Towards Non-Being

Author: Graham Priest

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198783590

Category:

Page: 416

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Towards Non-Being presents an account of the semantics of intentional language--verbs such as 'believes', 'fears', 'seeks', 'imagines'. Graham Priest tackles problems concerning intentional states which are often brushed under the carpet in discussions of intentionality, such as their failure to be closed under deducibility. Priest's account explores objects that may be either existent or non-existent, at worlds that may be either possible or impossible;he mounts a full-scale defence of non-existent objects. In the process, he offers an account of both fictional and mathematical objects as non-existent. This updated second edition addsten new chapters to the original eight. These further develop the ideas of the first edition, reply to critics, and explore new areas of relevance. New topics covered include: conceivability, realism/antirealism concerning non-existent objects, self-deception, and the verb to be.

Towards Non-Being

Author: Graham Priest

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191086266

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 7812

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Towards Non-Being presents an account of the semantics of intentional language—verbs such as 'believes', 'fears', 'seeks', 'imagines'. Graham Priest tackles problems concerning intentional states which are often brushed under the carpet in discussions of intentionality, such as their failure to be closed under deducibility. Priest's account draws on the work of the late Richard Routley (Sylvan), and proceeds in terms of objects that may be either existent or non-existent, at worlds that may be either possible or impossible. Since Russell, non-existent objects have had a bad press in Western philosophy; Priest mounts a full-scale defence. In the process, he offers an account of both fictional and mathematical objects as non-existent. The book will be of central interest to anyone who is concerned with intentionality in the philosophy of mind or philosophy of language, the metaphysics of existence and identity, the philosophy or fiction, the philosophy of mathematics, or cognitive representation in AI. This updated second edition adds ten new chapters to the original eight. These further develop the ideas of the first edition, reply to critics, and explore new areas of relevance. New topics covered include: conceivability, realism/antirealism concerning non-existent objects, self-deception, and the verb to be.

Beyond the Limits of Thought

Author: Boyce Gibson Professor of Philosophy Graham Priest,Graham Priest

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199254057

Category: Philosophy

Page: 317

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Graham Priest presents an expanded edition of his exploration of the nature and limits of thought. Embracing contradiction and challenging traditional logic, he engages with issues across philosophical borders, from the historical to the modern, Eastern to Western, continental to analytic.

Doubt Truth to Be a Liar

Author: Graham Priest

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199238514

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 226

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Dialetheism is the view that some contradictions are true. This is a view which runs against orthodoxy in logic and metaphysics since Aristotle, and has implications for many of the core notions of philosophy. Doubt Truth to Be a Liar explores these implications for truth, rationality, negation, and the nature of logic, and develops further the defence of dialetheism first mounted in Priest's In Contradiction, a second edition of which is alsoavailable.

Pathways Towards Non Aggression

Author: Dr. Thomas Glaza,Melanie Mason

Publisher: Page Publishing Inc

ISBN: 1640823735

Category: Self-Help

Page: 190

View: 9023

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We are living in tumultuous times, causing many of us to stray from the path that we intended for ourselves. This workbook is intended to help you regain control of your destiny. You will identify your character strengths and weaknesses, gain increased understanding of your role in society, become a more effective communicator, build a healthier lifestyle, learn to speak the language of feelings, become a more effective decision-maker, better manage your life’s stressors, become a less coercive individual, help you to resolve interpersonal conflicts, and lead you back to a path that ensures personal happiness and well-being.

The Thing and Art

Two Essays on the Ontotopy of the Work of Art

Author: Arvydas Šliogeris

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9042028815

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 8306

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On the grounds of the interpretation of Rainer Maria Rilke’s poetry and Paul Cézanne’s paintings the book attempts to approach the work of art as a thing. This lets to overcome a one-sided aesthetical interpretation of the origin of the work of art and to indicate its place in the cosmos of uncreated, i.e. not hominized things. So, the second fundamental issue raised is a try to point out a metaphysical difference between a hominized and not hominized (natural) thing. Such a non-aesthetical point of view is called ontotopy by the author and is opposed to traditional ontology and the philosophy of art.

