The State of Our Prisons

Author: Roy D. King

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 7776

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The State of Our Prisons reviews the changes in prisons policy and practice in England and Wales from the period following the May Committee to the present day, and presents the most authoritative and independent commentary on the work of the prison system to date. Based on previously unpublished original research spanning the years 1984 through 1991--all supported by the Economic and Social Research Council--Roy King and Kathleen McDermott chart the performance of five representative prisons for adult males drawing on the accounts and evaluations of those most intimately involved: prison staff, and prisoners and their families. The early reported finding of these studies, which have been described by ESRC's evaluators as "dramatic and unimpeachable", chart the extraordinary deterioration in prison regimes as the system devoted its increased resources to security and control. In this volume Professor King and Dr McDermott use "regime monitoring" data and the reports of the Chief Inspector of Prisons to bring their findings up to date, and present them in relation to each of the declared goals of the new Prison service Agency. They conclude that although many improvements have been made since the Woolf Report, performance still falls short of that achieved in the early 1970s in several vital respects. In some areas improvements are jeopized by the new concern with austere regimes and the authors argue that some of the most important "key performance indicators" are simply not adequate.

Handbook on Prisons

Author: Yvonne Jewkes,Ben Crewe,Jamie Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317754557

Category: Social Science

Page: 756

View: 327

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The second edition of the Handbook on Prisons provides a completely revised and updated collection of essays on a wide range of topics concerning prisons and imprisonment. Bringing together three of the leading prison scholars in the UK as editors, this new volume builds on the success of the first edition and reveals the range and depth of prison scholarship around the world. The Handbook contains chapters written not only by those who have established and developed prison research, but also features contributions from ex-prisoners, prison governors and ex-governors, prison inspectors and others who have worked with prisoners in a wide range of professional capacities. This second edition includes several completely new chapters on topics as diverse as prison design, technology in prisons, the high security estate, therapeutic communities, prisons and desistance, supermax and solitary confinement, plus a brand new section on international perspectives. The Handbook aims to convey the reality of imprisonment, and to reflect the main issues and debates surrounding prisons and prisoners, while also providing novel ways of thinking about familiar penal problems and enhancing our theoretical understanding of imprisonment. The Handbook on Prisons, Second edition is a key text for students taking courses in prisons, penology, criminal justice, criminology and related subjects, and is also an essential reference for academics and practitioners working in the prison service, or in related agencies, who need up-to-date knowledge of thinking on prisons and imprisonment.

Researching Violence

Methodology and Measurement

Author: Raymond M. Lee,Elizabeth Stanko,Elizabeth A Stanko

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317834852

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 9772

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Violence is a research topic that is fraught with difficulties. A notoriously sensitive subject, and one that is presumed to be largely hidden, researchers have long struggled with the question of how to measure its impact and how to explore its incidence. Arising from the ESRC's Violence Research Programme, Researching Violence is a practical guide both to theses problems and to the obstacles encountered when negotiating this uneasy terrain. Comprising the reflections of researchers who have worked on diverse projects - from violence in the home to racial violence and homicide - this book demonstrates the ingenuity and at times courageous actions of researchers having to think on their feet. It also investigates the ethical and emotional issues arising from working with the victims and perpetrators of violence. This book will be indispensable for students and academics doing research projects on violence.

Supermax

Controlling Risk Through Solitary Confinement

Author: Sharon Shalev

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134026749

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 9726

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This book examines the rise and proliferation of 'Supermaxes', large prisons dedicated to holding prisoners in prolonged and strict solitary confinement, in the United States since the late 1980s. Drawing on unique access to two Supermax prisons and on in-depth interviews with prison officials, prison architects, current and former prisoners, mental health professionals, penal, legal, and human rights experts, it provides a holistic view of the theory, practice and consequences of these prisons. Given the historic uses of solitary confinement, the book also traces continuities and discontinuities in its use on both sides of the Atlantic over the last two centuries. It argues that rather than being an entirely 'new' form of imprisonment, Supermax prisons draw on principles of architecture, surveillance and control which were set out in the early 19th century but which are now enhanced by the most advanced technologies available to current day prison planners and administrators. It asks why a form of confinement which had been discredited in the past is now proposed as the best solution for dealing with 'difficult', 'dangerous' or 'disruptive' prisoners, and assesses the true costs of Supermax confinement.

