The Origin and Nature of Life on Earth

The Emergence of the Fourth Geosphere

Author: Eric Smith,Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107121884

Category: Science

Page: 840

View: 7095

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Uniting the foundations of physics and biology, this groundbreaking multidisciplinary and integrative book explores life as a planetary process.

Beginnings of Cellular Life

Metabolism Recapitulates Biogenesis

Author: Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300102109

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 5209

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Develops a model of the origin of life in which cells originate first, proteins follow, and genes evolve last, which is supported by evidence mustered from biology, biochemistry, and biophysics. This work explores the origins of life and is for anyone who has ever thought seriously about the origin of life.

Young Sun, Early Earth and the Origins of Life

Lessons for Astrobiology

Author: Muriel Gargaud,Herve Martin,Purificación López-García,Thierry Montmerle,Robert Pascal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642225527

Category: Science

Page: 301

View: 2775

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- How did the Sun come into existence? - How was the Earth formed? - How long has Earth been the way it is now, with its combination of oceans and continents? - How do you define “life”? - How did the first life forms emerge? - What conditions made it possible for living things to evolve? All these questions are answered in this colourful textbook addressing undergraduate students in "Origins of Life" courses and the scientifically interested public. The authors take the reader on an amazing voyage through time, beginning five thousand million years ago in a cloud of interstellar dust and ending five hundred million years ago, when the living world that we see today was finally formed. A chapter on exoplanets provides an overview of the search for planets outside the solar system, especially for habitable ones. The appendix closes the book with a glossary, a bibliography of further readings and a summary of the Origins of the Earth and life in fourteen boxes.

The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

Author: Brett Calcott,Kim Sterelny

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262294539

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 1185

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In 1995, John Maynard Smith and Eörs Szathmáry published their influential book The Major Transitions in Evolution. The "transitions" that Maynard Smith and Szathmáry chose to describe all constituted major changes in the kinds of organisms that existed but, most important, these events also transformed the evolutionary process itself. The evolution of new levels of biological organization, such as chromosomes, cells, multicelled organisms, and complex social groups radically changed the kinds of individuals natural selection could act upon. Many of these events also produced revolutionary changes in the process of inheritance, by expanding the range and fidelity of transmission, establishing new inheritance channels, and developing more open-ended sources of variation. Maynard Smith and Szathmáry had planned a major revision of their work, but the death of Maynard Smith in 2004 prevented this. In this volume, prominent scholars (including Szathmáry himself) reconsider and extend the earlier book's themes in light of recent developments in evolutionary biology. The contributors discuss different frameworks for understanding macroevolution, prokaryote evolution (the study of which has been aided by developments in molecular biology), and the complex evolution of multicellularity.

Cosmic joy and local pain

musings of a mystic scientist

Author: Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Macmillan Pub Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 321

View: 7441

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Integrating science, philosophy, and religion, the author shows the reader how to look at the most basic phenomena of life in new ways

First Life

Discovering the Connections Between Stars, Cells, and How Life Began

Author: David Deamer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520274458

Category: Nature

Page: 271

View: 4071

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Presents an exploration of the origin of life, including when and where life began, how cells are built, and evolution.

The Emergence of Life

From Chemical Origins to Synthetic Biology

Author: Pier Luigi Luisi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107092396

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 1849

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This fully updated and expanded edition addresses the origins of biological and synthetic life from a systems biology perspective.

The Origins of Life

A Subject Collection from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology

Author: D. W. Deamer,Jack W. Szostak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781936113040

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 9154

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Providing a comprehensive account of the environment of the early Earth and descriptions of how the first self-replicating systems emerged from prebiotic chemistry and evolved into primitive cell-like entities, this book is an essential reference for those interested in the origin of life on Earth.

From Matter to Life

Information and Causality

Author: Sara Imari Walker,Paul C. W. Davies,George F. R. Ellis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107150531

Category: Science

Page: 543

View: 9468

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Recent advances suggest that the concept of information might hold the key to unravelling the mystery of life's nature and origin. Fresh insights from a broad and authoritative range of articulate and respected experts focus on the transition from matter to life, and hence reconcile the deep conceptual schism between the way we describe physical and biological systems. A unique cross-disciplinary perspective, drawing on expertise from philosophy, biology, chemistry, physics, and cognitive and social sciences, provides a new way to look at the deepest questions of our existence. This book addresses the role of information in life, and how it can make a difference to what we know about the world. Students, researchers, and all those interested in what life is and how it began will gain insights into the nature of life and its origins that touch on nearly every domain of science.

