The Revolutions in Europe, 1848-1849

From Reform to Reaction

Author: Robert John Weston Evans,Hartmut Pogge von Strandmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199249978

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 2369

DOWNLOAD NOW »
These essays arose out of lectures given in Oxford to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the 1848 revolutions in Europe. Authoritative, yet readable and colourful, they comprise judicicious summaries of the existing stte of knowledge, as well as new insights and unfamiliar information. The book also seeks to place the revolutionary events in their wider context: apart from chapters covering the main centres of disturbance in France, Germany, Italy, and the Habsburg lands, there are discussions of the situation in Britain and Russia, which were affected but not convulsed by the disorders elsewhere; of reactions in the United States of America; of the symbolism of 1848 for the later democratic, radical, and socialist movements. 1848 marked the first breakdown of traditional authority across much of the continent, and as such is of profound significance in the development of modern European politics as a whole.

Distant Revolutions

1848 and the Challenge to American Exceptionalism

Author: Timothy Mason Roberts

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813928184

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 5045

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Distant Revolutions: 1848 and the Challenge to American Exceptionalism is a study of American politics, culture, and foreign relations in the mid-nineteenth century, illuminated through the reactions of Americans to the European revolutions of 1848. Flush from the recent American military victory over Mexico, many Americans celebrated news of democratic revolutions breaking out across Europe as a further sign of divine providence. Others thought that the 1848 revolutions served only to highlight how America’s own revolution had not done enough in the way of reform. Still other Americans renounced the 1848 revolutions and the thought of trans-atlantic unity because they interpreted European revolutionary radicalism and its portents of violence, socialism, and atheism as dangerous to the unique virtues of the United States. When the 1848 revolutions failed to create stable democratic governments in Europe, many Americans declared that their own revolutionary tradition was superior; American reform would be gradual and peaceful. Thus, when violence erupted over the question of territorial slavery in the 1850s, the effect was magnified among antislavery Americans, who reinterpreted the menace of slavery in light of the revolutions and counter-revolutions of Europe. For them a new revolution in America could indeed be necessary, to stop the onset of authoritarian conditions and to cure American exemplarism. The Civil War, then, when it came, was America’s answer to the 1848 revolutions, a testimony to America’s democratic shortcomings, and an American version of a violent, nation-building revolution.

1848

The British State and the Chartist Movement

Author: John Saville

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521396561

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 8730

DOWNLOAD NOW »
A study of the British state's confrontation with Chartism and Irish nationalism in 1848.

States and Social Revolutions

A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia, and China

Author: Theda Skocpol

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316453944

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 1036

DOWNLOAD NOW »
State structures, international forces, and class relations: Theda Skocpol shows how all three combine to explain the origins and accomplishments of social-revolutionary transformations. Social revolutions have been rare but undeniably of enormous importance in modern world history. States and Social Revolutions provides a new frame of reference for analyzing the causes, the conflicts, and the outcomes of such revolutions. It develops a rigorous, comparative historical analysis of three major cases: the French Revolution of 1787 through the early 1800s, the Russian Revolution of 1917 through the 1930s, and the Chinese Revolution of 1911 through the 1960s. Believing that existing theories of revolution, both Marxist and non-Marxist, are inadequate to explain the actual historical patterns of revolutions, Skocpol urges us to adopt fresh perspectives. Above all, she maintains that states conceived as administrative and coercive organizations potentially autonomous from class controls and interests must be made central to explanations of revolutions.

The Age of Revolution and Reaction, 1789-1850

Author: Charles Breunig

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393091434

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 6972

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The French Revolution of 1789 is a watershed in European history; no country escaped its impact, which shattered long-standing traditions and set forth new ideals that powerfully affected succeeding generations. In this edition, Charles Breunig incorporates the most recent scholarship in his account of the Revolution and the events it unleashed: the near-conquest of Europe by Napoleon, the "Concert of Europe" established at the Congress of Vienna, the era of Restoration during which efforts were made to preserve the status quo against sporadic outbursts that culminated in the revolutions of 1848. He expands significantly his treatment of the emergence of new classes and the profound economic and cultural changes that were set in motion by the Industrial Revolution.

Europe After Napoleon

Revolution, Reaction, and Romanticism, 1814-1848

Author: Michael Broers

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719047237

Category: Europe

Page: 147

View: 9987

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This work tackles a complex but vital period of European history. The book seeks to unravel the different strands of modern European political culture at a crucial but neglected stage of their development. The study approaches the period not through a narrative history, but by analyzing and comparing the major political ideologies it produced including: conservatism; liberalism; reaction; radicalism; socialism; and nationalism, and sets them in their relationship to each other, and within the context of their times.

