The Logica Yearbook 2015

Author: Pavel Arazim,Michal Dancak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902138

Category: Mathematics

Page: 234

View: 3328

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This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2015, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.

The Logica Yearbook 2017

Author: Pavel Arazim,Tomas Lavicka

Publisher: College Publications

ISBN: 9781848902817

Category: Mathematics

Page: 298

View: 351

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This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2017, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.

Logic, Language, Information, and Computation

25th International Workshop, WoLLIC 2018, Bogota, Colombia, July 24-27, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Lawrence S. Moss,Ruy de Queiroz,Maricarmen Martinez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662576694

Category: Mathematics

Page: 325

View: 9964

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Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 25th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Communication, WoLLIC 2018, held inBogota, Colombia, in July 2018. The 16 full papers together with 3 short papers and 3 invited talks presented were fully reviewed and selected from 30 submissions. The vision for the conference is to provide an annual forum which is large enough to provide meaningful interactions between logic and the sciences related to information and computation.

Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems

10th International Symposium, FoIKS 2018, Budapest, Hungary, May 14–18, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Flavio Ferrarotti,Stefan Woltran

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319900501

Category: Mathematics

Page: 401

View: 8611

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems, FoIKS 2018, held in Budapest, Hungary, in May 2018.The 20 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited talk were carefully reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. The papers address various topics such as big data; database design; dynamics of information; information fusion; integrity and constraint management; intelligent agents; knowledge discovery and information retrieval; knowledge representation, reasoning and planning; logics in databases and AI; mathematical foundations; security in information and knowledge systems; semi-structured data and XML; social computing; the semantic web and knowledge management; and the world wide web.​

Logic, Rationality, and Interaction

6th International Workshop, LORI 2017, Sapporo, Japan, September 11-14, 2017, Proceedings

Author: Alexandru Baltag,Jeremy Seligman,Tomoyuki Yamada

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662556650

Category: Mathematics

Page: 694

View: 7214

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This LNCS volume is part of FoLLI book serie and contains the papers presented at the 6th International Workshop on Logic, Rationality and Interaction/ (LORI-VI), held in September 2017 in Sapporo, Japan. The focus of the workshop is on following topics: Agency, Argumentation and Agreement, Belief Revision and Belief Merging, Belief Representation, Cooperation, Decision making and Planning, Natural Language, Philosophy and Philosophical Logic, and Strategic Reasoning.

KI 2017: Advances in Artificial Intelligence

40th Annual German Conference on AI, Dortmund, Germany, September 25–29, 2017, Proceedings

Author: Gabriele Kern-Isberner,Johannes Fürnkranz,Matthias Thimm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319671901

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 4898

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 40th Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence, KI 2017 held in Dortmund, Germany in September 2017. The 20 revised full technical papers presented together with 16 short technical communications were carefully reviewed and selected from 73 submissions. The conference cover a range of topics from, e. g., agents, robotics, cognitive sciences, machine learning, planning, knowledge representation, reasoning, and ontologies, with numerous applications in areas like social media, psychology, transportation systems and reflecting the richness and diversity of their field.

The Logica Yearbook 2012

Author: Vit Puncochar,Petr Svarny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848901100

Category: Mathematics

Page: 238

View: 1327

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This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2012, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.

Liber Amicorum Alberti. a Tribute to Albert Visser

Author: Rosalie Iemhoff,Jan Van Eijck,Joost J Joosten

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902046

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 6715

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During his scientific life Albert Visser has contributed to a great variety of disciplines in logic, ranging from provability logics, interpretability, and formal arithmetic to philosophy, linguistics and formal language semantics. This Liber Amicorum is in honour of his long and distinguised career, and nicely bears tribute to the diversity of Albert Visser's interests. Filled with contriubitons from his colleagues, the book illustrates the important role that Albert Visser plays and has played as a logician in the Netherlands and abroad.

The Psychology of Argument

Author: Laura Bonelli,Fabio Paglieri,Silvia Felletti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848901957

Category: Philosophy

Page: 450

View: 9873

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Arguments have often been a topic of interest in the psychology of communication, typically with an emphasis on their persuasive features - an emphasis largely shared by at least one of the classical disciplines in argumentation studies, namely, rhetoric. Nonetheless, contemporary argumentation theory has mostly steered clear of psychological contributions, with only few (albeit notable) exceptions. While there are both historical and theoretical reasons for this lack of interaction, many nowadays seem to think it is past time we bury the hatchet for good, and recent years have witnessed a flourish of cognitive approaches to the study of argument. This volume aims to take stock of these recent developments, as well as paving the way to new promising directions of inquiry. In doing so, it also manages to organize this rich landscape around five main sub-themes: socio-cognitive models of argumentation, issues of rationality (or lack thereof), the study of biases and fallacies, the role of argumentation in persuasion (and vice versa), and how learning and development affect our argumentative attitudes.

