Heating Metal Nanoparticles Using Light

Author: Guillaume Baffou

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108307868

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1881

Plasmonics is an important branch of optics concerned with the interaction of metals with light. Under appropriate illumination, metal nanoparticles can exhibit enhanced light absorption, becoming nanosources of heat that can be precisely controlled. This book provides an overview of the exciting new field of thermoplasmonics and a detailed discussion of its theoretical underpinning in nanophotonics. This topic has developed rapidly in the last decade, and is now a highly-active area of research due to countless applications in nanoengineering and nanomedicine. These important applications include photothermal cancer therapy, drug and gene delivery, nanochemistry and photothermal imaging. This timely and self-contained text is suited to all researchers and graduate students working in plasmonics, nano-optics and thermal-induced processes at the nanoscale.

Optics, optoelectronics, and photonics

engineering principles and applications

Author: Alan Reginald Billings

Publisher: Surendra Kumar


Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 6572

Introduction to the field of electronic engineering which has expanded rapidly in the 30 years since the development of laser technology. Written for tertiary level electrical and electronic engineering students, it includes a list of references at the end of each chapter and an index. The author is Emeritus Professor of electrical and electronic engineering at the University of Western Australia.

Clays in the Critical Zone

Author: Paul A. Schroeder

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108691854

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7116

Clays and clay minerals are the most abundant natural reactive solids on the Earth's surface. This comprehensive review considers clay science in the context of the Critical Zone - the Earth's permeable near-surface layer. Providing information on clays and clay minerals related to geological, biological and material sciences in the Critical Zone, it's well suited for graduate students and researchers interested in clay science, and environmental and soil mineralogy. The book starts with an introduction to clays and clay minerals, their historic background, and a review of how clay science impacts the Critical Zone. Examples and applications demonstrate how clays regulate habitats and determine the availability of other resources. These examples are supported by quantitative field data, including numerical and graphical depictions of clay and clay mineral occurrences. The book concludes by covering Critical Zone clay geochemistry and clay sequences, including the industrial, synthetic medical and extra-terrestrial world of clay science.

Silver Nanoparticle Applications

In the Fabrication and Design of Medical and Biosensing Devices

Author: Emilio Alarcon,May Griffith,Klas I. Udekwu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319112627

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 146

View: 2980

Exploring the synthesis, characterization, surface manipulation, electron transfer and biological activity of silver nanoparticles, this book examines the fundamentals of the properties and synthesis of these particles. With a renewed interest in silver nanoparticles, this book addresses the need to understand their potential in industrial, medical and other applications. It is divided into six chapters, each written by an expert and providing a comprehensive review of the topic while detailing recent advances made in each specific area. These topics include surface plasmon band, synthesis and characterization, Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and plasmon resonance mediated processes, photocatalysis, biomedical applications and biological activity. It also presents the current state of the art, challenges and future trends of catalysis, sensing and biomedical applications. ‘Silver Nanoparticle Applications’ provides an invaluable reference work and introduction for chemists, biologists, physicists and biomedical researchers who are interested in exploring the uses and applications of silver nanoparticles. It is also intended for students, researchers and professionals interested in nanotechnology.

Light Robotics - Structure-mediated Nanobiophotonics

Author: Jesper Glückstad,Darwin Palima

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081022484

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 482

View: 3430

Light Robotics – Structure-Mediated Nanobiophotonics covers the latest means of sculpting of both light and matter for achieving bioprobing and manipulation at the smallest scales. The synergy between photonics, nanotechnology and biotechnology spans the rapidly growing field of nanobiophotonics. Nanoscale resolutions enable optical scientists to assess ever more accurate information. However, scientific hypothesis testing demands tools, not only for observing nanoscopic phenomena, but also for reaching into and manipulating nanoscale constituents. Taking an application based focus, this book explores how nanophotonics can productively be used in both the biomedical and life sciences, allowing readers to clearly see how structure-mediated nanobiophotonics can be used to increase our engineering toolbox for biology at the smallest scales. This book will be of great use to researchers and scientists working in the fields of optics and photonics. It will also be of great value to those working in the field of biotechnology, showcasing how nanotechnology can help provide new, effective ways to solve biomedical problems. Presents cutting-edge research on the principles, mechanisms, optical techniques, fabrication, modeling, devices and applications of nanobiophotonics Brings together the diverse field of structure-mediated nanobiophotonics into one coherent volume Showcases how nanophotonics can be used to create new, more effective micro- and nano-biodevices