Alexius Meinong, The Shepherd of Non-Being

Author: Dale Jacquette

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319180754

Category: Philosophy

Page: 434

View: 7691

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This book explores the thought of Alexius Meinong, a philosopher known for his unconventional theory of reference and predication. The chapters cover a natural progression of topics, beginning with the origins of Gegenstandstheorie, Meinong’s theory of objects, and his discovery of assumptions as a fourth category of mental states to supplement his teacher Franz Brentano’s references to presentations, feelings, and judgments. The chapters explore further the meaning and metaphysics of fictional and other nonexistent intended objects, fine points in Meinongian object theory are considered and new and previously unanticipated problems are addressed. The author traces being and non-being and aspects of beingless objects including objects in fiction, ideal objects in scientific theory, objects ostensibly referred to in false science and false history and intentional imaginative projection of future states of affairs. The chapters focus on an essential choice of conceptual, logical, semantic, ontic and more generally metaphysical problems and an argument is progressively developed from the first to the final chapter, as key ideas are introduced and refined. Meinong studies have come a long way from Bertrand Russell’s off-target criticisms and recent times have seen a rise of interest in a Meinongian approach to logic and the theory of meaning. New thinkers see Meinong as a bridge figure between analytic and continental thought, thanks to the need for an adequate semantics of meaning in philosophy of language and philosophy of mind, making this book a particularly timely publication.​

Being and Time

A Translation of Sein und Zeit

Author: Martin Heidegger

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791426777

Category: Philosophy

Page: 487

View: 520

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A new, definitive translation of Heidegger's most important work.

Reality and Its Structure

Essays in Fundamentality

Author: Ricki Bliss,Graham Priest

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198755635

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 7403

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Reality is a rather large place. It contains protons, economies, headaches, sentences, smiles, asteroids, crimes, numbers, and very many other things. Much of the content of our reality appears to depend on other of its content. Economies, for example, appear to depend upon people and the way they behave, amongst other things. Some of the content of our reality also appears to be, in some significant sense, more important than other of its content. Whilst none of us would wish to deny the very important role that economies play in our lives, most of us would agree that without matter arranged certain ways in space, for example, there could be no economies in the first place. Very many contemporary philosophers are concerned with how exactly we are to fill in the details of this view. What they are inclined to agree on is that reality has an over-arching hierarchical structure ordered by relations of metaphysical dependence, where chains of entities ordered by those dependence relations terminate in something fundamental. It is also commonly taken for granted that what those dependence chains terminate in is merely contingently existent - those things could have failed to exist - and consistent - they have no contradictory properties. This volume brings together fifteen essays from leading and emerging scholars that address these core, yet often under-explored, commitments.

God and Abstract Objects

The Coherence of Theism: Aseity

Author: William Lane Craig

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319553844

Category: Philosophy

Page: 540

View: 2773

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This book is an exploration and defense of the coherence of classical theism’s doctrine of divine aseity in the face of the challenge posed by Platonism with respect to abstract objects. A synoptic work in analytic philosophy of religion, the book engages discussions in philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, metaphysics, and metaontology. It addresses absolute creationism, non-Platonic realism, fictionalism, neutralism, and alternative logics and semantics, among other topics. The book offers a helpful taxonomy of the wide range of options available to the classical theist for dealing with the challenge of Platonism. It probes in detail the diverse views on the reality of abstract objects and their compatibility with classical theism. It contains a most thorough discussion, rooted in careful exegesis, of the biblical and patristic basis of the doctrine of divine aseity. Finally, it challenges the influential Quinean metaontological theses concerning the way in which we make ontological commitments.