The Dialogue Between Sciences, Philosophy and Engineering

New Historical and Epistemological Insights. Homage to Gottfried W. Leibniz 1646-1716

Author: Raffaele Pisano,Michel Fichant,Paolo Bussotti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902275

Category: Philosophy

Page: 438

View: 2023

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Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716) has a prominent worldwide place in the history of scientific thought, from mathematics, logic, and physics to astronomy and engineering. In 2016, both his birth and death have been commemorated. Given the influence by Leibniz on Western sciences and philosophies and his polyhedric scientific activities, this special book chooses to focus on Leibniz's scientific works. In particular, we explore Leibniz's intellectual matrix and heritage within interdisciplinary fields, and present contributions from leading experts on the subject. The book offers much-needed insights into the subject from scientific, historical, philosophical and nature of science perspectives. It also provides authoritative introductions to scholarly contributions, which are often dispersed in journals and books not easily accessible to every reader. Therefore, this volume also contains excellent chapters on topics which, generally speaking, have their place in any rounded science, history or philosophy topic. It provides an absorbing and significant read for historians, philosophers and scientists alike. Editors Raffaele Pisano is full professor at the Lille University, France. Michel Fichant is Emeritus professor at the Sorbonne University, France. Paolo Bussotti is senior lecturer-researcher at the Udine University, Italy. Agamenon R. E. Oliveira is full professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Foreword Eberhard Knobloch is Emeritus professor at the Berlin University of Technology, Germany.

Advances in Modal Logic

Author: Lev Beklemishev,Stephane Demri,Andras Mate

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902015

Category: Mathematics

Page: 584

View: 4120

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Logic deals with the fundamental notions oftruth and falsity. Modal logic arose from the philosophical study of "modes of truth" with the two most common modes being "necessarily true" and "possibly true." Research in modal logic now spans the spectrum from philosophy, computer science and mathematics using techniques from relational structures, universal algebra, topology, and proof theory. These proceedings record the papers presented at the 2016 conference on Advances in Modal Logic, a biennial conference series with an aim to report on important new developments in pure and applied modal logic. As indicated above, there are new developments in using modal logic to reason about obligations, about programs, about time, about combinations of modal logics and even about negation itself.

Deontic Logic and Normative Systems. 13th International Conference, DEON 2016

Author: Olivier Roy,Professor of Social and Political Theory Director of the Mediterranean Programme Olivier Roy,Allard Tamminga,Malte Willer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902152

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

View: 9530

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The biennial DEON conferences are designed to promote interdisciplinary cooperation amongst scholars interested in linking the formal-logical study of normative concepts and normative systems with computer science, artificial intelligence, linguistics, philosophy, organisation theory and law. In addition to these general themes, DEON 2016 encouraged a special focus on the topic "Reasons, Argumentation and Justification."

Philosophical Applications of Modal Logic

Author: Lloyd Humberstone

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848901964

Category:

Page: 588

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This text aims to convey some of the interest and charm of modal logic, and to put a reader new to the subject in a position to have an informed opinion as to its applicability to each of several areas of philosophical concern (belief, knowledge, obligation ...) in which the merits of a modal approach' have been controversial. he main focus, for these purposes, is on normal modal logics, though some attention is given to the non-normal side of the picture.

Inferentialism

Why Rules Matter

Author: J. Peregrin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113745296X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 278

View: 8123

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In this study two strands of inferentialism are brought together: the philosophical doctrine of Brandom, according to which meanings are generally inferential roles, and the logical doctrine prioritizing proof-theory over model theory and approaching meaning in logical, especially proof-theoretical terms.

