Time and Memory in Indigenous Amazonia

Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Carlos Fausto,Michael Heckenberger

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813044798

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 9904

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"Broadens and deepens the anthropological project of understanding histories and historicities in Lowland South America that has emerged as a central theme in recent decades. . . . The outstanding quality and ethnographic richness of the nine case studies included in the volume are a tribute to just how far Amazonian ethnology has come since the 1980s."--Journal of Anthropological Research "Explores the native Amazonian sense of history in a way that enriched previous debates about 'cold' and 'hot' societies. The book does more than simply engage ethnography with temporality; it demonstrates that 'historicity' and 'identity' are mutually constitutive."--Tipit�: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America "Brings together an international collection of leading Amazonia specialists to rethink some of the most fundamental categories through which anthropologists have traditionally conceptualized history and change. The result is a sophisticated interrogation of the ways we normally think about indigenous Amazonian cultures and a productive challenge to anthropology as a whole."--Donald Pollock, State University of New York, Buffalo Based on recent ethnographic fieldwork and firsthand analysis of indigenous history, this collection examines the concepts of time and change as they played out in areas ranging from religion, cosmology, and mortuary practices to attitudes toward ethnic difference and the treatment of animals. Without imposing traditionally Western notions of what "time" and "change" mean, the collection looks at how native Amazonians experienced forms of cultural memory and at how their narratives of the past helped construct their sense of the present and, inevitably, their own identity. The volume offers some of the most interesting and nuanced discussions to date on Amazonian conceptualizations of temporality and change. Carlos Fausto, associate professor of anthropology at the Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, is the author of Warfare and Shamanism in Amazonia. Michael Heckenberger, associate professor of anthropology at the University of Florida, is the author of The Ecology of Power: Culture, Place and Personhood in the Southern Amazon, AD 1000-2000.

Fluent Selves

Autobiography, Person, and History in Lowland South America

Author: Suzanne Oakdale,Magnus Course

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803265158

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 3820

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Fluent Selves examines narrative practices throughout lowland South America focusing on indigenous communities in Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru, illuminating the social and cultural processes that make the past as important as the present for these peoples. This collection brings together leading scholars in the fields of anthropology and linguistics to examine the intersection of these narratives of the past with the construction of personhood. The volume’s exploration of autobiographical and biographical accounts raises questions about fieldwork, ethical practices, and cultural boundaries in the study of anthropology. Rather than relying on a simple opposition between the “Western individual” and the non-Western rest, contributors to Fluent Selves explore the complex interplay of both individualizing as well as relational personhood in these practices. Transcending classic debates over the categorization of “myth” and “history,” the autobiographical and biographical narratives in Fluent Selves illustrate the very medium in which several modes of engaging with the past meet, are reconciled, and reemerge.

Warfare and Shamanism in Amazonia

Author: Carlos Fausto

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107020069

Category: History

Page: 347

View: 7531

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Describes the culture of the Parakanã, a little-known indigenous people of Amazonia, focusing on conflict and ritual.

Die erinnerte Gewalt

Postkonfliktdynamiken in Lateinamerika

Author: Ernst Halbmayer,Sylvia Karl

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839418585

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 8584

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Komplexe Prozesse und Strategien der Vergangenheitspolitik haben in Lateinamerika stark an Bedeutung gewonnen. Welche Dynamiken der Aufarbeitung von politischer Gewalt entstehen in unterschiedlichen lokalen Kontexten? Welche Konflikte um Wahrheit, Gerechtigkeit, Erinnerung und Versöhnung treten dabei auf? Anhand empirischer Forschung aus neun Ländern macht der Band die Heterogenität, Pluralität und Polyphonie dieser Diskurse und die Vielschichtigkeiten von Täter-Opfer-Beziehungen sichtbar. Die Beiträge richten dabei einen kritischen Blick auf lateinamerikanische (Post-)Konfliktprozesse und auf die globale Diskussion um »Transitional Justice«.

Ownership and Nurture

Studies in Native Amazonian Property Relations

Author: Marc Brightman,Carlos Fausto,Vanessa Grotti

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785330837

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 7951

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The first book to address the classic anthropological theme of property through the ethnography of Amazonia, Ownership and Nurture sets new and challenging terms for anthropological debates about the region and about property in general. Property and ownership have special significance and carry specific meanings in Amazonia, which has been portrayed as the antithesis of Western, property-based, civilization. Through carefully constructed studies of land ownership, slavery, shamanism, spirit mastery, aesthetics, and intellectual property, this volume demonstrates that property relations are of central importance in Amazonia, and that the ownership of persons plays an especially significant role in native cosmology.