Logic

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Graham Priest

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198811705

Category: Mathematics

Page: 156

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Logic is often perceived as having little to do with the rest of philosophy, and even less to do with real life. In this lively and accessible introduction, Graham Priest shows how wrong this conception is. He explores the philosophical roots of the subject, explaining how modern formal logic deals with issues ranging from the existence of God and the reality of time to paradoxes of probability and decision theory. Along the way, the basics of formal logic are explained in simple, non-technical terms, showing that logic is a powerful and exciting part of modern philosophy. In this new edition Graham Priest expands his discussion to cover the subjects of algorithms and axioms, and proofs in mathematics. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Biblical Cosmos

A Pilgrim's Guide to the Weird and Wonderful World of the Bible

Author: Robin A. Parry

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630876224

Category: Religion

Page: 242

View: 7818

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Welcome to the weird and wonderful world of the Bible. When we read Scripture we often imagine that the world inhabited by the Bible's characters was much the same as our own. We would be wrong. The biblical world is an ancient world with a flat earth that stands at the center of the cosmos, and with a vast ocean in the sky, chaos dragons, mystical mountains, demonic deserts, an underground zone for the dead, stars that are sentient beings, and, if you travel upwards and through the doors in the solid dome of the sky, God's heaven--the heart of the universe. This book takes readers on a guided tour of the biblical cosmos with the goal of opening up the Bible in its ancient world. It then goes further and seeks to show how this very ancient biblical way of seeing the world is still revelatory and can speak God's word afresh into our own modern worlds.

One

Being an Investigation Into the Unity of Reality and of Its Parts, Including the Singular Object which is Nothingness

Author: Graham Priest

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199688257

Category: Philosophy

Page: 252

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Explores philosophical questions concerning the one and the many, covering a wide range of issues in metaphysics and deploying techniques of paraconsistent logic while bringing together traditions of Western and Asian thought.

Anthology of Wisdom

Author: Sorin Cerin

Publisher: Sorin Cerin

ISBN: 1477634630

Category:

Page: 610

View: 9458

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Alongside the famous Wisdom Collection, considered by experts one of the most important works of the century, which contains a total of 7012 aphorisms, in his six volumes, Anthology of Wisdom contains another five volumes, including Wisdom Collection: The Sin, Vanity,Paradiso and Inferno,Contemplation and Illumination. .Romanian academician Gheorghe Vladutescu, University Professor,D.Phil., philosopher, one of the biggest romanian celebrity in the philosophy of culture and humanism believes about sapiential works of Sorin Cerin in Wisdom Collection:" Sapiential literature has a history perhaps as old writing itself. Not only in the Middle Ancient, but in ancient Greece "wise men" were chosen as apoftegmatic (sententiar) constitute, easily memorable, to do, which is traditionally called the ancient Greeks, Paideia, education of the soul for one's training.And in Romanian culture is rich tradition.Mr.Sorin Cerin is part of it doing a remarkable work of all. Quotes - focuses his reflections of life and cultural experience and its overflow the shares of others. All those who will open this book of teaching, like any good book, it will reward them by participation in wisdom, good thought of reading them.

Wisdom Collection_Complete Works of Aphorisms_Reference Edition

Author: Sorin Cerin

Publisher: Sorin Cerin

ISBN: 1499109970

Category:

Page: 546

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The famous Wisdom Collection, is considered by experts one of the most important works of the century.In this collection is published the entire works of aphorisms written by the author, until the date of printing, April 2014, summing 11486 aphorisms. Sorin Cerin has lately approached similar fundamental themes, in the genre of aphorisms. Creations that, through the language of literary theory, are part of the sapient creation, containing aphorisms, proverbs, maxims etc. which "sont les echos de l'experience", that makes you wonder how such a young author can have such a vast and varied life experience, transfigured with talent in hundreds of copies on genre of wisdom.As to fairly appreciate the sapient literature in this six volumes of Sorin Cerin, The so-called sapient genre knows a long tradition in the universal literature, since Homer up to Marc Aurelius, Rochefoucauld, Baltasar Gracian, Schopenhauer and many others, Sorin Cerin has carried, as he tells us through his aphorisms..In Sorin Cerin's aphorisms, we discover his own experience of a fragile soul and a lucid mind, expressed through a concentrated and dense form.Philosophical, social, psychological and moral observations.Sorin Cerin is a "moralist" with a contemporary thinking and sensibility. Some of his aphorisms, which are concentrated just like energy in an atom, are real poems in one single verse. Many of his gnomic formulations are the expression of an ever-searching mind, of a penetrating, equilibrated way of thinking, based on the pertinent observation of the human being and of life, but also of rich bookish information.Hus, he dears to define immortality as "moment's eternity" and admits to "destiny's freedom to admit his own death facing eternity", "God's moment of eternity which mirrors for eternity in Knowledge, thus becoming transient, thus Destiny which is the mirror imagine of immortality"."Immortality is desolated only for those who do not love", "immortality is the being's play of light with Destiny, so both of them understand the importance of love".Nevertheless, the gnomic, sapient literature is difficult to achieve, but Sorin Cerin has the resources to accomplish for the highest exigency. He has proved it in his ability to correlate The Absolute with Truth, Hope, Faith, Sin, Falsehood, Illusion, Vanity, Destiny, The Absurd, Happiness, etc.

