The Logica Yearbook 2017

Author: Pavel Arazim,Tomas Lavicka

Publisher: College Publications

ISBN: 9781848902817

Category: Mathematics

Page: 298

View: 5078

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This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2017, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.

The Logica Yearbook 2015

Author: Pavel Arazim,Michal Dancak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902138

Category: Mathematics

Page: 234

View: 8326

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This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2015, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.

Logic, Language, Information, and Computation

25th International Workshop, WoLLIC 2018, Bogota, Colombia, July 24-27, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Lawrence S. Moss,Ruy de Queiroz,Maricarmen Martinez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662576694

Category: Mathematics

Page: 325

View: 8087

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Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 25th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Communication, WoLLIC 2018, held inBogota, Colombia, in July 2018. The 16 full papers together with 3 short papers and 3 invited talks presented were fully reviewed and selected from 30 submissions. The vision for the conference is to provide an annual forum which is large enough to provide meaningful interactions between logic and the sciences related to information and computation.

Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems

10th International Symposium, FoIKS 2018, Budapest, Hungary, May 14–18, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Flavio Ferrarotti,Stefan Woltran

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319900501

Category: Mathematics

Page: 401

View: 7294

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Foundations of Information and Knowledge Systems, FoIKS 2018, held in Budapest, Hungary, in May 2018.The 20 revised full papers presented together with 1 invited talk were carefully reviewed and selected from 40 submissions. The papers address various topics such as big data; database design; dynamics of information; information fusion; integrity and constraint management; intelligent agents; knowledge discovery and information retrieval; knowledge representation, reasoning and planning; logics in databases and AI; mathematical foundations; security in information and knowledge systems; semi-structured data and XML; social computing; the semantic web and knowledge management; and the world wide web.​

Immanent Reasoning or Equality in Action

A Plaidoyer for the Play Level

Author: Shahid Rahman,Zoe McConaughey,Ansten Klev,Nicolas Clerbout

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331991149X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 332

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This monograph proposes a new way of implementing interaction in logic. It also provides an elementary introduction to Constructive Type Theory (CTT). The authors equally emphasize basic ideas and finer technical details. In addition, many worked out exercises and examples will help readers to better understand the concepts under discussion. One of the chief ideas animating this study is that the dialogical understanding of definitional equality and its execution provide both a simple and a direct way of implementing the CTT approach within a game-theoretical conception of meaning. In addition, the importance of the play level over the strategy level is stressed, binding together the matter of execution with that of equality and the finitary perspective on games constituting meaning. According to this perspective the emergence of concepts are not only games of giving and asking for reasons (games involving Why-questions), they are also games that include moves establishing how it is that the reasons brought forward accomplish their explicative task. Thus, immanent reasoning games are dialogical games of Why and How.

J. Michael Dunn on Information Based Logics

Author: Katalin Bimbó

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319293001

Category: Philosophy

Page: 436

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This book celebrates and expands on J. Michael Dunn’s work on informational interpretations of logic. Dunn, in his Ph.D. thesis (1966), introduced a semantics for first-degree entailments utilizing the idea that a sentence can provide positive or negative information about a topic, possibly supplying both or neither. He later published a related interpretation of the logic R-mingle, which turned out to be one of the first relational semantics for a relevance logic. An incompatibility relation between information states lends itself to a definition of negation and it has figured into Dunn's comprehensive investigations into representations of various negations. The informational view of semantics is also a prominent theme in Dunn’s research on other logics, such as quantum logic and linear logic, and led to the encompassing theory of generalized Galois logics (or "gaggles"). Dunn’s latest work addresses informational interpretations of the ternary accessibility relation and the very nature of information. The book opens with Dunn’s autobiography, followed by a list of his publications. It then presents a series of papers written by respected logicians working on different aspects of information-based logics. The topics covered include the logic R-mingle, which was introduced by Dunn, and its applications in mathematical reasoning as well as its importance in obtaining results for other relevance logics. There are also interpretations of the accessibility relation in the semantics of relevance and other non-classical logics using different notions of information. It also presents a collection of papers that develop semantics for various logics, including certain modal and many-valued logics. The publication of this book is well timed, since we are living in an "information age.” Providing new technical findings, intellectual history and careful expositions of intriguing ideas, it appeals to a wide audience of scholars and researchers.

