The St. Petersburg School of Number Theory

Author: Boris Nikolaevich Delone

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821834576

Category: History

Page: 278

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For over two centuries, the work of the St. Petersburg mathematicians in number theory has constituted a glorious contribution to mathematics. The Russian book, The St. Petersburg School of Number Theory, is about the life and work of prominent members of this school, such as Chebyshev, Korkin, Zolotarev, Markov, Voronoi, and Vinogradov. These mathematicians are indeed a very distinguished group, and their work in number theory is of the highest quality and continues to have lasting significance. This English translation acquaints the reader with the most important works of these six eminent members of the St. Petersburg school. A short biography is given for each of them, followed by an exposition of some of his most significant contributions. Each contribution features the author's original terminology and notation and is followed by commentary. Certain works receive relatively complete expositions, while others are dealt with more briefly. With a Foreword written for the English edition, this volume will appeal to a broad mathematical audience, including mathematical historians. It is particularly suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in number theory. Society. Members of the LMS may order directly from the AMS at the AMS member price. The LMS is registered with the Charity Commissioners.

Mathematics across the Iron Curtain

A History of the Algebraic Theory of Semigroups

Author: Christopher Hollings

Publisher: American Mathematical Society

ISBN: 1470414937

Category: Mathematics

Page: 441

View: 6959

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The theory of semigroups is a relatively young branch of mathematics, with most of the major results having appeared after the Second World War. This book describes the evolution of (algebraic) semigroup theory from its earliest origins to the establishment of a full-fledged theory. Semigroup theory might be termed `Cold War mathematics' because of the time during which it developed. There were thriving schools on both sides of the Iron Curtain, although the two sides were not always able to communicate with each other, or even gain access to the other's publications. A major theme of this book is the comparison of the approaches to the subject of mathematicians in East and West, and the study of the extent to which contact between the two sides was possible.

Pioneering Women in American Mathematics

The Pre-1940 PhD's

Author: Judy Green,Jeanne LaDuke

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821843761

Category: Mathematics

Page: 349

View: 3178

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More than 14 percent of the PhD's awarded in the United States during the first four decades of the twentieth century went to women, a proportion not achieved again until the 1980s. This book is the result of a study in which the authors identified all of the American women who earned PhD's in mathematics before 1940, and collected extensive biographical and bibliographical information about each of them. By reconstructing as complete a picture as possible of this group of women, Green and LaDuke reveal insights into the larger scientific and cultural communities in which they lived and worked. The book contains an extended introductory essay, as well as biographical entries for each of the 228 women in the study. The authors examine family backgrounds, education, careers, and other professional activities. They show that there were many more women earning PhD's in mathematics before 1940 than is commonly thought. Extended biographies and bibliographical information are available from the companion website for the book: www.ams.org/bookpages/hmath-34. The material will be of interest to researchers, teachers, and students in mathematics, history of mathematics, history of science, women's studies, and sociology. The data presented about each of the 228 individual members of the group will support additional study and analysis by scholars in a large number of disciplines.

Mathematics and Social Utopias in France

Olinde Rodrigues and His Times

Author: Simon Altmann,Eduardo L. Ortiz

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821842536

Category: Mathematics

Page: 168

View: 1868

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Social reformer, banker, and mathematician, Olinde Rodrigues is a fascinating figure of nineteenth-century Paris. Information about him is obscure--scattered in publications on history, mathematics, and the social sciences--and often inaccurate. Rodrigues left no papers or archives. Here, for the first time, is an authoritative account of his family history, education, and important mathematical works. Written by a team of prominent mathematicians and historians, the book comprises the interests and associations that make Rodrigues such a remarkable character in the history of mathematics. This is a superb panorama of nineteenth-century France, portrayed through the life and work of Olinde Rodrigues. The beginning chapters attempt to recreate the scientific and social background of nineteenth-century Paris and Rodrigues's place in it. The following chapters discuss his contributions to a variety of mathematical fields (e.g., orthogonal polynomials, combinatorics, and rotations). The final chapters discuss contemporary reactions to his mathematical work. Sufficient background is given to make it accessible to readers familiar with basic college mathematics. The book is suitable for specialists in the history of mathematics and/or science, graduate students, and mathematicians. Co-published with the London Mathematical Society beginning with Volume 4.

The History of Approximation Theory

From Euler to Bernstein

Author: Karl-Georg Steffens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817644758

Category: Mathematics

Page: 219

View: 6097

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* Exciting exposition integrates history, philosophy, and mathematics * Combines a mathematical analysis of approximation theory with an engaging discussion of the differing philosophical underpinnings behind its development * Appendices containing biographical data on numerous eminent mathematicians, explanations of Russian nomenclature and academic degrees, and an excellent index round out the presentation

Handbook of the Normal Distribution, Second Edition

Author: Jagdish K. Patel,Campbell B. Read

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824793425

Category: Mathematics

Page: 456

View: 2331

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"Traces the historical development of the normal law. Second Edition offers a comprehensive treatment of the bivariate normal distribution--presenting entirely new material on normal integrals, asymptotic normality, the asymptotic properties of order statistics, and point estimation and statistical intervals."