The Origin of Life Circus

A How to Make Life Extravaganza

Author: Suzan Mazur

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780692308493

Category: Life

Page: 450

View: 4270

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The Origin Of Life Circus: A How To Make Life Extravaganza investigates the politics of origin of life science and synthesizing of life. Suzan Mazur, whose coverage of science began decades ago at Hearst Magazines, takes you into the lab and in conversation with dozens of the world's greatest thinkers on the subject of origin of life - among them: Jack Szostak, Freeman Dyson, Carl Woese, Dimitar Sasselov, Matthew Powner, James Simons, Harry Lonsdale, Stu Kauffman, Andrew Pohorille, Steve Benner, Dave Deamer, Nigel Goldenfeld, Pier Luigi Luisi, Lawrence Krauss, Lee Smolin, Nick Lane, Jaron Lanier, and more.

The Pursuit of Perfection

Aspects of Biochemical Evolution

Author: Athel Cornish-Bowden

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198520955

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 8169

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The term Biochemical Evolution is used to describe the evolution of the biochemical processes and components of living organisms, such as the structure and function of biologically important molecules, metabolic pathways, subcellular structures, and cells. Although a relatively new subject, this field of research has already received great interest from both academia and industry because the principles and theory behind biochemical evolution have enormous potential in the creation and development of new biologically active compounds, drugs, and treatments for disease. However, almost every book that discusses evolution has ignored the role that biochemical evolution plays, and so in his new book, Athel Cornish-Bowden attempts to fill the knowledge gap for students, professional scientists and all interested individuals. In The Pursuit of Perfection the author explains how the biochemical processes that occur in living cells, long thought to be evidence of intelligent design rather than evolution, can now be understood as the result of natural selection. For example, the initial impression that metabolic pathways consist of an almost haphazard collection of reactions that happen to do the job turns out to be quite false. When detailed studies are made to see how the actual organization of a process compares with other ways of achieving the same result, the one found in living organisms is found to be the best possible, or at least very close to it. The style, content and organisation of the book are intended to make the book accessible, interesting, and fun to read for both scientists, students, and scientifically-minded individuals.

Astrobiology

Understanding Life in the Universe

Author: Charles S. Cockell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118913353

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 1343

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Astrobiology is an interdisciplinary field that asks profound scientific questions. How did life originate on the Earth? How has life persisted on the Earth for over three billion years? Is there life elsewhere in the Universe? What is the future of life on Earth? Astrobiology: Understanding Life in the Universe is an introductory text which explores the structure of living things, the formation of the elements for life in the Universe, the biological and geological history of the Earth and the habitability of other planets in our own Solar System and beyond. The book is designed to convey some of the major conceptual foundations in astrobiology that cut across a diversity of traditional fields including chemistry, biology, geosciences, physics and astronomy. It can be used to complement existing courses in these fields or as a stand-alone text for astrobiology courses. Readership: Undergraduates studying for degrees in earth or life sciences, physics, astronomy and related disciplines, as well as anyone with an interest in grasping some of the major concepts and ideas in astrobiology.

Live Now

Artful Messages of Hope, Happiness & Healing

Author: Eric Smith

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1440315205

Category: Self-Help

Page: 224

View: 1866

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Inspiration for Every Day When illustrator Eric Smith was diagnosed with cancer, he chose to turn his illness into a gift and started the Live Now Project, a website that collects inspiring, illustrated quotations drawn by designers and illustrators from around the world. Now he's gathered the best quotes into this inspiring little book. Flip though for a quick pick-me-up or take advantage of the perforated pages to display your favorites and share special sentiments with friends and family. Modern and uplifting, each image will help you remember to live now.

The Foundations Of Physical Law

Author: Rowlands Peter

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814618403

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 2417

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The book originated in a series of lectures given at Liverpool in 2013 to a group that included postgraduate and undergraduate students and staff of the Physics Department. They followed from two very successful lectures given to the undergraduate Physical Society. It seemed that there was a very large interest among the students in investigating the foundations of physics in a way that was never done in physics courses, and was not available in books or other outlets. However, the idea was to create a framework in which students (and interested staff) could develop their own thinking relative to the ideas in the lectures. So it was important to create both conceptual and mathematical structures on the issues that are important at this level. The book has the right sort of technical content to allow for this development, but doesn't lose itself in excessive details. The ideal use for this book would be on postgraduate courses where students would be encouraged to think about the foundations in a way that is well beyond the superficial. However, a course on aspects of this material would also be valuable at the undergraduate level, where students could be stimulated into believing that creative thinking could solve the problems that emerge when we confront foundational problems.

