The Right Wrong Man

John Demjanjuk and the Last Great Nazi War Crimes Trial

Author: Lawrence Douglas

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400873150

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 3239

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In 2009, Harper's Magazine sent war-crimes expert Lawrence Douglas to Munich to cover the last chapter of the lengthiest case ever to arise from the Holocaust: the trial of eighty-nine-year-old John Demjanjuk. Demjanjuk’s legal odyssey began in 1975, when American investigators received evidence alleging that the Cleveland autoworker and naturalized US citizen had collaborated in Nazi genocide. In the years that followed, Demjanjuk was stripped of his American citizenship and sentenced to death by a Jerusalem court as "Ivan the Terrible" of Treblinka—only to be cleared in one of the most notorious cases of mistaken identity in legal history. Finally, in 2011, after eighteen months of trial, a court in Munich convicted the native Ukrainian of assisting Hitler’s SS in the murder of 28,060 Jews at Sobibor, a death camp in eastern Poland. An award-winning novelist as well as legal scholar, Douglas offers a compulsively readable history of Demjanjuk’s bizarre case. The Right Wrong Man is both a gripping eyewitness account of the last major Holocaust trial to galvanize world attention and a vital meditation on the law’s effort to bring legal closure to the most horrific chapter in modern history.

The Right Wrong Man

John Demjanjuk and the Last Great Nazi War Crimes Trial

Author: L. Douglas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691125701

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 5237

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In 2009, Harper’s Magazine sent war-crimes expert Lawrence Douglas to Munich to cover the last chapter of the lengthiest case ever to arise from the Holocaust: the trial of eighty-nine-year-old John Demjanjuk. Demjanjuk’s legal odyssey began in 1975, when American investigators received evidence alleging that the Cleveland autoworker and naturalized US citizen had collaborated in Nazi genocide. In the years that followed, Demjanjuk was twice stripped of his American citizenship and sentenced to death by a Jerusalem court as “Ivan the Terrible” of Treblinka—only to be cleared in one of the most notorious cases of mistaken identity in legal history. Finally, in 2011, after eighteen months of trial, a court in Munich convicted the native Ukrainian of assisting Hitler’s SS in the murder of 28,060 Jews at Sobibor, a death camp in eastern Poland. An award-winning novelist as well as legal scholar, Douglas offers a compulsively readable history of Demjanjuk’s bizarre case. The Right Wrong Man is both a gripping eyewitness account of the last major Holocaust trial to galvanize world attention and a vital meditation on the law’s effort to bring legal closure to the most horrific chapter in modern history.

Beyond Justice

Author: Rebecca Wittmann

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674045297

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 8202

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In 1963, West Germany was gripped by a dramatic trial of former guards who had worked at the Nazi death camp Auschwitz. It was the largest and most public trial to take place in the country and attracted international attention. Using the pretrial files and extensive trial audiotapes, Rebecca Wittmann offers a fascinating reinterpretation of Germany’s first major attempt to confront its past.

Useful Enemies

America's Open Door Policy for Nazi War Criminals

Author: Richard Rashke

Publisher: Delphinium

ISBN: 9781883285647

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 8548

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John “Iwan” Demjanjuk was at the center of one of history’s most complex war crimes trials. But why did it take almost sixty years for the United States to bring him to justice as a Nazi collaborator? The answer lies in the annals of the Cold War, when fear and paranoia drove American politicians and the U.S. military to recruit “useful” Nazi war criminals to work for the United States in Europe as spies and saboteurs, and to slip them into America through loopholes in U.S. immigration policy. During and after the war, that same immigration policy was used to prevent thousands of Jewish refugees from reaching the shores of America. The long and twisted saga of John Demjanjuk, a postwar immigrant and auto mechanic living a quiet life in Cleveland until 1977, is the final piece in the puzzle of American government deceit. The White House, the Departments of War and State, the FBI and the CIA supported policies that harbored Nazi war criminals and actively worked to hide and shelter them from those who dared to investigate and deport them. The heroes in this story are men and women such as Congresswoman Elizabeth Holtzman and Justice Department prosecutor Eli Rosenbaum, who worked for decades to hold hearings, find and investigate alleged Nazi war criminals, and successfully prosecute them for visa fraud. But it was not until the conviction of John Demjanjuk in Munich in 2011 as an SS camp guard serving at the Sobibor death camp that this story of deceit can be told for what it is: a shameful chapter in American history. Riveting and deeply researched, Useful Enemies is the account of one man’s criminal past and its devastating consequences, and the story of how America sacrificed its moral authority in the wake of history’s darkest moment.

