The Penguin Writer's Manual

Author: Martin Manser,Stephen Curtis

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141924829

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 352

View: 6102

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The Penguin Writer's Manual is the essential companion for anyone who wants to master the art of writing good English. Whether you're composing an essay, sending a business letter or an email to a colleague, or firing off an angry letter to a newspaper, this guide will help you to brush up you communication skills and write correct and confident English.

Penguin Writers' Guides: How to Write Effective Emails

How to Write Effective Emails

Author: R. L. Trask

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 014193669X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 5760

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The Penguin Writers' Guides series provides authoritative, succinct and easy-to-follow guidance on specific aspects of written English. Whether you need to brush up your skills or get to grips with something for the first time, these invaluable Guides will help you find the best way to get your message across clearly and effectively. Many of us are spending more and more time using emails, especially at work. This practical guide steers you through all the basics and 'netiquette' of emailing strangers, business contacts and colleagues: from setting up an email account, presentation and formatting of your emails to how to avoid offensive blunders and the legal issues surrounding this kind of writing. It offers indispensable guidance for simple and direct writing - including cultural differences, appropriate language and common pitfalls - so that your emails give the best possible impression.

Penguin Pocket Writer's Handbook

Author: Martin H. Manser,Stephen Curtis

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141027524

Category: Authorship

Page: 216

View: 5488

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Penguin Pocket Writer's Handbook is the ideal companion for anyone looking for a quick, effective guide to the art of writing good English. Whether working on grammar for a business letter, striving to improve spelling for an essay or getting to grips with the rules of punctuation, this guide will help you to write correct and confident English whatever the situation.

A Writer's Guide to Nonfiction

Author: Elizabeth Lyon

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780399528675

Category: Reference

Page: 225

View: 666

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Discusses the art and craft of writing essays, memoirs, how-to guides, travel, technical reports, feature articles, recipes, and other genres, and provides tips on the business side of writing, target audiences, and marketing.

A Writer's Guide to Fiction

Author: Elizabeth Lyon

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780399528583

Category: Reference

Page: 255

View: 9156

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A comprehensive guide to the art of writing discusses the art and craft of creating fiction, including short stories and novels, with tips on the fundamentals of characterization, theme, and pacing, and provides helpful tips on the business side of writing, how to target one's audience, marketing advice, and more. Original

Penguin Writers' Guides: How to Punctuate

How to Punctuate

Author: George Davidson

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141941340

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 2810

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The Penguin Writers' Guides series provides authoritative, succinct and easy-to-follow guidance on specific aspects of written English. Whether you need to brush up your skills or get to grips with something for the first time, these invaluable Guides will help you find the best way to get your message across clearly and effectively. This practical one-stop guide explains all the punctuation marks you are ever likely to encounter - and gives advice for writing on computer, such as the use of italics and boldface type. From apostrophes to accents, it shows you which marks to use and where to put them in a sentence, with helpful examples of correct and incorrect use. Ideal for both quick reference and in-depth browsing, the guide provides all the tips and techniques you will need for accurate punctuation.

Penguin Writers' Guides: How to Write Better English

How to Write Better English

Author: Robert Allen

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141941359

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 2069

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The Penguin Writers' Guides series provides authoritative, succinct and easy-to-follow guidance on specific aspects of written English. Whether you need to brush up your skills or get to grips with something for the first time, these invaluable Guides will help you find the best way to get your message across clearly and effectively. This essential guide covers the key rules - and pitfalls - of written and spoken grammar. It covers such areas as: the building blocks of language, common errors and misconceptions, choosing the right level of expression, differences between British and American English, and political correctness. It also discusses various uses of language, from creative writing, CVs and reports to verbal presentations, and business and personal letters, with many useful suggestions for accurate and fluent English.

100 Things Every Writer Needs to Know

Author: N.A

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780399525087

Category: Reference

Page: 245

View: 758

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A comprehensive handbook for writers encompasses information and advice on topics such as building one's skills, setting up a workspace, getting editors' attention, finding a literary agent, and avoiding common mistakes. Original.

