The reconstruction justice of Salmon P. Chase

in re Turner and Texas v. White

Author: Harold Melvin Hyman

Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 9882

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The demise of the Confederacy left a legacy of legal arrangements that raised fundamental and vexing questions regarding the legal rights and status of former slaves and the status of former Confederate states. As Harold Hyman shows, few individuals had greater impact on resolving these difficult questions than Salmon P. Chase, chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1865 to 1873.Hyman argues that in two cases -- In Re Turner (1867) and Texas v. White (1869) -- Chase combined his abolitionist philosophy with an activist jurisprudence to help dismantle once and for all the deposed machineries of slavery and the Confederacy.In Re Turner was a private law case decided at the federal circuit level. It involved a black woman's claim that she, a recent slave, was being held in involuntary, servitude. Elizabeth Turner's mother had apprenticed her to their former master, who had not abided by his contractual obligations to provide Elizabeth with training and compensation, substantively keepingher in slavery. Chase's decision, which relied upon due process and equal protection implications in the thirteenth amendment and the 1866 Civil Rights Act, confirmed the rights of emancipated slaves to bargain and contract with employers on a parity with white workers.Texas v. White was a public law case decided in the Supreme Court. It revolved around the issue of whether the holders of U.S. bonds seized and sold by the Confederate state of Texas could demand payment after the war from that state's newly reconstructed government. In effect, Chase and his associate justices were asked to determine the legality of actions committed by all former Confederate states and, thus, to define whatconstituted a state. Chase's opinion reaffirmed the permanence of the Union and its constituent states and the duty of the states to respect the legal rights and obligations of all citizens.Hyman's exemplary study provides

Encyclopedia of the Reconstruction Era: M-Z and primary documents

Author: Richard Zuczek

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313330759

Category: African Americans

Page: 864

View: 876

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Offers more than 260 alphabetically arranged articles on the period of Reconstruction in American history, covering persons, concepts, institutions, laws, elections, organizations, and each Southern state.

Reconstructions

New Perspectives on Postbellum America

Author: Thomas J. Brown

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199723973

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 2596

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The pivotal era of Reconstruction has inspired an outstanding historical literature. In the half-century after W.E.B. DuBois published Black Reconstruction in America (1935), a host of thoughtful and energetic authors helped to dismantle racist stereotypes about the aftermath of emancipation and Union victory in the Civil War. The resolution of long-running interpretive debates shifted the issues at stake in Reconstruction scholarship, but the topic has remained a vital venue for original exploration of the American past. In Reconstructions: New Perspectives on the Postbellum United States, eight rising historians survey the latest generation of work and point to promising directions for future research. They show that the field is opening out to address a wider range of adjustments to the experiences and effects of Civil War. Increased interest in cultural history now enriches understandings traditionally centered on social and political history. Attention to gender has joined a focus on labor as a powerful strategy for analyzing negotiations over private and public authority. The contributors suggest that Reconstruction historiography might further thrive by strengthening connections to such subjects as western history, legal history, and diplomatic history, and by redefining the chronological boundaries of the postwar period. The essays provide more than a variety of attractive vantage points for fresh examination of a major phase of American history. By identifying the most exciting recent approaches to a theme previously studied so ably, the collection illuminates the creative process in scholarly historical literature.

The Chase Court : Justices, Rulings, and Legacy

Author: Jonathan Lurie,Salmon Portland Chase

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576078213

Category: History

Page: 247

View: 3970

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A revealing examination of the Supreme Court's justices and their "cautiously moderate" jurisprudence during the ten-year tenure of Chief Justice Salmon Portland Chase. * A–Z entries include the significant rulings involving Reconstruction and restoration of the Union such as Ex parte Milligan (1866), the Test Oath Cases (1867), Ex parte McCardle (1868), and Texas v. White (1869) * An analysis of the historical impact and continuing legacy of decisions such as the Court's narrow interpretation of the 14th Amendment in the famous Slaughterhouse Cases

