Theory of P-adic Distributions

Linear and Nonlinear Models

Author: S. Albeverio,V. M. Shelkovich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521148561

Category: Mathematics

Page: 351

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A wide-ranging 2010 survey of new and important topics in p-adic analysis for researchers and graduate students.

Advances in Non-Archimedean Analysis

Author: Helge Glöckner,Alain Escassut,Khodr Shamseddine

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470419882

Category: Functional analysis

Page: 335

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This volume contains the Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on p-adic Functional Analysis, held from August 12–16, 2014, at the University of Paderborn, Paderborn, Germany. The articles included in this book feature recent developments in various areas of non-Archimedean analysis, non-Archimedean functional analysis, representation theory, number theory, non-Archimedean dynamical systems and applications. Through a combination of new research articles and survey papers, this book provides the reader with an overview of current developments and techniques in non-Archimedean analysis as well as a broad knowledge of some of the sub-areas of this exciting and fast-developing research area.

Zariski Geometries

Geometry from the Logician's Point of View

Author: Boris Zilber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139486519

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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This book presents methods and results from the theory of Zariski structures and discusses their applications in geometry as well as various other mathematical fields. Its logical approach helps us understand why algebraic geometry is so fundamental throughout mathematics and why the extension to noncommutative geometry, which has been forced by recent developments in quantum physics, is both natural and necessary. Beginning with a crash course in model theory, this book will suit not only model theorists but also readers with a more classical geometric background.

Smoothness, Regularity and Complete Intersection

Author: Javier Majadas,Antonio G. Rodicio

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139485806

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Written to complement standard texts on commutative algebra, this short book gives complete and relatively easy proofs of important results, including the standard results involving localisation of formal smoothness (M. André) and localisation of complete intersections (L. Avramov), some important results of D. Popescu and André on regular homomorphisms, and some results from A. Grothendieck's EGA on smooth homomorphisms. The authors make extensive use of the André–Quillen homology of commutative algebras, but only up to dimension 2, which is easy to construct, and they deliberately avoid using simplicial methods. The book also serves as an accessible introduction to some advanced topics and techniques. The only prerequisites are a basic course in commutative algebra and the first definitions in homological algebra.

Conformal Fractals

Ergodic Theory Methods

Author: Feliks Przytycki,Mariusz Urbański

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521438004

Category: Mathematics

Page: 354

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A one-stop introduction to the methods of ergodic theory applied to holomorphic iteration that is ideal for graduate courses.

Complexity Science

The Warwick Master's Course

Author: Robin Ball,Vassili Kolokoltsov,Robert S. MacKay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107513553

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Complexity science is the study of systems with many interdependent components. Such systems - and the self-organization and emergent phenomena they manifest - lie at the heart of many challenges of global importance. This book is a coherent introduction to the mathematical methods used to understand complexity, with plenty of examples and real-world applications. It starts with the crucial concepts of self-organization and emergence, then tackles complexity in dynamical systems using differential equations and chaos theory. Several classes of models of interacting particle systems are studied with techniques from stochastic analysis, followed by a treatment of the statistical mechanics of complex systems. Further topics include numerical analysis of PDEs, and applications of stochastic methods in economics and finance. The book concludes with introductions to space-time phases and selfish routing. The exposition is suitable for researchers, practitioners and students in complexity science and related fields at advanced undergraduate level and above.

P-adic Deterministic and Random Dynamics

Author: Andrei Y. Khrennikov,Marcus Nilsson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402026609

Category: Science

Page: 270

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This book provides an overview of the theory of p-adic (and more general non-Archimedean) dynamical systems. The main part of the book is devoted to discrete dynamical systems. It presents a model of probabilistic thinking on p-adic mental space based on ultrametric diffusion. Coverage also details p-adic neural networks and their applications to cognitive sciences: learning algorithms, memory recalling.

