesen, die nach einer Assoziation freier Menschen streben.

Die Farbe von Winterkirschen

Roman

Author: Jackie Copleton

Publisher: Limes Verlag

ISBN: 3641171458

Category: Fiction

Page: 320

View: 4067

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Ein Tag, der alles zerstörte. Eine Mutter, die ihr Kind verlor. Und ihr Wunsch nach Vergebung, der nie verging – eine bewegende Geschichte um Liebe, Reue und Hoffnung. Sie verlor ihre Tochter an dem Tag, an dem die Bombe fiel. Ama hatte sich mit Yuko verabredet, um mit ihr über den Mann zu sprechen, den Yuko so liebte und Ama gleichermaßen verabscheute. Doch dazu kam es nie. Ama war zu spät – und ihre Tochter und ihr Enkel tot. Ama ließ Nagasaki hinter sich, wanderte nach Amerika aus, aber der Schmerz blieb. Nie konnte sie sich verzeihen, gab sich selbst die Schuld am Tod, ja sogar am Schicksal ihrer Tochter. Sie zog sich immer mehr zurück und lebte in ihrer eigenen Welt voll Trauer und Schmerz – bis ein junger Mann an ihre Tür klopft. Er sagt, er sei Hideo, ihr totgeglaubter Enkel. Zuerst will sie ihm nicht glauben, doch dann öffnet sie ihr Herz und lässt die Hoffnung herein ...

Time, Will, and Mental Process

Author: Jason W. Brown

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0585346542

Category: Medical

Page: 257

View: 9089

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In this volume, distinguished neurologist Jason W. Brown extends the microgenetic theory of the mind by offering a new approach to the problem of time and free will. Brown bases his work on a unitary process model of brain and behavior. He examines the problem of subjective time and free will, the experiential present, the nature of intentionality, and the creative properties of physical growth and mental process.

On Liberty

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150185360

Category: Freiheit

Page: 350

View: 3347

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Bergauf mit Rückenwind

Willenskraft effizient einsetzen

Author: Kelly McGonigal

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641067510

Category: Self-Help

Page: 336

View: 3412

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Innerer Schweinehund ade Die Überwindung des inneren Schweinehundes scheint fast immer nur mit eiserner Selbstbeherrschung erreichbar. Doch Kelly McGonigal zeigt, dass Willenskraft allein eine Frage des richtigen Energiemanagements ist. Mit der Einsicht in die inneren Mechanismen, durch ausreichend Regeneration, etwas Training und das Setzen von Prioritäten kann man lernen, das eigene Leben im Griff zu haben, ohne sich übermäßig anstrengen zu müssen.

The Sovereignty of God in Salvation

Biblical Essays

Author: E. Earle Ellis

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0567606643

Category: Religion

Page: 142

View: 6813

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In his new work The Sovereignty of God in Salvation E. Earle Ellis sets out to explore God's sovereign purpose both in individual salvation and in the salvation history within which the Bible has been authored, transmitted, interpreted and communicated. In the process he touches on such themes as the nature of free will; the manifestation God's sovereignty in the life and ministry of the Apostle Paul; the presence of God's hand in the transmission and interpretation of the biblical texts; and new perspectives on both the modern inclination to emphasise Paul's use of Graeco-Roman rhetoric as well as the contemporary reception of the biblical message. The sovereignty of God forms an overarching theme throughout.

The Determinants of Free Will

A Psychological Analysis of Responsible, Adjustive Behavior

Author: James A. Easterbrook

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483264815

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 7049

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Determinants of Free Will: A Psychological Analysis of Responsible, Adjustive Behavior deals with the concept of personal adjustment as freedom of will and a personal responsibility. The book reviews the definitions, rationale, and general framework of concepts of free will, responsibility, and other terminologies. The text explains the determinants of free will; it also analyzes 1) educated intelligence and 2) efficacy as the determinants of mental health or proper personal adjustment. The text explains the philosophy of Kurt Goldstein and cites references to evidence pointing to the differences in thought among people who have forward-looking or situation-dependent behaviors. The issue of independence in a social context is also discussed. This topic includes the determinants of maladjustments and self-disciplined members of society. The text also examines motivation and informational independence through literature dealing with mechanisms of behavioral autonomy. The book also reviews the sharing of freedom and the limits to freedom of will. The text is suitable for psychologists, psychoanalysts, guidance counselors, child educators, and behavioral therapists.

Judging and Understanding

Essays on Free Will, Narrative, Meaning and the Ethical Limits of Condemnation

Author: Pedro Alexis Tabensky

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351154788

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 8681

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This collection embodies a debate that explores what could be characterised as the tension between judging and understanding. It seems that after a particular threshold of understanding of the basic facts leading to a given moral transgression, the more we understand the context and motives leading to crime, the more likely we are to abstain from harsh retributive judgement. Martha Nussbaum?s essay ?Equity and Mercy?, included in this collection, is the philosophical starting point of this debate, and Bernhard Schlink?s novel The Reader - a novel exploring the tension between judging and understanding, among other things - is used as a case study by most contributors. Some contributors, situated at one end of the spectrum of views represented in this collection, argue for the wholesale elimination of our practices of retribution in the light of the tension between judging and understanding, while contributors on the other side of the spectrum argue that the tension does not actually exist. A whole array of intermediate positions, including Nussbaum?s, are represented. This anthology is comprised of nearly all specially commissioned essays bringing together work dealing with the moral, metaphysical, epistemological and phenomenological issues required for properly understanding whether in fact there is a tension between judging and understanding and what the moral and legal implications may be of accepting or rejecting this tension.