The New Architecture and the Bauhaus

Author: Walter Gropius

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262570060

Category: Architecture

Page: 112

View: 7362

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One of the most important books on the modern movement in architecture, The New Architecture and the Bauhaus poses some of the fundamental problems presented by the relations of art and industry and considers their possible, practical solution. Gropius traces the rise of the New Architecture and the work of the now famous Bauhaus and, with splendid clarity, calls for a new artist and architect educated to new materials and techniques and directly confronting the requirements of the age.

Inventing American Modernism

Joseph Hudnut, Walter Gropius, and the Bauhaus Legacy at Harvard

Author: Jill E. Pearlman

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813926025

Category: Architecture

Page: 276

View: 452

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From the late 1930s to the early 1950s, the Harvard Graduate School of Design played a crucial role in shaping a new modern architecture and the modern city. Architects, planners, teachers, and students from all over the world looked to the new GSD, with its celebrated faculty and curriculum, for the path to modern design. While the school’s significance is widely recognized by architectural historians, most studies have concentrated on the Bauhaus founder Walter Gropius and his transformation of Harvard's old Beaux-Arts School of Architecture into a "Harvard-Bauhaus," a radically new school with a single outlook. In Inventing American Modernism, Jill Pearlman argues that Gropius did not effect these changes alone and, further, that the GSD was not merely an offshoot of the Bauhaus. She offers a crucial missing piece to the story--and to the history of modern architecture--by focusing on Joseph Hudnut, the school’s dean and founder. After heading the architecture school at the University of Virginia, and then at Columbia University, Hudnut created the GSD at Harvard in 1936, before Gropius was appointed, and he headed the school until 1953, the year after Gropius resigned. From the beginning, Hudnut gave the GSD its modern pedagogical direction, and he continued to oversee its curriculum and staffing for the next seventeen years. Although originally an admirer of Gropius's work and theories, Hudnut came to clash with him over the control of the direction of modern architecture and planning in the United States Gropius won the battle, but Pearlman shows that, had the GSD followed the path Hudnut wanted, modern architecture and the modern city might well have been different. In his role as public intellectual, Hudnut wielded an influence that reached outside the university, distinguished by his encouraging people to participate in the architectural and urbanistic matters that affected their lives. A story involving European modernists such as Marcel Breuer, Martin Wagner, and Christopher Tunnard, as well as a number of other architects, city planners, and landscape architects, this book is more than the study of a single school; it is a look at the origins of modernism at a defining moment in the history of twentieth-century architecture. Published in association with the Center for American Places

Before the Bauhaus

Architecture, Politics, and the German State, 1890-1920

Author: John V. Maciuika

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521790048

Category: Architecture

Page: 386

View: 4847

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Before the Bauhaus reevaluates the political, architectural, and artistic cultures of pre-World War I Germany. As contradictory and conflict-ridden as the German Second Reich itself, the world of architects, craftsmen and applied-arts "artists" were not immune to the expansionist, imperialist, and capitalist struggles that transformed Germany in the quarter-century leading up to the First World War. In this study, John Maciuika brings together architectural and design history, political history, social and cultural geography. He substantially revises our understanding of the roots of the Bauhaus and, by extension, the historical roots of twentieth-century German architecture and design. His book sheds new light on hotly contested debates pertaining to the history of Germany in the pre-World War I era, notably the issues surrounding "modernity" and "anti-modernity" in Wilhelmine Germany, the character and effectiveness of the government administration, and the role played by the nation's most important architects, members of the rising bourgeois class, in challenging the traditional aristocracy at the top of the new German economic and social order.

Space, Time and Architecture

The Growth of a New Tradition

Author: Sigfried Giedion

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674830400

Category: Architecture

Page: 897

View: 2821

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Analyzes contemporary architectural techniques, potentialities, innovations, and concepts as they apply to city planning

International Architecture

Bauhausbücher 1

Author: Walter Gropius

Publisher: Lars Maller Publishers

ISBN: 9783037785843

Category:

Page: 108

View: 1352

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In what he called his illustrated guide to modern architecture, which starts off the Bauhausbucher series, Gropius gives an overview of the international architecture of the mid-1920s. A preface by the author explores, briefly but in detail, the guiding principles that unite the avant-garde in all countries. This statement is followed by an extensive illustrated section showing examples of architecture from around the world. According to Gropius, these illustrations bear witness to the development of a consistent worldview that disposes of the prior role of the architect and expresses itself in a new language of shapes. This first English translation of Volume 1 of the Bauhausbucher allows the reader to broaden his or her view of German architectural history by placing the achievements of the Bauhaus in an international context and by documenting and capturing its philosophy of reform in an illustrative way. It appears in original design and with separate commentary. AUTHOR: Walter Gropius (1888 1969) was the founder of the Bauhaus and a pioneer of modern architecture. In 1919, he was appointed to succeed Henry van de Velde as director of the School of Visual Arts in Weimar, which he renamed Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar . In 1924, the Bauhaus moved to Dessau; Gropius designed the school building and the masters houses for the new location. In 1928, Gropius passed on the title of director to Swiss architect Hannes Meyer and became a self-employed architect in Berlin before emigrating to the United States in 1934. As a professor of architecture, he taught at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he founded The Architects Collaborative in 1941. In his political efforts to industrialize construction and create desperately needed reseidential spaces, Gropius captured the spirit and influenced the work of numerous other architects. 100 illustrations