Advances in Elliptic Curve Cryptography

Author: Ian F. Blake,Gadiel Seroussi,Nigel P. Smart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139441223

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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Since the appearance of the authors' first volume on elliptic curve cryptography in 1999 there has been tremendous progress in the field. In some topics, particularly point counting, the progress has been spectacular. Other topics such as the Weil and Tate pairings have been applied in new and important ways to cryptographic protocols that hold great promise. Notions such as provable security, side channel analysis and the Weil descent technique have also grown in importance. This second volume addresses these advances and brings the reader up to date. Prominent contributors to the research literature in these areas have provided articles that reflect the current state of these important topics. They are divided into the areas of protocols, implementation techniques, mathematical foundations and pairing based cryptography. Each of the topics is presented in an accessible, coherent and consistent manner for a wide audience that will include mathematicians, computer scientists and engineers.

Non-Archimedean Analysis: Quantum Paradoxes, Dynamical Systems and Biological Models

Author: Andrei Y. Khrennikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400914830

Category: Science

Page: 376

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N atur non facit saltus? This book is devoted to the fundamental problem which arises contin uously in the process of the human investigation of reality: the role of a mathematical apparatus in a description of reality. We pay our main attention to the role of number systems which are used, or may be used, in this process. We shall show that the picture of reality based on the standard (since the works of Galileo and Newton) methods of real analysis is not the unique possible way of presenting reality in a human brain. There exist other pictures of reality where other num ber fields are used as basic elements of a mathematical description. In this book we try to build a p-adic picture of reality based on the fields of p-adic numbers Qp and corresponding analysis (a particular case of so called non-Archimedean analysis). However, this book must not be considered as only a book on p-adic analysis and its applications. We study a much more extended range of problems. Our philosophical and physical ideas can be realized in other mathematical frameworks which are not obliged to be based on p-adic analysis. We shall show that many problems of the description of reality with the aid of real numbers are induced by unlimited applications of the so called Archimedean axiom.

Orthogonal Polynomials and Painlevé Equations

Author: Walter Van Assche

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108441947

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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There are a number of intriguing connections between Painlev� equations and orthogonal polynomials, and this book is one of the first to provide an introduction to these. Researchers in integrable systems and non-linear equations will find the many explicit examples where Painlev� equations appear in mathematical analysis very useful. Those interested in the asymptotic behavior of orthogonal polynomials will also find the description of Painlev� transcendants and their use for local analysis near certain critical points helpful to their work. Rational solutions and special function solutions of Painlev� equations are worked out in detail, with a survey of recent results and an outline of their close relationship with orthogonal polynomials. Exercises throughout the book help the reader to get to grips with the material. The author is a leading authority on orthogonal polynomials, giving this work a unique perspective on Painlev� equations.

The Ultimate Challenge

The 3x+1 Problem

Author: Jeffrey C. Lagarias

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821849409

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

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The $3x+1$ problem, or Collatz problem, concerns the following seemingly innocent arithmetic procedure applied to integers: If an integer $x$ is odd then ``multiply by three and add one'', while if it is even then ``divide by two''. The $3x+1$ problem asks whether, starting from any positive integer, repeating this procedure over and over will eventually reach the number 1. Despite its simple appearance, this problem is unsolved. Generalizations of the problem are known to be undecidable, and the problem itself is believed to be extraordinarily difficult. This book reports on what is known on this problem. It consists of a collection of papers, which can be read independently of each other. The book begins with two introductory papers, one giving an overview and current status, and the second giving history and basic results on the problem. These are followed by three survey papers on the problem, relating it to number theory and dynamical systems, to Markov chains and ergodic theory, and to logic and the theory of computation. The next paper presents results on probabilistic models for behavior of the iteration. This is followed by a paper giving the latest computational results on the problem, which verify its truth for $x 5.4 \cdot 10^{18}$. The book also reprints six early papers on the problem and related questions, by L. Collatz, J. H. Conway, H. S. M. Coxeter, C. J. Everett, and R. K. Guy, each with editorial commentary. The book concludes with an annotated bibliography of work on the problem up to the year 2000.