Paramilitary Imprisonment in Northern Ireland

Resistance, Management, and Release

Author: Kieran McEvoy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198299079

Category: Law

Page: 442

View: 9611

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'This in an outstanding... contribution to the prisons literature. It serves as an important piece of history, but more important, as a fully sociological and original analysis of strategies of coping, management, control and resistance.' -Alison Leibling, British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 42/3,This book offers an analysis of paramilitary imprisonment in Northern Ireland, in particular the thirty year struggle concerning the prisoners' assertion of their political status. Based upon interviews with former prisoners and staff, this book locates that experience within the broader literature on imprisonment. Four forms of prisoner resistance are examined including dirty protest and hunger strike; violence, destruction, and intimidation; escape; and resorts to the law. In addition three models of prison management are developed including reactive containment, criminalization, and managerialism. Finally the book considers the release of paramilitary prisoners and its relevance to the conflict resolution process in Northern Ireland.

Criminology and Social Theory

Author: David Garland,Richard Sparks

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198299424

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9676

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In this unique collection, a distinguished group of social theorists reflect upon the ways in which crime and its control feature in the political and cultural landscapes of contemporary societies. The book brings together for the first time some of today's most powerful social analysts in a discussion of the meaning of crime and punishment in late-modern society. The result is a stimulating and provocative volume that will be of equal interest to specialist criminologists and those working in the fields of social and cultural studies.

The Culture of Control

Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society

Author: David Garland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198299370

Category: Law

Page: 307

View: 6135

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This work charts the changes in crime control & criminal justice that have occurred in Britain & America over the last 25 years. It then explains these transformations by showing how social organisation has prompted political and cultural adaptations.

Captive Audience

Media, Masculinity, and Power in Prisons

Author: Yvonne Jewkes

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 733

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This book is concerned with the media's role in everyday life, power relations and the construction of masculine identities in the context of prisons. It is based upon unique research into the nature, impact and consequences of a situation where most prisoners in English prisons have access to some media resource, whether radio or television, or with communal or individual access to it. Captive Audience charts for the first time the way in which prisons use media in coping or failing to cope with the pressures of prison life, exploring the impact of the media in terms of prisoner identities, shaping power relations between prisoners and other prisoners, and in helping prisoners 'get through' a prison sentence. At the same time this book raises a range of broader issues of theory and practice on the nature of the relationship between prisons, criminal justice systems and society more generally, and on the ways in which the media are conceived in everyday life. It will be of interest to all those concerned with prisons, criminology and the criminal justice system, the social role of the media, and the construction of identity.

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

Author: Mike Maguire,Rodney Morgan,Robert Reiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 1267

View: 3705

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Comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the subject. Useful to anyone who teaches, studies or practices criminology.

Addicted to Incarceration

Corrections Policy and the Politics of Misinformation in the United States

Author: Travis C. Pratt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483343413