Modern Architecture in Czechoslovakia and Other Writings

Author: Karel Teige

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 9780892365968

Category: Architecture

Page: 367

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The writings of graphic designer, prolific critic, and avant-garde partisan Karel Teige (1900-1951) represent one of the great forgotten legacies of modern artistic theory. Appearing now for the first time in English as Modern Architecture in Czechoslovakia, Teige's original work is supplemented here by a selection of his other writings on art and architecture. An introduction by Jean-Louis Cohen vividly traces the diverse pursuits of this multifaceted figure.

Bibles and Baedekers

Tourism, Travel, Exile and God

Author: Michael Grimshaw

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317491475

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 5461

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Contemporary tourism and travel have become a form of religion, a new opiate of the masses. However, could Church and theology be religious forms of tourism and travel? 'Bibles and Baedekers' offers a theology of tourism and exile for a modern and postmodern world. It examines the ways in which location, identity and movement have made use of religious texts and metaphor and questions the relative absence of secular texts and ideas in theology. The theology of the tourist and traveller is one of new experiences, the acquisition of identity through movement. 'Bibles and Baedekers' uniquely applies this to the postmodern Christian, embodying the fulfilment of Bonhoeffer's 'religionless Christianity', dislocated from both a secular and 'religious' world.

Modern Architecture and the Mediterranean

Vernacular Dialogues and Contested Identities

Author: Jean-Francois Lejeune,Michelangelo Sabatino

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113525026X

Category: Architecture

Page: 320

View: 5209

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Bringing to light the debt twentieth-century modernist architects owe to the vernacular building traditions of the Mediterranean region, this book considers architectural practice and discourse from the 1920s to the 1980s. The essays here situate Mediterranean modernism in relation to concepts such as regionalism, nationalism, internationalism, critical regionalism, and postmodernism - an alternative history of the modern architecture and urbanism of a critical period in the twentieth century.

Eileen Gray and the Design of Sapphic Modernity

Staying in

Author: Jasmine Rault,Eileen Gray

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754669616

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 3786

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The first book-length feminist analysis of Eileen Gray's work, Eileen Gray and the Design of Sapphic Modernity: Staying In argues that Gray's unusual architecture and design-as well as its history of abuse and neglect-resulted from her involvement with sapphic modernism. Gray's works share with paintings by Romaine Brooks, and novels by Radclyffe Hall and Djuna Barnes, an aesthetic opacity intended to resist the clarity of lesbian identity.

Albers and Moholy-Nagy

From the Bauhaus to the New World

Author: Achim Borchardt-Hume,Tate Modern (Gallery)

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 030012032X

Category: Architecture

Page: 190

View: 8371

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Catalog of an exhibtion held at the Tate Modern, London, Mar. 9-June 4, 2006, the Kunsthalle Bielefeld, June 25-Oct. 1, 2006, and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, Nov. 2, 2006-Jan. 21, 2007.

The Bauhaus Idea and Bauhaus Politics

Author: Éva Forgács

Publisher: Central European University Press

ISBN: 9781858660127

Category: Architecture

Page: 237

View: 4757

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Art historian Éva Forgács's book is an unusual take on the Bauhaus. She examines the school as shaped by the great forces of history as well as the personal dynamism of its faculty and students. The book focuses on the idea of the Bauhaus - the notion that the artist should be involved in the technological innovations of mechanization and mass production - rather than on its artefacts. Founded in 1919 by the architect Walter Gropius and closed down by the Nazis in 1933, the Bauhaus had to struggle through the years of Weimar Germany not only with its political foes but also with the often-diverging personal ambitions and concepts within its own ranks. It is the inner conflicts and their solutions, the continuous modification of the original Bauhaus idea by politics within and without, that make the history of the school and Forgács's account of it dramatic.

The Handbook of Interior Architecture and Design

Author: Graeme Brooker,Lois Weinthal

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1472539044

Category: Design

Page: 672

View: 5838

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The Handbook of Interior Architecture and Design offers a compelling collection of original essays that seek to examine the shifting role of interior architecture and interior design, and their importance and meaning within the contemporary world. Interior architecture and interior design are disciplines that span a complexity of ideas, ranging from human behaviour and anthropology to history and the technology of the future. Approaches to designing the interior are in a constant state of flux, reflecting and adapting to the changing systems of history, culture and politics. It is this process that allows interior design to be used as evidence for identifying patterns of consumption, gender, identity and social issues. The Handbook of Interior Architecture and Design provides a pioneering overview of the ideas and arrangements within the two disciplines that make them such important platforms from which to study the way humans interact with the space around them. Covering a wide range of thought and research, the book enables the reader to investigate fully the changing face of interior architecture and interior design, while offering questions about their future trajectory.

