Topology and Groupoids

Author: Ronald Brown

Publisher: Booksurge Llc

ISBN: 9781419627224

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

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Annotation. The book is intended as a text for a two-semester course in topology and algebraic topology at the advanced undergraduate orbeginning graduate level. There are over 500 exercises, 114 figures, numerous diagrams. The general direction of the book is towardhomotopy theory with a geometric point of view. This book would providea more than adequate background for a standard algebraic topology coursethat begins with homology theory. For more information seewww.bangor.ac.uk/r.brown/topgpds.htmlThis version dated April 19, 2006, has a number of corrections made.

Nonabelian Algebraic Topology

Filtered Spaces, Crossed Complexes, Cubical Homotopy Groupoids

Author: Ronald Brown,Philip J. Higgins,Rafael Sivera

Publisher: JP Medical Ltd

ISBN: 9783037190838

Category: Mathematics

Page: 668

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Groupoids, Inverse Semigroups, and their Operator Algebras

Author: Alan Paterson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461217741

Category: Mathematics

Page: 274

View: 3847

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In recent years, it has become increasingly clear that there are important connections relating three concepts -- groupoids, inverse semigroups, and operator algebras. There has been a great deal of progress in this area over the last two decades, and this book gives a careful, up-to-date and reasonably extensive account of the subject matter. After an introductory first chapter, the second chapter presents a self-contained account of inverse semigroups, locally compact and r-discrete groupoids, and Lie groupoids. The section on Lie groupoids in chapter 2 contains a detailed discussion of groupoids particularly important in noncommutative geometry, including the holonomy groupoids of a foliated manifold and the tangent groupoid of a manifold. The representation theories of locally compact and r-discrete groupoids are developed in the third chapter, and it is shown that the C*-algebras of r-discrete groupoids are the covariance C*-algebras for inverse semigroup actions on locally compact Hausdorff spaces. A final chapter associates a universal r-discrete groupoid with any inverse semigroup. Six subsequent appendices treat topics related to those covered in the text. The book should appeal to a wide variety of professional mathematicians and graduate students in fields such as operator algebras, analysis on groupoids, semigroup theory, and noncommutative geometry. It will also be of interest to mathematicians interested in tilings and theoretical physicists whose focus is modeling quasicrystals with tilings. An effort has been made to make the book lucid and 'user friendly"; thus it should be accessible to any reader with a basic background in measure theory and functional analysis.

Topology

a geometric account of general topology, homotopy types and the fundamental groupoid

Author: Ronald Brown

Publisher: Halsted Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 460

View: 1946

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The Geometry, Topology and Physics of Moduli Spaces of Higgs Bundles

Author: Wentworth Richard,Wilkin Graeme

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813229101

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 8454

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In the 25 years since their introduction, Higgs bundles have seen a surprising number of interactions within different areas of mathematics and physics. There is a recent surge of interest following Ngô Bau Châu's proof of the Fundamental Lemma and the work of Kapustin and Witten on the Geometric Langlands program. The program on The Geometry, Topology and Physics of Moduli Spaces of Higgs Bundles, was held at the Institute for Mathematical Sciences at the National University of Singapore during 2014. It hosted a number of lectures on recent topics of importance related to Higgs bundles, and it is the purpose of this volume to collect these lectures in a form accessible to graduate students and young researchers interested in learning more about this field.

