Wealth And Poverty Of Nations

Author: David S. Landes

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0349141444

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 2688

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The history of nations is a history of haves and have-nots, and as we approach the millennium, the gap between rich and poor countries is widening. In this engrossing and important new work, eminent historian David Landes explores the complex, fascinating and often startling causes of the wealth and poverty of nations. The answers are found not only in the large forces at work in economies: geography, religion, the broad swings of politics, but also in the small surprising details. In Europe, the invention of spectacles doubled the working life of skilled craftsmen, and played a prominent role in the creation of articulated machines, and in China, the failure to adopt the clock fundamentally hindered economic development. The relief of poverty is vital to the survival of us all. As David Landes brilliantly shows, the key to future success lies in understanding the lessons the past has to teach us - lessons uniquely imparted in this groundbreaking and vital book which exemplifies narrative history at its best.

The Wealth and Poverty of Nations

Why Some are So Rich and Some So Poor

Author: David S. Landes

Publisher: W W Norton & Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9780393318883

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 658

View: 7793

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A study of the world's growing gulf between rich and poor explains why Western European nations have been the wealthiest, prospering through open societies, new technologies, and the pursuit of change

The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Why Some Are So Rich and Some So Poor

Author: David S. Landes

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393069815

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 672

View: 5168

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"Readers cannot but be provoked and stimulated by this splendidly iconoclastic and refreshing book."—Andrew Porter, New York Times Book Review The Wealth and Poverty of Nations is David S. Landes's acclaimed, best-selling exploration of one of the most contentious and hotly debated questions of our time: Why do some nations achieve economic success while others remain mired in poverty? The answer, as Landes definitively illustrates, is a complex interplay of cultural mores and historical circumstance. Rich with anecdotal evidence, piercing analysis, and a truly astonishing range of erudition, The Wealth and Poverty of Nations is a "picture of enormous sweep and brilliant insight" (Kenneth Arrow) as well as one of the most audaciously ambitious works of history in decades. For the paperback edition, Landes has written a new epilogue, in which he takes account of Asian financial crisises and the international tension between overconfidence and reality.

Why Nations Fail

The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty

Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson

Publisher: Crown Books

ISBN: 0307719227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 529

View: 4323

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An award-winning professor of economics at MIT and a Harvard University political scientist and economist evaluate the reasons that some nations are poor while others succeed, outlining provocative perspectives that support theories about the importance of institutions. Reprint.

Wealth and Poverty

A New Edition for the Twenty-First Century

Author: George Gilder

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1596988169

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2375

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Hailed as “the guide to capitalism,” the New York Times bestseller Wealth and Poverty by George F. Gilder is one of the most famous economic books of all time and has sold more than one million copies since its first release. In this influential classic, Gilder explains and makes the case for supply-side economics, proves the moral superiority of free-market capitalism, and shows why supply-side economics are more effective at decreasing poverty than government-regulated markets. Now, in this new and completely updated edition of Wealth and Poverty, Gilder compares America’s current economic challenges with her past economic problems–particularly those of the late 1970s–and explains why Obama’s big-government, redistributive policies are doing more harm than good for the poor. Making the case that supply-side economics and free market policies are–and always will be–the answer to decreasing America’s poverty rate and increasing her prosperity, Wealth & Poverty offers solutions to America’s current economic problems and hope to those who fear that our best days are behind us.

A Farewell to Alms

A Brief Economic History of the World

Author: Gregory Clark

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400827817

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 4127

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Why are some parts of the world so rich and others so poor? Why did the Industrial Revolution--and the unprecedented economic growth that came with it--occur in eighteenth-century England, and not at some other time, or in some other place? Why didn't industrialization make the whole world rich--and why did it make large parts of the world even poorer? In A Farewell to Alms, Gregory Clark tackles these profound questions and suggests a new and provocative way in which culture--not exploitation, geography, or resources--explains the wealth, and the poverty, of nations. Countering the prevailing theory that the Industrial Revolution was sparked by the sudden development of stable political, legal, and economic institutions in seventeenth-century Europe, Clark shows that such institutions existed long before industrialization. He argues instead that these institutions gradually led to deep cultural changes by encouraging people to abandon hunter-gatherer instincts-violence, impatience, and economy of effort-and adopt economic habits-hard work, rationality, and education. The problem, Clark says, is that only societies that have long histories of settlement and security seem to develop the cultural characteristics and effective workforces that enable economic growth. For the many societies that have not enjoyed long periods of stability, industrialization has not been a blessing. Clark also dissects the notion, championed by Jared Diamond in Guns, Germs, and Steel, that natural endowments such as geography account for differences in the wealth of nations. A brilliant and sobering challenge to the idea that poor societies can be economically developed through outside intervention, A Farewell to Alms may change the way global economic history is understood.

