The Three U.S.-Mexico Border Wars: Drugs, Immigration, and Homeland Security, 2nd Edition

Drugs, Immigration, and Homeland Security

Author: Tony Payan

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 144083542X

Category: Political Science

Page: 255

View: 5485

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This book addresses the three central issues that continue to dominate the U.S.-Mexico relationship today: drugs, immigration, and security. Nowhere is this more palpable than at the 2,000-mile border shared by the two countries. • Provides a historical perspective that is necessary to understand today's border conflicts • Includes new coverage of weapons trafficking, human trafficking, the diversified activities of organized crime, the role of drug consumption in America, the decay of the border infrastructure, the militarization of the border, and the effects of Arizona's immigration policy changes • Challenges current views about the border as unsafe, unstable, crime-riddled, and a burden on the nation • Portrays the border as a place of hope in need of better management rather than reinforcement of the security regime that has prevailed in the last decades • Includes a chapter on the Peña government and its effect on the binational relationship, the war on the Cartels, and escalation of violence • Draws on the author's current research and interviews with new government actors • Offers penetrating analysis and sound policy recommendations, particularly on how to achieve a truly binational border management system • Features a new final chapter that projects the future of the border over the next 25 years

The Three U.S.-Mexico Border Wars

Drugs, Immigration, and Homeland Security

Author: Tony Payan

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275988180

Category: Political Science

Page: 164

View: 563

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Illuminates the connection among homeland security policies, drug laws, and illegal immigration at the U.S.-Mexico border, and reveals the consequences for American society at large.

Fifty Years of Change on the U.S.-Mexico Border

Growth, Development, and Quality of Life

Author: Joan B. Anderson,James Gerber

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292783966

Category: Social Science

Page: 285

View: 2764

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The U.S. and Mexican border regions have experienced rapid demographic and economic growth over the last fifty years. In this analysis, Joan Anderson and James Gerber offer a new perspective on the changes and tensions pulling at the border from both sides through a discussion of cross-border economic issues and thorough analytical research that examines not only the dramatic demographic and economic growth of the region, but also shifts in living standards, the changing political climate, and environmental pressures, as well as how these affect the lives of people in the border region. Creating what they term a Border Human Development Index, the authors rank the quality of life for every U.S. county and Mexican municipio that touches the 2,000-mile border. Using data from six U.S. and Mexican censuses, the book adeptly illustrates disparities in various aspects of economic development between the two countries over the last six decades. Anderson and Gerber make the material accessible and compelling by drawing an evocative picture of how similar the communities on either side of the border are culturally, yet how divided they are economically. The authors bring a heightened level of insight to border issues not just for academics but also for general readers. The book will be of particular value to individuals interested in how the border between the two countries shapes the debates on quality of life, industrial growth, immigration, cross-border integration, and economic and social development.

The U.S.-Mexican Border Today

Conflict and Cooperation in Historical Perspective

Author: Paul Ganster

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442231122

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 3703

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Now fully updated and revised, this book systematically explores the dynamic interface between Mexico and the United States. In a comprehensive, richly illustrated survey, the authors consider the historical development, current politics and key issues, society, environment, economy, and daily life of the border region.

Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Callie Marie Rennison,Timothy C. Hart

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544317875

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 6039

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Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology connects key concepts to real field research and practices using contemporary examples and recurring case studies that demonstrate how concepts relate to your life. Authors Callie M. Rennison and Timothy C. Hart introduce practical research strategies used in criminal justice to show you how a research question can become a policy that changes or influences criminal justice practices. The book’s student-driven approach addresses both the why and the how as it covers the research process and focuses on the practical application of data collection and analysis. By demonstrating the variety of ways research can be used and reinforcing the need to discern quality research, the book prepares you to become a critical consumer and ethical producer of research.

Border Wars

Author: Tom Barry,Deb Chasman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262016672

Category: Political Science

Page: 171

View: 6690

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The consequences of political fear-mongering and tough talk on immigration in the American Southwest.