Penguin Writers' Guides

How to Write Better Letters

Author: Cherry Chappell

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141022760

Category: Reference

Page: 255

View: 9056

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The Penguin Writers� Guides series provides authoritative, succinct and easy-to-follow guidance on specific aspects of written English. Whether you need to brush up your skills or get to grips with something for the first time, these invaluable Guides will help you find the best way to get your message across clearly and effectively. A simple and practical guide, How to Write Better Letters explains how to write a wide range of letters, from invitations and letters of condolence to practical correspondence including complaints, job applications, letters of resignation and those trying to raise sponsorship. Drawing on advice from a variety of experts and containing many authentic letters as examples, this guide also details the appropriate title to give any correspondent, outlines common mistakes in spelling and grammar, and provides essential tips on matters such as setting the correct tone when writing emails.

Penguin Writers' Guides

How to Write Effective Emails

Author: Robert Lawrence Trask,R. L. Trask

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141017198

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 5411

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This practical, no - nonsense guide gives clear instructions for the best use of email at work. It takes you through all the basics and 'netiquette' of emailing strangers, business contacts and colleagues, from setting up email accounts, presentation and formatting of your emails to avoiding offensive blunders and common pitfalls. It also gives essential guidance on cultural differences, legal issues, suitable language and appropriate use of email, so that your emails will make a strong impression and get results. The Penguin Writers' Guides series provides authoritative, succinct and easy - to - follow guidance on specific aspects of written English. Whether you need to brush up your skills or get to grips with something for the first time, these invaluable Guides will help you find the best way to get your message across clearly and effectively.

