The Timeless Way of Building

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: New York : Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195024029

Category: Architecture

Page: 552

View: 2034

This introductory volume to Alexander's other works, A Pattern of Language and The Oregon Experiment, explains concepts fundamental to his original approaches to the theory and application of architecture

Eine Muster-Sprache

Städte, Gebäude, Konstruktion

Author: Christopher Alexander,Sara Ishikawa,Murray Silverstein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783854095682


Page: 1272

View: 4360


A Pattern Language

Towns, Buildings, Construction

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190050357

Category: Architecture

Page: N.A

View: 5233

You can use this book to design a house for yourself with your family; you can use it to work with your neighbors to improve your town and neighborhood; you can use it to design an office, or a workshop, or a public building. And you can use it to guide you in the actual process of construction. After a ten-year silence, Christopher Alexander and his colleagues at the Center for Environmental Structure are now publishing a major statement in the form of three books which will, in their words, "lay the basis for an entirely new approach to architecture, building and planning, which will we hope replace existing ideas and practices entirely." The three books are The Timeless Way of Building, The Oregon Experiment, and this book, A Pattern Language. At the core of these books is the idea that people should design for themselves their own houses, streets, and communities. This idea may be radical (it implies a radical transformation of the architectural profession) but it comes simply from the observation that most of the wonderful places of the world were not made by architects but by the people. At the core of the books, too, is the point that in designing their environments people always rely on certain "languages," which, like the languages we speak, allow them to articulate and communicate an infinite variety of designs within a forma system which gives them coherence. This book provides a language of this kind. It will enable a person to make a design for almost any kind of building, or any part of the built environment. "Patterns," the units of this language, are answers to design problems (How high should a window sill be? How many stories should a building have? How much space in a neighborhood should be devoted to grass and trees?). More than 250 of the patterns in this pattern language are given: each consists of a problem statement, a discussion of the problem with an illustration, and a solution. As the authors say in their introduction, many of the patterns are archetypal, so deeply rooted in the nature of things that it seemly likely that they will be a part of human nature, and human action, as much in five hundred years as they are today.

The Oregon Experiment

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195018240

Category: Architecture

Page: 190

View: 6765

Details the master architectural design plan currently being implemented at the University of Oregon, illustrating the participation of all members of a small community in the designing of their own environment

The Production of Houses

Author: Christopher Alexander,Howard Davis,Donald Corner

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195032233

Category: Architecture

Page: 381

View: 9681

As an innovative thinker about building and planning, Christopher Alexander has attracted a devoted following. His seminal books--The Timeless Way of Building, A Pattern Language, and The Oregon Experiment--defined a radical and fundamently new process of environmental design. Alexander now gives us the latest book in his series--a book that puts his theories to the test and shows what sort of production system can create the kind of environment he has envisioned. The Production of Houses centers around a group of buildings which Alexander and his associates built in 1976 in northern Mexico. Each house is different and the book explains how each family helped to lay out and construct its own home according to the family's own needs and in the framework of the pattern language. Numerous diagrams and tables as well as a variety of anecdotes make the day-today process clear. The Mexican project, however, is only the starting point for a comprehensive theory of housing production. The Production of Houses describes seven principles which apply to any system of production in any part of the world for housing of any cost in any climate or culture or at any density. In the last part of the book, "The Shift of Paradigm," Alexander describes, in detail, the devastating nature of the revolution in world view which is contained in his proposal for housing construction, and its overall implications for deep-seated cultural change.

The Linz Café

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783854090212

Category: Forum Design

Page: 92

View: 5728

The Linz Café is the fifth and latest book in a series which includes The Timeless Way of Building, A Pattern Language, The Oregon Experiment, and The Production of Houses[.] Here for the first time, Christopher Alexander describes a single building, commissioned by the organizers of the 1980 summer exposition "Forum Design" in Linz, Austria, with the explicit intention of allowing him to express his ideas, concepts, feelings, and philosophy, in a single building. "I thought at once that people would be tired after walking so much in the exhibit," Alexander writes, "and that what was needed most of all was a beautiful place to sit down, be comfortable, have a cup of coffee or a beer, enjoy the beauty of the Danube." The book describes the process of its design and the feelings which prompted it. Reflecting ideas presented in his earlier books and offering tantalizing glimpses of work now in progress, it deals with the ultimate spiritual reality of building. Among other things, there are first sketches of ideas, so far not published elsewhere, of Alexander's theory of color, his love of ornament, and illustrations of the hand-painted flowers with which he covered the inside of the café in the last days before its opening. --From dust jacket.