The Promises of Liberty

The History and Contemporary Relevance of the Thirteenth Amendment

Author: Alexander Tsesis

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520131

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 3718

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In these original essays, America's leading historians and legal scholars reassess the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment and its relevance to issues of liberty, justice, and equality. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in the United States, reasserting the radical, egalitarian dimensions of the Constitution. It also laid the foundations for future civil rights and social justice legislation. Yet subsequent reinterpretation and misappropriation have curbed more substantive change. With constitutional jurisprudence undergoing a revival, The Promises of Liberty provides a full portrait of the Thirteenth Amendment and its potential for ensuring liberty. The collection begins with Pulitzer Prize-winning historian David Brion Davis, who discusses the failure of the Thirteenth Amendment to achieve its framers' objectives. The next piece, by Alexander Tsesis, provides a detailed account of the Amendment's revolutionary character. James M. McPherson, another Pulitzer recipient, recounts the influence of abolitionists on the ratification process, and Paul Finkelman focuses on who freed the slaves and President Lincoln's commitment to ending slavery. Michael Vorenberg revisits the nineteenth century's understanding of freedom and citizenship and the Amendment's surprisingly small role in the Reconstruction and post-Reconstruction periods. William M. Wiecek shows how the Supreme Court's narrow interpretation once rendered the guarantee of freedom nearly illusory, and the collection's third Pulitzer Prize winner, David M. Oshinsky, explains how peonage undermined the prohibition against compulsory service. Subsequent essays relate the Thirteenth Amendment to congressional authority, hate crimes legislation, the labor movement, and immigrant rights. These chapters analyze unique features of the amendment along with its elusive meanings and affirm its power to reform criminal and immigration law, affirmative action policies, and the protection of civil liberties.

The Ordeal of the Reunion

A New History of Reconstruction

Author: Mark Wahlgren Summers

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469617587

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 4787

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For a generation, scholarship on the Reconstruction era has rightly focused on the struggles of the recently emancipated for a meaningful freedom and defined its success or failure largely in those terms. In The Ordeal of the Reunion, Mark Wahlgren Summers goes beyond this vitally important question, focusing on Reconstruction's need to form an enduring Union without sacrificing the framework of federalism and republican democracy. Assessing the era nationally, Summers emphasizes the variety of conservative strains that confined the scope of change, highlights the war's impact and its aftermath, and brings the West and foreign policy into an integrated narrative. In sum, this book offers a fresh explanation for Reconstruction's demise and a case for its essential successes as well as its great failures. Indeed, this book demonstrates the extent to which the victors' aims in 1865 were met--and at what cost. Summers depicts not just a heroic, tragic moment with equal rights advanced and then betrayed but a time of achievement and consolidation, in which nationhood and emancipation were placed beyond repeal and the groundwork was laid for a stronger, if not better, America to come.

The Salmon P. Chase Papers: Correspondence, 1865-1873

Author: Salmon Portland Chase

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780873386180

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 401

View: 7122

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This fifth volume of the Salmon P. Chase papers covers 215 letters that shed light on the last phase of Chase's life, the eight and a half years that he presided over the United States Supreme Court as chief justice. During this period, he dealt with issues that redefined the rights of individuals.

Schurkenstaat

Leitfaden zum Verständnis der einzigen noch verbliebenen Supermacht der Welt

Author: William Blum

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783897065307

Category:

Page: 328

View: 4174

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Die Federalist papers

Author: Alexander Hamilton,James Madison,John Jay

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406547546

Category: Constitutional history

Page: 583

View: 8073

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Onkel Tom`s Hütte

Author: Harriet Beecher Stowe

Publisher: BookRix

ISBN: 3736833466

Category: Drama

Page: 195

View: 5243

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Dieses Buch ist eine flammende Anklage gegen den Rassismus, wo immer er einem begegnet. Die Autorin schreibt dieses Plädoyer für ein freies Amerika im Jahre 1852. Die Sklaverei ist im Süden der USA integraler Bestandteil des Wirtschaftswesens. Die Schrift war wichtige Unterstützung für die Verfechter einer von Sklaverei befreiten Welt im Sezessionskrieg, der letztendlich zur Abschaffung der Sklaverei führte.

Der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg

Author: John Keegan

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644106517

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 1661

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Mit über 700 000 gefallenen Soldaten war der Amerikanische Bürgerkrieg blutiger und verlustreicher als alle Kriege zusammen, die die USA seither geführt haben. Und was seine Brutalität und Totalität angeht, nahm er sogar die Schrecken des Ersten Weltkriegs vorweg. Für John Keegan, laut New York Times «der originellste Militärhistoriker der Gegenwart», ist dieser Konflikt schlichtweg der erste moderne Krieg und zugleich «der wichtigste ideologische Kampf der Weltgeschichte». In seinem Buch schildert er nicht nur die Vorgeschichte des Bürgerkriegs, die großen Ereignisse und Schlachten und welche Folgen sie hatten – er widmet sich genauso den Protagonisten wie Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee oder Ulysses Grant. Dabei geht es ihm neben der profunden militärhistorischen Analyse auch um die politischen Dimensionen und die menschlichen Erschütterungen. Nicht zuletzt beschäftigt ihn die Frage, wie es möglich war, dass ein Land, das so sehr auf Konsens gebaut ist wie die Vereinigten Staaten, von einem tödlichen Bruderkonflikt zerrissen wurde. Ein Standardwerk, das eine Lücke schließt.