The Penguin Dictionary of American English Usage and Style, Lovinger, 2000

The Penguin Dictionary of American English Usage and Style

Author: Penguin Books, Ltd

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 505

View: 2222

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Aim; Form The volume in your hands is meant to be both useful and enjoyable, a readable dictionary for all who are interested in our language. In A-to-Z form, it is mainly a guide to good usage of English, the American variety, contrasted with some 2,000 quoted examples of misusage and questionable usage. It does the job of “illuminating many traps and pitfalls in English usage” (as my editor puts it). I have sought to provide clear explanations in plain language. This book is designed for general readers as well as those who work with words. The examples were drawn from the popular press, broadcasting, books, and a variety of other sources, mostly in the latter eighties and the nineties. Each entry devoted to a specific word or phrase contains one or more of those quotations. The troublesome forms are contrasted with the proper forms (which are emphasized by italics) and definitions are given. Entries on general topics are presented too; they deal with matters of grammar, punctuation, style, and so on. A list of them, with further description of the two types of entry, appears under “General Topics,” following this introduction. With few exceptions, the examples have determined the choices of word entries. Thus the book in part amounts to an informal survey of contemporary problems in English usage. Both perennial problems and new ones come up. Of the misuses discouraged by earlier books on English usage, some persist; others have not turned up, but, as though to take their place, new offenses against the language have emerged. Here are some hints for finding your way around the volume: • Main entries, headed in boldface, are arranged alphabetically, letter by letter. • Many entries are divided into sections, which are numbered and titled. The sections of an entry are arranged alphabetically, and their titles are listed at the beginning, after the main title. Some sections contain subsections, distinguished by letters and titles. • There are numerous crossreferences, some standing alone and others within entries. For instance, in the C’s under Comma it says See Punctuation, 3, referring the reader to the entry. Many entries refer to related entries. Alphabetical order is used in listing any series of crossreferences and various other series. last entry vii introduction Watching Our Words Viewpoint This work could be viewed as an antidote to laissez-faire lexicography and anything-goes grammar. The doctrine that whatever emerges from people’s lips is the language and that many verbal wrongs make a right is not advocated here. Nor is the cliché of English as “a living language” dragged in to justify bad English. On the contrary, I do not hesitate to distinguish between right and wrong usage when the difference is clear. My inclination is to question deviant forms, challenge innovations to prove themselves, and resist senseless fads. (See also the final section of this introduction.) I thereby risk being labeled a “purist” by some critics—as though impurity were desirable. Perhaps in a long-range, philosophical sense there is no verbal right and wrong. But that view does not help you and me in choosing our words and putting together our sentences clearly and properly according to the educated norms of society. Those holding the permissive views follow most of the norms themselves. They do not say or write, “Them guys hasn’t came,” or “I ain’t did nothin nohow,” although some people are apt to do so. For the most part, the laws of grammar have not been repealed. Not that one should be pedantic either. The book does not flatly condemn split infinitives, prepositions at the end of sentences, conjunctions at the beginning, sentence fragments, or phrases like “It’s me.” But it does value precision over fashion, logic over illogic, and grammatical correctness over “political correctness.” (In my view, those who mutilate our language for political motives do wrong.) At times the difference between correct and incorrect usage is hazy. English has an abundance of words,* more than any other language, and multiple ways to express almost any idea. Our language is so complex that nobody ever learns it all and that even its leading authorities occasionally stumble. They disagree and one finds fault with another. Their differences concern both specific points and standards of strictness or looseness in the use of words and grammar. Some loose uses of words or phrases and some slang that may pass harmlessly in informal conversation are inappropriate when transferred to serious writing or even serious speech. This book will help the reader to make sound choices. Examples Samples of sentences that clearly fall into the wrong category follow. The first few are (alternately) by professionals of broadcasting and journalism. A correction follows each quotation. (Each comes up in the main text.) “There were roofs completely tore up.” Torn up. “I like to serve it with croutons . . . that is flavored with olive oil.” Are flavored. “Police said ——— and ——— built the bombs theirselves.” Themselves. “It would be more racism showing it’s ugly head again.” Its. “There is a way to empower your viii introduction *The Oxford English Dictionary, seeking to record all English words, says it covers more than 500,000 words and phrases in its twenty volumes. The Guinness Book of World Records places the count at more than 600,000 words plus 400,000 technical terms, a total exceeding a million. It numbers the Shakespearean vocabulary at 33,000 words and expresses doubt that any person uses more than 60,000. children and make them far more better . . . students.” Delete “more.” “Women have smaller brains then men.” Than. “The . . . campaign has got to break into the double digits to be respectful.” Respectable. (Headline:) “Be Happy She Prys.” Pries. Additional slip-ups, by people in other fields, include these: (Advertising:) “I always wanted to loose weight.” Lose. (Book publishing:) “Allow someone else to proofread [edit?] it . . . who will not be affraid to be biased in their opinion.” Afraid to be unbiased in his opinion. (Diplomacy:) “It is quite clear that the crisis has reached a critical point.” Better: the dispute or the situation. (Education:) “Me and my kids live in a dormitory.” I and. (Law:) “No one is free to flaunt the tax laws.” Flout. (Medicine:) “We’re obligated to do that biopsy irregardless of the physical findings.” Regardless. (Psychology:) “Their child don’t look so good.” Doesn’t look. The book debunks some widespread misbeliefs. If we do not fully understand the meanings of certain words or if we accept some clichés on their faces, we may believe that fury rages in the “eye” of a storm; a “fraction” is a small part; the character “Frankenstein” was a monster; to “impeach” an official is to oust him from office; a jury can find a defendant “innocent”; pencils contain the metal “lead”; a “misdemeanor” is not a crime; prostitution is the “oldest profession”; an exception “proves” a rule; the Constitution guarantees “the pursuit of happiness”; and so on. The criticism of any extract does not negate the overall merit of the work that is quoted.* Clarity Clarity is a leading theme of this book. More than 100 entries deal with the problem of ambiguity (noun): the state of being ambiguous (adjective), able to be interpreted in two or more different ways. Consider this sentence: “When P—— was hired by H——, he had a criminal record.” Which one is “he”? (That example is from Pronouns, 1. Consult also the cross-reference Ambiguity and the next section of this introduction, Wounded Words. General examples of fuzzy prose appear in Verbosity and other entries.) Clear expression requires clear thinkintroduction ix *Of 2,000-odd examples of misusage or questionable usage, almost half originated with newspapers, news agencies, or magazines; about a fifth each with broadcasters and books; and a tenth with people in many other fields or miscellaneous sources, described in the text. A few appeared in other reference works. The single most frequent source of examples was The New York Times (usually the national edition), which occasionally is quoted here approvingly too. Newspapers distributed in the San Francisco Bay area and TV and radio broadcasts heard there were significant sources. Dozens of other newspapers, from most regions of the country, yielded examples too. So did 120 books, mostly nonfiction. Some correct or incorrect examples, not counted above, were composed where fitting. The sources of the quotations are not usually identified by name. Space did not permit the publication of a list of such sources (although it had been contemplated). But a variety of reference works consulted as sources of information are listed in the back of the book. ing. It helps also to be versed in the distinctions among words and in the elements of grammar, including tense, number, mood, parts of speech, sentence structure, and punctuation. Even so, clarity may not survive hastiness, inability to express ideas simply, intentional hedging, lack of facts, language that is too pompous or too slangy, obscurity of ideas or terms, overloading of sentences, overlooking of double meanings, stinginess in using words or punctuation, too little thought, or too much abstraction and generality without concrete examples. Then, too, muddiness and confusion can overcome our best efforts. Writers on the English language often compare it with other languages and glory in its complexity, variety, and subtlety. Yet the language is so complex, with varieties of expression so vast, subtleties so fine, and such a proliferation of word meanings, that it can trap any of us at some time or other. Unqualified praise helps no one. Let us be aware of the difficulties and try to overcome them. Greater efforts to write and speak clearly, accurately, and sensibly would mean more understanding, something that society needs. Wounded Words One of the problems is that English is being deprived of the benefit of many distinctive words as looser meanings develop. The addition of the new meanings renders some of the words ambiguous. I call them wounded words. Examples of those words and their strict meanings follow; loose meanings are in parentheses. Which meaning a writer or speaker has intended is not always plain from the context. A fabulous story is one that is characteristic of a fable (or a good story). An impact is a violent contact (or an effect). A legendary figure is mythical (or famous). One who is masterful is dictatorial (or skillful). To scan a document is to examine it carefully and systematically (or quickly and superficially). If a scene is a shambles, it shows evidence of bloodshed (or disorder). If an incident transpired this year, this year is when it became known (or happened). When an ultimatum is given, a threat of war is issued (or a demand is made). That which is viable is able to live (or feasible).* Many loose or questionable uses are widespread. Does that mean we have to follow suit? Of course not. Save the Language New words continually appear. Those that fill needs are generally desirable. What ought to be questioned or resisted are the watering-down of distinctive words that we already have, the creation of ambiguity and fuzziness, the breakdown of grace and grammar, and irrational verbal fads. Change characterizes the history of English; but whereas innovations in the main language used to be tested slowly by time, and street slang usually stayed there, they are now both thrust upon the public almost instantly by the media of mass communication. x introduction *Among words in similar condition are these: accost, alibi, anticipate, bemuse, brandish, brutalize, burgeon, careen, classic, cohort, compendium, connive, cool, culminate, decimate, desecrate, destiny, dilemma, disaster, effete, eke, endemic, enormity, erstwhile, exotic, fantastic, formidable, fortuitous, fraction, gay, idyllic, incredible, increment, internecine, jurist, literal, livid, marginal, mean (noun), minimize, neat, obscene, outrageous, paranoid, pristine, quite, sure, travesty, unique, utilize, verbal, virtual, vital, weird, wherefore, willy-nilly. The words emphasized in this section have separate entries. Our language is an invaluable resource, as much a part of our heritage as forests, wildlife, and waters. Yet where are movements for verbal conservation? Who campaigns to save endangered words? When do we ever see demonstrations against linguistic pollution? To support the cause of good English, you and I need not join a group, attend rallies, or give money. We can contribute every day by knowing the language, shunning the fads, and watching our words. P.W.L. San Francisco