Is Geography Destiny?

Lessons from Latin America

Author: John Luke Gallup,Alejandro Gaviria,Eduardo Lora

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821383671

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 186

View: 3206

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For decades, the prevailing sentiment was that, since geography is unchangeable, there is no reason why public policies should take it into account. In fact, charges that geographic interpretations of development were deterministic, or even racist, made the subject a virtual taboo in academic and policymaking circles alike. 'Is Geography Destiny?' challenges that premise and joins a growing body of literature studying the links between geography and development. Focusing on Latin America, the book argues that based on a better understanding of geography, public policy can help control or channel its influence toward the goals of economic and social development.

Mexico

Why a Few are Rich and the People Poor

Author: Ramón Eduardo Ruiz

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520262352

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 3484

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"Professor Ramon Eduardo Ruiz has dedicated his career to unlocking the historical reasons for the rebelliousness of Mexican society and its failures to achieve great goals behind those bursts of collective energy and idealism. This book is a culmination of rigorous scholarship and a moral commitment to confronting all aspects of the Mexican people. There is also an element of hope in these pages that Mexico will become a prosperous, just and viable society."--Lorenzo Meyer, El Colegio de Mexico "In "Mexico," Ramon Eduardo Ruiz brings a lifetime of study and a passionate love of his subject to bear on the most vexing puzzle any historian of Mexico can confront: Why should a country so rich in potential remain perennially mired in poverty, corruption, and injustice? This is a bold, angry, and absolutely indispensable book."--Timothy J. Henderson, author of "The Mexican Wars for Independence "

Unintended Consequences

The Impact of Factor Endowments, Culture, and Politics on Long-run Economic Performance

Author: Deepak Lal

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262621540

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 287

View: 6846

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In this book, based on the 1995 Ohlin Lectures, Deepak Lal provides an accessible, interdisciplinary account of the role of culture in shaping economic performance. Topics addressed include a possible future "clash of civilizations," the role of Asian values in the East Asian economic miracle, the cultural versus economic causes of social decay in the West, and whether modernization leads to Westernization. Lal makes an important distinction between material and cosmological beliefs, showing how both were initially shaped by factor endowments and how they have evolved in response to changing historical pressures in different civilizations. Lal's first major theme is the interaction of factor endowments, culture, and politics in explaining modern intensive growth in the West. The other major theme is the role of individualism--an inadvertent legacy of the medieval Catholic Church--in promoting this growth, and the strange metamorphoses this has caused in both the West's cosmological beliefs and the interaction between "the West and the rest." Lal takes account of the relevant literature in history, anthropology, social psychology, evolutionary biology, neurology, and sociology, and the economic history of the regions and cultures that form Eurasia. An appendix shows how the stories Lal tells can be described by four formal economic models.

Myths Of Rich And Poor

Why We're Better Off Than We Think

Author: Michael W. Cox,Richard Alm,W Cox

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 9780786723911

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 3284

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Popular wisdom holds that the years since 1973--the end of the "postwar miracle”--have been a time of economic decline and stagnation: lackluster productivity, falling real wages, and lost competitiveness. The rich have gotten richer, the poor have gotten poorer, and most of us have barely held on while watching all the best jobs disappear overseas.As Myths of Rich and Poor demonstrates, this picture is not just wrong, it’s spectacularly wrong. The hard numbers, simple facts, and iconoclastic arguments of this book will change the way you think about the American economy.

IQ and the Wealth of Nations

Author: Richard Lynn,Tatu Vanhanen,M. Stuart

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275975104

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 867

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Lynn and Vanhanen argue that a significant part of the gap between rich and poor countries is due to differences in national intelligence (national IQs). Based on an extensive survey of national IQ tests, the results of their study challenge the previous theories of economic development and provide a new basis to evaluate the prospects of economic development throughout the world.

Should Rich Nations Help the Poor?

Author: David Hulme

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745686095

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 136

View: 9170

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In the past decade, the developed world has spent almost US$ 2 trillion on foreign aid for poorer countries. Yet 1.2 billion people still live in extreme poverty and around 2.9 billion cannot meet their basic human needs. But should rich nations continue to help the poor? In this short book, leading global poverty analyst David Hulme explains why helping the world’s neediest communities is both the right thing to do and the wise thing to do Ð if rich nations want to take care of their own citizens’ future welfare. The real question is how best to provide this help. The way forward, Hulme argues, is not conventional foreign aid but trade, finance and environmental policy reform. But this must happen alongside a change in international social norms so that we all recognise the collective benefits of a poverty-free world.