Existence as a Real Property

The Ontology of Meinongianism

Author: Francesco Berto

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940074207X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 242

View: 2663

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This profound exploration of one of the core notions of philosophy—the concept of existence itself—reviews, then counters (via Meinongian theory), the mainstream philosophical view running from Hume to Frege, Russell, and Quine, summarized thus by Kant: “Existence is not a predicate.” The initial section of the book presents a comprehensive introduction to, and critical evaluation of, this mainstream view. The author moves on to provide the first systematic survey of all the main Meinongian theories of existence, which, by contrast, reckon existence to be a real, full-fledged property of objects that some things possess, and others lack. As an influential addition to the research literature, the third part develops the most up-to-date neo-Meinongian theory called Modal Meinongianism, applies it to specific fields such as the ontology of fictional objects, and discusses its open problems, laying the groundwork for further research. In accordance with the latest trends in analytic ontology, the author prioritizes a meta-ontological viewpoint, adopting a dual definition of meta-ontology as the discourse on the meaning of being, and as the discourse on the tools and methods of ontological enquiry. This allows a balanced assessment of philosophical views on a cost-benefit basis, following multiple criteria for theory evaluation. Compelling and revealing, this new publication is a vital addition to contemporary philosophical ontology.

The Giver

Author: Lois Lowry

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 054434068X

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 240

View: 4288

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Living in a "perfect" world without social ills, a boy approaches the time when he will receive a life assignment from the Elders, but his selection leads him to a mysterious man known as the Giver, who reveals the dark secrets behind the utopian facade.

Vinculum Amoris

A Theology of the Holy Spirit

Author: David T. Williams

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595767435

Category: Religion

Page: 306

View: 7526

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Christianity is not just a set of moral commands. It is not just belonging to a church. It is not just remembering its founder of long ago! It is all of these, but far more, it is a vital relationship with a living and loving God! And it is the Holy Spirit, third Person of the God-head, who makes this happen. "Vinculum amoris" is Latin for "bond of love", which describes the essential activity of the Spirit. Because the Spirit links us to God, he saves us, guides and empowers us. He enlivens our worship, such as in baptism and the Lord's Supper. He stimulates our praying, and gives gifts to deepen the quality of our lives and service to God. Because he links us to God, we are linked to each other in a deeper way. Enriching? yes! And the more that we understand how the Spirit does it, the deeper this enriching will be. The author's prayer is that this book will do just that for God's people and for his Church.

The Fragmentation of Being

Author: Kris McDaniel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198719655

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 1299

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The Fragmentation of Being offers answers to some of the most fundamental questions in ontology. There are many kinds of beings but are there also many kinds of being? The world contains a variety of objects, each of which, let us provisionally assume, exists, but do some objects exist in different ways? Do some objects enjoy more being or existence than other objects? Are there different ways in which one object might enjoy more being than another? Most contemporary metaphysicians would answer -no- to each of these questions. So widespread is this consensus that the questions this book addressed are rarely even raised let alone explicitly answered. But Kris McDaniel carefully examines a wide range of reasons for answering each of these questions with a -yes-. In doing so, he connects these questions with many important metaphysical topics, including substance and accident, time and persistence, the nature of ontological categories, possibility and necessity, presence and absence, persons and value, ground and consequence, and essence and accident. In addition to discussing contemporary problems and theories, McDaniel also discusses the ontological views of many important figures in the history of philosophy, including Aquinas, Aristotle, Descartes, Heidegger, Husserl, Kant, Leibniz, Meinong, and many more.