Crimson Lake

Thriller

Author: Candice Fox

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740288

Category: Fiction

Page: 380

View: 7473

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12.46 Uhr: Die dreizehnjährige Claire Bingley steht alleine an einer Bushaltestelle. 12.47 Uhr: Ted Conkaffey hält mit seinem Wagen neben ihr. 12.52 Uhr: Das Mädchen ist verschwunden ... Sechs Minuten – mehr braucht es nicht, um das Leben von Detective Ted Conkaffey vollständig zu ruinieren. Die Anklage gegen ihn wird zwar aus Mangel an Beweisen fallengelassen, doch alle Welt glaubt zu wissen, dass einzig und allein er es gewesen ist, der Claire entführt hat. Um der gesellschaftlichen Ächtung zu entgehen, zieht sich der Ex-Cop nach Crimson Lake, eine Kleinstadt im Norden Australiens, zurück. Dort trifft er Amanda Pharrell, die ganz genau weiß, was es heißt, Staatsfeind Nr. 1 zu sein. Vor Jahren musste sie wegen angeblichen Mordes ins Gefängnis. Nun tun sich die beiden Außenseiter zusammen und arbeiten als Privatdetektive. Ihr Fall: Ein berühmter Schriftsteller mit Doppelleben und kaputter Familie ist verschwunden, die örtliche Polizei behindert die Arbeit der beiden mit harschen Methoden. Dann platzt das Inkognito von Conkaffey, die Medien erzeugen Hysterie. Lynchstimmung macht sich breit. Während er den Fall seiner neuen Partnerin wieder aufrollt und sie versucht, ihn zu entlasten, nimmt der Fall des Schriftstellers überraschende Wendungen ...