Defending "Ivan the Terrible"

the conspiracy to convict John Demjanjuk

Author: Yoram Sheftel

Publisher: Gateway Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 445

View: 1499

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An Israeli lawyer who defended John Demjanjuk at his trial as a Nazi war criminal explains how he managed to clear his client of the charges and exposes a shocking international conspiracy to withhold vital evidence and make Demjanjuk a scapegoat. IP.

The Memory of Judgment

Making Law and History in the Trials of the Holocaust

Author: Lawrence Douglas

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300109849

Category: History

Page: 318

View: 5528

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This is an examination of the law's response to the crimes of the Holocaust. It studies exemplary proceedings including the Nuremberg trial of the major Nazi war criminals and the Israeli trials of Adolf Eichmann and John Demjanjuk.

Jewish Honor Courts

Revenge, Retribution, and Reconciliation in Europe and Israel after the Holocaust

Author: Jockusch. Laura

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 081433878X

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 4166

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In the aftermath of World War II, virtually all European countries struggled with the dilemma of citizens who had collaborated with Nazi occupiers. Jewish communities in particular faced the difficult task of confronting collaborators among their own ranks—those who had served on Jewish councils, worked as ghetto police, or acted as informants. European Jews established their own tribunals—honor courts—for dealing with these crimes, while Israel held dozens of court cases against alleged collaborators under a law passed two years after its founding. In Jewish Honor Courts: Revenge, Retribution, and Reconciliation in Europe and Israel after the Holocaust, editors Laura Jockusch and Gabriel N. Finder bring together scholars of Jewish social, cultural, political, and legal history to examine this little-studied and fascinating postwar chapter of Jewish history. The volume begins by presenting the rationale for punishing wartime collaborators and purging them from Jewish society. Contributors go on to examine specific honor court cases in Allied-occupied Germany and Austria, Poland, the Netherlands, and France. One essay also considers the absence of an honor court in Belgium. Additional chapters detail the process by which collaborators were accused and brought to trial, the treatment of women in honor courts, and the unique political and social place of honor courts in the nascent state of Israel. Taken as a whole, the essays in Jewish Honor Courts illustrate the great caution and integrity brought to the agonizing task of identifying and punishing collaborators, a process that helped survivors to reclaim their agency, reassert their dignity, and work through their traumatic experiences. For many years, the honor courts have been viewed as a taboo subject, leaving their hundreds of cases unstudied. Jewish Honor Courts uncovers this forgotten chapter of Jewish history and shows it to be an integral part of postwar Jewish rebuilding. Scholars of Jewish, European, and Israeli history as well as readers interested in issues of legal and social justice will be grateful for this detailed volume.

The Internationalists

How a Radical Plan to Outlaw War Remade the World

Author: Oona A. Hathaway,Scott J. Shapiro

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1501109863

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 4817

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"The Internationalists tells the story of the Peace Pact by placing it in the long history of international law from the seventeenth century through the present, tracing this rich history through a fascinating and diverse array of lawyers, politicians and intellectuals--Hugo Grotius, Nishi Amane, Salmon Levinson, James Shotwell, Sumner Welles, Carl Schmitt, Hersch Lauterpacht, and Sayyid Qutb. It tells of a centuries-long struggle of ideas over the role of war in a just world order. It details the brutal world of conflict the Peace Pact helped extinguish, and the subsequent era where tariffs and sanctions take the place of tanks and gunships." --Amazon.

The Nazis Next Door

How America Became a Safe Haven for Hitler's Men

Author: Eric Lichtblau

Publisher: HMH

ISBN: 0547669224

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 7351

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A Newsweek Best Book of the Year: “Captivating . . . rooted in first-rate research” (The New York Times Book Review). In this New York Times bestseller, once-secret government records and interviews tell the full story of the thousands of Nazis—from concentration camp guards to high-level officers in the Third Reich—who came to the United States after World War II and quietly settled into new lives. Many gained entry on their own as self-styled war “refugees.” But some had help from the US government. The CIA, the FBI, and the military all put Hitler’s minions to work as spies, intelligence assets, and leading scientists and engineers, whitewashing their histories. Only years after their arrival did private sleuths and government prosecutors begin trying to identify the hidden Nazis. Now, relying on a trove of newly disclosed documents and scores of interviews, Pulitzer Prize–winning investigative reporter Eric Lichtblau reveals this little-known and “disturbing” chapter of postwar history (Salon).

