Theories of Political Economy

Author: James A. Caporaso,David P. Levine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521425780

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 1926

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Examines some of the more important frameworks for understanding the relation between politics and economics. The authors look at classical, Keynesian, Marxian, Neoclassical, state-centred, power-centred, and justice-centred approaches, emphasizing the dif

Ökonomische Theorie der Demokratie

Author: Anthony Downs

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783165290523

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 303

View: 2143

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English summary: It was Anthony Downs' objective to create a model dealing with voter and government behavior. In order to do so, he established goals which governments, parties and lobbyists as well as the voters can pursue. To motivate all those concerned, he introduced the self-interest axiom and called for rationality in order to attain these goals. With the help of marginal analysis, each voter determines his/her party differential, which will help to determine each voter's choice at the ballot box and to decide which party's rule will give him/her greater utility in the future. Downs describes how crucial the concept of ideology is to his theory. He maintains that a two-party democracy could not provide stable and effective government unless there is a large measure of ideological consensus amongst its citizens, and that political parties encouraged voters to be irrational by remaining vague and ambiguous. German description: Anthony Downs' inzwischen klassisches Demokratie-Modell des Wahler- und Regierungsverhaltens orientiert sich an der okonomischen Theorie. Er nimmt an, dass politische Parteien und Wahler in der Verfolgung bestimmter, deutlich spezifizierter Ziele optimal handeln. So treffen die Wahler unter Ungewissheit uber den Wahlvorgang und die zukunftige Regierungsbildung ihre Wahl nach dem mutmasslichen Nutzen. Die Regierung versucht, mit Hilfe der Manipulation des Budgets ihre Wiederwahl zu erreichen.Ideologien der Parteien auf der einen Seite, Interessengruppen auf der anderen stellen den Wahlern bzw. der Regierung Informationen zur rationalen Entscheidungsfindung zur Verfugung. Dabei wird deutlich, dass Mehrparteiensysteme und Verhaltniswahlrecht jedes Wahl-Kalkul unlosbar werden lassen. Auf die weiteren Folgerungen fur Demokratie-Forschung und -Verstandnis geht Downs im letzten Teil seines Werkes ausfuhrlich ein.

Theorien der Internationalen Politischen Ökonomie

Author: Joscha Wullweber,Antonia Graf,Maria Behrens

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658025271

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 3885

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Erstmals werden in einem deutschsprachigen Werk zentrale Theorien sowie theoretische Konzepte der Internationalen Politischen Ökonomie vorgestellt. Der Band gibt einen fundierten Überblick über verschiedene theoretische Perspektiven mit ihren jeweiligen Stärken und Schwächen und verortet diese in der internationalen Diskussion. Der Band ermöglicht es, sich in die Vielfalt der verschiedenen Theorien einzuarbeiten – von Rational Choice, Keynesianismus und Institutionalismus über feministische Theorie, Regulations- und Weltsystemtheorie bis hin zu konstruktivistischen und poststrukturalistischen Theorien. Weiterhin werden wichtige Konzepte wie Laissez-Faire-Liberalismus, Finanzialisierung, Macht und die Veränderung von Staatlichkeit diskutiert. ​

Critical Theory and the Critique of Political Economy

On Subversion and Negative Reason

Author: Werner Bonefeld

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441161392

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 2137

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Subversive thought is none other than the cunning of reason when confronted with a social reality in which the poor and miserable are required to sustain the illusion of fictitious wealth. Yet, this subsidy is absolutely necessary in existing society, to prevent its implosion. The critique of political economy is a thoroughly subversive business. It rejects the appearance of economic reality as a natural thing, argues that economy has not independent existence, expounds economy as political economy, and rejects as conformist rebellion those anti-capitalist perspectives that derive their rationality from the existing conceptuality of society. Subversion focuses on human conditions. Its critical subject is society unaware of itself. This book develops Marx's critique of political economy as negative theory of society. It does not conform to the patterns of the world and demands that society rids itself of all the muck of ages and founds itself anew.

What Is Political Economy?