The Sense of Style

The Thinking Person's Guide to Writing in the 21st Century

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 069817030X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 368

View: 2113

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“Charming and erudite," from the author of Enlightenment Now, "The wit and insight and clarity he brings . . . is what makes this book such a gem.” —Time.com Why is so much writing so bad, and how can we make it better? Is the English language being corrupted by texting and social media? Do the kids today even care about good writing—and why should we care? From the author of The Better Angels of Our Nature and Enlightenment Now. In this entertaining and eminently practical book, the cognitive scientist, dictionary consultant, and New York Times–bestselling author Steven Pinker rethinks the usage guide for the twenty-first century. Using examples of great and gruesome modern prose while avoiding the scolding tone and Spartan tastes of the classic manuals, he shows how the art of writing can be a form of pleasurable mastery and a fascinating intellectual topic in its own right. The Sense of Style is for writers of all kinds, and for readers who are interested in letters and literature and are curious about the ways in which the sciences of mind can illuminate how language works at its best.

The Penguin Guide to Plain English

Express Yourself Clearly and Effectively

Author: Harry Blamires

Publisher: Penguin Books

ISBN: 9780140514308

Category: English language

Page: 360

View: 6018

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In this guide for all writers and speakers of the English language, the author indicates common pitfalls and errors of grammar and syntax and explains how to avoid them. He includes a unique section tackling jargon in specific industries (recruitment, PR and banking for example.)

The Art of Nonfiction

A Guide for Writers and Readers

Author: Ayn Rand

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101137291

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 208

View: 5424

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A remarkable series of lectures on the art of creating effective nonfiction by one of the 20th century's most profound writers and thinkers--now available for the first time in print. Culled from sixteen informal lectures Ayn Rand delivered to a select audience in the late 1960s, this remarkable work offers indispensable guidance to the aspiring writer of nonfiction while providing readers with a fascinating discourse on art and creation. Based on the concept that the ability to create quality nonfiction is a skill that can be learned like any other, The Art of Nonfiction takes readers through the writing process, step-by-step, providing insightful observations and invaluable techniques along the way. In these edited transcripts, Rand discusses the psychological aspects of writing, and the different roles played by the conscious and unconscious minds. From choosing a subject to polishing a draft to mastering an individual writing style--for authors of theoretical works or those leaning toward journalistic reporting--this crucial resource introduces the words and ideas of one of our most enduring authors to a new generation.

Sommer 1927

Author: Bill Bryson

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641120195

Category: History

Page: 640

View: 3749

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1927. Ein Sommer der ein ganzes Jahrhundert prägte Es ist die Geschichte eines Sommers, und doch ist es so viel mehr. Das Jahr 1927 ist für Amerika entscheidend auf dem Weg zur Weltmacht. Es sind die goldenen Zwanziger: der Aktienmarkt boomt, das Fernsehen wird erfunden, die Filme sind nicht mehr stumm, und verrückte Pläne entstehen, wie der, vier Köpfe in den völlig unzugänglichen Mount Rushmore zu meißeln. Es ist die Zeit, in der ein junger Flieger namens Charles Lindbergh Ruhm und Ehre erlangt, aber auch die des Al Capone und des größten Schulmassakers aller Zeiten. Und in diesen Monaten werden durch fatale Entscheidungen die Weichen für die bevorstehende Weltwirtschaftskrise gestellt. Bill Bryson erzählt davon so spannend, als sei es eine unglaubliche Abenteuergeschichte, voller erstaunlicher geschichtlicher Momente aus der Zeit, als Amerika erwachsen wurde ...