Robust Chaos and Its Applications

Author: Elhadj Zeraoulia,Julien C. Sprott

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814374075

Category: Mathematics

Page: 454

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Robust chaos is defined by the absence of periodic windows and coexisting attractors in some neighborhoods in the parameter space of a dynamical system. This unique book explores the definition, sources, and roles of robust chaos. The book is written in a reasonably self-contained manner and aims to provide students and researchers with the necessary understanding of the subject. Most of the known results, experiments, and conjectures about chaos in general and about robust chaos in particular are collected here in a pedagogical form. Many examples of dynamical systems, ranging from purely mathematical to natural and social processes displaying robust chaos, are discussed in detail. At the end of each chapter is a set of exercises and open problems (more than 260 in the whole book) intended to reinforce the ideas and provide additional experiences for both readers and researchers in nonlinear science in general, and chaos theory in particular.

Euler's Pioneering Equation

The most beautiful theorem in mathematics

Author: Robin Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192514067

Category: Mathematics

Page: 200

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In 1988 The Mathematical Intelligencer, a quarterly mathematics journal, carried out a poll to find the most beautiful theorem in mathematics. Twenty-four theorems were listed and readers were invited to award each a 'score for beauty'. While there were many worthy competitors, the winner was 'Euler's equation'. In 2004 Physics World carried out a similar poll of 'greatest equations', and found that among physicists Euler's mathematical result came second only to Maxwell's equations. The Stanford mathematician Keith Devlin reflected the feelings of many in describing it as "like a Shakespearian sonnet that captures the very essence of love, or a painting which brings out the beauty of the human form that is far more than just skin deep, Euler's equation reaches down into the very depths of existence". What is it that makes Euler's identity, e]iPi + 1 = 0, so special? In Euler's Pioneering Equation Robin Wilson shows how this simple, elegant, and profound formula links together perhaps the five most important numbers in mathematics, each associated with a story in themselves: the number 1, the basis of our counting system; the concept of zero, which was a major development in mathematics, and opened up the idea of negative numbers; π an irrational number, the basis for the measurement of circles; the exponential e, associated with exponential growth and logarithms; and the imaginary number i, the square root of -1, the basis of complex numbers. Following a chapter on each of the elements, Robin Wilson discusses how the startling relationship between them was established, including the several near misses to the discovery of the formula.

Recurrence Sequences

Author: Graham Everest, Alf van der Poorten,Igor Shparlinski,Thomas Ward

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470423154

Category:

Page: 318

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Recurrence sequences are of great intrinsic interest and have been a central part of number theory for many years. Moreover, these sequences appear almost everywhere in mathematics and computer science. This book surveys the modern theory of linear recurrence sequences and their generalizations. Particular emphasis is placed on the dramatic impact that sophisticated methods from Diophantine analysis and transcendence theory have had on the subject. Related work on bilinear recurrences and an emerging connection between recurrences and graph theory are covered. Applications and links to other areas of mathematics are described, including combinatorics, dynamical systems and cryptography, and computer science. The book is suitable for researchers interested in number theory, combinatorics, and graph theory.

Pseudodifferential Equations Over Non-Archimedean Spaces

Author: W. A. Zúñiga-Galindo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319467387

Category: Mathematics

Page: 166

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Focusing on p-adic and adelic analogues of pseudodifferential equations, this monograph presents a very general theory of parabolic-type equations and their Markov processes motivated by their connection with models of complex hierarchic systems. The Gelfand-Shilov method for constructing fundamental solutions using local zeta functions is developed in a p-adic setting and several particular equations are studied, such as the p-adic analogues of the Klein-Gordon equation. Pseudodifferential equations for complex-valued functions on non-Archimedean local fields are central to contemporary harmonic analysis and mathematical physics and their theory reveals a deep connection with probability and number theory. The results of this book extend and complement the material presented by Vladimirov, Volovich and Zelenov (1994) and Kochubei (2001), which emphasize spectral theory and evolution equations in a single variable, and Albeverio, Khrennikov and Shelkovich (2010), which deals mainly with the theory and applications of p-adic wavelets.

Control Of Nonlinear Distributed Parameter Systems

Author: Goong Chen,Irena Lasiecka,Jianxin Zhou

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203904190

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

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An examination of progress in mathematical control theory applications. It provides analyses of the influence and relationship of nonlinear partial differential equations to control systems and contains state-of-the-art reviews, including presentations from a conference co-sponsored by the National Science Foundation, the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications, the University of Minnesota, and Texas A&M University.