Groupoid Metrization Theory

With Applications to Analysis on Quasi-Metric Spaces and Functional Analysis

Author: Dorina Mitrea,Irina Mitrea,Marius Mitrea,Sylvie Monniaux

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817683976

Category: Mathematics

Page: 479

View: 9925

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The topics in this research monograph are at the interface of several areas of mathematics such as harmonic analysis, functional analysis, analysis on spaces of homogeneous type, topology, and quasi-metric geometry. The presentation is self-contained with complete, detailed proofs, and a large number of examples and counterexamples are provided. Unique features of Metrization Theory for Groupoids: With Applications to Analysis on Quasi-Metric Spaces and Functional Analysis include: * treatment of metrization from a wide, interdisciplinary perspective, with accompanying applications ranging across diverse fields; * coverage of topics applicable to a variety of scientific areas within pure mathematics; * useful techniques and extensive reference material; * includes sharp results in the field of metrization. Professional mathematicians with a wide spectrum of mathematical interests will find this book to be a useful resource and complete self-study guide. At the same time, the monograph is accessible and will be of use to advanced graduate students and to scientifically trained readers with an interest in the interplay among topology and metric properties and/or functional analysis and metric properties. * coverage of topics applicable to a variety of scientific areas within pure mathematics; * useful techniques and extensive reference material; * includes sharp results in the field of metrization. Professional mathematicians with a wide spectrum of mathematical interests will find this book to be a useful resource and complete self-study guide. At the same time, the monograph is accessible and will be of use to advanced graduate students and to scientifically trained readers with an interest in the interplay among topology and metric properties and/or functional analysis and metric properties. * useful techniques and extensive reference material; * includes sharp results in the field of metrization. Professional mathematicians with a wide spectrum of mathematical interests will find this book to be a useful resource and complete self-study guide. At the same time, the monograph is accessible and will be of use to advanced graduate students and to scientifically trained readers with an interest in the interplay among topology and metric properties and/or functional analysis and metric properties. * includes sharp results in the field of metrization. Professional mathematicians with a wide spectrum of mathematical interests will find this book to be a useful resource and complete self-study guide. At the same time, the monograph is accessible and will be of use to advanced graduate students and to scientifically trained readers with an interest in the interplay among topology and metric properties and/or functional analysis and metric properties. Professional mathematicians with a wide spectrum of mathematical interests will find this book to be a useful resource and complete self-study guide. At the same time, the monograph is accessible and will be of use to advanced graduate students and to scientifically trained readers with an interest in the interplay among topology and metric properties and/or functional analysis and metric properties.

Lie Groupoids and Lie Algebroids in Differential Geometry

Author: K. Mackenzie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052134882X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 327

View: 3340

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This book provides a striking synthesis of the standard theory of connections in principal bundles and the Lie theory of Lie groupoids. The concept of Lie groupoid is a little-known formulation of the concept of principal bundle and corresponding to the Lie algebra of a Lie group is the concept of Lie algebroid: in principal bundle terms this is the Atiyah sequence. The author's viewpoint is that certain deep problems in connection theory are best addressed by groupoid and Lie algebroid methods. After preliminary chapters on topological groupoids, the author gives the first unified and detailed account of the theory of Lie groupoids and Lie algebroids. He then applies this theory to the cohomology of Lie algebroids, re-interpreting connection theory in cohomological terms, and giving criteria for the existence of (not necessarily Riemannian) connections with prescribed curvature form. This material, presented in the last two chapters, is work of the author published here for the first time. This book will be of interest to differential geometers working in general connection theory and to researchers in theoretical physics and other fields who make use of connection theory.

Introduction to Foliations and Lie Groupoids

Author: I. Moerdijk,J. Mrcun

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139438988

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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This book gives a quick introduction to the theory of foliations, Lie groupoids and Lie algebroids. An important feature is the emphasis on the interplay between these concepts: Lie groupoids form an indispensable tool to study the transverse structure of foliations as well as their noncommutative geometry, while the theory of foliations has immediate applications to the Lie theory of groupoids and their infinitesimal algebroids. The book starts with a detailed presentation of the main classical theorems in the theory of foliations then proceeds to Molino's theory, Lie groupoids, constructing the holonomy groupoid of a foliation and finally Lie algebroids. Among other things, the authors discuss to what extent Lie's theory for Lie groups and Lie algebras holds in the more general context of groupoids and algebroids. Based on the authors' extensive teaching experience, this book contains numerous examples and exercises making it ideal for graduate students and their instructors.

Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Author: Hernan Ocampo,Eddy Pariguan,Sylvie Paycha

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113948673X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8354

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Aimed at graduate students in physics and mathematics, this book provides an introduction to recent developments in several active topics at the interface between algebra, geometry, topology and quantum field theory. The first part of the book begins with an account of important results in geometric topology. It investigates the differential equation aspects of quantum cohomology, before moving on to noncommutative geometry. This is followed by a further exploration of quantum field theory and gauge theory, describing AdS/CFT correspondence, and the functional renormalization group approach to quantum gravity. The second part covers a wide spectrum of topics on the borderline of mathematics and physics, ranging from orbifolds to quantum indistinguishability and involving a manifold of mathematical tools borrowed from geometry, algebra and analysis. Each chapter presents introductory material before moving on to more advanced results. The chapters are self-contained and can be read independently of the rest.