Drugs and Democracy in Latin America

The Impact of U.S. Policy

Author: Coletta Youngers,Eileen Rosin

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781588262547

Category: Political Science

Page: 414

View: 488

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While the U.S. has failed to reduce the supply of cocaine and heroin entering its borders, it has, however, succeeded in generating widespread, often profoundly damaging, consequences on democracy and human rights in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Border Patrol Nation

Dispatches from the Front Lines of Homeland Security

Author: Todd Miller

Publisher: City Lights Publishers

ISBN: 0872866327

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 3776

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"In his scathing and deeply reported examination of the U.S. Border Patrol, Todd Miller argues that the agency has gone rogue since the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, trampling on the dignity and rights of the undocumented with military-style tactics. . . . Miller's book arrives at a moment when it appears that part of the Homeland Security apparatus is backpedaling by promising to tone down its tactics, maybe prodded by investigative journalism, maybe by the revelations of NSA leaker Edward Snowden. . . . Border Patrol is quite possibly the right book at the right time . . . "--Tony Perry, Los Angeles Times “At the start of his unsettling and important new book, Border Patrol Nation, Miller observes that these days 'it is common to see the Border Patrol in places--such as Erie, Pennsylvania; Rochester, New York; or Forks, Washington--where only fifteen years ago it would have seemed far-fetched, if not unfathomable.'”--Barbara Spindel, Christian Science Monitor "Miller’s approach in Border Patrol Nation is to offer a glimpse into the secretive operations of the Border Patrol, reporting with a journalist’s objectivity and nose for a good story. Miller’s book is full of facts, and it’s clear he’s outraged, but he gives voices to people on every side of the issue. . . . Miller’s book is a fascinating read.. . . and bring the work of Susan Orlean to mind."--Amanda Eyre Ward Kirkus Reviews "Todd Miller's invaluable and gripping book, Border Patrol Nation: Dispatches from the Front Lines of Homeland Security is the story of how this country’s borders are being transformed into up-armored, heavily militarized zones run by a border-industrial complex. It's an achievement and an eye opener."--Tom Engelhardt, TomDispatch "What Jeremy Scahill was to Blackwater, Todd Miller is to the U.S. Border Patrol!"--Tom Miller, author, On the Border: Portraits of America's Southwestern Frontier "Todd Miller has entered a secret world, and he has gone deep. . . . Powerful."--Luis Alberto Urrea, author of The Devil's Highway: A True Story "Journalist Miller tells an alarming story of U.S. Border Patrol and Homeland Security's ever-widening reach into the lives of American citizens and legal immigrants as well as the undocumented. In addition to readers interested in immigration issues, those concerned about the NSA’s privacy violations will likely be even more shocked by the actions of Homeland Security."--Publishers Weekly, Starred Review Armed authorities watch from a military-grade surveillance tower as lines of people stream toward the security checkpoint, tickets in hand, anxious and excited to get through the gate. Few seem to notice or care that the US Border Patrol is monitoring the Super Bowl, as they have for years, one of the many ways that forces created to police the borders are now being used, in an increasingly militarized fashion, to survey and monitor the whole of American society. In fast-paced prose, Todd Miller sounds an alarm as he chronicles the changing landscape. Traveling the country—and beyond—to speak with the people most involved with and impacted by the Border Patrol, he combines these first-hand encounters with careful research to expose a vast and booming industry for high-end technology, weapons, surveillance, and prisons. While politicians and corporations reap substantial profits, the experiences of millions of men, women, and children point to staggering humanitarian consequences. Border Patrol Nation shows us in stark relief how the entire country has become a militarized border zone, with consequences that affect us all. Todd Miller has worked on and written about US border issues for over fifteen years.