Power: Die 48 Gesetze der Macht


Author: Robert Greene

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446435530

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6447

Mit über 200.000 verkauften Exemplaren dominierte „Power – Die 48 Gesetze der Macht“ von Robert Greene monatelang die Bestsellerlisten. Nun erscheint der Klassiker als Kompaktausgabe: knapp, prägnant, unterhaltsam. Wer Macht haben will, darf sich nicht zu lange mit moralischen Skrupeln aufhalten. Wer glaubt, dass ihn die Mechanismen der Macht nicht interessieren müssten, kann morgen ihr Opfer sein. Wer behauptet, dass Macht auch auf sanftem Weg erreichbar ist, verkennt die Wirklichkeit. Dieses Buch ist der Machiavelli des 21. Jahrhunderts, aber auch eine historische und literarische Fundgrube voller Überraschungen.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 1646

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The Urban Design Reader

Author: Michael Larice,Elizabeth Macdonald

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136205667

Category: Social Science

Page: 640

View: 1559

The second edition of The Urban Design Reader draws together the very best of classic and contemporary writings to illuminate and expand the theory and practice of urban design. Nearly 50 generous selections include seminal contributions from Howard, Le Corbusier, Lynch, and Jacobs to more recent writings by Waldheim, Koolhaas, and Sorkin. Following the widespread success of the first edition of The Urban Design Reader, this updated edition continues to provide the most important historical material of the urban design field, but also introduces new topics and selections that address the myriad challenges facing designers today. The six part structure of the second edition guides the reader through the history, theory and practice of urban design. The reader is initially introduced to those classic writings that provide the historical precedents for city-making into the twentieth century. Part Two introduces the voices and ideas that were instrumental in establishing the foundations of the urban design field from the late 1950s up to the mid-1990s. These authors present a critical reading of the design professions and offer an alternative urban design agenda focused on vital and lively places. The authors in Part Three provide a range of urban design rationales and strategies for reinforcing local physical identity and the creation of memorable places. These selections are largely describing the outcomes of mid-century urban design and voicing concerns over the placeless quality of contemporary urbanism. The fourth part of the Reader explores key issues in urban design and development. Ideas about sprawl, density, community health, public space and everyday life are the primary focus here. Several new selections in this part of the book also highlight important international development trends in the Middle East and China. Part Five presents environmental challenges faced by the built environment professions today, including recent material on landscape urbanism, sustainability, and urban resiliency. The final part examines professional practice and current debates in the field: where urban designers work, what they do, their roles, their fields of knowledge and their educational development. The section concludes with several position pieces and debates on the future of urban design practice. This book provides an essential resource for students and practitioners of urban design, drawing together important but widely dispersed writings. Part and section introductions are provided to assist readers in understanding the context of the material, summary messages, impacts of the writing, and how they fit into the larger picture of the urban design field.

The Nature of Order

An Essay on the Art of Building and the Nature of the Universe - Book One: The Phenomenon of Life

Author: Christopher Alexander

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780195106398

Category: Architecture

Page: 480

View: 5542

Christopher Alexander's series of groundbreaking books--including The Timeless Way of Building and A Pattern Language--have illuminated the fundamental truths of traditional ways of building, revealing what gives life and beauty and true functionality to buildings and towns. Now, in The Nature of Order, Alexander delves into the essential properties of life itself, highlighting a common set of well-defined structures that he believes are present in all order--and in all life--from micro-organisms and mountain ranges to the creation of good houses and vibrant communities. In The Phenomenon of Life, the first volume in this masterwork, Alexander ponders the nature of order as an intellectual basis for a new architecture, proposing a well-defined scientific view of the world in which all space-matter has perceptible degrees of life. With this view as foundation, we can ask precise questions about what must be done to create life in the world--"whether in a single room...a doorknob...a neighborhood...even in a vast region." He presents the basic tenets of the concept, expanding on his theories of centers and of wholeness as a structure, and describes the fifteen properties from which he feels wholeness may be built. He also argues that living structure is at once both personal and structural, related not only to the geometry of space and how things work, but to human beings whose lives are ultimately based on feeling. Thus order, as the foundation of all things and as the foundation of all architecture, is both rooted in substance and rooted in feeling. Here then is the culmination of decades of intense thinking by one of the most innovative architects alive.