Understanding Climate's Influence on Human Evolution

Author: Committee on the Earth system Context for Hominin Evolution,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309148383

Category: Science

Page: 128

View: 2669

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The hominin fossil record documents a history of critical evolutionary events that have ultimately shaped and defined what it means to be human, including the origins of bipedalism; the emergence of our genus Homo; the first use of stone tools; increases in brain size; and the emergence of Homo sapiens, tools, and culture. The Earth's geological record suggests that some evolutionary events were coincident with substantial changes in African and Eurasian climate, raising the possibility that critical junctures in human evolution and behavioral development may have been affected by the environmental characteristics of the areas where hominins evolved. Understanding Climate's Change on Human Evolution explores the opportunities of using scientific research to improve our understanding of how climate may have helped shape our species. Improved climate records for specific regions will be required before it is possible to evaluate how critical resources for hominins, especially water and vegetation, would have been distributed on the landscape during key intervals of hominin history. Existing records contain substantial temporal gaps. The book's initiatives are presented in two major research themes: first, determining the impacts of climate change and climate variability on human evolution and dispersal; and second, integrating climate modeling, environmental records, and biotic responses. Understanding Climate's Change on Human Evolution suggests a new scientific program for international climate and human evolution studies that involve an exploration initiative to locate new fossil sites and to broaden the geographic and temporal sampling of the fossil and archeological record; a comprehensive and integrative scientific drilling program in lakes, lake bed outcrops, and ocean basins surrounding the regions where hominins evolved and a major investment in climate modeling experiments for key time intervals and regions that are critical to understanding human evolution.

Blueprint for a cell

the nature and origin of life

Author: Christian De Duve

Publisher: Carolina Biological Supply Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 275

View: 1195

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DIY Solar Projects - Updated Edition

Small Projects to Whole-home Systems: Tap Into the Sun

Author: Eric Smith

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1591866642

Category: House & Home

Page: 192

View: 4460

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Learn how to make your own solar-powered appliances and additions to your home with this updated edition of DIY Solar Projects! Put the sun to work in your home with the new, expanded edition of the popular 2011 title DIY Solar Projects. Like the original, this edition offers small-scale, achievable solar projects that homeowners can build and install themselves. From cooking in solar ovens to mounting solar panels on your roof, this book teaches how to take advantage of solar energy. It's all possible with relatively small investments and minimal DIY building experience. You'll learn how to make: - Tool trailer with available AC-power (directly from the sun) - Solar systems for marine crafts - Solar-powered security light - Solar water heater - Solar hot-air collector window mount - Solar lumber kiln - Solar battery charging station - And more! With clear instructions, tips, and step-by-step color photos for each project, this book takes the intimidation out of DIY solar builds. For those with more ambitious solar power plans, this updated edition contains information on outfitting your home with solar electricity collection systems and integrating them into your primary power supply system. Excitement about home solar energy is exploding, and DIY Solar Projects: Updated Edition sheds light on how you can get involved immediately. This book also offers an extensive resource guide with links to tax-reducing, subsidy, and support programs on both a national and state-by-state level. With high energy costs and an environment that demands cleaner fuel sources, now is the time to introduce new, cost-saving solar projects into your home.

Einstein, Picasso

Space, Time, and the Beauty That Causes Havoc

Author: Arthur J. Miller,J Miller

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780786723133

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 2926

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The most important scientist of the twentieth century and the most important artist had their periods of greatest creativity almost simultaneously and in remarkably similar circumstances. This fascinating parallel biography of Albert Einstein and Pablo Picasso as young men examines their greatest creations-Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon and Einstein's special theory of relativity. Miller shows how these breakthroughs arose not only from within their respective fields but from larger currents in the intellectual culture of the times. Ultimately, Miller shows how Einstein and Picasso, in a deep and important sense, were both working on the same problem.

Horned Armadillos and Rafting Monkeys

The Fascinating Fossil Mammals of South America

Author: Darin A. Croft

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253020948

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 834

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South America is home to some of the most distinctive mammals on Earth—giant armadillos, tiny anteaters, the world’s largest rodent, and its smallest deer. But the continent once supported a variety of other equally intriguing mammals that have no close living relatives: armored mammals with tail clubs, saber-toothed marsupials, and even a swimming sloth. We know of the existence of these peculiar species thanks to South America’s rich fossil record, which provides many glimpses of prehistoric mammals and the ecosystems in which they lived. Organized as a "walk through time" and featuring species from 15 important fossil sites, this book is the most extensive and richly illustrated volume devoted exclusively to the Cenozoic mammals of South America. The text is supported by 75 life reconstructions of extinct species in their native habitats, as well as photographs of fossil specimens and the sites highlighted in the book. An annotated bibliography is included for those interested in delving into the scientific literature.