The Origin and Nature of Life on Earth

The Emergence of the Fourth Geosphere

Author: Eric Smith,Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107121884

Category: Science

Page: 840

View: 5866

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Uniting the foundations of physics and biology, this groundbreaking multidisciplinary and integrative book explores life as a planetary process.

The Origin and Nature of Life on Earth

The Emergence of the Fourth Geosphere

Author: Eric Smith,Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131648985X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1484

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Uniting the conceptual foundations of the physical sciences and biology, this groundbreaking multidisciplinary book explores the origin of life as a planetary process. Combining geology, geochemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, evolution and statistical physics to create an inclusive picture of the living state, the authors develop the argument that the emergence of life was a necessary cascade of non-equilibrium phase transitions that opened new channels for chemical energy flow on Earth. This full colour and logically structured book introduces the main areas of significance and provides a well-ordered and accessible introduction to multiple literatures outside the confines of disciplinary specializations, as well as including an extensive bibliography to provide context and further reading. For researchers, professionals entering the field or specialists looking for a coherent overview, this text brings together diverse perspectives to form a unified picture of the origin of life and the ongoing organization of the biosphere.

Young Sun, Early Earth and the Origins of Life

Lessons for Astrobiology

Author: Muriel Gargaud,Herve Martin,Purificación López-García,Thierry Montmerle,Robert Pascal

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642225527

Category: Science

Page: 301

View: 3573

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- How did the Sun come into existence? - How was the Earth formed? - How long has Earth been the way it is now, with its combination of oceans and continents? - How do you define “life”? - How did the first life forms emerge? - What conditions made it possible for living things to evolve? All these questions are answered in this colourful textbook addressing undergraduate students in "Origins of Life" courses and the scientifically interested public. The authors take the reader on an amazing voyage through time, beginning five thousand million years ago in a cloud of interstellar dust and ending five hundred million years ago, when the living world that we see today was finally formed. A chapter on exoplanets provides an overview of the search for planets outside the solar system, especially for habitable ones. The appendix closes the book with a glossary, a bibliography of further readings and a summary of the Origins of the Earth and life in fourteen boxes.

Blueprint for a cell

the nature and origin of life

Author: Christian De Duve

Publisher: Carolina Biological Supply Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 275

View: 7548

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Cosmic joy and local pain

musings of a mystic scientist

Author: Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Macmillan Pub Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 321

View: 4209

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Integrating science, philosophy, and religion, the author shows the reader how to look at the most basic phenomena of life in new ways

Beginnings of Cellular Life

Metabolism Recapitulates Biogenesis

Author: Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300102109

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 1033

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Develops a model of the origin of life in which cells originate first, proteins follow, and genes evolve last, which is supported by evidence mustered from biology, biochemistry, and biophysics. This work explores the origins of life and is for anyone who has ever thought seriously about the origin of life.

The Origins of Life

A Subject Collection from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology

Author: D. W. Deamer,Jack W. Szostak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781936113040

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 2558

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Providing a comprehensive account of the environment of the early Earth and descriptions of how the first self-replicating systems emerged from prebiotic chemistry and evolved into primitive cell-like entities, this book is an essential reference for those interested in the origin of life on Earth.

First Life

Discovering the Connections between Stars, Cells, and How Life Began

Author: David Deamer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520948955

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 5407

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This pathbreaking book explores how life can begin, taking us from cosmic clouds of stardust, to volcanoes on Earth, to the modern chemistry laboratory. Seeking to understand life’s connection to the stars, David Deamer introduces astrobiology, a new scientific discipline that studies the origin and evolution of life on Earth and relates it to the birth and death of stars, planet formation, interfaces between minerals, water, and atmosphere, and the physics and chemistry of carbon compounds. Deamer argues that life began as systems of molecules that assembled into membrane-bound packages. These in turn provided an essential compartment in which more complex molecules assumed new functions required for the origin of life and the beginning of evolution. Deamer takes us from the vivid and unpromising chaos of the Earth four billion years ago up to the present and his own laboratory, where he contemplates the prospects for generating synthetic life. Engaging and accessible, First Life describes the scientific story of astrobiology while presenting a fascinating hypothesis to explain the origin of life.

From Matter to Life

Information and Causality

Author: Sara Imari Walker,Paul C. W. Davies,George F. R. Ellis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107150531

Category: Science

Page: 543

View: 768

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Recent advances suggest that the concept of information might hold the key to unravelling the mystery of life's nature and origin. Fresh insights from a broad and authoritative range of articulate and respected experts focus on the transition from matter to life, and hence reconcile the deep conceptual schism between the way we describe physical and biological systems. A unique cross-disciplinary perspective, drawing on expertise from philosophy, biology, chemistry, physics, and cognitive and social sciences, provides a new way to look at the deepest questions of our existence. This book addresses the role of information in life, and how it can make a difference to what we know about the world. Students, researchers, and all those interested in what life is and how it began will gain insights into the nature of life and its origins that touch on nearly every domain of science.