Abstract Algebraic Logic. an Introductory Textbook

Author: Josep Maria Font

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902077

Category: Computers

Page: 554

View: 4287

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Abstract algebraic logic is the more general and abstract side of algebraic logic, the branch of mathematics that studies the connections between logics and their algebra-based semantics. This emerging subfield of mathematical logic consolidated since the 1980s, and is considered as the algebraic logic of the twenty-first century; as such it is increasingly becoming an indispensable tool to approach the algebraic study of any (mainly sentential) logic in a systematic way. This book is an introductory textbook on abstract algebraic logic, and takes a bottom-up approach, treating first logics with a simpler algebraic study, such as Rasiowa's implicative logics, and then guides readers, by means of successive steps of generalization and abstraction, to meet more and more complicated algebra-based semantics. An entire chapter is devoted to Blok and Pigozzi's theory of algebraizable logics, proving the main theorems and incorporating later developments by other scholars. After a chapter with the basics of the classical theory of matrices, one chapter is devoted to an in-depth exposition of the semantics of generalized matrices. There are also two more avanced chapters providing introductions to the two hierachies that organize the logical landscape according to the criteria of abstract algebraic logic, the Leibniz hierarchy and the Frege hierarchy. All throughout the book, particular care is devoted to the presentation and classification of dozens of examples of particular logics. The book is addressed to mathematicians and logicians with little or no previous exposure to algebraic logic. Some acquaintance with examples of non-classical logics is desirable in order to appreciate the extremely general theory. The book is written with students (or beginners in the field) in mind, and combines a textbook style in its main sections, including more than 400 carefully graded exercises, with a survey style in the exposition of some research directions. The book includes scattered historical notes and numerous bibliographic references.

Argumentation and Reasoned Action

Author: Marcin Lewinski,Dima Mohammed

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902121

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1118

View: 5585

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This is Volume II of the proceedings of the 1st European Conference on Argumentation: Argumentation and Reasoned Action, held at the Argumentation Lab in Lisbon, Portugal, in June 2015. The European Conference on Argumentation (ECA) is a new pan-European initiative aiming to consolidate and advance various streaks of research into argumentation and reasoning: philosophy, communication, linguistics, discourse analysis, computer science, psychology, cognitive studies, legal theory, etc. The proceedings comprise what we think is the most complete statement of the state of the art of argumentation studies today across these disciplines. From ancient rhetoric to Artificial Intelligence, and from analytic philosophy to detailed empirical research, the contributors examine argumentation theory and practice with a special focus on argumentation aimed at reasoned action. It's gratifying to have all this research collected in one source and realise the breadth and depth of the lively debates in argumentation studies.

Down Girl

The Logic of Misogyny

Author: Kate Manne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190605006

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4018

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Down Girl is an exploration of misogyny in public life and politics. Kate Manne argues that misogyny should not be understood primarily in terms of the hatred or hostility some men feel toward all or most women. Rather, it's primarily about controlling, policing, punishing, and exiling the "bad" women who challenge male dominance. And it's compatible with rewarding "the good ones," and singling out other women to serve as warnings to those who are out of order. She applies her powerful theory to a wide range of public life but particularly politics. The paperback features a new preface to the paperback edition discussing the extensive publicity and discussion that accompanied hardcover publication.

Oppositions and Paradoxes

Philosophical Perplexities in Science and Mathematics

Author: John L. Bell

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 1554813026

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 8338

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Since antiquity, opposed concepts such as the One and the Many, the Finite and the Infinite, and the Absolute and the Relative, have been a driving force in philosophical, scientific, and mathematical thought. Yet they have also given rise to perplexing problems and conceptual paradoxes which continue to haunt scientists and philosophers. In Oppositions and Paradoxes, John L. Bell explains and investigates the paradoxes and puzzles that arise out of conceptual oppositions in physics and mathematics. In the process, Bell not only motivates abstract conceptual thinking about the paradoxes at issue, but he also offers a compelling introduction to central ideas in such otherwise-difficult topics as non-Euclidean geometry, relativity, and quantum physics. These paradoxes are often as fun as they are flabbergasting. Consider, for example, the famous Tristram Shandy paradox: an immortal man composing an autobiography so slowly as to require a year of writing to describe each day of his life — he would, if he had infinite time, presumably never complete the work, although no individual part of it would remain unwritten. Or think of an office mailbox labelled “mail for those with no mailbox”—if this is a person’s mailbox, how can they possibly have “no mailbox”? These and many other paradoxes straddle the boundary between physics and metaphysics, and demonstrate the hidden difficulty in many of our most basic concepts.

Globalization, Communication and the Workplace

Talking Across The World

Author: Gail Forey,Jane Lockwood

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441105352

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 3389

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The global developments in Information Technology Enabled Services have transformed customer service encounters which were until recently face-to-face. The major business areas of healthcare, insurance, banking and media are increasingly moving their customer processes to call centres, web based interaction, and email. ITES is set for explosive growth over the next decade, alongside being increasingly outsourced to non-English speaking destinations. The need for good English language communication skills is becoming ever more acute.This book looks closely at interactive communication in customer-facing services, featuring the voices of both academics and those in industry. It aims to integrate the work of applied linguists, teachers, trainers and businesses. After an initial discussion on the value of research to applied training, the major issues of ITES communications are addressed with either an academic analysis being followed by a training example derived from it, or with an analysis of a workplace problem followed by a research-based solution proposal. This volume should appeal to a wide readership in academic, business training and HR departments.