Digital Design for Print and Web

An Introduction to Theory, Principles, and Techniques

Author: John DiMarco

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470639199

Category: Design

Page: 352

View: 3968

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The all-inclusive guide—from theory to practice—for print and Web design Any well-conceived print or Web design features the dynamic interplay between visual artistry and technical skill. It becomes important, therefore, for the designer to cultivate an aesthetic eye as well as develop a high degree of computer savvy. By combining basic theory with hands-on technique, Digital Design for Print and Web takes the unique approach of uniting two subjects traditionally approached separately into one complete volume. As a result, you will gain a clearer understanding of the entire creative process, from project management to working with graphics to designing for print and, ultimately, the Web. In this book, you'll find: Full-color text and illustrated, step-by-step instruction supported by more than 75 video tutorials Coverage of professional software including the Adobe Creative Suite A wide variety of inspirational images from well-known designers Online full-length project assignments from entry level to advanced An ideal resource for design students or practitioners, Digital Design for Print and Web will show you to how to create more effectively and guide you on the path toward digital design mastery.

Bauhaus, 1919-1933

Author: Magdalena Droste,Bauhaus-Archiv

Publisher: Taschen

ISBN: 9783822821053

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 1099

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Third World Modernism

Architecture, Development and Identity

Author: Duanfang Lu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136895477

Category: Architecture

Page: 304

View: 6056

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This set of essays brings together studies that challenge interpretations of the development of modernist architecture in Third World countries during the Cold War. The topics look at modernism’s part in the transnational development of building technologies and the construction of national and cultural identity. Architectural modernism is far more than another instance of Western expansionist aspirations; it has been developed in cross-cultural spaces and variously localized into nation-building programs and social welfare projects. The first volume to address countries right across the developing world, this book has a key place in the historiography of modern architecture, dealing with non-Western traditions.

The Tower and the Bridge

The New Art of Structural Engineering

Author: David P. Billington

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691023939

Category: Architecture

Page: 306

View: 6322

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What do structures such as the Eiffel Tower, the Brooklyn Bridge, and the concrete roofs of Pier Luigi Nervi have in common? According to this book, now in its first paperback edition, all are striking examples of structural art, an exciting form distinct from either architecture or machine design. Aided by a number of stunning illustrations, David Billington discusses leading structural engineer-artists, such as John A. Roebling, Gustave Eiffel, Fazlur Khan, and Robert Maillart.

Der Turm und Brücke

Die neue Kunst des Ingenieurbaus

Author: David P. Billington

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3433603960

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 298

View: 6927

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Long recognised as a classic in the USA, "The Tower and the Bridge" is now at last available in German translation. In his preface to the German edition, Jörg Schlaich writes. "This book is essential reading and a pleasure for the "structural engineering artist", in whose structures the connection between form and force flow is visible and which are distinguished by the ideals of efficiency, cost-effectiveness and elegance." Billington founded with this book structural art as a new, independent art form, which he considers equivalent to architecture. It is no coincidence that the title states the two classic domains of the structural engineer; in this case Billington is referring to two outstanding structures of the epoch, the Eiffel Tower and the Brooklyn Bridge. Billington describes in an easily readable style and in an entertaining manner the ideals, principles and methods of structural art during its historical development through examples of structures from outstanding engineers (e.g. Telford, Maillart, Freyssinet, Menn). With the establishment of structural art as an art form and the explication of its inherent principles, Billington gives the reader well founded arguments for the aesthetic discussion of engineering structures. This also provides a basis for criticism of the new art form; for the criticism of construction that has long been demanded. This timeless book thus has the potential to give a new impulse to the debate about construction culture and particularly the aesthetic aspects of structural engineering in German-speaking countries.

Mapping the Global Architect of Alterity

Practice, Representation and Education

Author: Michael Jenson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317810821

Category: Architecture

Page: 192

View: 2768

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Due to globalization, cultural spaces are now developing with no tangible connection to geographical place. The territorial logic traditionally used to underpin architecture and envision our built environment is being radically altered, forcing the adoption of a new method of conceptualizing space/geography and what constitutes architectural practice. Construction techniques, design sensibilities, and cultural identities are being transformed as technology transports us to places that were previously unreachable. The resultant "globalized" architect must become more than just an artful visionary, but also a master of the art of the political nudge willing to act within multiple mediums and at the simultaneous scales of a chaotic new world disorder. Though fearless they must also be responsible, inherently understanding the necessity to align bold visions with the mundane details of the everyday in ways that are culturally flexible and accepting of change. The potential for what must be considered the legitimate practice of the architect must move from a purely material venue to one more directly engaged in the chaos of the larger economic, political, and social spheres of a globalizing world. The issues and possible interactions with globalization contained in this text exemplify ways that architecture is transforming into a more flexible and fluid interdisciplinary version of its traditional self in order to rise to challenges of this new international terrain. A theme runs throughout in the form of a call: that architects must conceptually re-construct their frames of reference to better align with the demands of a rapidly globalizing world.