The Emergence of Life

From Chemical Origins to Synthetic Biology

Author: Pier Luigi Luisi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107092396

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 934

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This fully updated and expanded edition addresses the origins of biological and synthetic life from a systems biology perspective.

The Origin of Life Circus

A How to Make Life Extravaganza

Author: Suzan Mazur

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780692308493

Category: Life

Page: 450

View: 8342

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The Origin Of Life Circus: A How To Make Life Extravaganza investigates the politics of origin of life science and synthesizing of life. Suzan Mazur, whose coverage of science began decades ago at Hearst Magazines, takes you into the lab and in conversation with dozens of the world's greatest thinkers on the subject of origin of life - among them: Jack Szostak, Freeman Dyson, Carl Woese, Dimitar Sasselov, Matthew Powner, James Simons, Harry Lonsdale, Stu Kauffman, Andrew Pohorille, Steve Benner, Dave Deamer, Nigel Goldenfeld, Pier Luigi Luisi, Lawrence Krauss, Lee Smolin, Nick Lane, Jaron Lanier, and more.

RNA

Author: James E. Darnell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781936113194

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 1862

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RNA molecules could function as catalysts. --

In Search of Cell History

The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Author: Franklin M. Harold

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022617428X

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 1506

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Cell origin remains one of the most fundamental problems in biology, and over the last decade it has spawned a large body of literature and debate. Franklin Harold has synthesized this literature not to promote his own views of cell origin but to impartially present the current research on the topic along with the controversies that keep the field in turmoil. In accessible language that assumes only a basic knowledge of cell biology, he shows how far we ve come in understanding cell evolutionand the origins of life in generaland how far we have to go before we can completely comprehend it. After introducing cell theory, Harold explores such wide-ranging topics as the construction of a universal tree of life; controversies over the Last Universal Common Ancestor s exact nature and place in cell history; the evolution of cellular organization; and the origin and evolution of complex cells. The final chapters of the book explore the early origins of life and the evolutionary implications of cellular evolution."

The Vital Question

Why is life the way it is?

Author: Nick Lane

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1847658806

Category: Science

Page: 569

View: 5127

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Why is life the way it is? Bacteria evolved into complex life just once in four billion years of life on earth-and all complex life shares many strange properties, from sex to ageing and death. If life evolved on other planets, would it be the same or completely different? In The Vital Question, Nick Lane radically reframes evolutionary history, putting forward a cogent solution to conundrums that have troubled scientists for decades. The answer, he argues, lies in energy: how all life on Earth lives off a voltage with the strength of a bolt of lightning. In unravelling these scientific enigmas, making sense of life's quirks, Lane's explanation provides a solution to life's vital questions: why are we as we are, and why are we here at all? This is ground-breaking science in an accessible form, in the tradition of Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species, Richard Dawkins' The Selfish Gene, and Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs and Steel.

Evolution

Author: Mark Ridley

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1444309234

Category: Science

Page: 792

View: 7627

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Mark Ridley's Evolution has become the premier undergraduate text in the study of evolution. Readable and stimulating, yet well-balanced and in-depth, this text tells the story of evolution, from the history of the study to the most revent developments in evolutionary theory. The third edition of this successful textbook features updates and extensive new coverage. The sections on adaptation and diversity have been reorganized for improved clarity and flow, and a completely updated section on the evolution of sex and the inclusion of more plant examples have all helped to shape this new edition. Evolution also features strong, balanced coverage of population genetics, and scores of new applied plant and animal examples make this edition even more accessible and engaging. Dedicated website – provides an interactive experience of the book, with illustrations downloadable to PowerPoint, and a full supplemental package complementing the book – www.blackwellpublishing.com/ridley. Margin icons – indicate where there is relevant information included in the dedicated website. Two new chapters – one on evolutionary genomics and one on evolution and development bring state-of-the-art information to the coverage of evolutionary study. Two kinds of boxes – one featuring practical applications and the other related information, supply added depth without interrupting the flow of the text. Margin comments – paraphrase and highlight key concepts. Study and review questions – help students review their understanding at the end of each chapter, while new challenge questions prompt students to synthesize the chapter concepts to reinforce the learning at a deeper level.

