The St. Petersburg School of Number Theory

Author: Boris Nikolaevich Delone

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821834576

Category: History

Page: 278

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For over two centuries, the work of the St. Petersburg mathematicians in number theory has constituted a glorious contribution to mathematics. The Russian book, The St. Petersburg School of Number Theory, is about the life and work of prominent members of this school, such as Chebyshev, Korkin, Zolotarev, Markov, Voronoi, and Vinogradov. These mathematicians are indeed a very distinguished group, and their work in number theory is of the highest quality and continues to have lasting significance. This English translation acquaints the reader with the most important works of these six eminent members of the St. Petersburg school. A short biography is given for each of them, followed by an exposition of some of his most significant contributions. Each contribution features the author's original terminology and notation and is followed by commentary. Certain works receive relatively complete expositions, while others are dealt with more briefly. With a Foreword written for the English edition, this volume will appeal to a broad mathematical audience, including mathematical historians. It is particularly suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in number theory. Society. Members of the LMS may order directly from the AMS at the AMS member price. The LMS is registered with the Charity Commissioners.

Mathematics across the Iron Curtain

A History of the Algebraic Theory of Semigroups

Author: Christopher Hollings

Publisher: American Mathematical Society

ISBN: 1470414937

Category: Mathematics

Page: 441

View: 3897

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The theory of semigroups is a relatively young branch of mathematics, with most of the major results having appeared after the Second World War. This book describes the evolution of (algebraic) semigroup theory from its earliest origins to the establishment of a full-fledged theory. Semigroup theory might be termed `Cold War mathematics' because of the time during which it developed. There were thriving schools on both sides of the Iron Curtain, although the two sides were not always able to communicate with each other, or even gain access to the other's publications. A major theme of this book is the comparison of the approaches to the subject of mathematicians in East and West, and the study of the extent to which contact between the two sides was possible.

Explorations in the History and Heritage of Machines and Mechanisms

Proceedings of the 2018 HMM IFToMM Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms

Author: Baichun Zhang,Marco Ceccarelli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030035387

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 2836

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This is the proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms that was held in Beijing, China, in September 2018. The Symposium provided an international forum for presenting and discussing historical developments in the field of Machine and Mechanism Science (MMS). Special sections focused on the following topics: . modern reviews of past works · engineers in history, and their works · direct memories of the recent past · the development of theories · the history of the design of machines and mechanisms · development of automation and robots · the development of teaching of MMS · the schools and institutes of mechanical engineering · the heritage of machines and mechanisms

6000 Jahre Mathematik

Eine kulturgeschichtliche Zeitreise - 2. Von Euler bis zur Gegenwart

Author: Hans Wußing

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540773142

Category: Mathematics

Page: 675

View: 1774

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Mit dem Namen Euler wird der Beginn der modernen Mathematik verknüpft. Ausgehend von Eulers Leben und seiner wissenschaftlichen Arbeit illustriert der Autor im 2. Teil der mathematisch-kulturhistorischen Zeitreise den Werdegang der heutigen Mathematik. Dabei konzentriert er sich angesichts der hoch komplexen und fragmentierten Entwicklung der Mathematik im ausgehenden 20. Jahrhundert auf wichtige und exemplarische Entwicklungen. Ein spannendes Lesevergnügen für Mathematiker und alle, die sich für die Kulturgeschichte der Mathematik interessieren.

Mathematics and Social Utopias in France

Olinde Rodrigues and His Times

Author: Simon Altmann,Eduardo L. Ortiz

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821842536

Category: Mathematics

Page: 168

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Social reformer, banker, and mathematician, Olinde Rodrigues is a fascinating figure of nineteenth-century Paris. Information about him is obscure--scattered in publications on history, mathematics, and the social sciences--and often inaccurate. Rodrigues left no papers or archives. Here, for the first time, is an authoritative account of his family history, education, and important mathematical works. Written by a team of prominent mathematicians and historians, the book comprises the interests and associations that make Rodrigues such a remarkable character in the history of mathematics. This is a superb panorama of nineteenth-century France, portrayed through the life and work of Olinde Rodrigues. The beginning chapters attempt to recreate the scientific and social background of nineteenth-century Paris and Rodrigues's place in it. The following chapters discuss his contributions to a variety of mathematical fields (e.g., orthogonal polynomials, combinatorics, and rotations). The final chapters discuss contemporary reactions to his mathematical work. Sufficient background is given to make it accessible to readers familiar with basic college mathematics. The book is suitable for specialists in the history of mathematics and/or science, graduate students, and mathematicians. Co-published with the London Mathematical Society beginning with Volume 4.