Multiphoton Microscopy and Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging

Applications in Biology and Medicine

Author: Karsten König

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311043007X

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 1112

This monograph focuses on modern femtosecond laser microscopes for two photon imaging and nanoprocessing, on laser tweezers for cell micromanipulation as well as on fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) in Life Sciences. The book starts with an introduction by Dr. Wolfgang Kaiser, pioneer of nonlinear optics and ends with the chapter on clinical multiphoton tomography, the novel high resolution imaging technique. It includes a foreword by the nonlinear microscopy expert Dr. Colin Sheppard. Contents Part I: Basics Brief history of fluorescence lifetime imaging The long journey to the laser and its use for nonlinear optics Advanced TCSPC-FLIM techniques Ultrafast lasers in biophotonics Part II: Modern nonlinear microscopy of live cells STED microscopy: exploring fluorescence lifetime gradients for super-resolution at reduced illumination intensities Principles and applications of temporal-focusing wide-field two-photon microscopy FLIM-FRET microscopy TCSPC FLIM and PLIM for metabolic imaging and oxygen sensing Laser tweezers are sources of two-photon effects Metabolic shifts in cell proliferation and differentiation Femtosecond laser nanoprocessing Cryomultiphoton imaging Part III: Nonlinear tissue imaging Multiphoton Tomography (MPT) Clinical multimodal CARS imaging In vivo multiphoton microscopy of human skin Two-photon microscopy and fluorescence lifetime imaging of the cornea Multiscale correlative imaging of the brain Revealing interaction of dyes and nanomaterials by multiphoton imaging Multiphoton FLIM in cosmetic clinical research Multiphoton microscopy and fluorescence lifetime imaging for resection guidance in malignant glioma surgery Non-invasive single-photon and multi-photon imaging of stem cells and cancer cells in mouse models Bedside assessment of multiphoton tomography

Party Polarization in America

The War Over Two Social Contracts

Author: B. Dan Wood,Soren Jordan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107195926

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 6521

This book develops a general explanation for party polarization in America from both historical and contemporary perspectives. Prior polarization studies focused exclusively on the modern era, but this work traces party polarization from the constitutional convention of 1787 to the present. Using such a broad historical perspective shows that what was unusual in American history was the period of low polarization from the Great Depression through 1980, rather than the period of high polarization of the modern era. Polarization is the norm of the American system, not the exception, and is likely to persist in the future. More theoretically, party polarization in America has been due to class-based conflict and rent-seeking by the patrician and plebian classes in various historical eras, rather than conflict over cultural values. As in earlier historical eras, modern party polarization has largely been elite-driven, with party entrepreneurs cunningly and strategically using polarization to their advantage.

Plasmonic Biosensors

An Integrated View of Refractometric Detection

Author: A.B. Dahlin

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1607509660

Category: Medical

Page: 316

View: 8654

In this book Andreas Dahlin has written a comprehensive and thorough review of plasmonic biosensors that operate by refractometric detection. After an introductory chapter on biosensors, in which he sets out the concepts of biosensing in its application to such areas as proteomics, medical diagnostics and environmental control, he undertakes an integrated coverage of surface chemistry, surface physics and optics, specifically related to the requirements of design of a plasmonic biosensor. Sections on nanoparticle plasmons and surface plasmons follow, leading to a review of SPR technology for biosensing. The optical properties of nanoholes in metal films and other more complicated plasmonic nanostructures are also briefly discussed. Later chapters discuss experimental plasmon spectroscopy and spectral analysis while the final sections discuss topics such as sensor response and the extent to which quantitative measurements can be made. The book introduces a few relatively controversial opinions on some open questions, such as how best to define sensor performance and the practical use of highly miniaturized sensors. Each of the chapters is extensively referenced and contains appropriate illustrations. The book contains a wealth of information that will be highly beneficial to both existing and new users of refractometric sensing techniques in life science research. It will be a valuable resource for post-graduate research students, academic researchers and those working in industry.

