Transboundary Water Politics in the Developing World

Author: Naho Mirumachi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135082820

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 7969

This book examines the political economy that governs the management of international transboundary river basins in the developing world. These shared rivers are the setting for irrigation, hydropower and flood management projects as well as water transfer schemes. Often, these projects attempt to engineer the river basin with deep political, socio-economic and environmental implications. The politics of transboundary river basin management sheds light on the challenges concerning sustainable development, water allocation and utilization between sovereign states. Advancing conceptual thinking beyond simplistic analyses of river basins in conflict or cooperation, the author proposes a new analytical framework. The Transboundary Waters Interaction NexuS (TWINS) examines the coexistence of conflict and cooperation in riparian interaction. This framework highlights the importance of power relations between basin states that determine negotiation processes and institutions of water resources management. The analysis illustrates the way river basin management is framed by powerful elite decision-makers, combined with geopolitical factors and geographical imaginations. In addition, the book explains how national development strategies and water resources demands have a significant role in shaping the intensities of conflict and cooperation at the international level. The book draws on detailed case studies from the Ganges River basin in South Asia, the Orange–Senqu River basin in Southern Africa and the Mekong River basin in Southeast Asia, providing key insights on equity and power asymmetry applicable to other basins in the developing world.

Imperial Desert Dreams

Cotton Growing and Irrigation in Central Asia, 1860–1991

Author: Julia Obertreis

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3847007866

Category: History

Page: 536

View: 6779

Beamte, Ingenieure und Wissenschaftler des Russischen Reiches und später der Sowjetunion planten die Ausweitung und Modernisierung der Bewässerungssysteme und des Baumwollanbaus in Zentralasien. Die Studie, die das heutige Usbekistan und Turkmenistan untersucht, betont die diskursiven und politischen Kontinuitäten über die Zäsur von 1917 hinweg. Einer der zentralen Topoi war die Umwandlung von ›toten‹ Steppen und Wüsten in ›blühende Oasen‹. Der high modernism erreichte seinen Höhepunkt in den Nachkriegsjahrzehnten. Seit den 1970er Jahren entwickelte sich eine Öko-Kritik an der sowjetischen Modernisierung, die in der Perestrojkazeit an Fahrt aufnahm. Letztendlich trugen die ökologischen und ökonomischen sowie sozialen Folgewirkungen der wachstumsfixierten Modernisierung zum Zusammenbruch des kommunistischen Regimes bei. Officials, engineers and scientists in the Russian Empire and later the Soviet Union envisaged the expansion and modernization of irrigation systems and cotton growing in Central Asia. Focusing on the region of today’s Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, this book highlights the continuities in discourse and policies beyond the historical divide of 1917. One of the central topoi was the transformation of ‘dead’ lands into ‘blossoming oases’. High modernism policies hit their peak in the post-war decades. From the 1970s, an ecological critique evolved which gained momentum in the Perestroika period. Ultimately, the grave ecological, economic and social consequences of the growth-fixated modernization contributed to the downfall of the Communist regime.

Politics and Development in a Transboundary Watershed

The Case of the Lower Mekong Basin

Author: Joakim Öjendal,Stina Hansson,Sofie Hellberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400704763

Category: Science

Page: 212

View: 405

Water - and its governance - is becoming a global concern partly because it is turning into a goods in short supply, with devastating effects on literally billions of people, but also because it is the "carrier" of global warming; whether through irregular weather patterns or through flooding, water is how global warming will be 'felt'. The lion's share of the globally available fresh water resources is to be found in transboundary systems. In spite of its significance, the generated knowledge on how to deal with transboundary waters is weak and leaves policy makers with seemingly unavoidable, trade-off dilemmas and prioritizations, often with detrimental effects. In order to disentangle this predicament this volume works with one case: the Lower Mekong Basin and covers state-of-the-art academic and practitioners' knowledge and hence appeals to a wide audience. The topic this volume addresses is situated in the nexus of an IR- (International Relations) approach focussing on transboundary politics and its inclination to remain within the sphere of state sovereignty and national interest on the one hand, and Development studies, with its imperatives on participation, planning, and intervention, on the other. The dilemma, we argue, of better understanding transboundary water management lies in how to understand how these two rationalities can be simultaneously nurtured. Audience: This book will be relevant to scholars, as it provides cutting-edge research, and students, since it covers the primary debates in the field, interested in resource management, regional politics, and development issues in the area. It also addresses the global debate on transboundary water management and presents an in-depth case of one of the globally most sophisticated attempts at pursuing sustainable river basin management. Finally, practitioners and policymakers would benefit greatly because all contributions have explicit policy relevance, launching suggestion on improvements in water management.

The Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy

Author: Ken Conca,Erika Weinthal

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199335087

Category: Political Science

Page: 712

View: 5359

This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online. For more information, please read the site FAQs.

Nachhaltige Wasserbewirtschaftung

Konzept und Umsetzung eines vernünftigen Umgangs mit dem Gemeingut Wasser

Author: Martin Grambow

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834822752

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 563

View: 9599

Der Wassersektor gehört zu den ganz großen aktuellen globalen Herausforderungen. Wasserbewirtschaftung verlangt ein vertieftes Verständnis der Nachhaltigkeit. Das Buch erläutert vor diesem Hintergrund Theorie und Praxis des integrierten Managements. Es erklärt politische und technische Grundlagen des Wassermanagements und entwirft einen praxisnahen modularen Lösungsansatz, der eine erfolgreiche Bewirtschaftung des Wasserschatzes erleichtert.

Scarcity, Entitlements, and the Economics of Water in Developing Countrie

Author: P. B. Anand

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1847208541

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 1712

. . . it will provide a fascinating and stimulating read for researchers, students and academics with an interest in water economics and public policy. Practitioners focusing on water management, sustainable development, water supply and health will also find this book invaluable. CABI Those seeking an informed overview of the social and economic aspects of water issues in developing contexts today would do well to read P.B. Anand s book. Scarcity, Entitlements and the Economics of Water in Developing Countries is extensive covering local, sub-national and international aspects of water scarcity, the human right to water, transboundary water disputes and progress on the Millennium Development Goals. . . It will be of interest to water resource managers, urban water and sanitation policy-makers, international donors, and students of environmental justice, water issues, and development more broadly. . . Anand s book is recommended as useful and interesting reading primarily for its broad range and interdisciplinary approach. Mark Zeitoun, Waterlines In this creative study Anand applies environmental economic tools and concepts to analyze water issues in developing countries. . . The author carefully integrates the poverty, inequality, and development issues of water; and he meticulously discusses the intertwined rivalrous and excludable public good characteristics of water supply. . . Highly recommended. B.F. Hope, Choice The book eloquently illustrates the economics of water and how economics can increase the understanding of topics such as water inequalities and the role of institutions. It convincingly explores and explains water scarcity, supply and demand to demystify water topics. It commendably presents different views and interpretations on contentious water topics such as large-scale dams, transboundary water and privatization of household water supply. In particular, the conceptual framework is helpful in illuminating the interface between water and well-being. The book contains several case studies and water multi-sectors, such as dams, water supply and sanitation and water resources and appeals to a wide readership interested in various water topics and their implementation. Håkan Tropp, Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), Sweden The author has sought to weave diverse strands of water policy in developing countries into a coherent framework. A multi country database is used to make the point that scarcity is not the absolute lack of water, but the result of policy and management failure. The sustainable access to drinking water, one of the targets of the Millennium Development Goals, as well as consumer preferences for water supply are illustrated with data from the author s research in Chennai, a chronically water starved Indian city. Resolution of conflict in a river basin is analysed using the case of the Cauvery, an interstate river in India. All these themes are brought together using Sen s Capability approach to highlight the fact that water policy is not a technocratic exercise but a matter of justice and entitlements. Water managers, academicians and civil society groups will benefit from reflecting on the important issues raised by Dr Anand in this book. Paul Appasamy, Madras School of Economics Anand s book discusses in detail the economics of water and how societies deal with this scarce resource. The complexities of water as highlighted in his book have previously been little explored in any standard economic development textbook. Anand presents a fascinating framework on water and well-being by linking water and the capability approach. It is a must read for all those dealing with water issues in particular and development issues in general. Naren Prasad, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Switzerland This is a very thorough analysis of water s critical role as both a basic human need and an economic good. It is unlikely to be surpassed for so