Indigenous Youth in Brazilian Amazonia

Changing Lived Worlds

Author: P. Virtanen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137266511

Category: Social Science

Page: 221

View: 3666

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How do Amazonian native young people perceive, question, and negotiate the new kinds of social and cultural situations in which they find themselves? Virtanen looks at how current power relations constituted by ethnic recognition, new social contacts, and cooperation with different institutions have shaped the current native youth in Amazonia.

Latin American Antiquity

A Journal of the Society for American Archaeology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Indians of Central America

Page: N.A

View: 8729

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Customizing indigeneity

paths to a visionary politics in Peru

Author: Shane Greene

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804761192

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 7279

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Customizing Indigeneity follows the Aguaruna on their paths to becoming leaders of Peru's Amazonian movement, revealing both their creative cultural agency and the constraints of contemporary indigenous movement politics along the way.

Vital enemies

slavery, predation, and the Amerindian political economy of life

Author: Fernando Santos-Granero

Publisher: Univ of Texas Pr

ISBN: 9780292718883

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 8116

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Analyzing slavery and other forms of servitude in six non-state indigenous societies of tropical America at the time of European contact, Vital Enemies offers a fascinating new approach to the study of slavery based on the notion of "political economy of life." Fernando Santos-Granero draws on the earliest available historical sources to provide novel information on Amerindian regimes of servitude, sociologies of submission, and ideologies of capture. Estimating that captive slaves represented up to 20 percent of the total population and up to 40 percent when combined with other forms of servitude, Santos-Granero argues that native forms of servitude fulfill the modern understandings of slavery, though Amerindian contexts provide crucial distinctions with slavery as it developed in the American South. The Amerindian understanding of life forces as being finite, scarce, unequally distributed, and in constant circulation yields a concept of all living beings as competing for vital energy. The capture of human beings is an extreme manifestation of this understanding, but it marks an important element in the ways Amerindian "captive slavery" was misconstrued by European conquistadors. Illuminating a cultural facet that has been widely overlooked or miscast for centuries, Vital Enemies makes possible new dialogues regarding hierarchies in the field of native studies, as well as a provocative re-framing of pre- and post-contact America.

Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology

Studies in the Neotropical Lowlands

Author: William L. Balée,Clark L. Erickson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509618

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 3233

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This collection of studies by anthropologists, botanists, ecologists, and biologists is an important contribution to the emerging field of historical ecology. The book combines cutting-edge research with new perspectives to emphasize the close relationship between humans and their natural environment. Contributors examine how alterations in the natural world mirror human cultures, societies, and languages. Treating the landscape like a text, these researchers decipher patterns and meaning in the Ecuadorian Andes, Amazonia, the desert coast of Peru, and other regions in the neotropics. They show how local peoples have changed the landscape over time to fit their needs by managing and modifying species diversity, enhancing landscape heterogeneity, and controlling ecological disturbance. In turn, the environment itself becomes a form of architecture rich with historical and archaeological significance. Time and Complexity in Historical Ecology explores thousands of years of ecological history while also addressing important contemporary issues, such as biodiversity and genetic variation and change. Engagingly written and expertly researched, this book introduces and exemplifies a unique method for better understanding the link between humans and the biosphere.

The Global Prehistory of Human Migration

Author: Immanuel Ness

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118970586

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 8837

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Previously published as the first volume of The Encyclopediaof Global Human Migration, this work is devoted exclusively toprehistoric migration, covering all periods and places from thefirst hominin migrations out of Africa through the end ofprehistory. Presents interdisciplinary coverage of this topic, includingscholarship from the fields of archaeology, anthropology, genetics,biology, linguistics, and more Includes contributions from a diverse international team ofauthors, representing 17 countries and a variety ofdisciplines Divided into two sections, covering the Pleistocene andHolocene; each section examines human migration through chaptersthat focus on different regional and disciplinary lenses

Von Pfeil und Bogen zum »Digitalen Bogen«

Die Indigenen Brasiliens und das Internet

Author: Eliane Fernandes Ferreira

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839410495

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4157

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Seit den 1980er Jahren setzt sich die indigene Bevölkerung Brasiliens verstärkt für ihre Rechte in der Gesellschaft ein. Kommunikation spielt hierbei eine entscheidende Rolle - besonders das Internet gewinnt als Medium im Alltag indigener Gemeinschaften immer mehr an Bedeutung. Aber wie wird das Internet eingesetzt und zu welchen Zwecken? Wie eignen sie sich dieses Medium an und welche kulturellen Prozesse entstehen dabei? Die Autorin untersucht diese Fragen ethnographisch und geht dabei sowohl auf die gesamtgesellschaftlichen Aspekte der Internetnutzung durch die Indigenen als auch auf ihre Bedeutung im Alltag dieser Gemeinschaften ein.

Jenseits von Natur und Kultur

Author: Philippe Descola

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518768409

Category: Social Science

Page: 638

View: 4848

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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.