Salt Tectonics

Principles and Practice

Author: Martin P. A. Jackson,Michael R. Hudec

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316785114

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 3342

Salt tectonics is the study of how and why salt structures evolve and the three-dimensional forms that result. A fascinating branch of geology in itself, salt tectonics is also vitally important to the petroleum industry. Covering the entire scale from the microscopic to the continental, this textbook is an unrivalled consolidation of all topics related to salt tectonics: evaporite deposition and flow, salt structures, salt systems, and practical applications. Coverage of the principles of salt tectonics is supported by more than 600 color illustrations, including 200 seismic images captured by state-of-the-art geophysical techniques and tectonic models from the Applied Geodynamics Laboratory at the University of Texas, Austin. These combine to provide a cohesive and wide-ranging insight into this extremely visual subject. This is the definitive practical handbook for professional geologists and geophysicists in the petroleum industry, an invaluable textbook for graduate students, and a reference textbook for researchers in various geoscience fields.

Heat Conduction, Fifth Edition

Author: Sad?k Kakac,Yaman Yener,Carolina P. Naveira-Cotta

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 135171418X

Category: Science

Page: 524

View: 8000

Heat Conduction, Fifth Edition, upholds its reputation as the leading text in the field for graduate students, and as a resource for practicing engineers. The text begins with fundamental concepts, introducing the governing equation of heat conduction, and progresses through solutions for one-dimensional conduction, orthogonal functions, Fourier series and transforms, and multi-dimensional problems. Integral equations, Laplace transforms, finite difference numerical methods, and variational formulations are then covered. A systematic derivation of the analytical solution of heat conduction problems in heterogeneous media, introducing a more general approach based on the integral transform method, has been added in this new edition, along with new and revised problems, and complete problem solutions for instructors.

Optical Properties of Metallic Nanoparticles

Basic Principles and Simulation

Author: Andreas Trügler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319250744

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 217

View: 854

This book introduces the fascinating world of plasmonics and physics at the nanoscale, with a focus on simulations and the theoretical aspects of optics and nanotechnology. A research field with numerous applications, plasmonics bridges the gap between the micrometer length scale of light and the secrets of the nanoworld. This is achieved by binding light to charge density oscillations of metallic nanostructures, so-called surface plasmons, which allow electromagnetic radiation to be focussed down to spots as small as a few nanometers. The book is a snapshot of recent and ongoing research and at the same time outlines our present understanding of the optical properties of metallic nanoparticles, ranging from the tunability of plasmonic resonances to the ultrafast dynamics of light-matter interaction. Beginning with a gentle introduction that highlights the basics of plasmonic interactions and plasmon imaging, the author then presents a suitable theoretical framework for the description of metallic nanostructures. This model based on this framework is first solved analytically for simple systems, and subsequently through numerical simulations for more general cases where, for example, surface roughness, nonlinear and nonlocal effects or metamaterials are investigated.

Surface Plasmon Nanophotonics

Author: Mark L. Brongersma,Pieter G. Kik

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1402043333

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 268

View: 5531

This book discusses a new class of photonic devices, known as surface plasmon nanophotonic structures. The book highlights several exciting new discoveries, while providing a clear discussion of the underlying physics, the nanofabrication issues, and the materials considerations involved in designing plasmonic devices with new functionality. Chapters written by the leaders in the field of plasmonics provide a solid background to each topic.