A War that Can’t Be Won

Binational Perspectives on the War on Drugs

Author: Tony Payan,Kathleen Staudt,Z. Anthony Kruszewski

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816599157

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 9316

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More than forty years have passed since President Richard Nixon described illegal drugs as “public enemy number one” and declared a “War on Drugs.” Recently the United Nations Global Commission on Drug Policy declared that “the global war on drugs has failed with devastating consequences for individuals and societies around the world.” Arguably, no other country has suffered as much from the War on Drugs as Mexico. From 2006 to 2012 alone, at least sixty thousand people have died. Some experts have said that the actual number is more than one hundred thousand. Because the war was conceived and structured by US policymakers and officials, many commentators believe that the United States is deeply implicated in the bloodshed. A War that Can’t Be Won is the first book to include contributions from scholars on both sides of the US–Mexico border. It provides a unique breadth of perspective on the many dimensions of the societal crisis that affects residents of both nations—particularly those who live and work in the borderlands. It also proposes practical steps toward solving a crisis that shows no signs of abating under current policies. Each chapter is based on well-documented data, including previously unavailable evidence that was obtained through freedom-of-information inquiries in Mexico. By bringing together views from both sides of the border, as well as from various academic disciplines, this volume offers a much wider view of a complex problem—and possible solutions.

Sixty Miles of Border

An American Lawman Battles Drugs on the Mexican Border

Author: Terry Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101581123

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 336

View: 9763

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The border between the United States and Mexico is a no-man’s land. Drugs, guns, and human beings are the cargo of choice in a multi-billion dollar illegal empire dominated by powerful cartels, murderous street gangs, and corrupt government officials. Against them stand the Special Agents of the United States Customs Service—men and women who fight to uphold the law and protect the U.S. on both sides of the border. Terry Kirkpatrick worked one of the toughest jobs in America: a U.S. Customs agent on the border between Arizona and Mexico. He’s seen it all and done more for over twenty years in a job that many officers quit before they make it six months. These are the gritty and graphic true stories of Terry and his fellow “Border Rats” as they patrol America’s modern badlands, where bullets are currency and blood is taken as payment. From the inhuman conditions people suffer under to get onto American soil, to working with blatantly crooked military leaders, to some of the most insane and unbelievable situations ever survived, readers will experience the chaos that has engulfed the U.S. border in the words of a man who has been there. 60 Miles of Border sheds an unsparing light into the life of customs agents, their dealings on the border, the effect on their daily lives—and an unsparing look at one of the most hotly debated and controversial topics in modern America.

Border Insecurity

Why Big Money, Fences, and Drones Aren't Making Us Safer

Author: Sylvia Longmire

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1137443731

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 5392

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When confronted with the challenges of border security and illegal immigration, government officials are fond of saying that our borders have never been as safe and secure as they are now. But ranchers in the borderlands of Arizona and Texas fear for their lands, their cattle, their homes, and sometimes their lives due to the human and drug smuggling traffic that regularly crosses their property. Who is right? What does a secure border actually look like? More importantly, is a secure border a realistic goal for the United States? Border Insecurity examines all the aspects of the challenge—and thriving industry—of trying to keep terrorists, drug smugglers, and illegal immigrants from entering the United States across our land borders. It looks at on-the-ground issues and controversies like the border fence, the usefulness of technology, shifts in the connection between illegal immigration and drug smuggling, and the potential for terrorists and drug cartels to work together. Border Insecurity also delves into how the border debate itself is part of why the government has failed to improve information sharing and why this is necessary to establish a clear and comprehensive border security strategy.

Our 50-State Border Crisis

How the Mexican Border Fuels the Drug Epidemic Across America

Author: Howard G. Buffett

Publisher: Hachette Books

ISBN: 0316476587

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 7323

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NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER From one of America's most prominent philanthropists, an eye-opening, myth-busting new perspective on the crisis at the U.S.-Mexico border. Howard G. Buffett has seen first-hand the devastating impact of cheap Mexican heroin and other opiate cocktails across America. Fueled by failing border policies and lawlessness in Mexico and Central America, drugs are pouring over the nation's southern border in record quantities, turning Americans into addicts and migrants into drug mules--and killing us in record numbers. Politicians talk about a border crisis and an opioid crisis as separate issues. To Buffett, a landowner on the U.S. border with Mexico and now a sheriff in Illinois, these are intimately connected. Ineffective border policies not only put residents in border states like Texas and Arizona in harm's way, they put American lives in states like Oregon, Pennsylvania, and Vermont at risk. Mexican cartels have grown astonishingly powerful by exploiting both the gaps in our border security strategy and the desperation of migrants--all while profiting enormously off America's growing addiction to drugs. The solution isn't a wall. In this groundbreaking book, Buffett outlines a realistic, effective, and bi-partisan approach to fighting cartels, strengthening our national security, and tackling the roots of the chaos below the border.