The Logica Yearbook 2012

Author: Vit Puncochar,Petr Svarny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848901100

Category: Mathematics

Page: 238

View: 5341

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This volume of the Logica Yearbook series brings together articles presented at the annual international symposium Logica 2012, Hejnice, the Czech Republic. The articles range over mathematical and philosophical logic, history and philosophy of logic, and the analysis of natural language.

Core Logic

Author: Neil Tennant

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198777892

Category: Mathematics

Page: 360

View: 2894

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Neil Tennant presents an original logical system with unusual philosophical, proof-theoretic, metalogical, computational, and revision-theoretic virtues. Core Logic, which lies deep inside Classical Logic, best formalizes rigorous mathematical reasoning. It captures constructive relevant reasoning. And the classical extension of Core Logic handles non-constructive reasoning. These core systems fix all the mistakes that make standard systems harbor counterintuitive irrelevancies. Conclusions reached by means of core proof are relevant to the premises used. These are the first systems that ensure both relevance and adequacy for the formalization of all mathematical and scientific reasoning. They are also the first systems to ensure that one can make deductive progress with potential logical strengthening by chaining proofs together: one will prove, if not the conclusion sought, then (even better!) the inconsistency of one's accumulated premises. So Core Logic provides transitivity of deduction with potential epistemic gain. Because of its clarity about the true internal structure of proofs, Core Logic affords advantages also for the automation of deduction and our appreciation of the paradoxes.

Inferences with Ignorance: Logics of Questions

Author: Peliš, Michal

Publisher: Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press

ISBN: 8024631814

Category: Mathematics

Page: 110

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Inferences with Ignorance focuses on two formal logic systems that employ the type of inferences in which questions are used in addition to statements. Not merely capturing questions as part of a logical apparatus, Michal Peliš also emphasizes the role of question-asking in communication. The book presents options for formalizing questions using sets of “direct answers,” demonstrates where questions are used in inferences, and explores asking questions and seeking answers as important components of everyday communication, proposing ways of using questions within a formal system that can capture a change in knowledge during this simple communication.

Advances in Modal Logic

Author: Lev Beklemishev,Stephane Demri,Andras Mate

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902015

Category: Mathematics

Page: 584

View: 2139

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Logic deals with the fundamental notions oftruth and falsity. Modal logic arose from the philosophical study of "modes of truth" with the two most common modes being "necessarily true" and "possibly true." Research in modal logic now spans the spectrum from philosophy, computer science and mathematics using techniques from relational structures, universal algebra, topology, and proof theory. These proceedings record the papers presented at the 2016 conference on Advances in Modal Logic, a biennial conference series with an aim to report on important new developments in pure and applied modal logic. As indicated above, there are new developments in using modal logic to reason about obligations, about programs, about time, about combinations of modal logics and even about negation itself.

The Dialogue Between Sciences, Philosophy and Engineering

New Historical and Epistemological Insights. Homage to Gottfried W. Leibniz 1646-1716

Author: Raffaele Pisano,Michel Fichant,Paolo Bussotti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902275