Why Geography Matters, More Than Ever

Author: Harm de Blij

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199913749

Category: Nature

Page: 354

View: 3350

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"This work was first published by Oxford University Press in 2005 as Why Geography Matters: Three Challenges Facing America."

The Invention of Enterprise

Entrepreneurship from Ancient Mesopotamia to Modern Times

Author: David S. Landes,Joel Mokyr,William J. Baumol

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400833582

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 584

View: 7114

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Whether hailed as heroes or cast as threats to social order, entrepreneurs--and their innovations--have had an enormous influence on the growth and prosperity of nations. The Invention of Enterprise gathers together, for the first time, leading economic historians to explore the entrepreneur's role in society from antiquity to the present. Addressing social and institutional influences from a historical context, each chapter examines entrepreneurship during a particular period and in an important geographic location. The book chronicles the sweeping history of enterprise in Mesopotamia and Neo-Babylon; carries the reader through the Islamic Middle East; offers insights into the entrepreneurial history of China, Japan, and Colonial India; and describes the crucial role of the entrepreneur in innovative activity in Europe and the United States, from the medieval period to today. In considering the critical contributions of entrepreneurship, the authors discuss why entrepreneurial activities are not always productive and may even sabotage prosperity. They examine the institutions and restrictions that have enabled or impeded innovation, and the incentives for the adoption and dissemination of inventions. They also describe the wide variations in global entrepreneurial activity during different historical periods and the similarities in development, as well as entrepreneurship's role in economic growth. The book is filled with past examples and events that provide lessons for promoting and successfully pursuing contemporary entrepreneurship as a means of contributing to the welfare of society. The Invention of Enterprise lays out a definitive picture for all who seek an understanding of innovation's central place in our world.

The Gospel of Wealth and Other Timely Essays

Author: Andrew Carnegie

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781535581110

Category:

Page: 130

View: 5325

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Andrew Carnegie November 25, 1835 - August 11, 1919) was a Scottish-American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century. He is often identified as one of the richest people in history, alongside John D. Rockefeller and Jakob Fugger. He built a leadership role as a philanthropist for the United States and the British Empire. During the last 18 years of his life, he gave away to charities, foundations, and universities about $350 million (in 2015 share of GDP, $78.6 billion) - almost 90 percent of his fortune. His 1889 article proclaiming "The Gospel of Wealth" called on the rich to use their wealth to improve society, and it stimulated a wave of philanthropy.

Where is the Wealth of Nations?

Measuring Capital for the 21st Century

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821363557

Category: Ahorro e inversión - Modelos econométricos

Page: 188

View: 6011

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The book presents estimates of total wealth for nearly 120 countries, using economic theory to decompose the wealth of a nation into its component pieces: produced capital, natural resources and human resources. The wealth estimates provide a unique opportunity to look at economic management from a broader and comprehensive perspective. The book's basic tenet is that economic development can be conceived as a process of portfolio management, so that sustainability becomes an integral part of economic policy making. The rigorous analysis, presented in accessible format, tackles issues such as g.

Making poor nations rich

entrepreneurship and the process of economic development

Author: Benjamin Powell,Independent Institute (Oakland, Calif.)

Publisher: Stanford Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780804757317

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 452

View: 8501

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Making Poor Nations Rich illustrates the importance of institutions that support economic freedom and private property rights for promoting the form of productive entrepreneurship that leads to sustained increases in countries’ standard of living.

The Unbound Prometheus

Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present

Author: David S. Landes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521534024

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 576

View: 5096

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For over thirty years David S. Landes's The Unbound Prometheus has offered an unrivalled history of industrial revolution and economic development in Europe. Now, in this updated edition, the author reframes and reasserts his original arguments in the light of debates about globalisation and comparative economic growth. The book begins with a classic account of the characteristics, progress, and political, economic and social implications of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, France and Germany. Professor Landes here raises the much-debated question: why was Europe the first to industrialise? He then charts the economic history of the twentieth-century: the effect of the First World War in accelerating the dissolution of the old international economy; the economic crisis of 1929–32; Europe's recovery and unprecedented economic growth following the Second World War. He concludes that only by continuous industrial revolution can Europe and the world sustain itself in the years ahead.