The Cambridge Handbook of Sociology

Specialty and Interdisciplinary Studies

Author: Kathleen Odell Korgen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107564923

Category: Social Science

Page: 431

View: 860

Whether a student, an instructor, a researcher, or just someone interested in understanding the roots of sociology and our social world, The Cambridge Handbook of Sociology, Volume 2 is for you. This second volume of the Handbook covers specialties within sociology and interdisciplinary studies that relate to sociology. It includes perspectives on race, class, feminist theories, special topics (e.g. the sociology of nonhuman animals, quality of life/social indicators research, the sociology of risk, the sociology of disaster, the sociology of mental health, sociobiology, the sociology of science and technology, the sociology of violence, environmental justice, and the sociology of food), the sociology of the self, the sociology of the life course, culture and behavior, sociology's impact on society, and related fields (e.g. criminology, criminal justice studies, social work, social psychology, sociology of translation and translation studies, and women and gender studies). Each essay includes a discussion of how the respective subfield contributes to the overall discipline and to society. Written by some of the most respected scholars, teachers, and public sociologists in the world, the essays are highly readable and authoritative.


Author: Vasily Klimov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814267422

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 598

View: 6988

Nanoplasmonics is one of the most important growth areas of this century. It is part of nano-optics and nanophotonics and deals with oscillations of electrons in metallic nanoparticles and nanostructures. Also, it is a multidisciplinary subject covering atomic, molecular, and solid-state physics, as well as much of chemistry. Nanoplasmonics makes it possible to combine the nanoscale properties of smart devices with their optical frequencies of operation. Nanoplasmonics presents, for the first time, both the physical principles and mathematical descriptions of main nanoplasmonic effects that now are scattered over thousands of research articles. Importantly, it contains many methods, accompanied by diagrams, for fast estimations and calculations of main properties of nanoparticles of very different shapes and their clusters. It also presents the most important applications of nanoplasmonics, including in medicine, nanolasers, electronics, perfect lenses, and invisibility cloaks.


Author: Ulrich Heiz,Uzi Landman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540326464

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 504

View: 6784

Nanocatalysis, a subdiscipline of nanoscience, seeks to control chemical reactions by changing the size, dimensionality, chemical composition, and morphology of the reaction center and by changing the kinetics using nanopatterning of the reaction center. This book offers a detailed pedagogical and methodological overview of the field. Readers discover many examples of current research, helping them explore new and emerging applications.

World Scientific Handbook Of Metamaterials And Plasmonics (In 4 Volumes)