Russian Models from the Mechanisms Collection of Bauman University

Author: A. Golovin,V. Tarabarin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402087764

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 238

View: 6670

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In 1998 the chairman of the Russian National Committee of TMM Professor Arcady Bessonov, recommended one of authors of this book to be come a member of the IFToMM Permanent Commission on the History of Mechanisms and Machines Sciences (PC HMMS). Willy-nilly from this time the history of technique, as hobby passed on to a serious the employment in the history of engineering science. Interest history of a subject is natural for Professor, a leading a course of Theory of Mechanisms and Machines in Bauman University. This interest is supported by the fact that Bauman University is one of the oldest technical universities in Russia, and the course “Applied Mechanics” – later “Theory of Mechanisms and Machines” was the first systematic course in Russia. The second author supervises a cycle of laboratory works on TMM. Models of mechanisms are placed in laboratory in show-windows of ancient cases quite possibly coevals of the first course. He became interested in contents of these cases: firstly in models, and then in their origin. Later he occupied himself with the creation of a web-site “The Collection of mechanisms in department TMM in Bauman University”. Gradually both authors had the idea of cooperation, although several years previously, we could not imagine this happening. We took an active part in the work of PC HMMS from 2000. It was promoted by of chairman of the commission Professor Marco Ceccarelli.

Quantum Field Theory and Statistical Mechanics

Expositions

Author: James Glimm,Arthur Jaffe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461251583

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 9949

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This volume contains a selection of expository articles on quantum field theory and statistical mechanics by James Glimm and Arthur Jaffe. They include a solution of the original interacting quantum field equations and a description of the physics which these equations contain. Quantum fields were proposed in the late 1920s as the natural framework which combines quantum theory with relativ ity. They have survived ever since. The mathematical description for quantum theory starts with a Hilbert space H of state vectors. Quantum fields are linear operators on this space, which satisfy nonlinear wave equations of fundamental physics, including coupled Dirac, Max well and Yang-Mills equations. The field operators are restricted to satisfy a "locality" requirement that they commute (or anti-commute in the case of fer mions) at space-like separated points. This condition is compatible with finite propagation speed, and hence with special relativity. Asymptotically, these fields converge for large time to linear fields describing free particles. Using these ideas a scattering theory had been developed, based on the existence of local quantum fields.

Euler

The Master of Us All

Author: William Dunham

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883853283

Category: Mathematics

Page: 185

View: 2393

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Leonhard Euler was one of the most prolific mathematicians that have ever lived. This book examines the huge scope of mathematical areas explored and developed by Euler, which includes number theory, combinatorics, geometry, complex variables and many more. The information known to Euler over 300 years ago is discussed, and many of his advances are reconstructed. Readers will be left in no doubt about the brilliance and pervasive influence of Euler's work.

Leonhard Euler

Life, Work and Legacy

Author: Robert E. Bradley,Ed Sandifer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080471297

Category: Mathematics

Page: 542

View: 2574

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The year 2007 marks the 300th anniversary of the birth of one of the Enlightenment’s most important mathematicians and scientists, Leonhard Euler. This volume is a collection of 24 essays by some of the world’s best Eulerian scholars from seven different countries about Euler, his life and his work. Some of the essays are historical, including much previously unknown information about Euler’s life, his activities in the St. Petersburg Academy, the influence of the Russian Princess Dashkova, and Euler’s philosophy. Others describe his influence on the subsequent growth of European mathematics and physics in the 19th century. Still others give technical details of Euler’s innovations in probability, number theory, geometry, analysis, astronomy, mechanics and other fields of mathematics and science. - Over 20 essays by some of the best historians of mathematics and science, including Ronald Calinger, Peter Hoffmann, Curtis Wilson, Kim Plofker, Victor Katz, Ruediger Thiele, David Richeson, Robin Wilson, Ivor Grattan-Guinness and Karin Reich - New details of Euler's life in two essays, one by Ronald Calinger and one he co-authored with Elena Polyakhova - New information on Euler's work in differential geometry, series, mechanics, and other important topics including his influence in the early 19th century

The Moscow Pythagoreans

Mathematics, Mysticism, and Anti-Semitism in Russian Symbolism

Author: Ilona Svetlikova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137338288

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 4384

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In Russia at the turn of the twentieth century, mysticism, anti-Semitism, and mathematical theory fused into a distinctive intellectual movement. Through analyses of such seemingly disparate subjects as Moscow mathematical circles and the 1913 novel Petersburg, this book illuminates a forgotten aspect of Russian cultural and intellectual history.