Category: Philosophy

Page: 438

View: 8302

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Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1646-1716) has a prominent worldwide place in the history of scientific thought, from mathematics, logic, and physics to astronomy and engineering. In 2016, both his birth and death have been commemorated. Given the influence by Leibniz on Western sciences and philosophies and his polyhedric scientific activities, this special book chooses to focus on Leibniz's scientific works. In particular, we explore Leibniz's intellectual matrix and heritage within interdisciplinary fields, and present contributions from leading experts on the subject. The book offers much-needed insights into the subject from scientific, historical, philosophical and nature of science perspectives. It also provides authoritative introductions to scholarly contributions, which are often dispersed in journals and books not easily accessible to every reader. Therefore, this volume also contains excellent chapters on topics which, generally speaking, have their place in any rounded science, history or philosophy topic. It provides an absorbing and significant read for historians, philosophers and scientists alike. Editors Raffaele Pisano is full professor at the Lille University, France. Michel Fichant is Emeritus professor at the Sorbonne University, France. Paolo Bussotti is senior lecturer-researcher at the Udine University, Italy. Agamenon R. E. Oliveira is full professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Foreword Eberhard Knobloch is Emeritus professor at the Berlin University of Technology, Germany.

Inferentialism

Why Rules Matter

Author: J. Peregrin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113745296X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 278

View: 466

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In this study two strands of inferentialism are brought together: the philosophical doctrine of Brandom, according to which meanings are generally inferential roles, and the logical doctrine prioritizing proof-theory over model theory and approaching meaning in logical, especially proof-theoretical terms.

Down Girl

The Logic of Misogyny

Author: Kate Manne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190604980

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 9809

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Misogyny is a hot topic, yet it's often misunderstood. What is misogyny, exactly? Who deserves to be called a misogynist? How does misogyny contrast with sexism, and why is it prone to persist - or increase - even when sexist gender roles are waning? This book is an exploration of misogyny inpublic life and politics, by the moral philosopher and writer Kate Manne. It argues that misogyny should not be understood primarily in terms of the hatred or hostility some men feel toward women generally. Rather, it's primarily about controlling, policing, punishing, and exiling the women whochallenge male dominance. And it's compatible with rewarding "the good ones," and singling out other women to serve as warnings to those who are out of order. It's also common for women to be treated, and burned, as scapegoats. Manne examines recent and current events such as the Isla Vista killings by Elliot Rodger, the case of the serial rapist Daniel Holtzclaw, who preyed on African-American women as a police officer in Oklahoma City, the "misogyny speech" of Julia Gillard, then Prime Minister of Australia, which wentviral on YouTube, and Rush Limbaugh's diatribe against Sandra Fluke. The book shows how these events, among others, set the stage for the 2016 U.S. presidential election. Not only was the misogyny leveled against Hillary Clinton predictable in both quantity and quality, Manne argues that it waspredictable that many people would forgive and forget Donald Trump's history of sexual assault and harassment. For this, Manne argues, is misogyny's oft-overlooked and equally pernicious underbelly: exonerating or showing "himpathy" for the comparatively privileged men who dominate, menace, andsilence women.

Philosophical Applications of Modal Logic

Author: Lloyd Humberstone

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848901964

Category:

Page: 588

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This text aims to convey some of the interest and charm of modal logic, and to put a reader new to the subject in a position to have an informed opinion as to its applicability to each of several areas of philosophical concern (belief, knowledge, obligation ...) in which the merits of a modal approach' have been controversial. he main focus, for these purposes, is on normal modal logics, though some attention is given to the non-normal side of the picture.

Globalization, Communication and the Workplace

Talking Across The World

Author: Gail Forey,Jane Lockwood

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441105352

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 3756

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The global developments in Information Technology Enabled Services have transformed customer service encounters which were until recently face-to-face. The major business areas of healthcare, insurance, banking and media are increasingly moving their customer processes to call centres, web based interaction, and email. ITES is set for explosive growth over the next decade, alongside being increasingly outsourced to non-English speaking destinations. The need for good English language communication skills is becoming ever more acute.This book looks closely at interactive communication in customer-facing services, featuring the voices of both academics and those in industry. It aims to integrate the work of applied linguists, teachers, trainers and businesses. After an initial discussion on the value of research to applied training, the major issues of ITES communications are addressed with either an academic analysis being followed by a training example derived from it, or with an analysis of a workplace problem followed by a research-based solution proposal. This volume should appeal to a wide readership in academic, business training and HR departments.

