Theorems and Problems in Functional Analysis

Author: A. A. Kirillov,A. D. Gvishiani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461381533

Category: Mathematics

Page: 347

View: 7811

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Even the simplest mathematical abstraction of the phenomena of reality the real line-can be regarded from different points of view by different mathematical disciplines. For example, the algebraic approach to the study of the real line involves describing its properties as a set to whose elements we can apply" operations," and obtaining an algebraic model of it on the basis of these properties, without regard for the topological properties. On the other hand, we can focus on the topology of the real line and construct a formal model of it by singling out its" continuity" as a basis for the model. Analysis regards the line, and the functions on it, in the unity of the whole system of their algebraic and topological properties, with the fundamental deductions about them obtained by using the interplay between the algebraic and topological structures. The same picture is observed at higher stages of abstraction. Algebra studies linear spaces, groups, rings, modules, and so on. Topology studies structures of a different kind on arbitrary sets, structures that give mathe matical meaning to the concepts of a limit, continuity, a neighborhood, and so on. Functional analysis takes up topological linear spaces, topological groups, normed rings, modules of representations of topological groups in topological linear spaces, and so on. Thus, the basic object of study in functional analysis consists of objects equipped with compatible algebraic and topological structures.

Theorems and Problems in Functional Analysis

Author: A. A. Kirillov,A. D. Gvishiani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781461381549

Category: Mathematics

Page: 347

View: 1257

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Even the simplest mathematical abstraction of the phenomena of reality the real line-can be regarded from different points of view by different mathematical disciplines. For example, the algebraic approach to the study of the real line involves describing its properties as a set to whose elements we can apply" operations," and obtaining an algebraic model of it on the basis of these properties, without regard for the topological properties. On the other hand, we can focus on the topology of the real line and construct a formal model of it by singling out its" continuity" as a basis for the model. Analysis regards the line, and the functions on it, in the unity of the whole system of their algebraic and topological properties, with the fundamental deductions about them obtained by using the interplay between the algebraic and topological structures. The same picture is observed at higher stages of abstraction. Algebra studies linear spaces, groups, rings, modules, and so on. Topology studies structures of a different kind on arbitrary sets, structures that give mathe matical meaning to the concepts of a limit, continuity, a neighborhood, and so on. Functional analysis takes up topological linear spaces, topological groups, normed rings, modules of representations of topological groups in topological linear spaces, and so on. Thus, the basic object of study in functional analysis consists of objects equipped with compatible algebraic and topological structures.

Theorems and Problems in Functional Analysis

Author: A. A. Kirillov,A. D. Gvishiani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781461381556

Category: Mathematics

Page: 347

View: 7424

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Even the simplest mathematical abstraction of the phenomena of reality the real line-can be regarded from different points of view by different mathematical disciplines. For example, the algebraic approach to the study of the real line involves describing its properties as a set to whose elements we can apply" operations," and obtaining an algebraic model of it on the basis of these properties, without regard for the topological properties. On the other hand, we can focus on the topology of the real line and construct a formal model of it by singling out its" continuity" as a basis for the model. Analysis regards the line, and the functions on it, in the unity of the whole system of their algebraic and topological properties, with the fundamental deductions about them obtained by using the interplay between the algebraic and topological structures. The same picture is observed at higher stages of abstraction. Algebra studies linear spaces, groups, rings, modules, and so on. Topology studies structures of a different kind on arbitrary sets, structures that give mathe matical meaning to the concepts of a limit, continuity, a neighborhood, and so on. Functional analysis takes up topological linear spaces, topological groups, normed rings, modules of representations of topological groups in topological linear spaces, and so on. Thus, the basic object of study in functional analysis consists of objects equipped with compatible algebraic and topological structures.

Exercises in Functional Analysis

Author: Constantin Costara,D. Popa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401702233

Category: Mathematics

Page: 454

View: 1642

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This book contains almost 450 exercises, all with complete solutions; it provides supplementary examples, counter-examples, and applications for the basic notions usually presented in an introductory course in Functional Analysis. Three comprehensive sections cover the broad topic of functional analysis. A large number of exercises on the weak topologies is included.