Phantom Terror

Political Paranoia and the Creation of the Modern State, 1789-1848

Author: Adam Zamoyski

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465060935

Category: History

Page: 592

View: 4566

DOWNLOAD NOW »
After the French Revolution, conservative governments from Britain to Russia created bulwarks to protect their power against the threat of further rebellions. They repressed and spied on their citizens, policing both speech and actions. In nations across Europe, politicians and cultural leaders from Edmund Burke to Mary Shelley chose sides, either propelling or resisting the counter-revolutionary spirit embodied in these omnipotent central states. These years of paranoia not only witnessed the first stirrings of modern totalitarian regimes, but gave birth to the political contest between the privileged and the underprivileged—a legacy that haunts us to this day. In Phantom Terror, award-winning historian Adam Zamoyski reveals that the years after the French Revolution were the crux upon which the rest of European history would turn—a moment when desperate monarchs took the world down the path of revolution, terror, and world war.

How Revolutionary Were the Bourgeois Revolutions? (Abridged Edition)

(Abridged Edition)

Author: Neil Davidson

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608467325

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 6364

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Praise for How Revolutionary Were the Bourgeois Revolutions?: "I was frankly pole-axed by this magnificent book. Davidson resets the entire debate on the character of revolutions: bourgeois, democratic and socialist. He's sending me, at least, back to the library."—Mike Davis, author of Planet of Slums In this abridged edition of his magisterial How Revolutionary Were the Bourgeois Revolutions? Neil Davidson expertly distills his theoretical and historical insights about the nature of revolutions, making them available for general readers. Neil Davidson currently lectures in Sociology with the School of Social and Political Science at the University of Glasgow.

Revolutions of 1848

A Social History

Author: Priscilla Smith Robertson

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691007564

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 1114

DOWNLOAD NOW »
This social history of Europe during 1848 selects the most crucial centers of revolt and shows by a vivid reconstruction of events what revolution meant to the average citizen and how fateful a part he had in it. A wealth of material from contemporary sources, much of which is unavailable in English, is woven into a superb narrative which tells the story of how Frenchmen lived through the first real working-class revolt, how the students of Vienna took over the city government, how Croats and Slovenes were roused in their first nationalistic struggle, how Mazzini set up his ideal republic Rome.

Scripting Revolution

A Historical Approach to the Comparative Study of Revolutions

Author: Keith Michael Baker,Dan Edelstein

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 080479619X

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 3008

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The "Arab Spring" was heralded and publicly embraced by foreign leaders of many countries that define themselves by their own historic revolutions. The contributors to this volume examine the legitimacy of these comparisons by exploring whether or not all modern revolutions follow a pattern or script. Traditionally, historians have studied revolutions as distinct and separate events. Drawing on close familiarity with many different cultures, languages, and historical transitions, this anthology presents the first cohesive historical approach to the comparative study of revolutions. This volume argues that the American and French Revolutions provided the genesis of the revolutionary "script" that was rewritten by Marx, which was revised by Lenin and the Bolshevik Revolution, which was revised again by Mao and the Chinese Communist Revolution. Later revolutions in Cuba and Iran improvised further. This script is once again on display in the capitals of the Middle East and North Africa, and it will serve as the model for future revolutionary movements.

1848

Year of Revolution

Author: Mike Rapport

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0786743689

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 6268

DOWNLOAD NOW »
In 1848, a violent storm of revolutions ripped through Europe. The torrent all but swept away the conservative order that had kept peace on the continent since Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo in 1815—but which in many countries had also suppressed dreams of national freedom. Political events so dramatic had not been seen in Europe since the French Revolution, and they would not be witnessed again until 1989, with the revolutions in Eastern and Central Europe. In 1848, historian Mike Rapport examines the roots of the ferment and then, with breathtaking pace, chronicles the explosive spread of violence across Europe. A vivid narrative of a complex chain of interconnected revolutions, 1848 tells the exhilarating story of Europe's violent “Spring of Nations” and traces its reverberations to the present day.

A Murder in Lemberg

Politics, Religion, and Violence in Modern Jewish History

Author: Michael Stanislawski

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691128436

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 3306

DOWNLOAD NOW »
How could a Jew kill a Jew for religious and political reasons? Many people asked this question after an Orthodox Jew assassinated Israeli Prime Minister Itshak Rabin in 1995. But historian Michael Stanislawski couldn't forget it, and he decided to find out everything he could about an obscure and much earlier event that was uncannily similar to Rabin's murder: the 1848 killing--by an Orthodox Jew--of the Reform rabbi of Lemberg (now L'viv, Ukraine). Eventually, Stanislawski concluded that this was the first murder of a Jewish leader by a Jew since antiquity, a prelude to twentieth-century assassinations of Jews by Jews, and a turning point in Jewish history. Based on records unavailable for decades, A Murder in Lemberg is the first book about this fascinating case. On September 6, 1848, Abraham Ber Pilpel entered the kitchen of Rabbi Abraham Kohn and his family and poured arsenic in the soup that was being prepared for their dinner. Within hours, the rabbi and his infant daughter were dead. Was Kohn's murder part of a conservative Jewish backlash to Jewish reform and liberalization in a year of European revolution? Or was he killed simply because he threatened taxes that enriched Lemberg's Orthodox leaders? Vividly recreating the dramatic story of the murder, the trial that followed, and the political and religious fallout of both, Stanislawski tries to answer these questions and others. In the process, he reveals the surprising diversity of Jewish life in mid-nineteenth-century eastern Europe. Far from being uniformly Orthodox, as is often assumed, there was a struggle between Orthodox and Reform Jews that was so intense that it might have led to murder.