The Cartels: The Story of Mexico's Most Dangerous Criminal Organizations and their Impact on U.S. Security

The Story of Mexico's Most Dangerous Criminal Organizations and Their Impact on U.S. Security

Author: George W. Grayson Professor Emeritus

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 144082987X

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 9061

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An up-to-date examination of Mexico's version of the "War on Drugs" that exposes the evolution of major cartels and their corruption of politicians, law-enforcement agencies, and the Army. • Documents the origins of Mexico's drug industry to explain today's situation involving a graft-ridden Army, suborned police, ruthless capos, unethical office-holders, and U.S. security forces • Emphasizes the threat that the widespread criminality represents to the United States, as well as the constraints on Washington's ability to solve its neighbor's crisis • Exposes the linkages between elected officials, particularly governors, and the underworld • Illustrates the challenges that will remain, even if the cartels were shattered, by the presence of a human infrastructure of 500,000 men, women, and children skilled in kidnapping, extortion, torture, murder for hire, human smuggling, and dozens of other crimes

The U.S.-Mexico Transborder Region

Cultural Dynamics and Historical Interactions

Author: Carlos G. Vélez-Ibáñez,Josiah Heyman

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816535159

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 5676

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"One of the most complete collections of essays on U.S.-Mexico border studies"--Provided by publisher.

Border Contraband

A History of Smuggling Across the Rio Grande

Author: George T. Díaz

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292761066

Category: History

Page: 256

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Winner, Jim Parish Award for Documentation and Publication of Local and Regional History, Webb County Heritage Foundation, 2015 Present-day smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border is a professional, often violent, criminal activity. However, it is only the latest chapter in a history of illicit business dealings that stretches back to 1848, when attempts by Mexico and the United States to tax commerce across the Rio Grande upset local trade and caused popular resentment. Rather than acquiesce to what they regarded as arbitrary trade regulations, borderlanders continued to cross goods and accepted many forms of smuggling as just. In Border Contraband, George T. Díaz provides the first history of the common, yet little studied, practice of smuggling across the U.S.-Mexico border. In Part I, he examines the period between 1848 and 1910, when the United States' and Mexico's trade concerns focused on tariff collection and on borderlanders' attempts to avoid paying tariffs by smuggling. Part II begins with the onset of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, when national customs and other security forces on the border shifted their emphasis to the interdiction of prohibited items (particularly guns and drugs) that threatened the state. Díaz's pioneering research explains how greater restrictions have transformed smuggling from a low-level mundane activity, widely accepted and still routinely practiced, into a highly profitable professional criminal enterprise.

Mexico's Illicit Drug Networks and the State Reaction

Author: Nathan P. Jones

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1626162956

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

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This study examines illicit drug networks in Mexico and explains why the state targets certain types of networks more forcefully than others. Jones classifies drug networks into two basic types, "territorial" and "transactional" networks. Transactional networks focus on trafficking and are more likely to collude with the state through corruption. Territorial networks, which seek to control territory for the purpose of taxation, extortion, and their own security, trigger a strong backlash from the state. They encroach upon the state's most fundamental functions--the ability to tax and provide security. Jones uses this typology to discuss how state response impacts the resilience of drug networks and what consequences this dynamic will have for Mexico and the ongoing battle between the territorial network, Los Zetas, and their transactional rivals, the Sinaloa Cartel. In addition to extensive archival research, Jones also conducted a year of fieldwork in Mexico City and Tijuana where he built his case study of the Arellano Felix Organization, through in-depth interviews with key figures from Mexican law enforcement, civic leaders, scholars, and organized crime victims.

