Toward a Criminology of Disaster

What We Know and What We Need to Find Out

Author: Kelly Frailing,Dee Wood Harper

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137469145

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1862

This book puts forward a comprehensive criminology of disaster by drawing - and building - upon existing theories which attempt to explain disaster crime. Although antisocial behaviour in disasters has long been viewed as a rarity, the authors present ample evidence that a variety of crime occurs in the wake of disaster. Frailing and Harper's explorations of property crime, interpersonal violence and fraud during disaster reveal the importance of methodological approaches to understanding these phenomena. They highlight the need for the application of social disorganization, routine activity and general strain theories of crime in the development of disaster crime prevention strategies. An accessible and detailed study, this book will have particular appeal for both students and scholars of criminology, sociology, disaster studies and emergency management.

Ignorance, Power and Harm

Agnotology and The Criminological Imagination

Author: Alana Barton,Howard Davis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319973436

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 3607

This book discusses the concept of 'agnosis' and its significance for criminology through a series of case studies, contributing to the expansion of the criminological imagination. Agnotology – the study of the cultural production of ignorance, has primarily been proposed as an analytical tool in the fields of science and medicine. However, this book argues that it has significant resonance for criminology and the social sciences given that ignorance is a crucial means through which public acceptance of serious and sometimes mass harms is achieved. The editors argue that this phenomenon requires a systematic inquiry into ignorance as an area of criminological study in its own right. Through case studies on topics such as migrant detention, historical institutionalised child abuse, imprisonment, environmental harm and financial collapse, this book examines the construction of ignorance, and the power dynamics that facilitate and shape that construction in a range of different contexts. Furthermore, this book addresses the relationship between ignorance and the achievement of ‘manufactured consent’ to political and cultural hegemony, acquiescence in its harmful consequences and the deflection of responsibility for them.

Courting Disaster, intimate Stalking, Culture, and Criminal Justice

Intimate Stalking, Culture, and Criminal Justice

Author: Jennifer L. Dunn

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202365220

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4573

This book is about women who are coerced, intimidated, and stalked by former intimates. It is about the things these women do to manage this situation, and what happens to them as a consequence. Stalking is a behavior that has relatively recently been defined as problematic, and as criminal when violence or the threat of violence occurs. This new category of crime has created a new type of victim. How such victims come into being, interact with their former partners, and seek help, is the subject of this book. It is also about living through what some women consider a form of secondary victimization by the criminal justice system. The definition of someone as a victim is not self-evident, but is contingent upon interpretation. Thus this book is also an account of how women come to decide they are victims of stalking and seek to convince others of this. It uses a variety of data and methods to examine this phenomenon from the perspectives of both victims and law enforcement agents, and adds to our understanding of responsibility and blame when violence occurs between intimates. By examining social constructions of this particular type of victimization and the choices stalking victims make, the readers learn more about the forces constraining human decisions. Stalking victimization is complicated because it is an ongoing process. It often does not stop once the criminal justice system is involved. Women who are being stalked by their former partners face a profound dilemma in their efforts to manage their pursuers and to pursue their cases through the criminal justice system. Dunn offers a wide-ranging, thought-provoking, and sensitive examination of the lived experience of intimate stalking victimization. In exploring the ways in which we socially construct and confer meaning upon intimate violence, the author draws upon interviews with stalkers and victims, courtroom testimony, analyses of case reports, and an independent survey instrument that reveals ambivalence of the prevailing culture to the problem. Courting Disaster will be valuable in women's studies and counseling courses and a useful text in sociology and criminology.

The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412978750

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 5621

Like its predecessors, the Fourth Edition provides complete coverage of the use and results of the contemporary methods employed in criminology and criminal justice research today. Specifically designed for undergraduate and beginning graduate criminal justice courses and programs, this text teaches research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students who will become professionals in the field. Students learn about the wide realm of research methods available to them, delve deeper into topics relevant to their field of study, and benefit from the wide variety of exercises included that help them practice as they learn.