Algebraic Topology

The Abel Symposium 2007

Author: Nils Baas,Eric Friedlander,Björn Jahren,Paul Arne Østvær

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642012000

Category: Mathematics

Page: 409

View: 9733

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The 2007 Abel Symposium took place at the University of Oslo in August 2007. The goal of the symposium was to bring together mathematicians whose research efforts have led to recent advances in algebraic geometry, algebraic K-theory, algebraic topology, and mathematical physics. A common theme of this symposium was the development of new perspectives and new constructions with a categorical flavor. As the lectures at the symposium and the papers of this volume demonstrate, these perspectives and constructions have enabled a broadening of vistas, a synergy between once-differentiated subjects, and solutions to mathematical problems both old and new.

Knots and Primes

An Introduction to Arithmetic Topology

Author: Masanori Morishita

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447121589

Category: Mathematics

Page: 191

View: 7984

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This is a foundation for arithmetic topology - a new branch of mathematics which is focused upon the analogy between knot theory and number theory. Starting with an informative introduction to its origins, namely Gauss, this text provides a background on knots, three manifolds and number fields. Common aspects of both knot theory and number theory, for instance knots in three manifolds versus primes in a number field, are compared throughout the book. These comparisons begin at an elementary level, slowly building up to advanced theories in later chapters. Definitions are carefully formulated and proofs are largely self-contained. When necessary, background information is provided and theory is accompanied with a number of useful examples and illustrations, making this a useful text for both undergraduates and graduates in the field of knot theory, number theory and geometry. ​

Women in Topology: Collaborations in Homotopy Theory

Author: Maria Basterra,Kristine Bauer,Kathryn Hess,Brenda Johnson

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470410133

Category: Algebraic topology -- Applied homological algebra and category theory -- Abstract and axiomatic homotopy theory

Page: 166

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This volume contains the proceedings of the WIT: Women in Topology workshop, held from August 18-23, 2013, at the Banff International Research Station, Banff, Alberta, Canada. The Women in Topology workshop was devoted primarily to active collaboration by teams of five to seven participants, each including senior and junior researchers, as well as graduate students. This volume contains papers based on the results obtained by team projects in homotopy theory, including -infinity structures, equivariant homotopy theory, functor calculus, model categories, orbispaces, and topological Hochschild homology.

A Concise Course in Algebraic Topology

Author: J. P. May

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226511832

Category: Mathematics

Page: 243

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Algebraic topology is a basic part of modern mathematics, and some knowledge of this area is indispensable for any advanced work relating to geometry, including topology itself, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, and Lie groups. This book provides a detailed treatment of algebraic topology both for teachers of the subject and for advanced graduate students in mathematics either specializing in this area or continuing on to other fields. J. Peter May's approach reflects the enormous internal developments within algebraic topology over the past several decades, most of which are largely unknown to mathematicians in other fields. But he also retains the classical presentations of various topics where appropriate. Most chapters end with problems that further explore and refine the concepts presented. The final four chapters provide sketches of substantial areas of algebraic topology that are normally omitted from introductory texts, and the book concludes with a list of suggested readings for those interested in delving further into the field.

Lectures on Algebraic Topology

Author: Sergeĭ Vladimirovich Matveev

Publisher: European Mathematical Society

ISBN: 9783037190234

Category: Algebraic topology

Page: 99

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Algebraic topology is the study of the global properties of spaces by means of algebra. It is an important branch of modern mathematics with a wide degree of applicability to other fields, including geometric topology, differential geometry, functional analysis, differential equations, algebraic geometry, number theory, and theoretical physics. This book provides an introduction to the basic concepts and methods of algebraic topology for the beginner. It presents elements of both homology theory and homotopy theory, and includes various applications. The author's intention is to rely on the geometric approach by appealing to the reader's own intuition to help understanding. The numerous illustrations in the text also serve this purpose. Two features make the text different from the standard literature: first, special attention is given to providing explicit algorithms for calculating the homology groups and for manipulating the fundamental groups. Second, the book contains many exercises, all of which are supplied with hints or solutions. This makes the book suitable for both classroom use and for independent study.