Author: Maier Stefan A

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813228741

Category: Science

Page: 1992

View: 1151

Metamaterials represent a new emerging innovative field of research which has shown rapid acceleration over the last couple of years. In this handbook, we present the richness of the field of metamaterials in its widest sense, describing artificial media with sub-wavelength structure for control over wave propagation in four volumes. Volume 1 focuses on the fundamentals of electromagnetic metamaterials in all their richness, including metasurfaces and hyperbolic metamaterials. Volume 2 widens the picture to include elastic, acoustic, and seismic systems, whereas Volume 3 presents nonlinear and active photonic metamaterials. Finally, Volume 4 includes recent progress in the field of nanoplasmonics, used extensively for the tailoring of the unit cell response of photonic metamaterials. In its totality, we hope that this handbook will be useful for a wide spectrum of readers, from students to active researchers in industry, as well as teachers of advanced courses on wave propagation. Contents: Volume 1: Electromagnetic Metamaterials (Ekaterina Shamonina): Preface Electromagnetic Metamaterials: Homogenization and Effective Properties of Mixtures (Ari Sihvola) Effective Medium Theory of Electromagnetic and Quantum Metamaterials (Mário G Silveirinha) Hyperbolic Metamaterials (Igor I Smolyaninov) Circuit and Analytical Modelling of Extraordinary Transmission Metamaterials (Francisco Medina, Francisco Mesa, Raul Rodríguez-Berral and Carlos Molero) Electromagnetic Metasurfaces: Synthesis, Realizations and Discussions (Karim Achouri and Christophe Caloz) Metasurfaces for General Control of Reflection and Transmission (Sergei Tretyakov, Viktar Asadchy and Ana Díaz-Rubio) Scattering at the Extreme with Metamaterials and Plasmonics (Francesco Monticone and Andrea Alù) All-Dielectric Nanophotonics: Fundamentals, Fabrication, and Applications (Alexander Krasnok, Roman Savelev, Denis Baranov and Pavel Belov) Tunable Metamaterials (Ilya V Shadrivov and Dragomir N Neshev) Spatial Solitonic and Nonlinear Plasmonic Aspects of Metamaterials (Allan D Boardman, Alesandro Alberucci, Gaetano Assanto, Yu G Rapoport, Vladimir V Grimalsky, Vasyl M Ivchenko and Eugen N Tkachenko) Metamaterial Catheter Receivers for Internal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (Richard R A Syms, Ian R Young and Laszlo Solymar) Microwave Sensors Based on Symmetry Properties and Metamaterial Concepts (Jordi Naqui, Ali K Horestani, Christophe Fumeaux and Ferran Martín) Volume 2: Elastic, Acoustic, and Seismic Metamaterials (Richard Craster and Sébastien Guenneau): Preface Dynamic Homogenization of Acoustic and Elastic Metamaterials and Phononic Crystals (Richard Craster, Tryfon Antonakakis and Sébastien Guenneau) Acoustic Metamaterial (Nicholas Fang, Jun Xu, Navid Nemati, Nicolas Viard and Denis Lafarge) Flat Lens Focusing of Flexural Waves in Thin Plates (Patrick Sebbah and Marc Dubois) Space–Time Cloaking (Martin W McCall and Paul Kinsler) Soda Cans Metamaterial: Homogenization and Beyond (Fabrice Lemoult, Geoffroy Lerosey, Nadège Kaïna and Mathias Fink) New Trends Toward Locally-Resonant Metamaterials at the Mesoscopic Scale (Philippe Roux, Matthieu Rupin, Fabrice Lemoult, Geoffroy Lerosey, Andrea Colombi, Richard Craster, Sébastien Guenneau, William A Kuperman and Earl G Williams) Seismic Metamaterials: Controlling Surface Rayleigh Waves Using Analogies with Electromagnetic Metamaterials (Stéphane Brûlé, Stefan Enoch, Sébastien Guenneau and

Gold Nanoparticles in Biomedical Applications

Author: Lev Dykman,Nikolai Khlebtsov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351360477

Category: Medical

Page: 332

View: 9423

This book discusses fabrication of functionalized gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and multifunctional nanocomposites, their optical properties, and applications in biological studies. This is the very first book of its kind to comprehensively discuss published data on in vitro and in vivo biodistribution, toxicity, and uptake of GNP by mammalian cells providing a systematization of data over the GNP types and parameters, their surface functionalization, animal and cell models. As distinct from other related books, Gold Nanoparticles in Biomedical Applications discusses the immunological properties of GNPs and summarizes their applications as an antigen carrier and adjuvant in immunization for the preparation of antibodies in vivo. Although the potential of GNPs in nanobiotechnology has been recognized for the past decade, new insights into the unique properties of multifunctional nanostructures have recently emerged. With these developments in mind, this book unites ground breaking experimental data with a discussion of hybrid nanoparticle systems that combine different nanomaterials to create multifunctional structures. These novel hybrids constitute the material basis of theranostics, bringing together the advanced properties of functionalized GNPs and composites into a single multifunctional nanostructure with simultaneous diagnostic and therapeutic functions. Such nanohybrids can be physically and chemically tailored for a particular organ, disease, and patient thus making personalized medicine available.

Theoretical Virtues in Science

Uncovering Reality through Theory

Author: Samuel Schindler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1108422268

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 1745

In-depth discussion of the value of scientific theories, bringing together and advancing current important debates in realism.