Revitalizing Criminological Theory:

Towards a new Ultra-Realism

Author: Steve Hall,Simon Winlow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317800478

Category: Social Science

Page: 166

View: 5293

This book provides a short, comprehensive and accessible introduction to Ultra-Realism: a unique and radical school of criminological thought that has been developed by the authors over a number of years. After first outlining existing schools of thought, their major intellectual flaws and their underlying politics in a condensed guide that will be invaluable to all undergraduate and postgraduate students, Hall and Winlow introduce a number of important new concepts to criminology and suggest a new philosophical foundation, theoretical framework and research programme. These developments will enhance the discipline’s ability to explain human motivations, construct insightful representations of reality and answer the fundamental question of why some human beings risk inflicting harm on others to further their own interests or achieve various ends. Combining new philosophical and psychosocial approaches with a clear understanding of the shape of contemporary global crime, this book presents an intellectual alternative to the currently dominant paradigms of conservatism, neoclassicism and left-liberalism. In using an advanced conception of "harm", Hall and Winlow provide original explanations of criminal motivations and make the first steps towards a paradigm shift that will help criminology to illuminate the reality of our times. This book is essential reading for academics and students engaged in the study of criminology, sociology, criminological theory, social theory, the philosophy of social sciences and the history of crime.


Sniffer Dogs, Spy Bees and One Woman's Adventures in the Surveillance Society

Author: Amber Marks

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448131049

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 368

View: 2112

Crime detection has gone to the dogs and squirrels are being busted for espionage. If you've never wondered about the new direction of 'intelligence-led policing' in our society, now is the time to start. It was a chance encounter with a police sniffer-dog that drew criminal lawyer Amber Marks into the hidden world of the science of smell and its law-enforcement applications. Soon she stumbled into a wonderland of contemporary surveillance, where the spying skills of bees, dolphins and a myriad other critters were being harnessed to build a 'secure world' of bio-intelligence. From the businesses, scientists and military departments developing new smell-based surveillance technologies, to good old-fashioned police dogs, Amber discovered a secret world of security forces, where animals and scent are as important as intelligence agents and CCTV. Part polemical exploration of our burgeoning surveillance society, part humorous memoir, this intriguing book will capture your imagination and get you wondering: just who stands to benefit from all this 'security'?

Supranational Criminology

Towards a Criminology of International Crimes

Author: Alette Smeulers,Roelof Haveman

Publisher: Intersentia Uitgevers N V


Category: Law

Page: 593

View: 7648

The study of international crimes - such as war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide - deserves to grow into a separate and fully fledged specialization within criminology, called supranational criminology. Supranational criminology entails the study of international crimes, behavior that shows affinity with these crimes, the causes and the situations in which they are committed, as well as interventions and their effectiveness. What exactly entails supranational criminology? What are international crimes? Should other forms of behavior also be qualified as international crimes? What are the specific characteristics of international crimes as forms of state sponsored or state facilitated crimes? Explanatory theories have to be developed which can be translated into testable hypotheses. Which theories from mainstream criminology can provide answers for the prevalence or causes of international crimes? Have the international courts and tribunals succeeded in their aim? This book repairs the fundamental and historical neglect of criminology and breaks out of a state of denial by putting international crimes on the criminological agenda.