Abstract Algebraic Logic. an Introductory Textbook

Author: Josep Maria Font

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781848902077

Category: Computers

Page: 554

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Abstract algebraic logic is the more general and abstract side of algebraic logic, the branch of mathematics that studies the connections between logics and their algebra-based semantics. This emerging subfield of mathematical logic consolidated since the 1980s, and is considered as the algebraic logic of the twenty-first century; as such it is increasingly becoming an indispensable tool to approach the algebraic study of any (mainly sentential) logic in a systematic way. This book is an introductory textbook on abstract algebraic logic, and takes a bottom-up approach, treating first logics with a simpler algebraic study, such as Rasiowa's implicative logics, and then guides readers, by means of successive steps of generalization and abstraction, to meet more and more complicated algebra-based semantics. An entire chapter is devoted to Blok and Pigozzi's theory of algebraizable logics, proving the main theorems and incorporating later developments by other scholars. After a chapter with the basics of the classical theory of matrices, one chapter is devoted to an in-depth exposition of the semantics of generalized matrices. There are also two more avanced chapters providing introductions to the two hierachies that organize the logical landscape according to the criteria of abstract algebraic logic, the Leibniz hierarchy and the Frege hierarchy. All throughout the book, particular care is devoted to the presentation and classification of dozens of examples of particular logics. The book is addressed to mathematicians and logicians with little or no previous exposure to algebraic logic. Some acquaintance with examples of non-classical logics is desirable in order to appreciate the extremely general theory. The book is written with students (or beginners in the field) in mind, and combines a textbook style in its main sections, including more than 400 carefully graded exercises, with a survey style in the exposition of some research directions. The book includes scattered historical notes and numerous bibliographic references.

The Oxford Handbook of Generality in Mathematics and the Sciences

Author: Karine Chemla,Renaud Chorlay,David Rabouin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198777264

Category:

Page: 528

View: 9126

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Generality is a key value in scientific discourses and practices. Throughout history, it has received a variety of meanings and of uses. This collection of original essays aims to inquire into this diversity. Through case studies taken from the history of mathematics, physics and the life sciences, the book provides evidence of different ways of understanding the general in various contexts. It aims at showing how collectives have valued generality and how they have worked with specific types of "general" entities, procedures, and arguments. The books connects history and philosophy of mathematics and the sciences at the intersection of two of the most fruitful contemporary lines of research: historical epistemology, in which values (e.g. "objectivity," "accuracy") are studied from a historical viewpoint; and the philosophy of scientific practice, in which conceptual developments are seen as embedded in networks of social, instrumental, and textual practices. Each chapter provides a self-contained case-study, with a clear exposition of the scientific content at stake. The collection covers a wide range of scientific domains - with an emphasis on mathematics - and historical periods. It thus allows a comparative perspective which suggests a non-linear pattern for a history of generality. The introductory chapter spells out the key issues and points to the connections between the chapters.

Aristotle's Theory of Language and Its Tradition

Texts from 500 to 1750

Author: Hans Arens

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027245118

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 532

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This volume contains a fragment from Aristotle s "Peri Hermeneias" [16a1 17a7], with a translation into English and a commentary. This fragment is crucial to the understanding of Aristotle s thinking about language. It is followed by (translations of) commentaries on Aristotle s text by scholars between 500 and 1750, showing how his text was perceived over time. The commentaries are by Ammonius, Boethius, Abelaerd, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Acquinas, Martinus de Dacia, Johannes a S. Thoma, and James Harris. Each commentary is in turn commented upon by the compiler of this volume.

The Metaphysics of Logic

Author: Penelope Rush

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107039649

Category: Mathematics

Page: 278

View: 2040

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This wide-ranging collection of essays explores the nature of logic and the key issues and debates in the metaphysics of logic.