Many Valued Topology and its Applications

Author: Ulrich Höhle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792373186

Category: Mathematics

Page: 382

View: 2501

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The 20th Century brought the rise of General Topology. It arose from the effort to establish a solid base for Analysis and it is intimately related to the success of set theory. Many Valued Topology and Its Applications seeks to extend the field by taking the monadic axioms of general topology seriously and continuing the theory of topological spaces as topological space objects within an almost completely ordered monad in a given base category C. The richness of this theory is shown by the fundamental fact that the category of topological space objects in a complete and cocomplete (epi, extremal mono)-category C is topological over C in the sense of J. Adamek, H. Herrlich, and G.E. Strecker. Moreover, a careful, categorical study of the most important topological notions and concepts is given - e.g., density, closedness of extremal subobjects, Hausdorff's separation axiom, regularity, and compactness. An interpretation of these structures, not only by the ordinary filter monad, but also by many valued filter monads, underlines the richness of the explained theory and gives rise to new concrete concepts of topological spaces - so-called many valued topological spaces. Hence, many valued topological spaces play a significant role in various fields of mathematics - e.g., in the theory of locales, convergence spaces, stochastic processes, and smooth Borel probability measures. In its first part, the book develops the necessary categorical basis for general topology. In the second part, the previously given categorical concepts are applied to monadic settings determined by many valued filter monads. The third part comprises various applications of many valued topologies to probability theory and statistics as well as to non-classical model theory. These applications illustrate the significance of many valued topology for further research work in these important fields.

Orbifolds and Stringy Topology

Author: Alejandro Adem,Johann Leida,Yongbin Ruan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139464485

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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An introduction to the theory of orbifolds from a modern perspective, combining techniques from geometry, algebraic topology and algebraic geometry. One of the main motivations, and a major source of examples, is string theory, where orbifolds play an important role. The subject is first developed following the classical description analogous to manifold theory, after which the book branches out to include the useful description of orbifolds provided by groupoids, as well as many examples in the context of algebraic geometry. Classical invariants such as de Rham cohomology and bundle theory are developed, a careful study of orbifold morphisms is provided, and the topic of orbifold K-theory is covered. The heart of this book, however, is a detailed description of the Chen-Ruan cohomology, which introduces a product for orbifolds and has had significant impact. The final chapter includes explicit computations for a number of interesting examples.

Superstrings, Geometry, Topology, and C*-algebras

Author: Robert S. Doran,Greg Friedman,Jonathan R_osenberg

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821848879

Category: Mathematics

Page: 249

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This volume contains the proceedings of an NSF-CBMS Conference held at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, Texas, May 18-22, 2009. The papers, written especially for this volume by well-known mathematicians and mathematical physicists, are an outgrowth of the talks presented at the conference. Topics examined are highly interdisciplinary and include, among many other things, recent results on D-brane charges in $K$-homology and twisted $K$-homology, Yang-Mills gauge theory and connections with non-commutative geometry, Landau-Ginzburg models, $C^*$-algebraic non-commutative geometry and ties to quantum physics and topology, the rational homotopy type of the group of unitary elements in an Azumaya algebra, and functoriality properties in the theory of $C^*$-crossed products and fixed point algebras for proper actions. An introduction, written by Jonathan Rosenberg, provides an instructive overview describing common themes and how the various papers in the volume are interrelated and fit together. The rich diversity of papers appearing in the volume demonstrates the current interplay between superstring theory, geometry/topology, and non-commutative geometry. The book will be of interest to graduate students, mathematicians, mathematical physicists, and researchers working in these areas.

Graphs, Surfaces and Homology

An Introduction to Algebraic Topology

Author: P. Giblin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400959532

Category: Science

Page: 329

View: 6879

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viii homology groups. A weaker result, sufficient nevertheless for our purposes, is proved in Chapter 5, where the reader will also find some discussion of the need for a more powerful in variance theorem and a summary of the proof of such a theorem. Secondly the emphasis in this book is on low-dimensional examples the graphs and surfaces of the title since it is there that geometrical intuition has its roots. The goal of the book is the investigation in Chapter 9 of the properties of graphs in surfaces; some of the problems studied there are mentioned briefly in the Introduction, which contains an in formal survey of the material of the book. Many of the results of Chapter 9 do indeed generalize to higher dimensions (and the general machinery of simplicial homology theory is avai1able from earlier chapters) but I have confined myself to one example, namely the theorem that non-orientable closed surfaces do not embed in three-dimensional space. One of the principal results of Chapter 9, a version of Lefschetz duality, certainly generalizes, but for an effective presentation such a gener- ization needs cohomology theory. Apart from a brief mention in connexion with Kirchhoff's laws for an electrical network I do not use any cohomology here. Thirdly there are a number of digressions, whose purpose is rather to illuminate the central argument from a slight dis tance, than to contribute materially to its exposition.