Transboundary Water Governance in Southern Africa

Examining Underexplored Dimensions

Author: Larry Anthony Swatuk,Lars Wirkus

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company


Category: Political Science

Page: 211

View: 426

This collection of Southern African case studies contributes to the burgeoning literature on transboundary water governance, particularly as it applies to areas of the Global South/developing countries. Specifically, the collection interrogates the idea of the 'boundary.' Transboundary management is most commonly conceived of as the management of surface and groundwater shared by two or more sovereign countries. This conceptualization is codified in international law, devised in the first instance as bilateral agreements concerning specific uses of (primarily surface) water, often along specific stretches of river. Through time, these practices have been upscaled to generalized principles expressed as rules, norms, and procedures for the management of all 'international rivers.' While the world's countries seem to be moving steadily toward an accepted framework for transboundary water resources management, it should be noted that the de facto use of much of the world's shared freshwater resources remains outside this mostly ideal-typical framework. Indeed, in contrast to the rationally constructed framework for the management of water in all its forms and across all uses, de facto management â?? at whatever social scale â?? reflects water's changing role and place within the history of uneven global development.

The Politics of Water in Africa

Norms, Environmental Regions and Transboundary Cooperation in the Orange-Senqu and Nile Rivers

Author: Inga M. Jacobs

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441149821

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 5353

This comparative study of transboundary water governance in Southern and East Africa analyzes the management norms that shape cooperative governance and regional water security.

Wem gehört das Wasser?

Author: Klaus Lanz,Christian Rentsch

Publisher: Lars Muller Publishers

ISBN: 9783037780152

Category: Water resources development

Page: 535

View: 984

Who owns the Water? discusses the phenomenon of water, marvels at its uniqueness and addresses the dangers and opportunities water offers to life. The book looks at the most important questions about providing drinking water and producing food, but also deals with water as a destructive force, and investigates the chemical qualities of the molecule. Who owns the Water? points out the risks of unlimited privatization of water, and records how dependence on water is exploited. Committed picture sequences and detailed texts explain how water can belong to no one, but has to be treated responsibly and held in appropriate esteem by the whole of mankind.

A Procedural Framework for Transboundary Water Management in the Mekong River Basin

Shared Mekong for a Common Future

Author: Qi Gao

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004266798

Category: Law

Page: 360

View: 6232

In A Procedural Framework for Transboundary Water Management in the Mekong River Basin: Shared Mekong for a Common Future, Qi Gao explores procedural implications of integrated water resources management and its application in the Mekong River Basin.

Wenn die Flüsse versiegen

Author: Fred Pearce

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783888974717

Category: Water resources development

Page: 398

View: 2196

Alle Welt redet von schwindenden Energieressourcen; dass sich daneben eine ungleich gravierendere Wasserkrise anbahnt, ist bis jetzt kaum ins Bewusstsein gedrungen. Selbst wer umweltbewusst zu Hause Wasser spart, weiss selten, wieviel ”virtuelles Wasser“ er über Nahrung und Kleidung tatsächlich verbraucht: 5.000 Liter Wasser sind nötig, um ein Kilo Reis zu erzeugen, 11.000 Liter für das Rindfleisch eines Hamburgers, unglaubliche 20.000 Liter stecken in 1 kg Kaffeepulver. Kein Wunder, dass sich die Flüsse der Welt in atemberaubendem Tempo leeren, während durch Überregulierung andererseits die Flutgefahr dramatisch steigt. Längst weiss man, dass gigantomanische Bewässerungs- und Staudammprojekte eine enorme ökologische und ökonomische Verschwendung darstellen. Doch schon geht man weltweit dazu über, auch die unterirdischen Wasserreservoirs leer zu pumpen. Ressourcenkriege um Wasser bahnen sich an, denn: Ohne Öl können wir zur Not leben, ohne Wasser sicher nicht. Fred Pearces Berichte lesen sich wie Kriminalgeschichten und geben zugleich einen umfassenden Überblick über die Wasserkrise und ihre Auswirkungen.

Water Resource Conflicts and International Security

A Global Perspective

Author: Dhirendra K. Vajpeyi

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739168177

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 241

View: 9863

Water Resource Conflicts and International Security: A Global Perspective is an edited collection by Dhirendra K. Vajpeyi which analyzes the increasing global demand for water in economic and social development, and the dire need to efficiently manage this vital natural resource, particularly in water-scarce countries in the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. Several environmental- and human-induced factors, such as urbanization, industrialization, climate change, and agricultural needs, have created a near-crisis situation in many countries. Subsequently, there is an increasingly intense competition to utilize available water resources in these most heavily-affected regions; transboundary rivers, lakes, and streams which are shared by more than one country pose potential for political conflict, armed conflict, and, in the best of cases, cooperation. The contributors of Water Resource Conflicts and International Security present ten case studies in seven chapters, highlighting the competition between countries in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. In his conclusion, Dhirendra K. Vajpeyi suggests several policy measures that governments may implement in order to minimize the potential for conflict.