Exoplanetary Atmospheres

Theoretical Concepts and Foundations

Author: Kevin Heng

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400883075

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 4406

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The study of exoplanetary atmospheres—that is, of planets orbiting stars beyond our solar system—may be our best hope for discovering life elsewhere in the universe. This dynamic, interdisciplinary field requires practitioners to apply knowledge from atmospheric and climate science, astronomy and astrophysics, chemistry, geology and geophysics, planetary science, and even biology. Exoplanetary Atmospheres provides an essential introduction to the theoretical foundations of this cutting-edge new science. Exoplanetary Atmospheres covers the physics of radiation, fluid dynamics, atmospheric chemistry, and atmospheric escape. It draws on simple analytical models to aid learning, and features a wealth of problem sets, some of which are open-ended. This authoritative and accessible graduate textbook uses a coherent and self-consistent set of notation and definitions throughout, and also includes appendixes containing useful formulae in thermodynamics and vector calculus as well as selected Python scripts. Exoplanetary Atmospheres prepares PhD students for research careers in the field, and is ideal for self-study as well as for use in a course setting. The first graduate textbook on the theory of exoplanetary atmospheres Unifies knowledge from atmospheric and climate science, astronomy and astrophysics, chemistry, planetary science, and more Covers radiative transfer, fluid dynamics, atmospheric chemistry, and atmospheric escape Provides simple analytical models and a wealth of problem sets Includes appendixes on thermodynamics, vector calculus, tabulated Gibbs free energies, and Python scripts Solutions manual (available only to professors)

Astrobiology

An Evolutionary Approach

Author: Vera M. Kolb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466584610

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 9103

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Astrobiology: An Evolutionary Approach provides a full course in astrobiology with an emphasis on abiogenesis and evolution. The book presents astrobiology both as a developing science and as the science of the future. The origins of life and the possibility of life elsewhere continues to be a subject of scientific and philosophical examination. These topics evolve with time as our understanding of life itself and the laws of chemical and biological evolution evolve. Astrobiology: An Evolutionary Approach aims both to provide a foundation in astrobiology and to describe the most challenging questions and problems in the field. The book begins with an overview of astrobiology, the origin of elements, and the formation of the solar system, planets, and exoplanets. Other topics covered include prebiotic synthesis of biochemical compounds, transition from abiotic to biotic, microorganisms in space, the roles of silicon in life, encapsulation of organic materials in protocells, cold and dry limits of life, virolution, and more. The contributors explore different aspects of astrobiology, reflecting the exciting journeys of their own research. This book will inspire students to explore the endless possibilities in astrobiology. The book includes end-of-chapter questions, a glossary of terms, and recommended references, making it ideal for use as a classroom text.

Astrobiology

Understanding Life in the Universe

Author: Charles S. Cockell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118913329

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 1010

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Astrobiology is an interdisciplinary field that asks profound scientific questions. How did life originate on the Earth? How has life persisted on the Earth for over three billion years? Is there life elsewhere in the Universe? What is the future of life on Earth? Astrobiology: Understanding Life in the Universe is an introductory text which explores the structure of living things, the formation of the elements for life in the Universe, the biological and geological history of the Earth and the habitability of other planets in our own Solar System and beyond. The book is designed to convey some of the major conceptual foundations in astrobiology that cut across a diversity of traditional fields including chemistry, biology, geosciences, physics and astronomy. It can be used to complement existing courses in these fields or as a stand-alone text for astrobiology courses. Readership: Undergraduates studying for degrees in earth or life sciences, physics, astronomy and related disciplines, as well as anyone with an interest in grasping some of the major concepts and ideas in astrobiology.

The Emergence of Everything

How the World Became Complex

Author: Harold J. Morowitz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199881200

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 8572

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When the whole is greater than the sum of the parts--indeed, so great that the sum far transcends the parts and represents something utterly new and different--we call that phenomenon emergence. When the chemicals diffusing in the primordial waters came together to form the first living cell, that was emergence. When the activities of the neurons in the brain result in mind, that too is emergence. In The Emergence of Everything, one of the leading scientists involved in the study of complexity, Harold J. Morowitz, takes us on a sweeping tour of the universe, a tour with 28 stops, each one highlighting a particularly important moment of emergence. For instance, Morowitz illuminates the emergence of the stars, the birth of the elements and of the periodic table, and the appearance of solar systems and planets. We look at the emergence of living cells, animals, vertebrates, reptiles, and mammals, leading to the great apes and the appearance of humanity. He also examines tool making, the evolution of language, the invention of agriculture and technology, and the birth of cities. And as he offers these insights into the evolutionary unfolding of our universe, our solar system, and life itself, Morowitz also seeks out the nature of God in the emergent universe, the God posited by Spinoza, Bruno, and Einstein, a God Morowitz argues we can know through a study of the laws of nature. Written by one of our wisest scientists, The Emergence of Everything offers a fascinating new way to look at the universe and the natural world, and it makes an important contribution to the dialogue between science and religion.

Emergent Chemical Evolution

The Origin of Life Solved

Author: Eduardo Hernandez

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781985398467

Category:

Page: 142

View: 6047

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Emergent Chemical Evolution is a bold new theory that fills in all the gaps of how life started! A bold new theory that has peer-reviewed articles supporting every one of its steps. Peer-reviewed articles written by 23 world leading researchers from 8 different traditional (non-origin of life) disciplines. Using results from traditional research to solve this problem leaves little doubt that this is the correct solution. Instead of guessing at chemical reactions never before seen in nature; the author uses reactions and phenomena observed in life as reported in these peer-reviewed articles. Finally, within your reach is the answer that man has been searching for millennia!