The Nazi Hunters

Author: Andrew Nagorski

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476771863

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 416

View: 6276

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"Describes the small group of men and women who sought out former Nazis all over the world after the Nuremberg trials, refusing to let their crimes be forgotten or allowing them to quietly live inconspicuous, normal lives."--NoveList.

The Catastrophist

A Novel

Author: Lawrence Douglas

Publisher: Other PressLlc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: 275

View: 5659

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Morbidly pessimistic about the future in spite of his successful marriage and career, art historian Daniel Wellington suffers an existential crisis when he learns he is going to be a father, a breakdown after which he engages in a series of haphazard, self-sabotaging behaviors.

Europe on Trial

The Story of Collaboration, Resistance, and Retribution during World War II

Author: Istvan Deak

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429973500

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 1635

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In Europe on Trial , acclaimed historian Istvan Deak explores the history of collaboration, retribution, and resistance during World War II. These three themes are examined through the experiences of people and countries under German occupation, as well as Soviet, Italian, and other military rule. Those under foreign rule faced innumerable moral and ethical dilemmas, including the question of whether to cooperate with their occupiers, try to survive the war without any political involvement, or risk their lives by becoming resisters. Many chose all three, depending on wartime conditions. Following the brutal war, the author discusses the purges of real or alleged war criminals and collabourators, through various acts of violence, deportations, and judicial proceedings at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunal as well as in thousands of local courts. Europe on Trial helps us to understand the many moral consequences both during and immediately following World War II. Foreword by Norman M. Naimark

A Foreign Policy for the Left

Author: Michael Walzer

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300231180

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 9322

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Something that has been needed for decades: a leftist foreign policy with a clear moral basis Foreign policy, for leftists, used to be relatively simple. They were for the breakdown of capitalism and its replacement with a centrally planned economy. They were for the workers against the moneyed interests and for colonized peoples against imperial (Western) powers. But these easy substitutes for thought are becoming increasingly difficult. Neo-liberal capitalism is triumphant, and the workers’ movement is in radical decline. National liberation movements have produced new oppressions. A reflexive anti-imperialist politics can turn leftists into apologists for morally abhorrent groups. In Michael Walzer’s view, the left can no longer (in fact, could never) take automatic positions but must proceed from clearly articulated moral principles. In this book, adapted from essays published in Dissent, Walzer asks how leftists should think about the international scene—about humanitarian intervention and world government, about global inequality and religious extremism—in light of a coherent set of underlying political values.

Justifying Genocide

Germany and the Armenians from Bismark to Hitler

Author: Stefan Ihrig

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674915178

Category: History

Page: 470

View: 8237

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As Stefan Ihrig shows in this first comprehensive study, many Germans sympathized with the Ottomans’ longstanding repression of the Armenians and with the Turks’ program of extermination during World War I. In the Nazis’ version of history, the Armenian Genocide was justifiable because it had made possible the astonishing rise of the New Turkey.

A Promise at Sobibór

A Jewish Boy’s Story of Revolt and Survival in Nazi-Occupied Poland

Author: Philip “Fiszel” Bialowitz,Joseph Bialowitz

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299248031

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 5842

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This is the true story of Fiszel Bialowitz, a teenaged Polish Jew who in 1943 escaped the Nazi gas chambers at the Sobibór death camp. He joined with his brother and a small group of prisoners to carry out a daring and precisely planned revolt that killed SS officers and allowed roughly half of the camp’s 650 remaining Jewish prisoners to flee through minefields and machine-gun fire into the surrounding forest. Only about forty-two of them, including Fiszel, are known to have survived to the end of the war. Philip (Fiszel) Bialowitz, now an American citizen, relates his eyewitness story in “realtime” perspective, from his childhood before the war to his life in the Izbica ghetto, his six months of internment and resistance at Sobibór, and his rescue by courageous Polish farmers. He also recounts the challenges of life following the war as a displaced teenager and his eventual efforts as a witness to the truth of the Holocaust.

The Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial, 1963-1965

Genocide, History, and the Limits of the Law

Author: Devin O. Pendas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521844062

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 9821

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A comprehensive history of the Frankfurt Auschwitz trial.