Transboundary rivers, sovereignty and development

hydropolitical drivers in the Okavango River basin

Author: Anthony Turton,P. J. Ashton,Eugene Cloete,University of Pretoria. Centre for International Political Studies. African Water Issues Research Unit,Green Cross International

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780620304979

Category: Environmental policy

Page: 368

View: 952


The UN Watercourses Convention in Force

Strengthening International Law for Transboundary Water Management

Author: Flavia Rocha Loures,Alistair Rieu-Clarke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136484388

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 2196

At the UN General Assembly in 1997, an overwhelming majority of States voted for the adoption of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses – a global overarching framework governing the rights and duties of States sharing freshwater systems. Globally, there are 263 internationally shared watersheds, which drain the territories of 145 countries and represent more than forty percent of the Earth's land surface. Hence, inter-State cooperation towards the sustainable management of transboundary water supplies, in accordance with applicable international legal instruments, is a topic of crucial importance, especially in the context of the current global water crisis. This volume provides an assessment of the role and relevance of the UN Watercourses Convention and describes and evaluates its entry into force as a key component of transboundary water governance. To date, the Convention still requires further contracting States before it can enter into force. The authors describe the drafting and negotiation of the Convention and its relationship to other multilateral environmental agreements. A series of case studies assess the role of the Convention at various levels: regional (European Union, East Africa, West Africa, Central Asia, Central America and South America), river basin (e.g. the Mekong and Congo) and national (e.g. Ethiopia and Mexico). The book concludes by proposing how future implementation might further strengthen international cooperation in the management of water resources, to promote biodiversity conservation as well as sustainable and equitable use.

Hydropolitics in the Third World

Conflict and Cooperation in International River Basins

Author: Arun P. Elhance

Publisher: US Institute of Peace Press

ISBN: 9781878379900

Category: Nature

Page: 309

View: 3624

With more than 50 percent of the world's landmass covered by river basins shared by two or more states, competition over water resources has always had the potential to spark violence. And growing populations and accelerating demands for fresh water are putting ever greater pressures on already scarce water resources. In this wide-ranging study, Arun Elhance explores the hydropolitics of six of the world's largest river basins. In each case, Elhance examines the basin's physical, economic, and political geography; the possibilities for acute conflict; and efforts to develop bilateral and multilateral agreements for sharing water resources. The case studies lead to some sobering conclusions about impediments to cooperation but also to some encouraging ones--among them, that it may not be possible for Third World states to solve their water problems by going to war, and that eventually even the strongest riparian states are compelled to seek cooperation with their weaker neighbors.

International Conflict over Water Resources in Himalayan Asia

Author: R. Wirsing,C. Jasparro,D. Stoll

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137292199

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 2850

The authors explore the fresh water crisis of Himalayan Asia. While the region hosts some of the world's mightiest rivers, it is also home to rapidly modernizing, increasingly affluent, and demographically multiplying societies, ensuring the rapid depletion of water resources and of disputes over ownership of transboundary waters.

Management of Transboundary Rivers and Lakes

Author: Olli Varis,Cecilia Tortajada,Asit K. Biswas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540749288

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 6274

Transboundary rivers and lakes are often the remaining new sources of water that can be developed for human uses. These water sources were not used in the past because of the many complexities involved. Written and edited by the world’s leading water and legal experts, this unique and authoritative book analyses the magnitudes of the transboundary water problems in different parts of the world. It also examines difficulties and constraints faced to resolve these problems.

Reaching Across the Waters

Facing the Risks of Cooperation in International Waters

Author: Ashok Subramanian,Bridget Brown,Aaron Wolf

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821395955

Category: Nature

Page: 128

View: 2566

This volume explores perceptions of risks and opportunities by decision makers in countries considering cooperation over international waters. Analysis of five historical case studies shows that perceived risks exerted a significant influence on cooperation decisions.