Problems in Real and Functional Analysis

Author: Alberto Torchinsky

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470420570

Category: Functional analysis

Page: 467

View: 5633

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It is generally believed that solving problems is the most important part of the learning process in mathematics because it forces students to truly understand the definitions, comb through the theorems and proofs, and think at length about the mathematics. The purpose of this book is to complement the existing literature in introductory real and functional analysis at the graduate level with a variety of conceptual problems (1,457 in total), ranging from easily accessible to thought provoking, mixing the practical and the theoretical aspects of the subject. Problems are grouped into ten chapters covering the main topics usually taught in courses on real and functional analysis. Each of these chapters opens with a brief reader's guide stating the needed definitions and basic results in the area and closes with a short description of the problems. - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/GSM-166/#sthash.ZMb1J6lg.dpuf It is generally believed that solving problems is the most important part of the learning process in mathematics because it forces students to truly understand the definitions, comb through the theorems and proofs, and think at length about the mathematics. The purpose of this book is to complement the existing literature in introductory real and functional analysis at the graduate level with a variety of conceptual problems (1,457 in total), ranging from easily accessible to thought provoking, mixing the practical and the theoretical aspects of the subject. Problems are grouped into ten chapters covering the main topics usually taught in courses on real and functional analysis. Each of these chapters opens with a brief reader's guide stating the needed definitions and basic results in the area and closes with a short description of the problems. The Problem chapters are accompanied by Solution chapters, which include solutions to two-thirds of the problems. Students can expect the solutions to be written in a direct language that they can understand; usually the most "natural" rather than the most elegant solution is presented. The Problem chapters are accompanied by Solution chapters, which include solutions to two-thirds of the problems. Students can expect the solutions to be written in a direct language that they can understand; usually the most “natural” rather than the most elegant solution is presented. - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/GSM-166/#sthash.ZMb1J6lg.dpufhe Problem chapters are accompanied by Solution chapters, which include solutions to two-thirds of the - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/GSM-166/#sthash.ZMb1J6lg.dpuft is generally believed that solving problems is the most important part of the learning process in mathematics because it forces students to truly understand the definitions, comb through the theorems and proofs, and think at length about the mathematics. The purpose of this book is to complement the existing literature in introductory real and functional analysis at the graduate level with a variety of - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/GSM-166/#sthash.ZMb1J6lg.dpufIt is generally believed that solving problems is the most important part of the learning process in mathematics because it forces students to truly understand the definitions, comb through the theorems and proofs, and think at length about the mathematics. The purpose of this book is to complement the existing literature in introductory real and functional analysis at the graduate level with a variety of conceptual problems (1,457 in total), ranging from easily accessible to thought provoking, mixing the practical and the theoretical aspects of the subject. Problems are grouped into ten chapters covering the main topics usually taught in courses on real and functional analysis. Each of these chapters opens with a brief reader's guide stating - See more at: http://bookstore.ams.org/GSM-166/#sthash.ZMb1J6lg.dpuf

Modern Real and Complex Analysis

Author: Bernard R. Gelbaum

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111803080X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 504

View: 3409

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Modern Real and Complex Analysis Thorough, well-written, and encyclopedic in its coverage, this text offers a lucid presentation of all the topics essential to graduate study in analysis. While maintaining the strictest standards of rigor, Professor Gelbaum's approach is designed to appeal to intuition whenever possible. Modern Real and Complex Analysis provides up-to-date treatment of such subjects as the Daniell integration, differentiation, functional analysis and Banach algebras, conformal mapping and Bergman's kernels, defective functions, Riemann surfaces and uniformization, and the role of convexity in analysis. The text supplies an abundance of exercises and illustrative examples to reinforce learning, and extensive notes and remarks to help clarify important points.

Problems and Theorems in Analysis I

Series. Integral Calculus. Theory of Functions

Author: George Polya,Gabor Szegö

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540636403

Category: Mathematics

Page: 393

View: 7773

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From the reviews: "The work is one of the real classics of this century; it has had much influence on teaching, on research in several branches of hard analysis, particularly complex function theory, and it has been an essential indispensable source book for those seriously interested in mathematical problems." Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society

A Hilbert Space Problem Book

Author: P.R. Halmos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468493302

Category: Mathematics

Page: 373

View: 8328

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From the Preface: "This book was written for the active reader. The first part consists of problems, frequently preceded by definitions and motivation, and sometimes followed by corollaries and historical remarks... The second part, a very short one, consists of hints... The third part, the longest, consists of solutions: proofs, answers, or contructions, depending on the nature of the problem.... This is not an introduction to Hilbert space theory. Some knowledge of that subject is a prerequisite: at the very least, a study of the elements of Hilbert space theory should proceed concurrently with the reading of this book."