Pushing the Boundaries of Technology

Author: Michael Berger

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847558836

Category: Science

Page: 317

View: 2733

Major technology shifts do not happen overnight and rarely are they the result of a single breakthrough discovery. Nowhere is this more true than for the broad set of enabling technologies that we have come to simply call "nanotechnology". Rather than standing on the shoulders of a few intellectual giants, nanotechnologies are created by tens of thousands of researchers and scientists working on minute and sometimes arcane aspects of their fields of expertise in areas as diverse as medicine, telecommunications, solar cells, filtration, coatings, or ever smaller transistors for electronic devices. They come from different sciences, live in different parts of the world and work for different organizations (government laboratories, industry laboratories, universities, private research facilities) and follow their own set of rules - get papers reviewed and published; achieve scientific recognition from their peers; struggle to get funding for new ideas; look to make that breakthrough discovery that leads to the ultimate resumé item - a nobel prize; get pushed by their funders to secure patent rights and commercialize new discoveries. This book puts a spotlight on some of the scientists who are pushing the boundaries of technology and it gives examples of their work and how they are advancing knowledge one little step at a time. The book shatters the monolithic term "nanotechnology" into the myriad of facets that it really is. It is a journey through the world of nanotechnology research and development, taking a personal look at how nanotechnologies get created today and by whom. The book covers 122 very specific research projects that are happening in laboratories around the world and provides commentaries from the scientists in their own words. However, the collection of stories in this book barely scratches the surface of the vast and growing body of research that leads us into the nanotechnology age. The selection presented in the book is not meant to rank some laboratories and scientists higher than others, nor to imply that the work introduced in the book is more important or valuable than all the work that is not covered. The intention is to give the interested reader an idea of the incredibly diverse aspects that make up nanotechnology research and development - the results of which will bring about a new era of industrial and medical technologies. Nanoscience and nanotechnology research is a truly multidisciplinary and international effort. Each of the chapters is based on a particular scientific paper that has been published in a peer-reviewed journal and, while each story revolves around one or two scientists who were interviewed for this book, many, if not most, of the scientific accomplishments covered in the book are the result of collaborative efforts by several scientists and research groups, often from different organizations and from different countries. The book is different to other books in this field because it provides a novel human touch to nanotechnology research by not only covering a wide range of research topics but also the (often nameless) scientists behind this research. The book is a collection of Spotlight articles from the popular Nanowerk website and each article has been crafted with the author(s) of a scientific paper and signed off by them prior to being posted on Nanowerk. The book is intended for two broad groups of audiences - scientists and nanoscience students who want a bite-size, quick read to get a good first impression of what nanotechnologies are about and how they affect not only their own field but also neighbouring fields and other scientific disciplines further away. And a non-scientific readership that needs to (because it affects their organization and they have to acquaint themselves with nanotechnology) or wants to get a 'non-threatening' (i.e. no formulas, complex diagrams, or unexplained scientific terms) introduction, written by a non-scientist for non-scientists.

Semiconductor Nanolasers

Author: Qing Gu,Yeshaiahu Fainman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107110483

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 9503

This unique resource explains the fundamental physics of semiconductor nanolasers, and provides detailed insights into their design, fabrication, characterization, and applications. Topics covered range from the theoretical treatment of the underlying physics of nanoscale phenomena, such as temperature dependent quantum effects and active medium selection, to practical design aspects, including the multi-physics cavity design that extends beyond pure electromagnetic consideration, thermal management and performance optimization, and nanoscale device fabrication and characterization techniques. The authors also discuss technological applications of semiconductor nanolasers in areas such as photonic integrated circuits and sensing. Providing a comprehensive overview of the field, detailed design and analysis procedures, a thorough investigation of important applications, and insights into future trends, this is essential reading for graduate students, researchers, and professionals in optoelectronics, applied photonics, physics, nanotechnology, and materials science.