A People's History of the French Revolution

Author: Éric Hazan

Publisher: Verso Trade

ISBN: 1781685894

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 9128

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Offers an overview of the French Revolution from a bottom up perspective, discussing the lives of working people and peasants at the time and questioning what they were fighting for.

The European Revolutions, 1848-1851

Author: Jonathan Sperber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521386852

Category: History

Page: 282

View: 1735

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The European Revolutions, 1848-1851 is a student textbook, designed to introduce, in an accessible manner, all the principal themes and problems of this sometimes bewildering period in European history. Professor Sperber's account, which is supplemented by extensive notes for further reading and potted biographies of the principal individuals involved, incorporates the very latest scholarship on the revolution as a social and political mass movement. It describes the events of the various national revolutions (both in 1848, and the subsequent, often-neglected period 1849-51), analyses the contrasting social and political tensions underlying the outbreak of revolution, explores the different varieties of revolutionary experience, and compares the events of 1848-51 both with the previous wave of 1789-95 and the successor of 1917-23.

The Family on Trial in Revolutionary France

Author: Suzanne Desan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520238596

Category: History

Page: 456

View: 6622

DOWNLOAD NOW »
Contrary to arguments that claim the Revolution bound women within a domestic sphere, The Family on Trial maintains that the new civil laws and gender politics offered many women unexpected opportunities to gain power, property, or independence."--Jacket.

The State And Revolution (Annotated)

Author: Vladimir Lenin

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 0244643849

Category: Political Science

Page: 66

View: 3104

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The State and Revolution (1917), by Vladimir Lenin, describes the role of the State in society, the necessity of proletarian revolution, and the theoretic inadequacies of social democracy in achieving revolution to establish the dictatorship of the proletariat. The State and Revolution is considered to be Lenin's most important work on the state and has been called by Lucio Colletti "Lenin's greatest contribution to political theory". According to the Marxologist David McLellan, "the book had its origin in Lenin's argument with Bukharin in the summer of 1916 over the existence of the state after a proletarian revolution. Bukharin had emphasised the 'withering' aspect, whereas Lenin insisted on the necessity of the state machinery to expropriate the expropriators. In fact, it was Lenin who changed his mind, and many of the ideas of State and Revolution, composed in the summer of 1917 - and particularly the anti-Statist theme - were those of Bukharin".

Democracy and the Vote in British Politics, 1848–1867

The Making of the Second Reform Act

Author: Dr Robert Saunders

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409482057

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 780

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The Second Reform Act, passed in 1867, created a million new voters, doubling the electorate and propelling the British state into the age of mass politics. It marked the end of a twenty year struggle for the working class vote, in which seven different governments had promised change. Yet the standard works on 1867 are more than forty years old and no study has ever been published of reform in prior decades. This study provides the first analysis of the subject from 1848 to 1867, ranging from the demise of Chartism to the passage of the Second Reform Act. Recapturing the vibrancy of the issue and its place at the heart of Victorian political culture, it focuses not only on the reform debate itself, but on a whole series of related controversies, including the growth of trade unionism, the impact of the 1848 revolutions and the discussion of French and American democracy.

Paths to a New Europe

From Premodern to Postmodern Times

Author: Paul Dukes

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137220201

Category: History

Page: 584

View: 3413

DOWNLOAD NOW »
The development of Europe accelerated from the middle of the seventeenth century with the formation of the nation states and the growth of empires. By the beginning of the twentieth century, European empires dominated most of the world's surface - however, the two world wars brought the continent down from its peak of power. From 1945 to 1989, Europe lost its empires and fell under the influence of the two superpowers, the USA and the USSR; but with the decline and fall of the latter, Europe has since moved towards a new unity. Paths to a New Europe considers the development of the continent from its origins through premodern to postmodern times, and provides a balanced treatment of Europe and of its wider global setting. Within the overall division of East and West Europe, each section is given due attention and Paul Dukes shows how cultural traditions, along with socio-economic differences and realignments of political power, have evolved over the centuries, still exerting influence as Europe moves towards unity after the collapse of the Eastern bloc and the end of the Cold War.