A Study of Social Theory and Underdevelopment

Author: Martin Staniland

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780300039368

Category: Political Science

Page: 229

View: 3323

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This book is an exploration of theories of 'political economy.' Such theories are the latest products of a long-standing intellectual enterprise concerned with understanding the relationship of politics and economics. Those involved in the enterprise have often wanted not just to describe how economics and politics are related but also to suggest how they should be related-to suggest how one should shape the other. In framing their theories, they have also involved themselves in academic arguments about the value and limitations of disciplines, as well as in essentially political arguments about the relationship of theory to action.

National System of Political Economy - Volume 2: The Theory

Author: Friedrich List

Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

ISBN: 1596059532

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 5574

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One of the most prominent economic philosophers of the 19th century, on a par with-but espousing quite different thinking than-Karl Marx and Adam Smith explores, in the three-volume National System of Political Economy, a reasoned doctrine of national and pan-national management of trade, a global collaboration between government and business. In Volume 2, he delineates his theory of supportive interconnectedness, discussing everything from the value of the individual's ability to produce wealth to the edge established businesses have over new ones. A close reading of this 1841 classic is an absolute necessity for anyone who hopes to understand world economic history of the last 150 years. German economist and journalist FRIEDRICH LIST (1789-1846) served as professor of administration and politics at the University of T bingen, but was later jailed and later exiled to America for his political views. His is also the author of Outlines of American Political Economy (1827).

David Hume's Political Economy

Author: Margaret Schabas,Carl Wennerlind

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134362501

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 369

View: 9522

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Hume’s Political Discourses (1752) won immediate acclaim and positioned him as an authoritative figure on the subject of political economy. This volume of thirteen new essays definitively establishes the central place of political economy in Hume’s intellectual endeavor, as well as the profound and far-reaching influence of his theories on Enlightenment discourse and practice. A major strength of this collection is that the contributors come from a diverse set of fields – philosophy, economics, political science, history and literature. This promotes a comprehensive reading of Hume’s political economy, taking into account his entire set of writings and correspondence, in a way that captures his polymathic genius. Hume’s analyses of trade and commerce not only delve into the institutions of money and markets, but also human agency, the role of reason and the passions, manners and social mores. Hume sought general principles but also concrete applications, whether he grappled with the problem of economic development (Scotland and Ireland), with the debates on luxury consumption (France), or with the mounting public debt (England). This book is a key resource for students and researchers in the areas of economic and political philosophy, history of economic and political theory, and the history of ideas.

The Political Economy of Marx (2nd Edition)

Author: Michael Charles Howard,John Edward King

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814734529

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 5905

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This book provides a comprehensive exposition and appraisal of Marx's political economy, beginning with the philosophical and sociological foundations of his work and indication how his economic theory emerged from a critique of classical political economy. The authors proceed to examine in detail the theory of exploitation, capitalist development and imperialism, and pay special attention to the analysis of Marx by later social and economic theorists, including an assessment of the modern relevance of his work. The authors' position is one of critical sympathy. They share Marx's hostility to capitalism and his view of economics as a historical social science but, at the same time, they see his work as susceptible to error and in need of refinement. Serious flaws as well as important insights are revealed; nevertheless, it is argued that Marc's overall perspective provides a rational alternative to orthodox economic analysis. No prior knowledge of Marxism or of advanced economic theory is assumed, the book proceeds logically from first principles and mathematical analysis has been kept to a minimum. The Political Economy of Marx will be a valuable book for anyone concerned with understanding Marxism as a political force, particularly students, teachers and researchers in political economy. the history of economic thought, political theory and sociology.

Political Economy and Public Finance

The Role of Political Economy in the Theory and Practice of Public Economics

Author: Stanley L. Winer,Hirofumi Shibata

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781843767527

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 242

View: 9749

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There is a long-standing difference amongst public economists between those who think that collective choice must be formally acknowledged, and those who derive their policy recommendations from a social planning framework in which politics plays no role. The purpose of this book is to contribute to a meaningful dialogue between these two groups, in the belief that the future of both political economy and of normative public finance lies somewhere between the two approaches. Some of the specific questions addressed in the book include: does public finance need political economy? Should collective choice play a role in the standard of reference used in normative public finance? What is a 'failure' in a non-market or policy process? And what have we learned about the theory and practice of public finance from three decades of empirical research on public choice? The book also provides a practitioner's view of the political economy of redistribution.