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 6914

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In Addicted to Incarceration, author Travis Pratt uses an evidence-based approach to explore the consequences of what he terms America's "addiction to incarceration," highlighting the scope of the problem, the nature of the political discussions surrounding criminal justice policy in general and corrections policy in particular, and the social cost of incarceration. Pratt demonstrates that the United States' addiction to incarceration has been fueled by American citizens' opinions about crime and punishment, the effectiveness of incarceration as a means of social control, and perhaps most important, by policies legitimized by faulty information (e.g.,fear of crime is objectively linked to victimization, petty offenders mature into violent predators, and persistent offending can be accurately predicted over the life course). Analyzing crime policies as they relate to crime rates and U.S. society's ability to both lower the crime rate and address the role of incarceration in preventing future crime, the book shows students how ineffective our rush to incarcerate has been in the last decade, as well as offering recommendations and insights into the future of this problem. Features Real world examples that put a human face on the issues open each chapter Race, ethnicity, and gender issues underlie all discussions and address key aspects of incarceration rates and crime trends The social costs of incarceration are explored, including the heightened inmate risk of personal victimization, incarceration's effect as a barrier to successful offender reintegration into society, and its role in exacerbating existing racial inequalities The final chapter contains conclusions and recommendations for future policy makers Written in an informal and accessible style, Addicted to Incarceration is appropriate for criminal justice policy or corrections courses at the undergraduate level and can also be used as a supplementary text in introductory criminal justice, criminology, and critical issues in criminal justice courses.

New Zealand Social Work

Contexts and Practice

Author: Marie Connolly

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195584318

Category: Social service

Page: 394

View: 3570

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An examination of social work theory and practice, both historical and current. It addresses the issues of culture, gender, and violence, and has an emphasis on field practice and development. The 27 essays are presented in three Parts: 'Practice and Current Issues', 'Fields of Practice in Aotearoa', and 'Professional Issues'.

Doing Social Science

Evidence and Methods in Empirical Research

Author: Fiona Devine,Sue Heath

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 1345

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Each chapter in this book takes a cutting-edge empirical study and uses it to explore and explain key theoretical and methodological concepts. The text gives students invaluable insight into the constraints, issues and possibilities of doing real social research. This is essential reading for all students of social science.

Administrating Victimization

The Politics of Anti-Social Behaviour and Hate Crime Policy

Author: M. Duggan,V. Heap

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137409274

Category: Social Science

Page: 129

View: 3240

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This study addresses the management of victims and victim policy under the Coalition government, in light of an increasing move towards neoliberal and punitive law and order agendas. With a focus on victims of anti-social behaviour and hate crime, Duggan and Heap explore the changing role of the victim in contemporary criminal justice discourses.

Crisis and Reform at Minnesota's Stillwater Prison, 1960-2000

Author: Denise Suzette Hesselton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Prison administration

Page: 498

View: 5161

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This dissertation examines Minnesota's Stillwater prison between 1960 and 2000, focusing specifically on the violence and disorder that plagued the prison in the early 1970s. A framing approach is adopted to understand the factors that gave rise to the disorder, as well as the reforms that restored order in the late 1970s and beyond. In an effort to contextualize these trends, the research also explores why Minnesota responded to prison disorder in unexpected ways, and why the state ultimately abandoned these reforms in favor of the more punitive reforms adopted elsewhere.

Prisons, Punishment and the Pursuit of Security

Author: D. Drake

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137004835

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 5119

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Drawing on research in men's long-term, maximum-security prisons, this book examines three interconnected problems: the tendency of the prison to obscure other social problems and conceal its own failings, the pursuit of greater levels of human security through repressive and violent means and the persistence of the belief in the problem of 'evil'.

The Handbook of Crime & Punishment

Author: Michael H. Tonry

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 803

View: 5349

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The Handbook of Crime and Punishment is a comprehensive professional/reference work designed for those interested in the study of crime--its causes, effects, trends, and institutions; in the forms and philosophies of punishment, and in crime control. Although primarily American in its orientation, many of this book's articles are of a broader, more international nature. The Handbook is expansive in its coverage, providing the reader with information about the context, contemporary crime problems, causes of crime, methods of crime reduction, the processes and institutions that deal with accused and convicted criminals, and techniques of punishment. The book consists of 28 articles, each written by an expert in the field and including a short selected reference list, as well as a general introduction to the work written by editor Michael Tonry. The Handbook will be an indispenible reference work for academics, graduate students, and undergraduate students in criminology.