The St. Petersburg School of Number Theory

Author: Boris Nikolaevich Delone

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821834576

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 5818

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For over two centuries, the work of the St. Petersburg mathematicians in number theory has constituted a glorious contribution to mathematics. The Russian book, The St. Petersburg School of Number Theory, is about the life and work of prominent members of this school, such as Chebyshev, Korkin, Zolotarev, Markov, Voronoi, and Vinogradov. These mathematicians are indeed a very distinguished group, and their work in number theory is of the highest quality and continues to have lasting significance. This English translation acquaints the reader with the most important works of these six eminent members of the St. Petersburg school. A short biography is given for each of them, followed by an exposition of some of his most significant contributions. Each contribution features the author's original terminology and notation and is followed by commentary. Certain works receive relatively complete expositions, while others are dealt with more briefly. With a Foreword written for the English edition, this volume will appeal to a broad mathematical audience, including mathematical historians. It is particularly suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in number theory. Society. Members of the LMS may order directly from the AMS at the AMS member price. The LMS is registered with the Charity Commissioners.

Explorations in the History and Heritage of Machines and Mechanisms

Proceedings of the 2018 HMM IFToMM Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms

Author: Baichun Zhang,Marco Ceccarelli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030035387

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 7339

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This is the proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms that was held in Beijing, China, in September 2018. The Symposium provided an international forum for presenting and discussing historical developments in the field of Machine and Mechanism Science (MMS). Special sections focused on the following topics: . modern reviews of past works · engineers in history, and their works · direct memories of the recent past · the development of theories · the history of the design of machines and mechanisms · development of automation and robots · the development of teaching of MMS · the schools and institutes of mechanical engineering · the heritage of machines and mechanisms

Mathematics across the Iron Curtain

A History of the Algebraic Theory of Semigroups

Author: Christopher Hollings

Publisher: American Mathematical Society

ISBN: 1470414937

Category: Mathematics

Page: 441

View: 7947

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The theory of semigroups is a relatively young branch of mathematics, with most of the major results having appeared after the Second World War. This book describes the evolution of (algebraic) semigroup theory from its earliest origins to the establishment of a full-fledged theory. Semigroup theory might be termed `Cold War mathematics' because of the time during which it developed. There were thriving schools on both sides of the Iron Curtain, although the two sides were not always able to communicate with each other, or even gain access to the other's publications. A major theme of this book is the comparison of the approaches to the subject of mathematicians in East and West, and the study of the extent to which contact between the two sides was possible.

6000 Jahre Mathematik

Eine kulturgeschichtliche Zeitreise - 2. Von Euler bis zur Gegenwart

Author: Hans Wußing

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540773142

Category: Mathematics

Page: 675

View: 6470

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Mit dem Namen Euler wird der Beginn der modernen Mathematik verknüpft. Ausgehend von Eulers Leben und seiner wissenschaftlichen Arbeit illustriert der Autor im 2. Teil der mathematisch-kulturhistorischen Zeitreise den Werdegang der heutigen Mathematik. Dabei konzentriert er sich angesichts der hoch komplexen und fragmentierten Entwicklung der Mathematik im ausgehenden 20. Jahrhundert auf wichtige und exemplarische Entwicklungen. Ein spannendes Lesevergnügen für Mathematiker und alle, die sich für die Kulturgeschichte der Mathematik interessieren.

A History of the University in Europe: Volume 3, Universities in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (1800–1945)

Author: Walter Rüegg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139453028

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 4536

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This is the third volume of a four-part series which covers the development of the university in Europe (east and west) from its origins to the present day, focusing on a number of major themes viewed from a European perspective. The originality of the series lies in its comparative, interdisciplinary, collaborative and trans-national nature. It deals also with the content of what was taught at the universities, but its main purpose is an appreciation of the role and structures of the universities as seen against a backdrop of changing conditions, ideas and values. This 2004 volume deals with the modernisation, differentiation and expansion of higher education which led to the triumph of modern science, changing the relations between universities and national states, teachers and students, their ambitions and political activities. Special attention is focused on the fundamental advances in 'learning' - the content of what was taught at the universities.

Handbook of the Normal Distribution, Second Edition

Author: Jagdish K. Patel,Campbell B. Read

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824793425

Category: Mathematics

Page: 456

View: 6939

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"Traces the historical development of the normal law. Second Edition offers a comprehensive treatment of the bivariate normal distribution--presenting entirely new material on normal integrals, asymptotic normality, the asymptotic properties of order statistics, and point estimation and statistical intervals."

Russian Models from the Mechanisms Collection of Bauman University

Author: A. Golovin,V. Tarabarin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402087764

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 238

View: 7009

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In 1998 the chairman of the Russian National Committee of TMM Professor Arcady Bessonov, recommended one of authors of this book to be come a member of the IFToMM Permanent Commission on the History of Mechanisms and Machines Sciences (PC HMMS). Willy-nilly from this time the history of technique, as hobby passed on to a serious the employment in the history of engineering science. Interest history of a subject is natural for Professor, a leading a course of Theory of Mechanisms and Machines in Bauman University. This interest is supported by the fact that Bauman University is one of the oldest technical universities in Russia, and the course “Applied Mechanics” – later “Theory of Mechanisms and Machines” was the first systematic course in Russia. The second author supervises a cycle of laboratory works on TMM. Models of mechanisms are placed in laboratory in show-windows of ancient cases quite possibly coevals of the first course. He became interested in contents of these cases: firstly in models, and then in their origin. Later he occupied himself with the creation of a web-site “The Collection of mechanisms in department TMM in Bauman University”. Gradually both authors had the idea of cooperation, although several years previously, we could not imagine this happening. We took an active part in the work of PC HMMS from 2000. It was promoted by of chairman of the commission Professor Marco Ceccarelli.

Handbook on the History of Mathematics Education

Author: Alexander Karp,Gert Schubring

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146149155X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 634

View: 1809

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This is the first comprehensive International Handbook on the History of Mathematics Education, covering a wide spectrum of epochs and civilizations, countries and cultures. Until now, much of the research into the rich and varied history of mathematics education has remained inaccessible to the vast majority of scholars, not least because it has been written in the language, and for readers, of an individual country. And yet a historical overview, however brief, has become an indispensable element of nearly every dissertation and scholarly article. This handbook provides, for the first time, a comprehensive and systematic aid for researchers around the world in finding the information they need about historical developments in mathematics education, not only in their own countries, but globally as well. Although written primarily for mathematics educators, this handbook will also be of interest to researchers of the history of education in general, as well as specialists in cultural and even social history.

Asymptotic Combinatorics with Applications to Mathematical Physics

A European Mathematical Summer School held at the Euler Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia, July 9-20, 2001

Author: SPRINGER,European Mathematical Summer School (2001 : St. Petersburg)

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540403124

Category: Mathematics

Page: 245

View: 3371

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At the Summer School Saint Petersburg 2001, the main lecture courses bore on recent progress in asymptotic representation theory: those written up for this volume deal with the theory of representations of infinite symmetric groups, and groups of infinite matrices over finite fields; Riemann-Hilbert problem techniques applied to the study of spectra of random matrices and asymptotics of Young diagrams with Plancherel measure; the corresponding central limit theorems; the combinatorics of modular curves and random trees with application to QFT; free probability and random matrices, and Hecke algebras.