Author: Freda Adler,Gerhard O. W. Mueller,William S. Laufer

Publisher: McGraw-Hill College

ISBN: 9780070004986

Category: Social Science

Page: 411

View: 1269


Der tägliche Stoiker

366 nachdenkliche Betrachtungen über Weisheit, Beharrlichkeit und Lebensstil

Author: Ryan Holiday,Stephen Hanselman

Publisher: FinanzBuch Verlag

ISBN: 3960920717

Category: Self-Help

Page: 432

View: 6288

Wie findet man das wahre Glück? Wie lässt sich Erfolg wirklich bemessen? Und wie geht man mit den Herausforderungen des Alltags wie Wut, Trauer und der Frage nach dem Sinn des Ganzen um? Was große Geister wie George Washington, Friedrich der Große, Weltklassesportler oder Top-Performer längst für sich entdeckt haben, liegt mit "Der tägliche Stoiker" erstmals gesammelt vor. New York Times-Bestsellerautor Ryan Holiday und Stephen Hanselman haben das Wissen der Stoiker in 366 zeitlose Lektionen verpackt und zeigen, dass die Philosophie des Stoizismus nicht nur zeitlos, sondern gerade für unsere hektische und unsichere Zeit ein Segen ist. Weisheit, Mut, Gerechtigkeitssinn und Selbstbeherrschung sowie Gelassenheit lassen sich erlernen und helfen uns, in der zunehmenden Komplexität unserer Welt zu bestehen. Die uralten Weisheiten der Stoiker, gesammelt und kommentiert, unterstützen bei diesen alltäglichen Herausforderungen.

Managing and Maintaining Compliance

Author: H. Elffers,Peter Verboon,Wim Huisman

Publisher: Eleven International Pub


Category: Political Science

Page: 169

View: 1116

Is it possible to seduce people or organisations to comply with rules voluntarily, by means of positive incentives, or through norm reinforcement, or otherwise? How can an enforcement agency manage an optimal mix of deterrence and positive incentives in order to maintain compliance at a satisfactory level without construction of a smooth functioning of the rule addressees? This volume presents the edited version of papers presented on the conference “Managing and Maintaining Compliance”, held in Leiden, The Netherlands, April 2006. The book serves as an insightful and useful companion for policy makers and scholars in the field of compliance.

Women, crime and social harm

towards a criminology for the global age

Author: Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law

Publisher: Hart Pub


Category: Law

Page: 219

View: 2886

This book of eleven chapters and an Introduction is by and about women, the harms and crimes to which they are subjected as a result of global social processes, and their efforts to take control of their own futures. The papers explore the criminogenic an


"Krise" als Leitbegriff und Erzählmuster in kulturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive

Author: Carla Meyer,Katja Patzel-Mattern,Gerrit Jasper Schenk

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: 9783515096591

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 5317

English Description: The term Crisis describes that which is essentially unthinkable, the events that have gone out of control, perceived as unpredictable, their resolution unknown. On the other hand, crises are met with fixed linguistic discourses. In communications, a logical order, a telos, is ascribed to them through which they become not only a resource for future problem solving but also organize a perspective onto the past. In the historical scholarship the phrase eoecrisese serves as both an interdisciplinary as well as a diachronic concept in order to explain continuities as well as change. The variety of identified crises makes it difficult to bring such a broadly applied term to a refined definition. When does a chain of events qualify as a eoeperiod or crisis?e How consistent are those qualification? Together these questions place themselves as the heart of the narrative construction of such eoehistorical crisese. Does the focus on crises necessarily lead to a definitive structuring of the material, to a definitive goal? Does that illustrative goal implicitly structure our research?German Description: Krisen e" sie bezeichnen das, was eigentlich undenkbar ist: Die Ereignisse berschlagen sich, werden als unkalkulierbar wahrgenommen, ihr Ausgang ist ungewiss. Andererseits wird Krisen mit festen sprachlichen Mustern begegnet. In der Kommunikation wird ihnen ein logischer Ablauf, ein Telos unterstellt. Damit sind sie nicht nur Mittel zur Zukunftsbewltigung, sondern sie ordnen auch den Blick in die Vergangenheit: In den historischen Wissenschaften dient das Schlagwort der Krise sowohl interdisziplinr als auch transepochal als Leitbegriff, um Kontinuitten wie auch Wandel zu erklren. Die Vielzahl der konstatierten Krisen lsst freilich zweifeln, wie sich ein breit gefasster Krisenbegriff hermeneutisch schlssig definieren lsst. Wann ist eine Ereigniskette als "Krisenzeit" zu qualifizieren? Wie bestndig sind solche Qualifizierungen? Zugleich stellt sich die Frage nach der narrativen Konstruktion solcher "Krisengeschichten": Ntigt der Fokus auf Krisen zu einer bestimmten Strukturierung des Stoffs, zu einem bestimmten Darstellungsziel? Formt er damit implizit unsere Forschungsaussagen?