Exercises in Analysis

Part 2: Nonlinear Analysis

Author: Leszek Gasiński,Nikolaos S. Papageorgiou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319278177

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1062

View: 967

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This second of two Exercises in Analysis volumes covers problems in five core topics of mathematical analysis: Function Spaces, Nonlinear and Multivalued Maps, Smooth and Nonsmooth Calculus, Degree Theory and Fixed Point Theory, and Variational and Topological Methods. Each of five topics corresponds to a different chapter with inclusion of the basic theory and accompanying main definitions and results,followed by suitable comments and remarks for better understanding of the material. Exercises/problems are presented for each topic, with solutions available at the end of each chapter. The entire collection of exercises offers a balanced and useful picture for the application surrounding each topic. This nearly encyclopedic coverage of exercises in mathematical analysis is the first of its kind and is accessible to a wide readership. Graduate students will find the collection of problems valuable in preparation for their preliminary or qualifying exams as well as for testing their deeper understanding of the material. Exercises are denoted by degree of difficulty. Instructors teaching courses that include one or all of the above-mentioned topics will find the exercises of great help in course preparation. Researchers in analysis may find this Work useful as a summary of analytic theories published in one accessible volume.

Beginning Functional Analysis

Author: Karen Saxe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387952246

Category: Mathematics

Page: 197

View: 1702

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The unifying approach of functional analysis is to view functions as points in abstract vector space and the differential and integral operators as linear transformations on these spaces. The author's goal is to present the basics of functional analysis in a way that makes them comprehensible to a student who has completed courses in linear algebra and real analysis, and to develop the topics in their historical contexts.

Nonlinearity and Functional Analysis

Lectures on Nonlinear Problems in Mathematical Analysis

Author: Melvyn S. Berger

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080570440

Category: Mathematics

Page: 417

View: 8976

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Nonlinearity and Functional Analysis is a collection of lectures that aim to present a systematic description of fundamental nonlinear results and their applicability to a variety of concrete problems taken from various fields of mathematical analysis. For decades, great mathematical interest has focused on problems associated with linear operators and the extension of the well-known results of linear algebra to an infinite-dimensional context. This interest has been crowned with deep insights, and the substantial theory that has been developed has had a profound influence throughout the mathematical sciences. This volume comprises six chapters and begins by presenting some background material, such as differential-geometric sources, sources in mathematical physics, and sources from the calculus of variations, before delving into the subject of nonlinear operators. The following chapters then discuss local analysis of a single mapping and parameter dependent perturbation phenomena before going into analysis in the large. The final chapters conclude the collection with a discussion of global theories for general nonlinear operators and critical point theory for gradient mappings. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the fields of mathematics and physics, and to those with interest in conventional linear functional analysis and ordinary and partial differential equations.

Problem-Solving Through Problems

Author: Loren C. Larson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461254981

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 4823

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This is a practical anthology of some of the best elementary problems in different branches of mathematics. Arranged by subject, the problems highlight the most common problem-solving techniques encountered in undergraduate mathematics. This book teaches the important principles and broad strategies for coping with the experience of solving problems. It has been found very helpful for students preparing for the Putnam exam.

Functional Analysis

An Introduction

Author: Yuli Eidelman,Vitali D. Milman,Antonis Tsolomitis

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821836463

Category: Mathematics

Page: 322

View: 7280

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The goal of this textbook is to provide an introduction to the methods and language of functional analysis, including Hilbert spaces, Fredholm theory for compact operators, and spectral theory of self-adjoint operators. It also presents the basic theorems and methods of abstract functional analysis and a few applications of these methods to Banach algebras and the theory of unbounded self-adjoint operators. The text corresponds to material for two semester courses (Part I and Part II, respectively), and it is as self-contained as possible. The only prerequisites for the first part are minimal amounts of linear algebra and calculus. However, for the second course (Part II), it is useful to have some knowledge of topology and measure theory. Each chapter is followed by numerous exercises, whose solutions are given at the end of the book.

Problems and Solutions in Real Analysis

Author: Masayoshi Hata

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981277601X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 292

View: 9123

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This unique book provides a collection of more than 200 mathematical problems and their detailed solutions, which contain very useful tips and skills in real analysis. Each chapter has an introduction, in which some fundamental definitions and propositions are prepared. This also contains many brief historical comments on some significant mathematical results in real analysis together with useful references.Problems and Solutions in Real Analysis may be used as advanced exercises by undergraduate students during or after courses in calculus and linear algebra. It is also useful for graduate students who are interested in analytic number theory. Readers will also be able to completely grasp a simple and elementary proof of the prime number theorem through several exercises. The book is also suitable for non-experts who wish to understand mathematical analysis.