Human Rights Along the U.S.-Mexico Border

Gendered Violence and Insecurity

Author: Kathleen A. Staudt,Tony Payan,Z. Anthony Kruszewski

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816528721

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 1086

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Much political oratory has been devoted to safeguarding AmericaÕs boundary with Mexico, but policies that militarize the border and criminalize immigrants have overshadowed the regionÕs widespread violence against women, the increase in crossing deaths, and the lingering poverty that spurs people to set out on dangerous northward treks. This book addresses those concerns by focusing on gender-based violence, security, and human rights from the perspective of women who live with both violence and poverty. From the Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico, scholars from both sides of the 2,000-mile border reflect expertise in disciplines ranging from international relations to criminal justice, conveying a more complex picture of the region than that presented in other studies. Initial chapters offer an overview of routine sexual assaults on women migrants, the harassment of Central American immigrants at the hands of authorities and residents, corruption and counterfeiting along the border, and near-death experiences of border crossers. Subsequent chapters then connect analysis with solutions in the form of institutional change, social movement activism, policy reform, and the spread of international norms that respect human rights as well as good governance. These chapters show how all facets of the border situationÑglobalization, NAFTA, economic inequality, organized crime, political corruption, rampant patriarchyÑpromote gendered violence and other expressions of hyper-masculinity. They also show that U.S. immigration policy exacerbates the problems of border violenceÑin marked contrast to the border policies of European countries. By focusing on womenÕs everyday experiences in order to understand human security issues, these contributions offer broad-based alternative approaches and solutions that address everyday violence and inattention to public safety, inequalities, poverty, and human rights. And by presenting a social and democratic international feminist framework to address these issues, they offer the opportunity to transform todayÕs security debate in constructive ways.

Amexica

War Along the Borderline

Author: Ed Vulliamy

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 9781429977029

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 5910

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Amexica is the harrowing story of the extraordinary terror unfolding along the U.S.-Mexico border—"a country in its own right, which belongs to both the United States and Mexico, yet neither"—as the narco-war escalates to a fever pitch there. In 2009, after reporting from the border for many years, Ed Vulliamy traveled the frontier from the Pacific coast to the Gulf of Mexico, from Tijuana to Matamoros, a journey through a kaleidoscopic landscape of corruption and all-out civil war, but also of beauty and joy and resilience. He describes in revelatory detail how the narco gangs work; the smuggling of people, weapons, and drugs back and forth across the border; middle-class flight from Mexico and an American celebrity culture that is feeding the violence; the interrelated economies of drugs and the maquiladora factories; the ruthless, systematic murder of young women in Ciudad Juarez. Heroes, villains, and victims—the brave and rogue police, priests, women, and journalists fighting the violence; the gangs and their freelance killers; the dead and the devastated—all come to life in this singular book. Amexica takes us far beyond today's headlines. It is a street-level portrait, by turns horrific and sublime, of a place and people in a time of war as much as of the war itself.

Cops, Soldiers, and Diplomats

Explaining Agency Behavior in the War on Drugs

Author: Tony Payan

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739120644

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 8513

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Cops, Soldiers, and Diplomats is an exceptionally clear exposition of bureaucratic behavior amongst various agencies as each responded to the challenges of the War on Drugs. Chapter by chapter, author Tony Payan exposes the bureaucratic imperatives of the numerous agencies waging the drug war, uncovering some of the fundamental structural reasons why this war could not succeed within the United States: fragmentation, competition, duplication, jealousy, turf-wars, information hiding, and ultimate failure. Payan's work will be certain to find an audience with politicians and policy makers, students of sociology and criminology, and any one interested in the drug war.

The Closing of the American Border

Terrorism, Immigration, and Security Since 9/11

Author: Edward Alden

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061982407

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 8416

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On September 10, 2001, the United States was the most open country in the world. But in the aftermath of the worst terrorist attacks on American soil, the U.S. government began to close its borders in an effort to fight terrorism. The Bush administration's goal was to build new lines of defense without stifling the flow of people and ideas from abroad that has helped build the world's most dynamic economy. Unfortunately, it didn't work out that way. Based on extensive interviews with the administration officials who were charged with securing the border after 9/11, and with many innocent people whose lives have been upended by the new security regulations, The Closing of the American Border is a striking and compelling assessment of the dangers faced by a nation that cuts itself off from the rest of the world.