Handbook of the Normal Distribution, Second Edition

Author: Jagdish K. Patel,Campbell B. Read

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824793425

Category: Mathematics

Page: 456

View: 8160

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"Traces the historical development of the normal law. Second Edition offers a comprehensive treatment of the bivariate normal distribution--presenting entirely new material on normal integrals, asymptotic normality, the asymptotic properties of order statistics, and point estimation and statistical intervals."

Russian Models from the Mechanisms Collection of Bauman University

Author: A. Golovin,V. Tarabarin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402087764

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 238

View: 2105

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In 1998 the chairman of the Russian National Committee of TMM Professor Arcady Bessonov, recommended one of authors of this book to be come a member of the IFToMM Permanent Commission on the History of Mechanisms and Machines Sciences (PC HMMS). Willy-nilly from this time the history of technique, as hobby passed on to a serious the employment in the history of engineering science. Interest history of a subject is natural for Professor, a leading a course of Theory of Mechanisms and Machines in Bauman University. This interest is supported by the fact that Bauman University is one of the oldest technical universities in Russia, and the course “Applied Mechanics” – later “Theory of Mechanisms and Machines” was the first systematic course in Russia. The second author supervises a cycle of laboratory works on TMM. Models of mechanisms are placed in laboratory in show-windows of ancient cases quite possibly coevals of the first course. He became interested in contents of these cases: firstly in models, and then in their origin. Later he occupied himself with the creation of a web-site “The Collection of mechanisms in department TMM in Bauman University”. Gradually both authors had the idea of cooperation, although several years previously, we could not imagine this happening. We took an active part in the work of PC HMMS from 2000. It was promoted by of chairman of the commission Professor Marco Ceccarelli.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Mathematics

Author: Eleanor Robson,Jacqueline Stedall

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191607444

Category: Mathematics

Page: 926

View: 5464

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This Handbook explores the history of mathematics under a series of themes which raise new questions about what mathematics has been and what it has meant to practise it. It addresses questions of who creates mathematics, who uses it, and how. A broader understanding of mathematical practitioners naturally leads to a new appreciation of what counts as a historical source. Material and oral evidence is drawn upon as well as an unusual array of textual sources. Further, the ways in which people have chosen to express themselves are as historically meaningful as the contents of the mathematics they have produced. Mathematics is not a fixed and unchanging entity. New questions, contexts, and applications all influence what counts as productive ways of thinking. Because the history of mathematics should interact constructively with other ways of studying the past, the contributors to this book come from a diverse range of intellectual backgrounds in anthropology, archaeology, art history, philosophy, and literature, as well as history of mathematics more traditionally understood. The thirty-six self-contained, multifaceted chapters, each written by a specialist, are arranged under three main headings: 'Geographies and Cultures', 'Peoples and Practices', and 'Interactions and Interpretations'. Together they deal with the mathematics of 5000 years, but without privileging the past three centuries, and an impressive range of periods and places with many points of cross-reference between chapters. The key mathematical cultures of North America, Europe, the Middle East, India, and China are all represented here as well as areas which are not often treated in mainstream history of mathematics, such as Russia, the Balkans, Vietnam, and South America. A vital reference for graduates and researchers in mathematics, historians of science, and general historians.

Asymptotic Combinatorics with Applications to Mathematical Physics

A European Mathematical Summer School held at the Euler Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia, July 9-20, 2001

Author: SPRINGER,European Mathematical Summer School (2001 : St. Petersburg)

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540403124

Category: Mathematics

Page: 245

View: 4430

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At the Summer School Saint Petersburg 2001, the main lecture courses bore on recent progress in asymptotic representation theory: those written up for this volume deal with the theory of representations of infinite symmetric groups, and groups of infinite matrices over finite fields; Riemann-Hilbert problem techniques applied to the study of spectra of random matrices and asymptotics of Young diagrams with Plancherel measure; the corresponding central limit theorems; the combinatorics of modular curves and random trees with application to QFT; free probability and random matrices, and Hecke algebras.

Frontiers of Economics

Nobel Laureates of the Twentieth Century

Author: Abu N. M. Wahid

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 031332073X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 422

View: 9565

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An excellent guide to the lives and works of the 44 Nobel laureates in Economics from the award's 1969 inception through 1999.