Applied Functional Analysis

Author: D.H. Griffel

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486141322

Category: Mathematics

Page: 390

View: 7004

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This introductory text examines applications of functional analysis to mechanics, fluid mechanics, diffusive growth, and approximation. Covers distribution theory, Banach spaces, Hilbert space, spectral theory, Frechet calculus, Sobolev spaces, more. 1985 edition.

The Stair-Step Approach in Mathematics

Author: Hayk Sedrakyan,Nairi Sedrakyan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319706322

Category: Mathematics

Page: 531

View: 5755

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This book is intended as a teacher’s manual and as an independent-study handbook for students and mathematical competitors. Based on a traditional teaching philosophy and a non-traditional writing approach (the stair-step method), this book consists of new problems with solutions created by the authors. The main idea of this approach is to start from relatively easy problems and “step-by-step” increase the level of difficulty toward effectively maximizing students' learning potential. In addition to providing solutions, a separate table of answers is also given at the end of the book. A broad view of mathematics is covered, well beyond the typical elementary level, by providing more in depth treatment of Geometry and Trigonometry, Number Theory, Algebra, Calculus, and Combinatorics.

A Companion to Analysis

A Second First and First Second Course in Analysis

Author: Thomas William Körner

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821834479

Category: Mathematics

Page: 590

View: 4979

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This book not only provides a lot of solid information about real analysis, it also answers those questions which students want to ask but cannot figure how to formulate. To read this book is to spend time with one of the modern masters in the subject. --Steven G. Krantz, Washington University, St. Louis One of the major assets of the book is Korner's very personal writing style. By keeping his own engagement with the material continually in view, he invites the reader to a similarly high level of involvement. And the witty and erudite asides that are sprinkled throughout the book are a real pleasure. --Gerald Folland, University of Washingtion, Seattle Many students acquire knowledge of a large number of theorems and methods of calculus without being able to say how they hang together. This book provides such students with the coherent account that they need. A Companion to Analysis explains the problems which must be resolved in order to obtain a rigorous development of the calculus and shows the student how those problems are dealt with. Starting with the real line, it moves on to finite dimensional spaces and then to metric spaces. Readers who work through this text will be ready for such courses as measure theory, functional analysis, complex analysis and differential geometry. Moreover, they will be well on the road which leads from mathematics student to mathematician. Able and hard working students can use this book for independent study, or it can be used as the basis for an advanced undergraduate or elementary graduate course. An appendix contains a large number of accessible but non-routine problems to improve knowledge and technique.

A Short Course on Spectral Theory

Author: William Arveson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387215182

Category: Mathematics

Page: 142

View: 8528

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This book presents the basic tools of modern analysis within the context of the fundamental problem of operator theory: to calculate spectra of specific operators on infinite dimensional spaces, especially operators on Hilbert spaces. The tools are diverse, and they provide the basis for more refined methods that allow one to approach problems that go well beyond the computation of spectra: the mathematical foundations of quantum physics, noncommutative K-theory, and the classification of simple C*-algebras being three areas of current research activity which require mastery of the material presented here.

Berkeley Problems in Mathematics

Author: Paulo Ney de Souza,Jorge-Nuno Silva

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387204291

Category: Mathematics

Page: 593

View: 3309

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This book collects approximately nine hundred problems that have appeared on the preliminary exams in Berkeley over the last twenty years. It is an invaluable source of problems and solutions. Readers who work through this book will develop problem solving skills in such areas as real analysis, multivariable calculus, differential equations, metric spaces, complex analysis, algebra, and linear algebra.

Functional Analysis and Numerical Mathematics

Author: Lothar Collatz

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483264009

Category: Mathematics

Page: 494

View: 1851

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Functional Analysis and Numerical Mathematics focuses on the structural changes which numerical analysis has undergone, including iterative methods, vectors, integral equations, matrices, and boundary value problems. The publication first examines the foundations of functional analysis and applications, including various types of spaces, convergence and completeness, operators in Hilbert spaces, vector and matrix norms, eigenvalue problems, and operators in pseudometric and other special spaces. The text then elaborates on iterative methods. Topics include the fixed-point theorem for a general iterative method in pseudometric spaces; special cases of the fixed-point theorem and change of operator; iterative methods for differential and integral equations; and systems of equations and difference methods. The manuscript takes a look at monotonicity, inequalities, and other topics, including monotone operators, applications of Schauder's theorem, matrices and boundary value problems of monotone kind, discrete Chebyshev approximation and exchange methods, and approximation of functions. The publication is a valuable source of data for mathematicians and researchers interested in functional analysis and numerical mathematics.