Operation Shylock

A Confession

Author: Philip Roth

Publisher: Odyssey Editions

ISBN: 1623730058

Category: Fiction

Page: 400

View: 9972

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What if a lookalike stranger stole your name, usurped your biography and went around the world pretending to be you? In this tour de force of fact and fiction, Philip Roth meets a man who may or may not be Philip Roth. Because someone with that name has been touring the State of Israel, promoting a bizarre exodus in reverse of the Jews. Roth decides to stop him—even if that means impersonating his impersonator. Suspenseful, hilarious, hugely impassioned, pulsing with intelligence and narrative energy, Operation Shylock is at once a spy story, a political thriller, a meditation on identity, and a confession. Like Pushkin and Dostoevsky before him, Philip Roth takes on the subject of the writer’s double, which for Roth is inevitably bound up in Jewishness and identity. This is a bold, inventive and energetic departure from his past novels, a meta-novel, and, like all of his writing, full of ideas, wit, humor and startling observation.

Imperial Gamble

Putin, Ukraine, and the New Cold War

Author: Marvin Kalb

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780815726647

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 3106

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Vladimir Putin's invasion of Crimea in March 2014 stunned the world. Shortly thereafter, "little green men" armed by Russia occupied the southeast corner of Ukraine. What was Putin up to? How far would he go? The United States and its Western allies imposed strict economic sanctions on Russia, naively hoping Putin would be intimidated and change his policy. The US also removed its military option from the crisis, stressing that it would not fight Russia over Ukraine.This sharp deterioration in East-West relations raised basic questions about the policies of Vladimir Putin and the future of Russia. Is Putin's ultimate goal the dissolution of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the end of Western influence and power in Eastern Europe? Or is he intent on reconstituting the old Russian and Soviet empires and, in the process, challenge Western interests throughout Europe? Or are his goals more modest - simply to retain Russian influence and power in Ukraine? Author Marvin Kalb has lived in Russia for more than five years and visited Russia dozens of times. He was the CBS correspondent in Russia in the late 1950s, reporting directly to Edward R. Murrow, and he served as Moscow bureau chief in the 1960s, when he covered the Berlin crises and the Cuban missile crisis. In his forteenth major book, Kalb argues that, contrary to conventional wisdom, Putin did not "suddenly" decide to invade Crimea and then instigate a pro-Russian rebellion in eastern Ukraine. Once the Ukrainians rose in angry defiance in late 2013, Putin knew he would have to take military action to stop Ukraine's swing to the West. It was just a matter of time. The "Maidan Square" demonstrations led Putin to the conclusion that the Ukrainian upheaval posed an existential threat to Russia, and they had to be challenged.Imperial Gamble examines how Putin reached that conclusion by taking a critical look at the recent political history of post-Soviet Russia and Ukraine. It also journeys deeper into the Russian past to more fully explain the roots of Russian nationalism and the reason why the Russian people support his controversial actions in Ukraine. Kalb argues that the post-cold war world today hangs on the resolution of the Ukraine crisis. So long as it is treated as a problem to be resolved by Russia, on the one side, and the United States and Europe, on the other, it will remain a danger zone with global consequences. The only sensible solution lies in both Russia and Ukraine recognizing that their futures are irrevocably linked by the geography, power, politics, and history that Kalb brings to life in Imperial Gamble.

The Holocaust Industry

Reflections on the Exploitation of Jewish Suffering

Author: Norman G. Finkelstein

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859844885

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 6399

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Controversial indictment of those who exploit the tragedy of the Holocaust for their own gain.

Unimaginable Atrocities

Justice, Politics, and Rights at the War Crimes Tribunals

Author: William Schabas

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191612227

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 5129

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As international criminal courts and tribunals have proliferated and international criminal law is increasingly seen as a key tool for bringing the world's worst perpetrators to account, the controversies surrounding the international trials of war criminals have grown. War crimes tribunals have to deal with accusations of victor's justice, bad prosecutorial policy and case management, and of jeopardizing fragile peace in post-conflict situations. In this exceptional book, one of the leading writers in the field of international criminal law explores these controversial issues in a manner that is accessible both to lawyers and to general readers. Professor William Schabas begins by considering the discipline of international criminal law, outlining the differing approaches to the description of international crimes and examining the frequent claims relating to the retroactive application of these crimes. The book then discusses the relationship between genocide and crimes against humanity, studying the fascination with what Schabas calls the 'genocide mystique'. International criminal tribunals have often been stigmatized as an exercise in victor's justice. This book traces how this critique developed and the difficulty it poses to the identification of situations for prosecution by the International Criminal Court. The claim that amnesty for international crimes is prohibited by international law is challenged, with a more nuanced approach to the relationship between justice and peace being proposed. Throughout the book there is a strong historical perspective, with constant reference to the early experiments in international justice at Nuremberg and Tokyo. The work also analyses the growing pains of the International Criminal Court as it enters its second decade.