Insight to Heal

Co-Creating Beauty amidst Human Suffering

Author: Mark Graves

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1621895432

Category: Religion

Page: 318

View: 2938

Synopsis: -What does healing mean for Christians and others in an age of science? -How can a person relate scientific findings about one's body, philosophical understanding of one's mind, and theological investigations about one's spirit into a coherent and unified model of the person capable of leading one deeper into one's soul? -How does God continue creating through nature and direct one's wandering toward becoming created co-creators capable of ministering to others? The reality of human suffering demands that theology and science mutually inform each other in a shared understanding of nature, humanity, and paths to healing. Mark Graves draws upon systems theory, pragmatic philosophy, and biological and cognitive sciences to distinguish wounds that limit who a person may become, and uses information theory, emergence, and Christian theology to define healing as distinct from a return to a prior state of being and rather instead as creating real possibility in who the person may become. Table of Contents: Part IReligious Experience of Nature 1Awakening Experience 2Theological Reflection 3Experience and Nature 4Nature's Mind Part IIHuman Systems of Spirituality 5Discerning Experience 6Spiritual Communities 7Human Systems 8Nature's Emergence Part IIIReal Possibility of Beautiful Healing 9Experience of Beauty 10Theology of Beauy 11Forms of Nature 12Nature's Healing Preface: My personal experience of healing gave me insight into human suffering and a way God continues to create and heal through nature. In wandering through a variety of healing experiences, I learned to identify patterns in how that healing became present to me and to others. Over time, I learned to work with that healing and gain insight into other ways God's continued creating could unfold in my life. As I sought to understand my experience in terms of the theology I studied, I recognized a principle of immanent creativity in nature, which continues God's creating and orients my co-creating with God toward healing. Academically, I believe the important, timely, and understudied topic of healing can benefit from theological reflection and systems analysis. Philosophically, the reality of suffering resists easy reduction of the human person to scientifically analyzed properties of a physical body and thwarts easy dualistic isolation of human spirituality into individualistic and disembodied (Cartesian) minds. Theologically, I draw upon the American pragmatic philosophy of C. S. Peirce and Josiah Royce as interpreted in the theological anthropology of Donald Gelpi, SJ, the theological aesthetics and cosmology of Alejandro Garcia-Rivera, and the emergent dynamics of Terrence Deacon to develop a panentheistic understanding of continuing Creation in places of human suffering. Scientifically, I situate human systems within nature by drawing upon findings from six areas in science and the humanities: (i) modern physics and cosmology to define a foundation for material existence; (ii) classical physics and chemistry to describe the physical world; (iii) biology and neuroscience to characterize the human body with a brain; (iv) cognitive science to examine the mind's decision making and learning; (v) a historical-linguistic understanding of culture to situate religious community; and (vi) a semiotic understanding of spirituality to ground religious experience in human existence. Somewhat surprisingly, healing--as co-creating at places of suffering--not only integrates ongoing Creation and human presence, but an investigation of healing also yields insight into nature's unfolding. Suffering indicates places humans can continue the unfolding of creation, and compassionate healing not only has religious value but also appears scientifically fruitful and a relevant orientation to explain nature's development. Human tendencies of incorporating suffering into continuing creation combine with a pervasive natural potential for beautiful creative making to create an unfolding world oriented toward healing. By considering human tendencies within nature's unfolding, scientific investigations have a broader scope to discover nature's tendencies in response to human existence and suffering rather than prejudge nature as cold and uncaring by eliminating creation's response to suffering from scientific study. I hope my investigation of healing within religion and science will facilitate discourse about (a) how theological insight into the beauty of Creation can guide scientific endeavors oriented toward alleviating human suffering, and (b) how scientific insight into the unfolding of nature through human experience can inform an embodied theology oriented toward healing and continuing creation. In addition to presenting novel academic connections between theology and science, I attempt to make the material accessible to experienced chaplains, counselors, and other ministers who need to situate their work in a medical or scientific context. This book may be challenging for readers unfamiliar with theology and science scholarship. (The topics covered in this book overlap with my academic monograph Mind, Brain, and the Elusive Soul, which has more extensive explanations and citations, and I frequently draw upon and summarize that material here.) Some of the material is notoriously difficult to explain (such as the pragmatic philosophy of C. S. Peirce), and other material is recent and novel with wide-ranging implications (such as neuroscience and the emergent dynamics of Terrence Deacon). In investigating diverse areas of theology and science, I have discovered some surprising resonances and places for possible integration between theology and science. I wish I could also present these nuggets of insight in highly accessible discourse, but that will likely require communal reflection to discover. However, one of the shared scientific and religious observations is the significance of practice in learning new ways to interpret one's world, and I have oriented the material toward a practice of healing. In organizing the book, I begin with personal experience, then reflect on that experience theologically, analyze the correlated scientific findings, and finally integrate those categories in a natural theology. I believe this four-step, experiential, constructive postmodern method incorporates a contemporary understanding of the way the mind processes new information; draws upon similar methods in education and theology; and increases accessibility and incorporation of the abstract theological, scientific, and philosophical material. I organize the four steps into four chapters, respectively, and repeat that pattern three times in the book with attention first to (i) individual religious experience in nature, then (ii) systems analysis of human spiritual communities, and finally (iii) a theological aesthetics of nature's immanent creativity.