Das Leben Abraham Lincoln's (Classic Reprint)

Author: Josiah Gilbert Holland

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 9780365671176

Category:

Page: 512

View: 3584

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Excerpt from Das Leben Abraham Lincoln's Gine eine $batfahe in $erbinbung biermit geigt feinen forte wäbrenben 233unfh, 8eute ebrlih unb gut an bebanbeln. (ir batte, fo lange er 2lbvocat war, immer einen Gonwagnon, unb wäbrenb er bie 9iunbreife mahte, blieb fein Compagnon immer an (c)anfe. Qbäbrenb er aus war, mahte er febr oft 'drogeffe ab, weihe nie in baß $ureau ianeen. See biefen 8ällen tbeilte er, wenn er bie (R)ebübren briam, biefelben in gwei bälften in feinem 8)ortemonnaie, nnb begeihnetc iebe bälfte, welhe bene 6onwagnon gulam, mit heffen 92amen unb bene b)rogeffe, fiir warben er bie @ebi'ebren erbalten batte. Gr war niht bamit 3ufrieben, 9iehnung au ftib4 ren, fonbern er tbeilte baß Görlb felbft, fo baß, wenn fih gen fällig ee niht nahen laffen folltr, baß er baß (c)elb in eigener. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Abraham Lincoln

Amerikas großer Präsident ; eine Biographie

Author: Jörg Nagler

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406622151

Category:

Page: 463

View: 2091

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Der Kampf Um Die Rechtswissenschaft

Author: Gnaeus Flavius,Hermann Ulrich Kantorowicz

Publisher: Gale, Making of Modern Law

ISBN: 9781289268336

Category:

Page: 56

View: 3960

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The Making of Modern Law: Foreign, Comparative and International Law, 1600-1926, brings together foreign, comparative, and international titles in a single resource. Its International Law component features works of some of the great legal theorists, including Gentili, Grotius, Selden, Zouche, Pufendorf, Bijnkershoek, Wolff, Vattel, Martens, Mackintosh, Wheaton, among others. The materials in this archive are drawn from three world-class American law libraries: the Yale Law Library, the George Washington University Law Library, and the Columbia Law Library.Now for the first time, these high-quality digital scans of original works are available via print-on-demand, making them readily accessible to libraries, students, independent scholars, and readers of all ages.+++++++++++++++The below data was compiled from various identification fields in the bibliographic record of this title. This data is provided as an additional tool in helping to insure edition identification: +++++++++++++++Columbia University Law LibraryLP3C001240019060101The Making of Modern Law: Foreign, Comparative, and International Law, 1600-1926Heidelberg: Carl Winter's, 190649, [1] p. 23 cmGermany

Wer beherrscht die Welt?

Die globalen Verwerfungen der amerikanischen Politik

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843714436

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 3474

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„Die Frage, wer die Welt regiert, kann nicht eindeutig beantwortet werden. Aber die einflussreichsten Akteure sind klar auszumachen.“ Auch nach der Ära Obama gilt: Die USA betrachten sich grundsätzlich als die Guten – selbst dann, wenn sie das Gleiche tun wie jene, denen sie Böses unterstellen: Zivilflugzeuge abschießen, willkürlich Leute inhaftieren und mit Drohnen umbringen oder in fremde Länder einmarschieren. Das Primat der militärischen Intervention und der unerbittliche Drang, alleinige Weltmacht zu bleiben, bilden die Konstanten der amerikanischen Politik – auch wenn dadurch Staaten ins Chaos und Menschen ins Verderben getrieben werden. Im Land dagegen haben die Reichen und Mächtigen fast freie Hand, jenseits demokratischer Kontrollen und unbeachtet von einer zunehmend gleichgültigen Bevölkerung. Wohin führt uns das? Welche Folgen hat das für den Rest der Welt? In seiner so brillanten wie präzisen Analyse zeigt Noam Chomsky die fatalen Folgen der imperialen Politik der USA für das ohnehin immer chaotischere Zusammenleben auf unserem Planeten.