Data Modeling Theory and Practice

Author: Graeme Simsion

Publisher: Technics Publications

ISBN: 1634620739

Category: Computers

Page: 414

View: 8113

Data Modeling Theory and Practice is for practitioners and academics who have learned the conventions and rules of data modeling and are looking for a deeper understanding of the discipline. The coverage of theory includes a detailed review of the extensive literature on data modeling and logical database design, referencing nearly 500 publications, with a strong focus on their relevance to practice. The practice component incorporates the largest-ever study of data modeling practitioners, involving over 450 participants in interviews, surveys and data modeling tasks. The results challenge many long-held assumptions about data modeling and will be of interest to academics and practitioners alike. Graeme Simsion brings to the book the practical perspective and intellectual clarity that have made his Data Modeling Essentials a classic in the field. He begins with a question about the nature of data modeling (design or description), and uses it to illuminate such issues as the definition of data modeling, its philosophical underpinnings, inputs and deliverables, the necessary behaviors and skills, the role of creativity, product diversity, quality measures, personal styles, and the differences between experts and novices. Data Modeling Theory and Practice is essential reading for anyone involved in data modeling practice, research, or teaching.

Externes Anwendungsmanagement

Organisation des Lebenszyklus komponentenbasierter, mobiler Anwendungen

Author: Jörg Lonthoff

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3835096362

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 291

View: 9866

Jörg Lonthoff untersucht das lebenszyklusorientierte Management komponentenbasierter, mobiler Anwendungssysteme. Aufbauend auf diesen Ergebnissen wird unter Berücksichtigung verwandter Arbeiten und der Einschränkung auf das externe Anwendungsmanagement ein Marktplatzkonzept für den mobilen Handel von (Software-)Komponenten konstruiert.

Clean Code - Refactoring, Patterns, Testen und Techniken für sauberen Code

Deutsche Ausgabe

Author: Robert C. Martin

Publisher: MITP-Verlags GmbH & Co. KG

ISBN: 3826696387

Category: Computers

Page: 480

View: 9862

h2> Kommentare, Formatierung, Strukturierung Fehler-Handling und Unit-Tests Zahlreiche Fallstudien, Best Practices, Heuristiken und Code Smells Clean Code - Refactoring, Patterns, Testen und Techniken für sauberen Code Aus dem Inhalt: Lernen Sie, guten Code von schlechtem zu unterscheiden Sauberen Code schreiben und schlechten Code in guten umwandeln Aussagekräftige Namen sowie gute Funktionen, Objekte und Klassen erstellen Code so formatieren, strukturieren und kommentieren, dass er bestmöglich lesbar ist Ein vollständiges Fehler-Handling implementieren, ohne die Logik des Codes zu verschleiern Unit-Tests schreiben und Ihren Code testgesteuert entwickeln Selbst schlechter Code kann funktionieren. Aber wenn der Code nicht sauber ist, kann er ein Entwicklungsunternehmen in die Knie zwingen. Jedes Jahr gehen unzählige Stunden und beträchtliche Ressourcen verloren, weil Code schlecht geschrieben ist. Aber das muss nicht sein. Mit Clean Code präsentiert Ihnen der bekannte Software-Experte Robert C. Martin ein revolutionäres Paradigma, mit dem er Ihnen aufzeigt, wie Sie guten Code schreiben und schlechten Code überarbeiten. Zusammen mit seinen Kollegen von Object Mentor destilliert er die besten Praktiken der agilen Entwicklung von sauberem Code zu einem einzigartigen Buch. So können Sie sich die Erfahrungswerte der Meister der Software-Entwicklung aneignen, die aus Ihnen einen besseren Programmierer machen werden – anhand konkreter Fallstudien, die im Buch detailliert durchgearbeitet werden. Sie werden in diesem Buch sehr viel Code lesen. Und Sie werden aufgefordert, darüber nachzudenken, was an diesem Code richtig und falsch ist. Noch wichtiger: Sie werden herausgefordert, Ihre professionellen Werte und Ihre Einstellung zu Ihrem Beruf zu überprüfen. Clean Code besteht aus drei Teilen:Der erste Teil beschreibt die Prinzipien, Patterns und Techniken, die zum Schreiben von sauberem Code benötigt werden. Der zweite Teil besteht aus mehreren, zunehmend komplexeren Fallstudien. An jeder Fallstudie wird aufgezeigt, wie Code gesäubert wird – wie eine mit Problemen behaftete Code-Basis in eine solide und effiziente Form umgewandelt wird. Der dritte Teil enthält den Ertrag und den Lohn der praktischen Arbeit: ein umfangreiches Kapitel mit Best Practices, Heuristiken und Code Smells, die bei der Erstellung der Fallstudien zusammengetragen wurden. Das Ergebnis ist eine Wissensbasis, die beschreibt, wie wir denken, wenn wir Code schreiben, lesen und säubern. Dieses Buch ist ein Muss für alle Entwickler, Software-Ingenieure, Projektmanager, Team-Leiter oder Systemanalytiker, die daran interessiert sind, besseren Code zu produzieren. Über den Autor: Robert C. »Uncle Bob« Martin entwickelt seit 1970 professionell Software. Seit 1990 arbeitet er international als Software-Berater. Er ist Gründer und Vorsitzender von Object Mentor, Inc., einem Team erfahrener Berater, die Kunden auf der ganzen Welt bei der Programmierung in und mit C++, Java, C#, Ruby, OO, Design Patterns, UML sowie Agilen Methoden und eXtreme Programming helfen.

Theories and manifestoes of contemporary architecture

Author: Charles Jencks,Karl Kropf

Publisher: Academy Press


Category: Architecture

Page: 312

View: 4782

Essential for the student and practitioner alike, Theories and Manifestoes since its first edition has established itself as the touchstone book for architectural thought. It features seminal texts by Reyner Banham, Peter Eisenman, Frank Gehry, Rem Koolhaas, Colin Rowe and Robert Venturi. This is now ejected with greater currency with extracts from: Cecil Balmond, Foreign Office Architects, Daniel Libeskind, MVRDV, Lars Spuybroek, UN Studio and West 8.

The Battle for the Life and Beauty of the Earth

A Struggle Between Two World-Systems

Author: Christopher Alexander,Hans Joachim Neis,Maggie Moore Alexander

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Category: Architecture

Page: 505

View: 7651

Using the example of building the Eishin Campus in Japan, this book demonstrates the successful application of Christopher Alexander's principles and production methods to large-scale building projects and communities. It establishes the foundations of a new system of creation and production that includes the best of current building practices. It invites us, collectively and individually, to contribute to an entirely new built landscape, embracing creation, art, craft, technology, ecology, and science - all that we call architecture.